Numbers 24:18
New International Version
Edom will be conquered; Seir, his enemy, will be conquered, but Israel will grow strong.

New Living Translation
Edom will be taken over, and Seir, its enemy, will be conquered, while Israel marches on in triumph.

English Standard Version
Edom shall be dispossessed; Seir also, his enemies, shall be dispossessed. Israel is doing valiantly.

Berean Study Bible
Edom will become a possession, as will Seir, his enemy; but Israel will perform with valor.

King James Bible
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.

New King James Version
“And Edom shall be a possession; Seir also, his enemies, shall be a possession, While Israel does valiantly.

New American Standard Bible
“And Edom shall be a possession, Seir, its enemies, also will be a possession, While Israel performs valiantly.

NASB 1995
“Edom shall be a possession, Seir, its enemies, also will be a possession, While Israel performs valiantly.

NASB 1977
“And Edom shall be a possession, Seir, its enemies, also shall be a possession, While Israel performs valiantly.

Amplified Bible
“Edom shall be [taken as] a possession, [Mount] Seir, Israel’s enemies, also will be a possession, While Israel performs valiantly.

Christian Standard Bible
Edom will become a possession; Seir will become a possession of its enemies, but Israel will be triumphant.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Edom will become a possession; Seir will become a possession of its enemies, but Israel will be triumphant.

American Standard Version
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession, who were his enemies; While Israel doeth valiantly.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Adum shall be his inheritance and Seir the inheritance of his enemies will be his, and Israel will possess the power.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Edom shall be an inheritance, and Esau his enemy shall be an inheritance of Israel, and Israel wrought valiantly.

Contemporary English Version
Israel will conquer Edom and capture the land of that enemy nation.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he shall possess Idumea: the inheritance of Seir shall come to their enemies, but Israel shall do manfully

English Revised Version
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession, which were his enemies; While Israel doeth valiantly.

Good News Translation
He will conquer his enemies in Edom And make their land his property, While Israel continues victorious.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Edom will be conquered, and Seir, his enemy, will be conquered. So Israel will become wealthy.

International Standard Version
Edom will be a conquered nation and Seir will be Israel's defeated foe, while Israel performs valiantly.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also, even his enemies, shall be a possession; While Israel doeth valiantly.

Literal Standard Version
And Edom has been a possession, And Seir has been a possession [for] his enemies, And Israel is doing valiantly;

NET Bible
Edom will be a possession, Seir, his enemies, will also be a possession; but Israel will act valiantly.

New Heart English Bible
Edom shall be a possession. Seir, his enemies, also shall be a possession, while Israel does valiantly.

World English Bible
Edom shall be a possession. Seir, his enemies, also shall be a possession, while Israel does valiantly.

Young's Literal Translation
And Edom hath been a possession, And Seir hath been a possession, for its enemies, And Israel is doing valiantly;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Balaam's Fourth Oracle
17I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near. A star will come forth from Jacob, and a scepter will arise from Israel. He will crush the skulls of Moab and strike down all the sons of Sheth. 18Edom will become a possession, as will Seir, his enemy; but Israel will perform with valor. 19A ruler will come from Jacob and destroy the survivors of the city.”…

Cross References
Genesis 27:29
May peoples serve you and nations bow down to you. May you be the master of your brothers, and may the sons of your mother bow down to you. May those who curse you be cursed, and those who bless you be blessed."

Genesis 32:3
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

Numbers 20:18
But Edom answered, "You may not travel through our land, or we will come out and confront you with the sword."

Numbers 24:19
A ruler will come from Jacob and destroy the survivors of the city."

2 Samuel 8:14
He placed garrisons throughout Edom, and all the Edomites were subject to David. So the LORD made David victorious wherever he went.

Psalm 60:12
With God we will perform with valor, and He will trample our enemies.

Amos 9:11
"In that day I will restore the fallen tent of David. I will repair its gaps, restore its ruins, and rebuild it as in the days of old,


Treasury of Scripture

And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.

Of Jacob

Genesis 49:10
The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.

Psalm 2:1-12
Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? …

Psalm 72:10,11
The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts…

shall destroy

Psalm 21:7-10
For the king trusteth in the LORD, and through the mercy of the most High he shall not be moved…

Matthew 25:46
And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.

Luke 19:12,27
He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return…









(18) And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also . . . --Better, And Edom shall be a possession, and Seir shall be a possession, for his enemies (i.e., the enemies of Israel, or, rather, of the Ruler who was to rise out of Israel). The Hebrew word (oyebaiv) which is rendered "his enemies" appears to stand in apposition to Edom and Seir, as the word zaraiv (his enemies, or adversaries) in Numbers 24:8 to "the nations." Edom was the name of the people, Seir of the country. (See Genesis 32:3.) The prophecy received its primary accomplishment in the time of David (2Samuel 8:14), but the ultimate accomplishment is to be found in the person and work of Christ (Isaiah 63:1-4).

And Israel shall do valiantly.--Or, shall acquire power or wealth. (Comp. Deuteronomy 8:17-18; Ruth 4:11.) . . .

Verse 18. - Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies. Seir (Genesis 32:3), or Mount Seir (Genesis 36:8), was the old name, still retained as an alternative, of Edom. It is uncertain whether the rendering "for his (i.e., Edom's) enemies" is correct. The Hebrew is simply אֹיְבָיו, which may stand in apposition to Edom and Seir, "his enemies," i.e., the enemies of Israel. So the Septuagint, Ησαῦ ὁ ἐχθρὸς αὐτοῦ. Shall do valiantly, or, "shall be prosperous" (cf. Deuteronomy 8:17; Ruth 4:11).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Edom
אֱד֜וֹם (’ĕ·ḏō·wm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 123: The name of a condiment

will become
וְהָיָ֨ה (wə·hā·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

a possession,
יְרֵשָׁ֗ה (yə·rê·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 3424: Possession

Seir
שֵׂעִ֖יר (śê·‘îr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 8165: Seir -- a mountain range in Edom, also its inhabitants, also a mountain in Judah

will be
וְהָיָ֧ה (wə·hā·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

owned
יְרֵשָׁ֛ה (yə·rê·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 3424: Possession

by his enemies,
אֹיְבָ֑יו (’ō·yə·ḇāw)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 341: Hating, an adversary

but Israel
וְיִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל (wə·yiś·rā·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

will perform
עֹ֥שֶׂה (‘ō·śeh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

with valor.
חָֽיִל׃ (ḥā·yil)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2428: A force, an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength


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OT Law: Numbers 24:18 Edom shall be a possession (Nu Num.)
Numbers 24:17
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