Judges 8:10
New International Version
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with a force of about fifteen thousand men, all that were left of the armies of the eastern peoples; a hundred and twenty thousand swordsmen had fallen.

New Living Translation
By this time Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with about 15,000 warriors—all that remained of the allied armies of the east, for 120,000 had already been killed.

English Standard Version
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with their army, about 15,000 men, all who were left of all the army of the people of the East, for there had fallen 120,000 men who drew the sword.

Berean Study Bible
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with their army of about fifteen thousand men—all that were left of the armies of the people of the east. A hundred and twenty thousand swordsmen had already fallen.

King James Bible
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand men, all that were left of all the hosts of the children of the east: for there fell an hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword.

New King James Version
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were at Karkor, and their armies with them, about fifteen thousand, all who were left of all the army of the people of the East; for one hundred and twenty thousand men who drew the sword had fallen.

New American Standard Bible
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their armies with them, about fifteen thousand men, all who were left of the entire army of the people of the east; for the fallen were 120,000 swordsmen.

NASB 1995
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their armies with them, about 15,000 men, all who were left of the entire army of the sons of the east; for the fallen were 120,000 swordsmen.

NASB 1977
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their armies with them, about 15,000 men, all who were left of the entire army of the sons of the east; for the fallen were 120,000 swordsmen.

Amplified Bible
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with their armies, about fifteen thousand [fighting] men, all who were left of the entire army of the sons of the east; for a hundred and twenty thousand swordsmen had fallen.

Christian Standard Bible
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and with them was their army of about fifteen thousand men, who were all those left of the entire army of the people of the east. Those who had been killed were one hundred twenty thousand armed men.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and with them was their army of about 15,000 men, who were all those left of the entire army of the Qedemites. Those who had been killed were 120,000 warriors.

American Standard Version
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand men, all that were left of all the host of the children of the east; for there fell a hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Zebakh and Tsalmenna were camping in Qarqab and their troops with them, about fifteen thousand, all who were left from all the camps of the children of the East, and because a hundred and twenty thousand men drawing a sword had fallen

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Zebee and Salmana were in Carcar, and their host was with them, about fifteen thousand, all that were left of all the host of the aliens; and they that fell were a hundred and twenty thousand men that drew the sword.

Contemporary English Version
Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with an army of 15,000 troops. They were all that was left of the army of the eastern nations, because 120,000 of their warriors had been killed in the battle.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But Zebee and Salmana were resting with all their army. For fifteen thousand men were left of all the troops of the eastern people, and one hundred and twenty thousand warriors that drew the sword, were slain.

English Revised Version
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand men, all that were left of all the host of the children of the east: for there fell an hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword.

Good News Translation
Zebah and Zalmunna were at Karkor with their army. Of the whole army of desert tribesmen, only about 15,000 were left; 120,000 soldiers had been killed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with an army of about 15,000 men. This was all that was left of Kedem's entire army. In the battle, 120,000 soldiers died.

International Standard Version
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, along with their armies, about 15,000 men who survived from the entire army of the group from the east, since 120,000 swordsmen had already fallen.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand men, all that were left of all the host of the children of the east; for there fell a hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword.

Literal Standard Version
And Zebah and Zalmunna [are] in Karkor, and their camps with them, about fifteen thousand, all who are left of all the camp of the sons of the east; and those falling [are] one hundred and twenty thousand men, drawing sword.

NET Bible
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with their armies. There were about fifteen thousand survivors from the army of the eastern peoples; a hundred and twenty thousand sword-wielding soldiers had been killed.

New Heart English Bible
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their armies with them, about fifteen thousand men, all who were left of all the army of the Kedemites; for there fell one hundred twenty thousand men who drew sword.

World English Bible
Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their armies with them, about fifteen thousand men, all who were left of all the army of the children of the east; for there fell one hundred twenty thousand men who drew sword.

Young's Literal Translation
And Zebah and Zalmunna are in Karkor, and their camps with them, about fifteen thousand, all who are left of all the camp of the sons of the east; and those falling are a hundred and twenty thousand men, drawing sword.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Gideon Defeats Zebah and Zalmunna
9So Gideon told the men of Penuel, “When I return in triumph, I will tear down this tower!” 10Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor with their army of about fifteen thousand men— all that were left of the armies of the people of the east. A hundred and twenty thousand swordsmen had already fallen. 11And Gideon went up by way of the caravan route east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and he attacked their army, taking them by surprise.…

Cross References
Judges 6:5
For the Midianites came with their livestock and their tents like a great swarm of locusts. They and their camels were innumerable, and they entered the land to ravage it.

Judges 7:12
Now the Midianites, Amalekites, and all the other people of the east had settled in the valley like a swarm of locusts, and their camels were as countless as the sand on the seashore.

Judges 8:11
And Gideon went up by way of the caravan route east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and he attacked their army, taking them by surprise.

