Isaiah 1:5
New International Version
Why should you be beaten anymore? Why do you persist in rebellion? Your whole head is injured, your whole heart afflicted.

New Living Translation
Why do you continue to invite punishment? Must you rebel forever? Your head is injured, and your heart is sick.

English Standard Version
Why will you still be struck down? Why will you continue to rebel? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Berean Study Bible
Why do you want more beatings? Why do you keep rebelling? Your head has a massive wound, and your whole heart is afflicted.

New American Standard Bible
Where will you be stricken again, As you continue in your rebellion? The whole head is sick And the whole heart is faint.

King James Bible
Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Christian Standard Bible
Why do you want more beatings? Why do you keep on rebelling? The whole head is hurt, and the whole heart is sick.

Contemporary English Version
Why be punished more? Why not give up your sin? Your head is badly bruised, and you are weak all over.

Good News Translation
Why do you keep on rebelling? Do you want to be punished even more? Israel, your head is already covered with wounds, and your heart and mind are sick.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Why do you want more beatings? Why do you keep on rebelling? The whole head is hurt, and the whole heart is sick.

International Standard Version
"Why will you still be struck down? Why will you continue to rebel? Your whole head is sick, and your whole heart is faint.

NET Bible
Why do you insist on being battered? Why do you continue to rebel? Your head has a massive wound, your whole body is weak.

New Heart English Bible
Why should you be beaten more, that you revolt more and more? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Why do you still want to be beaten? Why do you continue to rebel? Your whole head is infected. Your whole heart is failing.

JPS Tanakh 1917
On what part will ye yet be stricken, Seeing ye stray away more and more? The whole head is sick, And the whole heart faint;

New American Standard 1977
Where will you be stricken again, As you continue in your rebellion? The whole head is sick, And the whole heart is faint.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Why should I chastise you any more? Ye will revolt more and more; every head is sick, and every heart faint.

King James 2000 Bible
Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

American King James Version
Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

American Standard Version
Why will ye be still stricken, that ye revolt more and more? the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Why should ye be smitten any more, transgressing more and more? the whole head is pained, and the whole heart sad.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For what shall I strike you any more, you that increase transgression? the whole head is sick, and the whole heart is sad.

Darby Bible Translation
Why should ye be smitten any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

English Revised Version
Why will ye be still stricken, that ye revolt more and more? the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Webster's Bible Translation
Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

World English Bible
Why should you be beaten more, that you revolt more and more? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Young's Literal Translation
Wherefore are ye stricken any more? Ye do add apostasy! Every head is become diseased, and every heart is sick.
Study Bible
Judah's Rebellion
4Alas, O sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a brood of evildoers, children of depravity! They have forsaken the LORD; they have despised the Holy One of Israel and turned their backs on Him. 5Why do you want more beatings? Why do you keep rebelling? Your head has a massive wound, and your whole heart is afflicted. 6From the sole of your foot to the top of your head, there is no soundness—only wounds and welts and festering sores not cleansed or bandaged or soothed with oil.…
Cross References
2 Kings 1:13
So the king sent a third captain with his fifty men. And the third captain went up, fell on his knees before Elijah, and begged him, "Man of God, may my life and the lives of these fifty servants please be precious in your sight.

2 Chronicles 28:22
In the time of his distress, King Ahaz became even more unfaithful to the LORD.

Isaiah 31:6
Return to Him against whom you have so blatantly rebelled, O children of Israel.

Isaiah 33:24
And no resident of Zion will say, "I am sick." The people who dwell there will be forgiven their iniquity.

Jeremiah 2:30
"I have struck your sons in vain; they accepted no discipline. Your own sword has devoured your prophets like a voracious lion.

Jeremiah 5:3
O LORD, do not Your eyes look for truth? You struck them, but they felt no pain. You finished them off, but they refused to accept discipline. They have made their faces harder than stone and refused to repent.

Jeremiah 13:23
Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots? Neither are you able to do good--you who are accustomed to doing evil.

Jeremiah 17:9
The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure--who can understand it?

Jeremiah 44:15
Then all the men who knew that their wives were burning incense to other gods, all the women standing by--a great assembly--along with all the people who were living in the land of Egypt at Pathros, answered Jeremiah,

Lamentations 5:17
Because of this, our hearts are faint; because of these, our eyes grow dim:

Ezekiel 34:4
You have not strengthened the weak, healed the sick, bound up the injured, brought back the strays, or searched for the lost. Instead, you have ruled them with violence and cruelty.

Ezekiel 34:16
I will seek the lost, bring back the strays, bind up the broken, and strengthen the weak; but the sleek and strong I will destroy. I will shepherd them with justice.'

Treasury of Scripture

Why should you be stricken any more? you will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

should

Isaiah 9:13,21
For the people turneth not unto him that smiteth them, neither do they seek the LORD of hosts…

Jeremiah 2:30
In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: your own sword hath devoured your prophets, like a destroying lion.

Jeremiah 5:3
O LORD, are not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, but they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.

ye will

2 Chronicles 28:22
And in the time of his distress did he trespass yet more against the LORD: this is that king Ahaz.

Jeremiah 9:3
And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD.

