Deuteronomy 1:2
New International Version
(It takes eleven days to go from Horeb to Kadesh Barnea by the Mount Seir road.)

New Living Translation
Normally it takes only eleven days to travel from Mount Sinai to Kadesh-barnea, going by way of Mount Seir.

English Standard Version
It is eleven days’ journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea.

Berean Study Bible
It is an eleven-day journey from Horeb to Kadesh-barnea by way of Mount Seir.

New American Standard Bible
It is eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea.

King James Bible
(There are eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir unto Kadeshbarnea.)

Christian Standard Bible
It is an eleven-day journey from Horeb to Kadesh-barnea by way of Mount Seir.

Good News Translation
It takes eleven days to travel from Mount Sinai to Kadesh Barnea by way of the hill country of Edom.)

Holman Christian Standard Bible
It is an eleven-day journey from Horeb to Kadesh-barnea by way of Mount Seir.

International Standard Version
It takes eleven days to travel from Horeb to Kadesh-barnea via Mount Seir.

NET Bible
Now it is ordinarily an eleven-day journey from Horeb to Kadesh Barnea by way of Mount Seir.

New Heart English Bible
It is eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh Barnea.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
(It takes 11 days to go from Mount Horeb to Kadesh Barnea by way of Mount Seir.)

JPS Tanakh 1917
It is eleven days journey from Horeb unto Kadesh-barnea by the way of mount Seir.

New American Standard 1977
It is eleven days’ journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea.

Jubilee Bible 2000
(There are eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir unto Kadeshbarnea.)

King James 2000 Bible
(There are eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir unto Kadeshbarnea.)

American King James Version
(There are eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir to Kadeshbarnea.)

American Standard Version
It is eleven days journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir unto Kadesh-barnea.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
It is a journey of eleven days from Choreb to mount Seir as far as Cades Barne.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Cadesbarne.

Darby Bible Translation
There are eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea.

English Revised Version
It is eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir unto Kadesh-barnea.

Webster's Bible Translation
(There are eleven days journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea.)

World English Bible
It is eleven days' [journey] from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh Barnea.

Young's Literal Translation
eleven days' from Horeb, the way of mount Seir, unto Kadesh-Barnea.
Study Bible
The Command to Leave Horeb
1These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel in the wilderness east of the Jordan, in the Arabah, opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Di-zahab. 2It is an eleven-day journey from Horeb to Kadesh-barnea by way of Mount Seir. 3In the fortieth year, on the first day of the eleventh month, Moses proclaimed to the Israelites everything that the LORD had commanded him concerning them.…
Cross References
Genesis 32:3
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

Exodus 3:1
Meanwhile, Moses was shepherding the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian. He led the flock to the far side of the wilderness and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.

Exodus 17:6
Behold, I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb; when you strike the rock, water will come out of it for the people to drink." So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel.

Numbers 13:26
and they went back to Moses, Aaron, and the whole congregation of Israel in the Wilderness of Paran at Kadesh. They brought back a report for all the congregation and showed them the fruit of the land.

Numbers 32:8
This is what your fathers did when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to look over the land.

Deuteronomy 1:19
And just as the LORD our God had commanded us, we set out from Horeb and went toward the hill country of the Amorites, through all the vast and terrifying wilderness you have seen. When we reached Kadesh-barnea,

Deuteronomy 2:1
Then we turned back and headed for the wilderness by way of the Red Sea, as the LORD had instructed me, and for many days we wandered around the hill country of Seir.

Deuteronomy 9:23
And when the LORD sent you out from Kadesh-barnea, He said, "Go up and possess the land I have given you." But you rebelled against the command of the LORD your God. You neither believed Him nor obeyed Him.

Treasury of Scripture

(There are eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir to Kadeshbarnea.)

by the way

Deuteronomy 1:44
And the Amorites, which dwelt in that mountain, came out against you, and chased you, as bees do, and destroyed you in Seir, even unto Hormah.

Deuteronomy 2:4,8
And command thou the people, saying, Ye are to pass through the coast of your brethren the children of Esau, which dwell in Seir; and they shall be afraid of you: take ye good heed unto yourselves therefore: …

Numbers 20:17-21
Let us pass, I pray thee, through thy country: we will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, neither will we drink of the water of the wells: we will go by the king's high way, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy borders…

unto

Leviticus 2:14
And if thou offer a meat offering of thy firstfruits unto the LORD, thou shalt offer for the meat offering of thy firstfruits green ears of corn dried by the fire, even corn beaten out of full ears.

Leviticus 9:23
And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of the congregation, and came out, and blessed the people: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto all the people.

Numbers 13:26
And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and shewed them the fruit of the land.







Lexicon
It is an eleven-day
אַחַ֨ד (’a·ḥaḏ)
Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

[journey] from Horeb
מֵֽחֹרֵ֔ב (mê·ḥō·rêḇ)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2722: Horeb -- 'waste', a mountain in Sinai

to
עַ֖ד (‘aḏ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

Kadesh-barnea
בַּרְנֵֽעַ׃ (bar·nê·a‘)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6947: Kadesh-barnea -- a place in the desert

by way
דֶּ֖רֶךְ (de·reḵ)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

of Mount
הַר־ (har-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2022: Mountain, hill, hill country

Seir.
שֵׂעִ֑יר (śê·‘îr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8165: Seir -- a mountain range in Edom, also its inhabitants, also a mountain in Judah
(2) Eleven days' journey from Horeb . . .--In our English Version this verse forms a separate sentence; but there seems nothing to prevent our taking it as completing the first verse. The route between Paran on the one side and the line from Tophel to Hazeroth on the other is still further defined as "a distance of eleven days' journey from Horeb in the direction of Mount Seir, reaching to Kadesh-barnea." The position of this last place is not yet determined with certainty. But the requirements of the text seem, upon the whole, to demand that it should be placed high up in the wilderness of Paran, not far from the border of the wilderness of Zin. It must be close to some passage out of the wilderness of Zin into the Negeb, or south of Judah.

