1 Samuel 1:5
New International Version
But to Hannah he gave a double portion because he loved her, and the LORD had closed her womb.

New Living Translation
And though he loved Hannah, he would give her only one choice portion because the LORD had given her no children.

English Standard Version
But to Hannah he gave a double portion, because he loved her, though the LORD had closed her womb.

Berean Study Bible
But to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved her even though the LORD had closed her womb.

New American Standard Bible
but to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, but the LORD had closed her womb.

King James Bible
But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.

Christian Standard Bible
But he gave a double portion to Hannah, for he loved her even though the LORD had kept her from conceiving.

Contemporary English Version
But he gave Hannah even more, because he loved Hannah very much, even though the LORD had kept her from having children of her own.

Good News Translation
And even though he loved Hannah very much he would give her only one share, because the LORD had kept her from having children.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But he gave a double portion to Hannah, for he loved her even though the LORD had kept her from conceiving.

International Standard Version
but he would give twice as much to Hannah because he loved her. Now the LORD had closed her womb.

NET Bible
But he would give a double portion to Hannah, because he especially loved her. Now the LORD had not enabled her to have children.

New Heart English Bible
but to Hannah he gave a double portion; for he loved Hannah, but the LORD had shut up her womb.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He would also give one portion to Hannah because he loved her, even though the LORD had kept her from having children.

JPS Tanakh 1917
but unto Hannah he gave a double portion; for he loved Hannah, but the LORD had shut up her womb.

New American Standard 1977
but to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, but the LORD had closed her womb.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But unto Hannah he would give a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah, even though the LORD had shut up her womb.

King James 2000 Bible
But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.

American King James Version
But to Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.

American Standard Version
but unto Hannah he gave a double portion; for he loved Hannah, but Jehovah had shut up her womb.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And to Anna he gave a prime portion, because she had no child, only Helkana loved Anna more than the other; but the Lord had closed her womb.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But to Anna he gave one portion with sorrow, because he loved Anna. And the Lord had shut up her womb.

Darby Bible Translation
but to Hannah he used to give a double portion, for he loved Hannah; but Jehovah had shut up her womb.

English Revised Version
but unto Hannah he gave a double portion: for he loved Hannah, but the LORD had shut up her womb.

Webster's Bible Translation
But to Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah; but the LORD had rendered her barren.

World English Bible
but to Hannah he gave a double portion; for he loved Hannah, but Yahweh had shut up her womb.

Young's Literal Translation
and to Hannah he giveth a certain portion -- double, for he hath loved Hannah, and Jehovah hath shut her womb;
Study Bible
Elkanah and His Wives
4And whenever the day came for Elkanah to present his sacrifice, he would give portions to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters. 5But to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved her even though the LORD had closed her womb. 6Because the LORD had closed Hannah's womb, her rival would provoke her and taunt her severely.…
Cross References
Genesis 16:1
Now Abram's wife Sarai had not borne a child to him, but she had an Egyptian maidservant named Hagar.

Genesis 30:1
When Rachel saw that she was not bearing any children for Jacob, she envied her sister. "Give me children, or I will die!" she said to Jacob.

Treasury of Scripture

But to Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.

a worthy portion.

Genesis 43:34
And he took and sent messes unto them from before him: but Benjamin's mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank, and were merry with him.

Genesis 45:22
To all of them he gave each man changes of raiment; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver, and five changes of raiment.

he loved

Genesis 29:30,31
And he went in also unto Rachel, and he loved also Rachel more than Leah, and served with him yet seven other years…

Deuteronomy 21:15
If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the firstborn son be hers that was hated:

shut up

Genesis 20:18
For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife.

Genesis 30:2
And Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel: and he said, Am I in God's stead, who hath withheld from thee the fruit of the womb?







Lexicon
But to Hannah
וּלְחַנָּ֕ה (ū·lə·ḥan·nāh)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2584: Hannah -- mother of Samuel

he would give
יִתֵּ֛ן (yit·tên)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

a
אַחַ֖ת (’a·ḥaṯ)
Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

double
אַפָּ֑יִם (’ap·pā·yim)
Noun - md
Strong's Hebrew 639: The nose, nostril, the face, a person, ire

portion,
מָנָ֥ה (mā·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4490: Something weighed out, a division, a ration, a lot

for
כִּ֤י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

he loved
אָהֵ֔ב (’ā·hêḇ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 157: To have affection f

her
חַנָּה֙ (ḥan·nāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2584: Hannah -- mother of Samuel

even though the LORD
וַֽיהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

had closed
סָגַ֥ר (sā·ḡar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5462: To shut up, to surrender

her womb.
רַחְמָֽהּ׃ (raḥ·māh)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7358: The womb
(5) A worthy portion.--Literally, one portion for two persons: i.e., a double portion. It was an expression of his deep love for her. As Von Gerlach puts it, "Thou art as dear to me as if thou hadst borne me a child." Some scholars would translate the difficult Hebrew expression here by, "But to Hannah he gave a portion of anger or sadness," thus intensifying the natural sorrow of Hannah by representing her husband as unkind. The Vulgate, Luther, and Abarbanel favour this singular interpretation; but the one adopted by the English Version, and explained above, is in all respects grammatically and exegetically to be preferred.

Verse 5. - A worthy portion. This rendering is based upon the idea that the Hebrew, which is literally "one portion of two faces," may mean "one portion enough for two persons." But for this there is no sufficient authority, and though the word is a dual, it really signifies the two sides of the face, or more exactly "the two nostrils," and so simply the countenance. The Syriac translation, "a double portion," is based upon an accidental resemblance between the words. As the term sometimes signifies anger from the swelling of the nostrils of an enraged person, the Vulgate translates, "And Elkanah was sad when he gave Hannah her portion; for..." The Septuagint has a different reading, epes for apaim, and though the words look different in our writing, they are nearly identical in Hebrew. This is probably the true reading, and the translation would then be, "And to Hannah he gave one portion only (because she bad no child, while Peninnah had many portions, as each son and daughter had a share); for he loved Hannah (and did not leave her without this mark of affection), though Jehovah had shut up her womb." These portions were of course taken from those parts of the victim which formed a feast for the offerers, after Jehovah and the priests had had their dues. It is plain from this feast that Elkanah's annual sacrifice was a peace offering, for the law of which see Leviticus 7:11-21. 1:1-8 Elkanah kept up his attendance at God's altar, notwithstanding the unhappy differences in his family. If the devotions of a family prevail not to put an end to its divisions, yet let not the divisions put a stop to the devotions. To abate our just love to any relation for the sake of any infirmity which they cannot help, and which is their affliction, is to make God's providence quarrel with his precept, and very unkindly to add affliction to the afflicted. It is evidence of a base disposition, to delight in grieving those who are of a sorrowful spirit, and in putting those out of humour who are apt to fret and be uneasy. We ought to bear one another's burdens, not add to them. Hannah could not bear the provocation. Those who are of a fretful spirit, and are apt to lay provocations too much to heart, are enemies to themselves, and strip themselves of many comforts both of life and godliness. We ought to notice comforts, to keep us from grieving for crosses. We should look at that which is for us, as well as what is against us.
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OT History: 1 Samuel 1:5 But to Hannah he gave a double (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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