Deuteronomy 2:14
New International Version
Thirty-eight years passed from the time we left Kadesh Barnea until we crossed the Zered Valley. By then, that entire generation of fighting men had perished from the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them.

New Living Translation
“Thirty-eight years passed from the time we first left Kadesh-barnea until we finally crossed the Zered Brook! By then, all the men old enough to fight in battle had died in the wilderness, as the LORD had vowed would happen.

English Standard Version
And the time from our leaving Kadesh-barnea until we crossed the brook Zered was thirty-eight years, until the entire generation, that is, the men of war, had perished from the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them.

Berean Study Bible
The time we spent traveling from Kadesh-barnea until we crossed over the Brook of Zered was thirty-eight years, until that entire generation of fighting men had perished from the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them.

King James Bible
And the space in which we came from Kadeshbarnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, was thirty and eight years; until all the generation of the men of war were wasted out from among the host, as the LORD sware unto them.

New King James Version
And the time we took to come from Kadesh Barnea until we crossed over the Valley of the Zered was thirty-eight years, until all the generation of the men of war was consumed from the midst of the camp, just as the LORD had sworn to them.

New American Standard Bible
Now the time that it took for us to come from Kadesh-barnea until we crossed over the Wadi Zered was thirty-eight years, until all the generation of the men of war perished from within the camp, just as the LORD had sworn to them.

NASB 1995
“Now the time that it took for us to come from Kadesh-barnea until we crossed over the brook Zered was thirty-eight years, until all the generation of the men of war perished from within the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them.

NASB 1977
“Now the time that it took for us to come from Kadesh-barnea, until we crossed over the brook Zered, was thirty-eight years; until all the generation of the men of war perished from within the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them.

Amplified Bible
Now thirty-eight years passed from the time we left Kadesh-barnea until we crossed the Zered Valley, until that entire generation of the men of war had died from within the camp, just as the LORD had sworn to them.

Christian Standard Bible
The time we spent traveling from Kadesh-barnea until we crossed the Zered Valley was thirty-eight years until the entire generation of fighting men had perished from the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The time we spent traveling from Kadesh-barnea until we crossed the Zered Valley was 38 years until the entire generation of fighting men had perished from the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them.

American Standard Version
And the days in which we came from Kadesh-barnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, were thirty and eight years; until all the generation of the men of war were consumed from the midst of the camp, as Jehovah sware unto them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the days when we walked from Raqem d'Gaya until we crossed the Torrent of Zarad were thirty and eight years until the entire generation of the men warriors from within the camp came to an end, as LORD JEHOVAH had sworn to them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the days in which we traveled from Cades Barne till we crossed the valley of Zaret, were thirty and eight years, until the whole generation of the men of war failed, dying out of the camp, as the Lord God sware to them.

Contemporary English Version
This was 38 years after we left Kadesh-Barnea, and by that time all the men who had been in the army at Kadesh-Barnea had died, just as the LORD had said they would.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the time that we journeyed from Cadesbarne till we passed over the torrent Zared, was thirty-eight years: until all the generation of the men that were fit for war was consumed out of the camp, as the Lord had sworn:

English Revised Version
And the days in which we came from Kadesh-barnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, were thirty and eight years; until all the generation of the men of war were consumed from the midst of the camp, as the LORD sware unto them.

Good News Translation
This was thirty-eight years after we had left Kadesh Barnea. All the fighting men of that generation had died, as the LORD had said they would.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Thirty-eight years passed from the time we left Kadesh Barnea until we crossed the Zered River. During that time all our soldiers from that generation died, as the LORD had sworn they would.

International Standard Version
Now from the time we left Kadesh-barnea until we crossed the Wadi Zered was 38 years. All of that generation, the soldiers in the camp, were destroyed just as the LORD swore they would be.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the days in which we came from Kadesh-barnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, were thirty and eight years; until all the generation, even the men of war, were consumed from the midst of the camp, as the LORD swore unto them.

Literal Standard Version
And the days which we have walked from Kadesh-Barnea until we have passed over the Brook of Zered [are] thirty-eight years, until the consumption of all the generation of the men of battle from the midst of the camp, as YHWH has sworn to them;

NET Bible
Now the length of time it took for us to go from Kadesh Barnea to the crossing of Wadi Zered was thirty-eight years, time for all the military men of that generation to die, just as the LORD had vowed to them.

New Heart English Bible
The days in which we came from Kadesh Barnea, until we had come over the Wadi Zered, were thirty-eight years; until all the generation of the men of war were consumed from the midst of the camp, as the LORD swore to them.

World English Bible
The days in which we came from Kadesh Barnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, were thirty-eight years; until all the generation of the men of war were consumed from the midst of the camp, as Yahweh swore to them.

Young's Literal Translation
And the days which we have walked from Kadesh-Barnea until that we have passed over the brook Zered, are thirty and eight years, till the consumption of all the generation of the men of battle from the midst of the camp, as Jehovah hath sworn to them;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Wanderings in the Wilderness
13“Now arise and cross over the Brook of Zered.” So we crossed over the Brook of Zered. 14The time we spent traveling from Kadesh-barnea until we crossed over the Brook of Zered was thirty-eight years, until that entire generation of fighting men had perished from the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them. 15Indeed, the LORD’s hand was against them, to eliminate them from the camp, until they had all perished.…

Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:5
Nevertheless, God was not pleased with most of them, for they were struck down in the wilderness.