Revelation 16:8-11
And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire…

revolt more and more.

Isaiah 1:23
Thy princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.

Nehemiah 9:34
Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, kept thy law, nor hearkened unto thy commandments and thy testimonies, wherewith thou didst testify against them.

Jeremiah 5:5,31
I will get me unto the great men, and will speak unto them; for they have known the way of the LORD, and the judgment of their God: but these have altogether broken the yoke, and burst the bonds…







Lexicon
Why
עַ֣ל (‘al)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

do you want more
ע֖וֹד (‘ō·wḏ)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 5750: Iteration, continuance, again, repeatedly, still, more

beatings?
תֻכּ֛וּ (ṯuk·kū)
Verb - Hofal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5221: To strike

Why do you keep
תּוֹסִ֣יפוּ (tō·w·sî·p̄ū)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3254: To add, augment

rebelling?
סָרָ֑ה (sā·rāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5627: Turning aside, defection, apostasy, withdrawal

Your head
רֹ֣אשׁ (rōš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7218: The head

has a massive
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

wound,
לָחֳלִ֔י (lā·ḥo·lî)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2483: Malady, anxiety, calamity

and your whole
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

heart
לֵבָ֖ב (lê·ḇāḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3824: Inner man, mind, will, heart

is afflicted.
דַּוָּֽי׃ (daw·wāy)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1742: Sick, troubled
(5) Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more.--Better, by revolting more and more. The prophet does not predict persistency in rebellion, but pleads against it. (Comp. "Why will ye die?" in Ezekiel 18:31.)

The whole head is sick. . . .--Better, every head. . . . every heart. The sin of the people is painted as a deadly epidemic, spreading everywhere, affecting the noblest organs of the body (see Note on Jeremiah 17:9), and defying all the resources of the healing art. The description that follows is one of the natural parables of ethics, and reminds us of Plato's description of the souls of tyrants as being full of ulcerous sores (Gorg., c. 80). The description may have connected itself with the prophet's personal experience or training in the medicine and surgery of his time, or with the diseases which came as judgments on Jehoram (2Chronicles 21:18) and Uzziah (2Chronicles 26:20). We find him in Isaiah 38:21 prescribing for Hezekiah's boil. It would seem, indeed, from 2Chronicles 16:12, that the prophets, as an order, practised the art of healing, and so were rivals of the "physicians," who depended chiefly on idolatrous charms and incantations. The picture of the disease reminds us of the language of Deuteronomy 28:22-35; Job 2:7, and of the descriptions of like pestilences in the history of Florence, and of England. Every part of the body is tainted by the poison. "We note a certain technical precision in the three terms used: "wounds" (literally, cuts, as inflicted by a sword or knife); "bruises," or weals, marks of the scourge or rod; "putrifying sores," wounds that have festered into ulcers. As the diagnosis is technical, so also are the therapeutic agencies. To "close" or "press" the festering wound was the process tried at first to get rid of the purulent discharge; then, as in Hezekiah's case (Isaiah 38:21), it was "bound up," with a poultice, then some stimulating oil or unguent, probably, as in Luke 10:34, oil and wine were used, to cleanse the ulcer. No such remedies, the prophet says, had been applied to the spiritual disease of Israel.

Verse 5. - Why should ye, etc.? Translate, Why will ye be still smitten, revolting more and more? or, Why will ye persist in re-hellion, and so be smitten yet more? The Authorized Version does not express the sense, which is that suffering must follow sin - that if they still revolt, they must still be smitten for it - why, then, will they do so? Compare Ezekiel's "Why will ye die, O house of Israel?" (Ezekiel 18:31). The whole head... the whole heart. Mr. Cheyne translates, "Every head... every heart;" but Lowth, Gesenius, and Ewald agree with the Authorized Version. The prophet personifies Israel, and means to say that the whole head of the nation is diseased, its whole heart faint, or "prostrate with languor" (Kay). The head and heart represent respectively the intellectual and moral natures. 1:1-9 Isaiah signifies, The salvation of the Lord; a very suitable name for this prophet, who prophesies so much of Jesus the Saviour, and his salvation. God's professing people did not know or consider that they owed their lives and comforts to God's fatherly care and kindness. How many are very careless in the affairs of their souls! Not considering what we do know in religion, does us as much harm, as ignorance of what we should know. The wickedness was universal. Here is a comparison taken from a sick and diseased body. The distemper threatens to be mortal. From the sole of the foot even to the head; from the meanest peasant to the greatest peer, there is no soundness, no good principle, no religion, for that is the health of the soul. Nothing but guilt and corruption; the sad effects of Adam's fall. This passage declares the total depravity of human nature. While sin remains unrepented, nothing is done toward healing these wounds, and preventing fatal effects. Jerusalem was exposed and unprotected, like the huts or sheds built up to guard ripening fruits. These are still to be seen in the East, where fruits form a large part of the summer food of the people. But the Lord had a small remnant of pious servants at Jerusalem. It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed. The evil nature is in every one of us; only Jesus and his sanctifying Spirit can restore us to spiritual health.
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