Judges 20:2
The leaders of all the people and all the tribes of Israel presented themselves in the assembly of God's people: 400,000 men on foot, armed with swords.

Isaiah 9:4
For as in the day of Midian You have shattered the yoke of their burden, the bar across their shoulders, and the rod of their oppressor.


Treasury of Scripture

Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand men, all that were left of all the hosts of the children of the east: for there fell an hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword.

Karkor.

Judges 7:12
And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels were without number, as the sand by the sea side for multitude.

fell an hundred, etc.

Judges 7:22
And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, and to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath.

Judges 20:2,15,17,25,35,46
And the chief of all the people, even of all the tribes of Israel, presented themselves in the assembly of the people of God, four hundred thousand footmen that drew sword…

2 Kings 3:26
And when the king of Moab saw that the battle was too sore for him, he took with him seven hundred men that drew swords, to break through even unto the king of Edom: but they could not.









(10) In Karkor.--This was the scene of the third battle, or massacre. When they had reached this distant point they probably felt secure. Karkor means, "a safe enclosure," and the Vulg., regarding it as an ordinary noun, renders it, "where Zebah and Zalmunna were resting." Eusebius and Jerome identify Karkor with a fortress named Karkaria, a day's journey north of Petra; but, from the mention of Nobah and Jogbehah in the next verse, this seems to be too far south. If so, it may be Karkagheisch, not far from Amman (Rabbath Ammon), mentioned by Burckhardt. It was, however, "at a very great distance" (Jos., Antt. viii. 6, ? 5 from the original scene of battle.

Verse 10. - Karkor. Or, rather, the Karkor. We are still on unknown ground. The situation assigned to it by Eusebius and Jerome, as being the same as a castle called Carcaria, near Petra, is quite out of the question, as being greatly too far south. As an appellative it suggests the idea of a walled-in space (kir = a wall; kir-kir = a space walled all round; cf. the Latin carcer, a prison); possibly an enclosed sheep or cattle fold on a large scale (see Numbers 32:36: "built ... folds for sheep"), affording some protection to the Midianite soldiers.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Now Zebah
וְזֶ֨בַח (wə·ze·ḇaḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2078: Zebah -- a Midianite king

and Zalmunna
וְצַלְמֻנָּ֜ע (wə·ṣal·mun·nā‘)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6759: Zalmunna -- a king of Midian

were in Karkor
בַּקַּרְקֹ֗ר (baq·qar·qōr)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 7174: Karkor -- a place East of the Jordan

with
עִמָּם֙ (‘im·mām)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's 5973: With, equally with

their army
וּמַחֲנֵיהֶ֤ם (ū·ma·ḥă·nê·hem)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 4264: An encampment, an army

of about fifteen
כַּחֲמֵ֤שֶׁת (ka·ḥă·mê·šeṯ)
Preposition-k, Article | Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2568: Five

thousand [men]—
אֶ֔לֶף (’e·lep̄)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 505: A thousand

all
כֹּ֚ל (kōl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

that were left
הַנּ֣וֹתָרִ֔ים (han·nō·w·ṯā·rîm)
Article | Verb - Nifal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 3498: To jut over, exceed, to excel, to remain, be left, to leave, cause to abound, preserve

of
מִכֹּ֖ל (mik·kōl)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the armies
מַחֲנֵ֣ה (ma·ḥă·nêh)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's 4264: An encampment, an army

of the people
בְנֵי־ (ḇə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of the East.
קֶ֑דֶם (qe·ḏem)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6924: The front, of place, time

A hundred
מֵאָ֨ה (mê·’āh)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's 3967: A hundred

and twenty
וְעֶשְׂרִ֥ים (wə·‘eś·rîm)
Conjunctive waw | Number - common plural
Strong's 6242: Twenty, twentieth

thousand
אֶ֛לֶף (’e·lep̄)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 505: A thousand

swordsmen
אִ֖ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

had already fallen.
וְהַנֹּ֣פְלִ֔ים (wə·han·nō·p̄ə·lîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 5307: To fall, lie


Jump to Previous
Armies Army Children Drew East Eastern Entire Host Hosts Hundred Peoples Sword Swordsmen Thousand Twenty Zalmunna Zalmun'na Zebah
Jump to Next
Armies Army Children Drew East Eastern Entire Host Hosts Hundred Peoples Sword Swordsmen Thousand Twenty Zalmunna Zalmun'na Zebah
Links
Judges 8:10 NIV
Judges 8:10 NLT
Judges 8:10 ESV
Judges 8:10 NASB
Judges 8:10 KJV

Judges 8:10 BibleApps.com
Judges 8:10 Biblia Paralela
Judges 8:10 Chinese Bible
Judges 8:10 French Bible
Judges 8:10 Clyx Quotations

OT History: Judges 8:10 Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor (Jd Judg. Jdg)
Judges 8:9
Top of Page
Top of Page