Genesis 32:31
New International Version
The sun rose above him as he passed Peniel, and he was limping because of his hip.

New Living Translation
The sun was rising as Jacob left Peniel, and he was limping because of the injury to his hip.

English Standard Version
The sun rose upon him as he passed Penuel, limping because of his hip.

Berean Study Bible
The sun rose above him as he passed by Penuel, and he was limping because of his hip.

King James Bible
And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh.

New King James Version
Just as he crossed over Penuel the sun rose on him, and he limped on his hip.

New American Standard Bible
Now the sun rose upon him just as he crossed over Penuel, and he was limping on his hip.

NASB 1995
Now the sun rose upon him just as he crossed over Penuel, and he was limping on his thigh.

NASB 1977
Now the sun rose upon him just as he crossed over Penuel, and he was limping on his thigh.

Amplified Bible
Now the sun rose on him as he passed Penuel (Peniel), and he was limping because of his hip.

Christian Standard Bible
The sun shone on him as he passed by Penuel —limping because of his hip.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The sun shone on him as he passed by Penuel--limping because of his hip.

American Standard Version
And the sun rose upon him as he passed over Penuel, and he limped upon his thigh.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the sun was setting to him when he passed through Penuyel and he was halting from his hip.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the sun rose upon him, when he passed the Face of God; and he halted upon his thigh.

Contemporary English Version
The sun was coming up as Jacob was leaving Peniel. He was limping because he had been struck on the hip,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And immediately the sun rose upon him, after he was past Phanuel; but he halted on his foot.

English Revised Version
And the sun rose upon him as he passed over Penuel, and he halted upon his thigh.

Good News Translation
The sun rose as Jacob was leaving Peniel, and he was limping because of his hip.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The sun rose as he passed Penuel. He was limping because of his hip.

International Standard Version
The sun was rising above Jacob as he crossed over from Peniel, limping due to his wounded thigh.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the sun rose upon him as he passed over Peniel, and he limped upon his thigh.

Literal Standard Version
and the sun rises on him when he has passed over Penuel, and he is halting on his thigh;

NET Bible
The sun rose over him as he crossed over Penuel, but he was limping because of his hip.

New Heart English Bible
The sun rose on him as he passed by Peniel, and he limped because of his hip.

World English Bible
The sun rose on him as he passed over Peniel, and he limped because of his thigh.

Young's Literal Translation
and the sun riseth on him when he hath passed over Penuel, and he is halting on his thigh;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Jacob Wrestles with God
30So Jacob named the place Peniel, saying, “Indeed, I have seen God face to face, and yet my life was spared.” 31The sun rose above him as he passed by Penuel, and he was limping because of his hip. 32Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the tendon which is at the socket of the hip, because the socket of Jacob’s hip was struck near that tendon.…

Cross References
Genesis 32:32
Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the tendon which is at the socket of the hip, because the socket of Jacob's hip was struck near that tendon.

Judges 8:8
From there he went up to Penuel and asked the same from them, but the men of Penuel gave the same response as the men of Succoth.

1 Kings 12:25
Then Jeroboam built Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim and lived there. And from there he went out and built Penuel.

1 Kings 18:26
And they took the bull that was given them, prepared it, and called on the name of Baal from morning until noon, shouting, "O Baal, answer us!" But there was no sound, and no one answered as they leaped around the altar they had made.


Treasury of Scripture

And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose on him, and he halted on his thigh.

rose upon.

Genesis 19:15,23
And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city…

Malachi 4:2
But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.

he halted.

Genesis 32:25
And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him.

Psalm 38:17
For I am ready to halt, and my sorrow is continually before me.

2 Corinthians 12:7,9
And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure…









(31) As he passed over Pemiel.--Rather, as he passed Penuel. It was the place where he had wrestled, and as soon as the angel left him he proceeded onwards to rejoin his wives. It appears, from what is here said, that it was not till he tried to walk that he found out that he was lame. As his sinews grew cool, the injury to his hip-joint showed itself.

Verse 31. - And as he passed over Penuel - this some suppose to have been the original name of the place, which Jacob changed by the alteration of a vowel, but it is probably nothing more than an old form of the same word - the sun rose upon him, - "there was sunshine within and sunshine without. When Judas went forth on his dark design, we read, 'It was night,' John 13:30" (Inglis) - and he halted upon his thigh - thus carrying with him a memorial of his conflict, as Paul afterwards bore about with him a stake in his flesh (2 Corinthians 12:7).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The sun
הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ (haš·še·meš)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's 8121: The sun, the east, a ray, a notched battlement

rose
וַיִּֽזְרַֽח־ (way·yiz·raḥ-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2224: To irradiate, to rise, to appear

above him
ל֣וֹ (lōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

as
כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר (ka·’ă·šer)
Preposition-k | Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

he passed by
עָבַ֖ר (‘ā·ḇar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

Penuel,
פְּנוּאֵ֑ל (pə·nū·’êl)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 6439: Penuel -- 'face of God', a place East of the Jordan, also two Israelites

and he
וְה֥וּא (wə·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

was limping
צֹלֵ֖עַ (ṣō·lê·a‘)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6760: To limp

because of
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

his hip.
יְרֵכֽוֹ׃ (yə·rê·ḵōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3409: Thigh,loin, flank, side


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OT Law: Genesis 32:31 The sun rose on him as he (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 32:30
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