Kadesh-barnea.--In the regular narrative of the exodus we read of the place to which the twelve spies returned as Kadesh (Numbers 13:26), and of the place at which the period of unrecorded wandering closed (Numbers 20:1), in the first month of the fortieth year, as Kadesh. The name Kadesh-barnea first appears in Moses' speech (Numbers 32:8), where he refers to the sending of the twelve spies. And with the exception of three places where the name is used in describing boundaries, Kadesh -harnea is always found in speeches. This first chapter of Deuteronomy is the only one which contains the name both with and without the appendage -barnea, which connects it with the wanderings of Israel (Deuteronomy 1:32). Upon the whole, it seems most likely that only one place or district is intended by the name.

We have now obtained the following view of this first short introduction to the Book of Deuteronomy. It consists of words spoken (in the first instance) to all Israel on their march from Sinai to Kadesh-barnea. But the following verses show that the Law was further "declared" to Israel in the plains of Moab, at the close of the fortieth year of the exodus and of Moses' life. It does not seem possible for us to separate entirely what was spoken earlier from what was declared later. In several places we have the record of words spoken: for example, in this very chapter (Deuteronomy 1:9; Deuteronomy 1:16; Deuteronomy 1:18; Deuteronomy 1:20; Deuteronomy 1:29; Deuteronomy 1:43), and Deuteronomy 5:5, &c. And the very name Deuteronomy implies the repetition of a law previously given. Further, the exhortations contained in this book are all enforced by the immediate prospect of going over Jordan and entering the promised land. But when Israel marched from Sinai to Kadesh-barnea, it was with this very same prospect full in view. It does not appear, by what Moses "said" at that time (Deuteronomy 1:20), that he had any thought of their turning away from the enterprise. But if so, what supposition is more natural than this--that he delivered the same kind of exhortations in the course of that earlier journey which he afterwards delivered in the plains of Moab? And although the distance is but eleven days' march, the Israelites spent something like three months on the way, and in waiting for the spies to return from Canaan.

We conclude, then, that the first two verses of Deuteronomy are an editorial introduction, stating that the substance of this book was first delivered to Israel by Moses between Sinai and Kadesh-barnea. The further introduction which follows (in Deuteronomy 1:3-5) shows the words to have been re-delivered in the plains of Moab, and preserved in their later rather than their earlier form. But it is also possible that the two first verses of Deuteronomy are an introduction to the first discourse above. (See Note on Deuteronomy 4:44.)

Is it possible to advance a step further, and conjecture with any degree of probability to what hand we owe the first two verses of the book? The expression "on the other side Jordan" (which some take to be a technical term) seems strictly to mean on the opposite side to the writer. The writer must also have been acquainted with the places mentioned (three of which are not named in the previous books); he could not have drawn his knowledge from the earlier part of the Pentateuch. And so entirely has the geography of Deuteronomy 1:1 been lost by tradition, that all the Targums and Jewish commentators agree in spiritualising the passage, and say, "these are the words of reproof which Moses.spake to all Israel in respect of their behaviour at these various places." Laban points to their murmuring at the white manna. Dizahab to the golden calf, and so on. Even Rashi, usually a most literal commentator, says, "Moses has enumerated the places where they wrought provocation before the PLACE "--a Rabbinical name for Jehovah: for "the whole world is His place, though His place is more than the whole world." This introduction to Deuteronomy seems the work of one who had known the wilderness, and yet wrote from Palestine. Joshua, the next writer to Moses, and possibly also his amanuensis, may have prefixed it to the book. If he did not, it is wholly impossible to say who did.

Verse 2. - Horeb. The name generally given to Sinai in Deuteronomy (see introduction, § 4). Sinai, however, occurs in Deuteronomy 33:2 of this book. By the way of mount Seir, i.e. by the way that leads to Mount Seir; just as in Deuteronomy 2:1, "the way of the Red sea" is the way that leads to that sea (see also Numbers 14:25). Mount is here, as often elsewhere, for mountain range. The mountain range here referred to seems to have been, not that on the east of the 'Arabah, but what is in vers. 6 and 19 called "the mountain of the Amorites," "the Seir by Hormah" of ver. 44, i e. the southern part of what was afterwards called the mountains of Judah. According to ver. 19, the Israelites, when they left Horeb, passed through the wilderness along the way that led to the mountains of the Amorites, and came to Kadesh-barnea. Kadesh must, therefore, be looked for, not on the eastern side of the 'Arabah, but somewhere in the wilderness of Zin. It has been identified with the place now known as 'Ain Kudes, near the northern extremity of Jebel Halal, and to the east of that hill; but this is far from being certain. Moses reminds the Israelites that the distance between Horeb and Kadesh is eleven days - i.e., about one hundred and sixty-five miles, the day's journey being reckoned at fifteen miles - not to give them a piece of information, but rather to suggest to them how, in consequence of rebellion, a journey which might have been so easily accomplished, had been protracted through many wearisome years. 1:1-8 Moses spake to the people all the Lord had given him in commandment. Horeb was but eleven days distant from Kadesh-barnea. This was to remind them that their own bad conduct had occasioned their tedious wanderings; that they might the more readily understand the advantages of obedience. They must now go forward. Though God brings his people into trouble and affliction, he knows when they have been tried long enough. When God commands us to go forward in our Christian course, he sets the heavenly Canaan before us for our encouragement.
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