Genesis 32:3
New International Version
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

New Living Translation
Then Jacob sent messengers ahead to his brother, Esau, who was living in the region of Seir in the land of Edom.

English Standard Version
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother in the land of Seir, the country of Edom,

Berean Study Bible
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

New American Standard Bible
Then Jacob sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

King James Bible
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

Christian Standard Bible
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the territory of Edom.

Contemporary English Version
Jacob sent messengers on ahead to Esau, who lived in the land of Seir, also known as Edom.

Good News Translation
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the country of Edom.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

International Standard Version
Then Jacob sent messengers ahead of him into the land of Seir (that is, into the territory of Edom) to meet his brother Esau.

NET Bible
Jacob sent messengers on ahead to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the region of Edom.

New Heart English Bible
Jacob sent messengers in front of him to Esau, his brother, to the land of Seir, the field of Edom.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in Seir, the country of Edom.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the field of Edom.

New American Standard 1977
Then Jacob sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

King James 2000 Bible
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

American King James Version
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother to the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

American Standard Version
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the field of Edom.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he sent messengers before him to Esau his brother to the land of Seir to the country of Edom:

Darby Bible Translation
And Jacob sent messengers before his face to Esau his brother, into the land of Seir, the fields of Edom.

English Revised Version
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the field of Edom.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother, to the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

World English Bible
Jacob sent messengers in front of him to Esau, his brother, to the land of Seir, the field of Edom.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jacob sendeth messengers before him unto Esau his brother, towards the land of Seir, the field of Edom,
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
Jacob's Fear of Esau
2When Jacob saw them, he said, “This is the camp of God.” So he named that place Mahanaim. 3Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom. 4He instructed them, “You are to say to my master Esau, ‘Your servant Jacob says: I have been staying with Laban and have remained there until now.…
Cross References
Genesis 14:6
and the Horites in the hill country of Seir, as far as El-paran, which is near the desert.

Genesis 25:30
He said to Jacob, "Let me eat some of that red stew, for I am famished." (That is why he was also called Edom.)

Genesis 27:41
Esau held a grudge against Jacob because of the blessing his father had given him. And Esau said in his heart: "The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then I will kill my brother Jacob."

Genesis 27:42
When the words of her older son Esau were relayed to Rebekah, she sent for her younger son Jacob and told him, "Look, your brother Esau is consoling himself by plotting to kill you.

Genesis 32:7
In great fear and distress, Jacob divided his people into two camps, as well as the flocks and herds and camels.

Genesis 32:11
Please deliver me from the hand of my brother Esau, for I am afraid that he may come and attack me, and also the mothers and their children with me.

Genesis 33:14
Please let my lord go ahead of his servant. I will continue on slowly, at a comfortable pace for the livestock and children, until I come to my lord at Seir."

Genesis 36:8
So Esau (that is, Edom) settled in the hill country of Seir.

Genesis 36:9
This is the account of Esau, the father of the Edomites, in the hill country of Seir.

Numbers 24:18
Edom will become a possession, Seir will be owned by his enemies, but Israel will perform with valor.

Deuteronomy 1:2
It is an eleven-day journey from Horeb to Kadesh-barnea by way of Mount Seir.

Isaiah 21:11
This is an oracle concerning Dumah: One calls to me from Seir, "Watchman, what is left of the night? Watchman, what is left of the night?"

Jeremiah 49:7
Concerning Edom, this is what the LORD of Hosts says: "Is there no longer wisdom in Teman? Has counsel perished from the prudent? Has their wisdom decayed?

Treasury of Scripture

And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother to the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

sent.

Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before …

Luke 9:52 And sent messengers before his face: and they went, and entered into …

Luke 14:31,32 Or what king, going to make war against another king, sits not down first…

land. The land, or mountains, of Seir was situated south and east of the Dead Sea; forming a continuation of the eastern Syrian chain of mountains, beginning with Antilibanus, and extending from thence to the eastern gulf of the Red Sea.

Seir.

Genesis 14:6 And the Horites in their mount Seir, to Elparan, which is by the wilderness.

