Judges 8:12
New International Version
Zebah and Zalmunna, the two kings of Midian, fled, but he pursued them and captured them, routing their entire army.

New Living Translation
Zebah and Zalmunna, the two Midianite kings, fled, but Gideon chased them down and captured all their warriors.

English Standard Version
And Zebah and Zalmunna fled, and he pursued them and captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and he threw all the army into a panic.

Berean Study Bible
When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, Gideon pursued and captured these two kings of Midian, routing their entire army.

King James Bible
And when Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued after them, and took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and discomfited all the host.

New King James Version
When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued them; and he took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and routed the whole army.

New American Standard Bible
When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued them and captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and routed the entire army.

NASB 1995
When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued them and captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and routed the whole army.

NASB 1977
When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued them and captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and routed the whole army.

Amplified Bible
When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued them and captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and terrified the entire army.

Christian Standard Bible
Zebah and Zalmunna fled, and he pursued them. He captured these two kings of Midian and routed the entire army.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Zebah and Zalmunna fled, and he pursued them. He captured these two kings of Midian and routed the entire army.

American Standard Version
And Zebah and Zalmunna fled; and he pursued after them; and he took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and discomfited all the host.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Zebakh and Tsalmenna fled and they pursued after them and they seized the two Kings of Midian and all the camp was terrified

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Zebee and Salmana fled; and he pursued after them, and took the two kings of Madiam, Zebee and Salmana, and discomfited all the army.

Contemporary English Version
and the enemy panicked. Zebah and Zalmunna tried to escape, but Gideon chased and captured them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Zebee and Salmana fled, and Gedeon pursued and took them, all their host being put in confusion.

English Revised Version
And Zebah and Zalmunna fled; and he pursued after them; and he took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and discomfited all the host.

Good News Translation
The two Midianite kings, Zebah and Zalmunna, ran away, but he pursued them and captured them, and caused their whole army to panic.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Zebah and Zalmunna fled as Gideon pursued them. He captured King Zebah and King Zalmunna of Midian, and the whole Midianite army panicked.

International Standard Version
When Zebah and Zalmunna escaped, he pursued them, captured those two kings of Midian, and threw the entire army into a panic.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Zebah and Zalmunna fled; and he pursued after them; and he took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and discomfited all the host.

Literal Standard Version
and Zebab and Zalmunna flee, and he pursues after them, and captures the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and he has caused all the camp to tremble.

NET Bible
When Zebah and Zalmunna ran away, Gideon chased them and captured the two Midianite kings, Zebah and Zalmunna. He had surprised their entire army.

New Heart English Bible
Zebah and Zalmunna fled, and he pursued after them, and he took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and routed the entire army.

World English Bible
Zebah and Zalmunna fled; and he pursued after them; and he took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and confused all the army.

Young's Literal Translation
and Zebab and Zalmunna flee, and he pursueth after them, and captureth the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and all the camp he hath caused to tremble.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Gideon Defeats Zebah and Zalmunna
11And Gideon went up by way of the caravan route east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and he attacked their army, taking them by surprise. 12When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, Gideon pursued and captured these two kings of Midian, routing their entire army. 13After this, Gideon son of Joash returned from the battle along the Ascent of Heres.…

Cross References
Judges 8:11
And Gideon went up by way of the caravan route east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and he attacked their army, taking them by surprise.

Judges 8:13
After this, Gideon son of Joash returned from the battle along the Ascent of Heres.

Psalm 83:11
Make their nobles like Oreb and Zeeb, and all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna,

Habakkuk 3:7
I saw the tents of Cushan in distress; the curtains of Midian were trembling.


Treasury of Scripture

And when Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued after them, and took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and discomfited all the host.

took

Joshua 10:16-18,22-25
But these five kings fled, and hid themselves in a cave at Makkedah…

Job 12:16-21
With him is strength and wisdom: the deceived and the deceiver are his…

Job 34:19
How much less to him that accepteth not the persons of princes, nor regardeth the rich more than the poor? for they all are the work of his hands.

discomfited.









(12) When Zebah and Zalmunna fled.--In Psalm 83:13-14, we, perhaps, find a reminiscence of the precipitancy of their flight, "like a wheel," i.e., like a winged, rolling seed, and like stubble before a hurricane, and like a conflagration leaping through a mountain forest. (Dict. of Bible, s. v. Oreb; Stanley, i. 347.)

Discomfited.--Rather, as in the margin, terrified. It was the infliction of a second panic which enabled him to seize the two principal Emirs.

Verse 12. - He discomfited. Rather, as in the margin, he terrified. Those who were not killed in the first onslaught, when "he smote the host," were so terrified that they fled without further resistance, and many probably escaped, as all Gideon's efforts were directed to the capture of the two kings. CHAPTER 8:13-21

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
When Zebah
זֶ֚בַח (ze·ḇaḥ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2078: Zebah -- a Midianite king

and Zalmunna
וְצַלְמֻנָּ֔ע (wə·ṣal·mun·nā‘)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6759: Zalmunna -- a king of Midian

fled,
וַיָּנ֗וּסוּ (way·yā·nū·sū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 5127: To flit, vanish away

[Gideon] pursued
וַיִּרְדֹּ֖ף (way·yir·dōp̄)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7291: To pursue, chase, persecute

and captured
וַיִּלְכֹּ֞ד (way·yil·kōḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3920: To catch, to capture, occupy, to choose, to cohere

these two
שְׁנֵ֣י ׀ (šə·nê)
Number - mdc
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

kings
מַלְכֵ֣י (mal·ḵê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 4428: A king

of Midian,
מִדְיָ֗ן (miḏ·yān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4080: Midian -- a son of Abraham and Keturah, also his descendants and the region where they settled

routing
הֶחֱרִֽיד׃ (he·ḥĕ·rîḏ)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2729: To shudder with terror, to fear, to hasten

their entire
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

army.
הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֖ה (ham·ma·ḥă·neh)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's 4264: An encampment, an army


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OT History: Judges 8:12 Zebah and Zalmunna fled (Jd Judg. Jdg)
Judges 8:11
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