Genesis 32:16
New International Version
He put them in the care of his servants, each herd by itself, and said to his servants, “Go ahead of me, and keep some space between the herds.”

New Living Translation
He divided these animals into herds and assigned each to different servants. Then he told his servants, “Go ahead of me with the animals, but keep some distance between the herds.”

English Standard Version
These he handed over to his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass on ahead of me and put a space between drove and drove.”

Berean Study Bible
He entrusted them to his servants in separate herds and told them, “Go on ahead of me, and keep some distance between the herds.”

King James Bible
And he delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by themselves; and said unto his servants, Pass over before me, and put a space betwixt drove and drove.

New King James Version
Then he delivered them to the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass over before me, and put some distance between successive droves.”

New American Standard Bible
Then he placed them in the care of his servants, every flock by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass on ahead of me, and put a space between flocks.”

NASB 1995
He delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass on before me, and put a space between droves.”

NASB 1977
And he delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass on before me, and put a space between droves.”

Amplified Bible
He put them into the care of his servants, every herd by itself, and said to his servants, “Go on ahead of me, and put an interval [of space] between the individual herds.”

Christian Standard Bible
He entrusted them to his slaves as separate herds and said to them, “Go on ahead of me, and leave some distance between the herds.”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He entrusted them to his slaves as separate herds and said to them, “Go on ahead of me, and leave some distance between the herds.”

American Standard Version
And he delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said unto his servants, Pass over before me, and put a space betwixt drove and drove.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he gave into the hand of his Servants a fold each by itself, and said to his Servants, “Pass before me and make a space between each fold and the next fold.”

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he gave them to his servants each drove apart; and he said to his servants, Go on before me, and put a space between drove and drove.

Contemporary English Version
Jacob put servants in charge of each herd and told them, "Go ahead of me and keep a space between each herd."

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he sent them by the hands of his servants, every drove by itself, and he said to his servants: Go before me, and let there be a space between drove and drove.

English Revised Version
And he delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself; and said unto his servants, Pass over before me, and put a space betwixt drove and drove.

Good News Translation
He divided them into herds and put one of his servants in charge of each herd. He said to them, "Go ahead of me, and leave a space between each herd and the one behind it."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He placed servants in charge of each herd. Then he said to his servants, "Go ahead of me, and keep a distance between the herds."

International Standard Version
He entrusted them into the care of his servants, one herd at a time. Then he told his servants, "Go in front of me, making sure there's plenty of space between herds."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself; and said unto his servants: 'Pass over before me, and put a space betwixt drove and drove.'

Literal Standard Version
and he gives into the hand of his servants every drove by itself, and says to his servants, “Pass over before me, and a space you put between drove and drove.”

NET Bible
He entrusted them to his servants, who divided them into herds. He told his servants, "Pass over before me, and keep some distance between one herd and the next."

New Heart English Bible
He entrusted them into the hands of his servants as separate herds, and said to his servants, "Pass over before me, and keep some distance between the herds."

World English Bible
He delivered them into the hands of his servants, every herd by itself, and said to his servants, "Pass over before me, and put a space between herd and herd."

Young's Literal Translation
and he giveth into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and saith unto his servants, 'Pass over before me, and a space ye do put between drove and drove.'

Additional Translations ...
Context
Jacob's Fear of Esau
1530 milk camels with their young, 40 cows, 10 bulls, 20 female donkeys, and 10 male donkeys. 16He entrusted them to his servants in separate herds and told them, “Go on ahead of me, and keep some distance between the herds.” 17He instructed the one in the lead, “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘To whom do you belong, where are you going, and whose animals are these before you?’…

Cross References
Genesis 32:15
30 milk camels with their young, 40 cows, 10 bulls, 20 female donkeys, and 10 male donkeys.

Genesis 32:17
He instructed the one in the lead, "When my brother Esau meets you and asks, 'To whom do you belong, where are you going, and whose animals are these before you?'

1 Samuel 25:19
and said to her young men, "Go ahead of me. I will be right behind you." But she did not tell her husband Nabal.


Treasury of Scripture

And he delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by themselves; and said to his servants, Pass over before me, and put a space between drove and drove.

space.

Genesis 32:20
And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me.

Genesis 33:8,9
And he said, What meanest thou by all this drove which I met? And he said, These are to find grace in the sight of my lord…

Psalm 112:5
A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with discretion.









(16) A space.--Heb., a breathing place. These paration of the droves would be a matter of course, as each kind would travel peaceably onward only by itself. But Jacob rightly concluded that the repeated acknowledgment of Esau as his lord, added to the great value of the gift, would fill his brother's heart with friendly feelings, and perhaps therefore he put a longer space than usual between the successive droves.

Verse 16. - And he delivered them into the Band of his servants, every drove by themselves (literally, drove and drove separately); and said unto his servants, Passover (the river Jabbok) before me, and put a space (literally, a breathing-place) betwixt drove and drove - as is still the manner with Oriental shepherds (cf. 'Land and Book,' p. 331).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
He entrusted them to
וַיִּתֵּן֙ (way·yit·tên)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

his servants
עֲבָדָ֔יו (‘ă·ḇā·ḏāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5650: Slave, servant

in separate
לְבַדּ֑וֹ (lə·ḇad·dōw)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 905: Separation, a part of the body, branch of a, tree, bar for, carrying, chief of

herds
עֵ֥דֶר (‘ê·ḏer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5739: An arrangement, muster

and told
וַ֤יֹּאמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 559: To utter, say

them,
עֲבָדָיו֙ (‘ă·ḇā·ḏāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5650: Slave, servant

“Go on
עִבְר֣וּ (‘iḇ·rū)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

ahead of me,
לְפָנַ֔י (lə·p̄ā·nay)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's 6440: The face

and keep
תָּשִׂ֔ימוּ (tā·śî·mū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's 7760: Put -- to put, place, set

some distance
וְרֶ֣וַח (wə·re·waḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7305: A space, interval, respite, relief

between
בֵּ֥ין (bên)
Preposition
Strong's 996: An interval, space between

the herds.”
עֵ֖דֶר (‘ê·ḏer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5739: An arrangement, muster


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OT Law: Genesis 32:16 He delivered them into the hands (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 32:15
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