Genesis 33:14,16 Let my lord, I pray you, pass over before his servant: and I will …

Genesis 36:6-8 And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all …

Deuteronomy 2:5,22 Meddle not with them; for I will not give you of their land, no, …

Joshua 24:4 And I gave to Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave to Esau mount Seir, …

country. Heb. field. Edom.

Genesis 25:30 And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray you, with that same red pottage; …







Lexicon
Jacob
יַעֲקֹ֤ב (ya·‘ă·qōḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3290: Jacob -- a son of Isaac, also his desc

sent
וַיִּשְׁלַ֨ח (way·yiš·laḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

messengers
מַלְאָכִים֙ (mal·’ā·ḵîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

ahead of
לְפָנָ֔יו (lə·p̄ā·nāw)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

him to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

his brother
אָחִ֑יו (’ā·ḥîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

Esau
עֵשָׂ֖ו (‘ê·śāw)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6215: Esau -- oldest son of Isaac

in the land
אַ֥רְצָה (’ar·ṣāh)
Noun - feminine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

of Seir,
שֵׂעִ֖יר (śê·‘îr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8165: Seir -- a mountain range in Edom, also its inhabitants, also a mountain in Judah

the country
שְׂדֵ֥ה (śə·ḏêh)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7704: Field, land

of Edom.
אֱדֽוֹם׃ (’ĕ·ḏō·wm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 123: The name of a condiment
JACOB'S RECONCILIATION WITH ESAU.

(Genesis 32:3 to Genesis 33:16.)

(3) Jacob sent messengers.--As Jacob travelled homewards to Hebron the news somehow reached him that Esau, at the head of a large body of retainers, was engaged in an expedition against the Horites. These, as we have seen on Genesis 14:6, were a miserable race of cave-men, utterly unable to cope with Esau and his trained servants. We learn from Genesis 36:6 that Esau's home was still with Isaac at Hebron, and probably this was a mere marauding expedition, like that against the people of Gath, which a century later cost Ephraim the lives of so many of his sons (1Chronicles 7:21); but it revealed to Esau the weakness of the in habitants, and also that the land was admirably adapted for his favourite pursuit of hunting. He seems also to have taken a Horite wife (Genesis 36:5), and being thus connected with the country, upon Isaac's death he willingly removed into it, and it then became "the country," Heb. the field of Edom. Its other name, Seir, i.e. rough, hairy, shows that it was then covered with forests, and the term field that it was an uncultivated region. It was entirely in the spirit of the adventurous Esau to make this expedition, and on his father's death to prefer this wild land to the peaceful pastures at Hebron, where he was surrounded by powerful tribes of Amorites and Hittites. The land of Seir was a hundred miles distant from Mahanaim, but Esau apparently had been moving up through what were afterwards the countries of Moab and Ammon, and was probably, when Jacob sent his messengers, at no very great distance. At all events, Jacob remained at Mahanaim till his brother was near, when he crossed the brook Jabbok, and went to meet him.

Verse 3. - And Jacob sent messengers (with the messengers of Jacob, the messengers of Elohim form a contrast which can scarcely have been accidental) before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, - vide on Genesis 14:6. Seir, nearly equivalent in force to Esau (Ewald), and meaning the rough or bristling mountain (Gesenius), was originally occupied by the Horites, but afterwards became the seat of Esau and his descendants (Deuteronomy 2:4; 2 Chronicles 20:10), though as yet Esau had not withdrawn from Canaan (Genesis 36:5-8) - the country (literally, plain or level tract = Padan (male Hoses 12:13) of Edom, as it was afterwards called. 32:1-8 The angels of God appeared to Jacob, to encourage him with the assurance of the Divine protection. When God designs his people for great trials, he prepares them by great comforts. While Jacob, to whom the promise belonged, had been in hard service, Esau was become a prince. Jacob sent a message, showing that he did not insist upon the birth-right. Yielding pacifies great offences, Ec 10:4. We must not refuse to speak respectfully, even to those unjustly angry with us. Jacob received an account of Esau's warlike preparations against him, and was greatly afraid. A lively sense of danger, and quickening fear arising from it, may be found united with humble confidence in God's power and promise.
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