Judges 8:13
New International Version
Gideon son of Joash then returned from the battle by the Pass of Heres.

New Living Translation
After this, Gideon returned from the battle by way of Heres Pass.

English Standard Version
Then Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle by the ascent of Heres.

Berean Study Bible
After this, Gideon son of Joash returned from the battle along the Ascent of Heres.

New American Standard Bible
Then Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle by the ascent of Heres.

King James Bible
And Gideon the son of Joash returned from battle before the sun was up,

Christian Standard Bible
Gideon son of Joash returned from the battle by the Ascent of Heres.

Contemporary English Version
After the battle, Gideon set out for home. As he was going through Heres Pass,

Good News Translation
When Gideon was returning from the battle by way of Heres Pass,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Gideon son of Joash returned from the battle by the Ascent of Heres.

International Standard Version
Then Joash's son Gideon returned from the battle along the Heres Ascent.

NET Bible
Gideon son of Joash returned from the battle by the pass of Heres.

New Heart English Bible
Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle from the ascent of Heres.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Gideon, son of Joash, returned from the battle through the Heres Pass

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle from the ascent of Heres.

New American Standard 1977
Then Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle by the ascent of Heres.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Gideon, the son of Joash, returned from the battle before the sun was up

King James 2000 Bible
And Gideon the son of Joash returned from battle before the sun was up,

American King James Version
And Gideon the son of Joash returned from battle before the sun was up,

American Standard Version
And Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle from the ascent of Heres.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Gedeon the son of Joas returned from the battle, down from the battle of Ares.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And returning from the battle before the sun rising,

Darby Bible Translation
And Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle, from the ascent of Heres.

English Revised Version
And Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle from the ascent of Heres.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Gideon the son of Joash returned from battle before the sun had risen,

World English Bible
Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle from the ascent of Heres.

Young's Literal Translation
And Gideon son of Joash turneth back from the battle, at the going up of the sun,
Study Bible
Gideon Defeats Zebah and Zalmunna
12When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, Gideon pursued and captured these two kings of Midian, routing their entire army. 13After this, Gideon son of Joash returned from the battle along the Ascent of Heres. 14There he captured a young man of Succoth and interrogated him. The young man wrote down for him the names of the seventy-seven leaders and elders of Succoth.…
Cross References
Judges 8:12
When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, Gideon pursued and captured these two kings of Midian, routing their entire army.

Judges 8:14
There he captured a young man of Succoth and interrogated him. The young man wrote down for him the names of the seventy-seven leaders and elders of Succoth.

Treasury of Scripture

And Gideon the son of Joash returned from battle before the sun was up,

before.







Lexicon
After this, Gideon
גִּדְע֥וֹן (giḏ·‘ō·wn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1439: Gideon -- a judge of Israel

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Joash
יוֹאָ֖שׁ (yō·w·’āš)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3101: Joash

returned
וַיָּ֛שָׁב (way·yā·šāḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

from
מִן־ (min-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

the battle
הַמִּלְחָמָ֑ה (ham·mil·ḥā·māh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4421: A battle, war

along the Ascent of
מִֽלְמַעֲלֵ֖ה (mil·ma·‘ă·lêh)
Preposition-m, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4608: An elevation, acclivity, platform, a rise, priority

Heres.
הֶחָֽרֶס׃ (he·ḥā·res)
Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2775: The itch, the sun
(13) Before the sun was up.--If the rendering were certain, it would prove that he had made a night attack on Karkor; but it seems more probable that the words should be rendered "from the ascent of Heres," or "of Hechares," as in the LXX., Peshito, and Arabic. If so, it implies that he came round by some other road to attack Succoth. The word for "going up" is maaleh, as in Maaleh Ahrabbim, "the ascent of scorpions" (see Note on Judges 1:36), which is also applied to sunrise. (Genesis 19:15.) It cannot possibly mean "before sunset" (ehe die Sonne heraufgekommen war), as Luther renders it, following the Chaldee and various Rabbis. The ordinary word for "sun" is shemesh, not cheres; but the latter word occurs in various names (see on Judges 1:35; Judges 2:9), which makes it perhaps more probable that this also is the name of some place. It might, indeed, be prudent for Gideon to desist from further pursuit when the dawn revealed the paucity and exhaustion of his followers; and in poetic style (Job 9:7) cheres may mean "sun," so that here the phrase might be an archaism, as cheresah is in Judges 14:18; but the preposition used (min) cannot mean "before." Aquila renders it "from the ascent of the groves" and Symmachus "of the mountains;" but this is only due to a defective reading.

Verse 13. - Before the sun was up. There is a wonderful diversity in the renderings of this verse. Some of the old versions and Jewish Rabbis interpret it before sunset. Many of the best Jewish commentators, however, understand the phrase as the A.V. does - "Before the going up of the sun," i.e. before sunrise; supposing Gideon's attack on the Midianitish camp to have been a night attack, and Succoth to have been so near to Karkor that he was able to reach it by sunrise. But others say that the word here rendered sun (heres) is only used in poetry, and that the word rendered up is never used of sunrise, but, as, in the phrase "the going up of Akrabbim" (Judges 1:36), of an ascent up a hill. They therefore take heres as a proper name, and translate "from the going up of Hems." Others again, by an almost imperceptible change in the last letter, read "the mountains" instead of Heres. But the A.V. may be well defended, and gives an excellent sense. In Judges 14:18 the same word for the sun is used in the very similar phrase, "before the sun went down." In Genesis 19:15 the phrase, "the morning arose," has the verb from which the word here rendered up is derived; and a note of time here exactly suits the context. It marks the celerity of Gideon's move. ments that he was actually on his way back to Succoth at sunrise, after having routed the Midianites and taken their two kings prisoners. 8:13-17 The active servants of the Lord meet with more dangerous opposition from false professors than from open enemies; but they must not care for the behaviour of those who are Israelites in name, but Midianites in heart. They must pursue the enemies of their souls, and of the cause of God, though they are ready to faint through inward conflicts and outward hardships. And they shall be enabled to persevere. The less men help, and the more they seek to hinder, the more will the Lord assist. Gideon's warning being slighted, the punishment was just. Many are taught with the briers and thorns of affliction, who would not learn otherwise.
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OT History: Judges 8:13 Gideon the son of Joash returned (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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