Numbers 14:28
So tell them: As surely as I live, declares the LORD, I will do to you exactly as I heard you say.

Numbers 14:29
Your bodies will fall in this wilderness--all who were numbered in the census, everyone twenty years of age or older--because you have grumbled against Me.

Numbers 26:64
Among all these, however, there was not one who had been numbered by Moses and Aaron the priest when they counted the Israelites in the Wilderness of Sinai.

Numbers 26:65
For the LORD had told them that they would surely die in the wilderness. Not one was left except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun.

Deuteronomy 1:34
When the LORD heard your words, He grew angry and swore an oath, saying,

Deuteronomy 1:35
"Not one of the men of this evil generation shall see the good land I swore to give your fathers,


Treasury of Scripture

And the space in which we came from Kadeshbarnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, was thirty and eight years; until all the generation of the men of war were wasted out from among the host, as the LORD swore to them.

Kadesh-barnea

Deuteronomy 1:2,19,46
(There are eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir unto Kadeshbarnea.) …

Numbers 13:26
And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and shewed them the fruit of the land.

until all the generation

Deuteronomy 1:34,35
And the LORD heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and sware, saying, …

Numbers 14:28-35
Say unto them, As truly as I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: …

Numbers 26:64,65
But among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered, when they numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai…









(14) Until we were come over the brook Zered.--The root zarad in Chaldee means to prune. The name "Zered" signifies the luxuriant foliage and the young shoots, especially of the willow, which are cut off with the knife: so the Targum takes it (Numbers 21:12). Probably the valley was so named from the "willows of the brook" which grew there. But it was the "valley of pruning" to the "vine" which God had "brought out of Egypt" in another sense. The last of the fruitless branches was here taken away, and the vine "purged, that it might bring forth more fruit."

Thirty and eight years; until all . . . men of war were wasted out from among the host.--The census did not take place until some months later. A plague intervened, which cut off twenty-four thousand. The observation that at the brook Zered all the men of the older generation were "wasted out of the host" indicates an intimate knowledge of the incidents of the exodus. But it is quite natural to suppose that, as the survivors of that generation became fewer, those who remained would become marked men. Every man of the twelve tribes (excluding Levi? ) who passed the census at Sinai was doomed. The fortieth year of the exodus had more than half expired when they came to the brook Zered. All who remained alive in that year knew that they had a short time to live. Probably more notice was taken of the last few deaths than of all the rest of the six hundred thousand put together.

Verse 14. - Men of war; those of age sufficient to go forth to war, viz. twenty y. ears old and upwards (Numbers 1:3; Numbers 14:29). These, as the responsible transgressors, all perished; the whole generation passed away, and was consumed (תֹּן; cf. Deuteronomy 5:15; Psalm 73:19), as God had sworn (Numbers 14:28, 29).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The time
וְהַיָּמִ֞ים (wə·hay·yā·mîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3117: A day

we spent traveling
הָלַ֣כְנוּ ׀ (hā·laḵ·nū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common plural
Strong's 1980: To go, come, walk

from
מִקָּדֵ֣שׁ (miq·qā·ḏêš)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew

Kadesh-barnea
בַּרְנֵ֗עַ (bar·nê·a‘)
Preposition
Strong's 6947: Kadesh-barnea -- a place in the desert

until
עַ֤ד (‘aḏ)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

we crossed over
עָבַ֙רְנוּ֙ (‘ā·ḇar·nū)
Direct object marker
Strong's 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

the Brook
נַ֣חַל (na·ḥal)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 5158: A stream, a winter torrent, a, valley, a shaft

of Zered
זֶ֔רֶד (ze·reḏ)
Number - common plural
Strong's 2218: Zered -- a wadi East of the Dead Sea

was thirty-eight
שְׁלֹשִׁ֥ים (šə·lō·šîm)
Conjunctive waw | Number - feminine singular
Strong's 7970: Thirty, thirtieth

years,
שָׁנָ֑ה (šā·nāh)
Preposition
Strong's 8141: A year

until
עַד־ (‘aḏ-)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

that entire
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

generation
הַדּ֜וֹר (had·dō·wr)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1755: A revolution of time, an age, generation, a dwelling

of fighting
הַמִּלְחָמָה֙ (ham·mil·ḥā·māh)
Preposition | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4421: A battle, war

men
אַנְשֵׁ֤י (’an·šê)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

had perished
תֹּ֨ם (tōm)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8552: To be complete or finished

from
מִקֶּ֣רֶב (miq·qe·reḇ)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's 7130: The nearest part, the center

the camp,
הַֽמַּחֲנֶ֔ה (ham·ma·ḥă·neh)
Preposition | Pronoun - relative
Strong's 4264: An encampment, an army

as
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common plural
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

the LORD
יְהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

had sworn to them.
נִשְׁבַּ֥ע (niš·ba‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7650: To seven oneself, swear


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OT Law: Deuteronomy 2:14 The days in which we came (Deut. De Du)
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