Revelation 16:8
New International Version
The fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and the sun was allowed to scorch people with fire.

New Living Translation
Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, causing it to scorch everyone with its fire.

English Standard Version
The fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was allowed to scorch people with fire.

Berean Study Bible
Next, the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was given power to scorch the people with fire.

Berean Literal Bible
And the fourth poured out his bowl upon the sun, and there was given to it to scorch men with fire.

New American Standard Bible
The fourth angel poured out his bowl upon the sun, and it was given to it to scorch men with fire.

King James Bible
And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire.

Christian Standard Bible
The fourth poured out his bowl on the sun. It was allowed to scorch people with fire,

Contemporary English Version
The fourth angel emptied his bowl on the sun, and it began to scorch people like fire.

Good News Translation
Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was allowed to burn people with its fiery heat.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The fourth poured out his bowl on the sun. He was given the power to burn people with fire,

International Standard Version
The fourth angel poured his bowl on the sun, which then was allowed to burn people with fire,

NET Bible
Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was permitted to scorch people with fire.

New Heart English Bible
The fourth poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was given to him to scorch people with fire.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the fourth Angel poured his vessel over the Sun, and it was given him to scorch people with fire.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The fourth angel poured his bowl on the sun. The sun was allowed to burn people with fire.

New American Standard 1977
And the fourth angel poured out his bowl upon the sun; and it was given to it to scorch men with fire.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the fourth angel poured out his vial against the sun; and it was given unto it to scorch men with fire.

King James 2000 Bible
And the fourth angel poured out his bowl upon the sun; and power was given unto it to scorch men with fire.

American King James Version
And the fourth angel poured out his vial on the sun; and power was given to him to scorch men with fire.

American Standard Version
And the fourth poured out his bowl upon the sun; and it was given unto it to scorch men with fire.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun, and it was given unto him to afflict men with heat and fire:

Darby Bible Translation
And the fourth poured out his bowl on the sun; and it was given to it to burn men with fire.

English Revised Version
And the fourth poured out his bowl upon the sun; and it was given unto it to scorch men with fire.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given to him to scorch men with fire.

Weymouth New Testament
Then the fourth angel poured his bowl on to the sun, and power was given to it to scorch men with fire.

World English Bible
The fourth poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was given to him to scorch men with fire.

Young's Literal Translation
And the fourth messenger did pour out his vial upon the sun, and there was given to him to scorch men with fire,
Study Bible
The First Six Bowls of Wrath
7And I heard the altar reply: “Yes, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments.” 8Next, the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was given power to scorch the people with fire. 9And the people were scorched by intense heat, and they cursed the name of God, who had authority over these plagues; yet they did not repent and give Him glory.…
Cross References
Revelation 6:12
And when I saw the Lamb open the sixth seal, there was a great earthquake, and the sun became black like sackcloth of goat hair, and the whole moon turned blood red,

Revelation 14:18
Still another angel, with authority over the fire, came from the altar and called out in a loud voice to the angel with the sharp sickle, "Swing your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of grapes from the vine of the earth, because its grapes are ripe."

Treasury of Scripture

And the fourth angel poured out his vial on the sun; and power was given to him to scorch men with fire.

upon.

Revelation 6:12
And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;

Revelation 8:12
And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.

Revelation 9:2
And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit.

and power.

Revelation 7:16
They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat.

Revelation 9:17,18
And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone…

Revelation 14:18
And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.







Lexicon
Next,
Καὶ (Kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

fourth [angel]
τέταρτος (tetartos)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5067: Fourth. Ordinal from tessares; fourth.

poured out
ἐξέχεεν (execheen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1632: Or ekchuno ek-khoo'-no from ek and cheo; to pour forth; figuratively, to bestow.

his
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

bowl
φιάλην (phialēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5357: A shallow and flat bowl. Of uncertain affinity; a broad shallow cup.

on
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

the
τὸν (ton)
Article - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

sun,
ἥλιον (hēlion)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2246: The sun, sunlight. From hele; the sun; by implication, light.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

it was given power
ἐδόθη (edothē)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1325: To offer, give; I put, place. A prolonged form of a primary verb; to give.

to scorch
καυματίσαι (kaumatisai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 2739: To burn, scorch. From kauma; to burn.

the
τοὺς (tous)
Article - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

people
ἀνθρώπους (anthrōpous)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 444: A man, one of the human race. From aner and ops; man-faced, i.e. A human being.

with
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

fire.
πυρί (pyri)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4442: Fire; the heat of the sun, lightning; fig: strife, trials; the eternal fire. A primary word; 'fire'.
(8, 9) And the fourth . . .--Better, And the fourth (angel) poured out his vial upon the sun; and it was given to it (the "sun," not the "angel;" the rendering of the English version "unto him is misleading) to scorch men with fire. And men (i.e., those who were worshippers of the wild beast) were scorched . . . and did not repent to give him glory. The sun, the great source of light and warmth, whose beams call forth the flowers of the earth, becomes a power to blast, not to bless. This is another example of the way in which the things full of beneficence are turned into powers of sorrow to those who follow evil. Not only the pleasant gifts and influences, which, like streams, were made to gladden men, grow corrupt, but the very source of light and knowledge becomes a power to destroy. We may contrast this influence of the sun with the beneficent beams of the Sun of Righteousness. Christ rose as the light and sun upon the world, because He diffused the knowledge which gave life to men; but here we have a light and sun which scorches. There is a knowledge which withers while it illumines; there is a teaching which does not warm the heart, but dries both heart and conscience, and brings but pain. The result, painful as it is, does not work repentance. Suffering, without grace and humility, does not bless men; they grow angry; the fire hardens instead of purifying. The whole series of these judgments illustrate the awful truth that there is a stage in personal life, and in national and world life also, in which suffering loses its remedial force, because the character has become set, and even an occasional desire after higher things is no longer felt.

"When we in our viciousness

Grow hard, the wise gods seal our eyes,

In our own slime drop our clear judgments,

Make us adore our errors, and thus

We strut to our destruction."

Verse 8. - And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun. Ἀγγέλος, "angel," is omitted in nearly all manuscripts, though, of course, it is understood. For the first time we have ἐπί, "upon," instead of εἰς. "into" (see on ver. 2). Another part of creation is visited, thus completing the visitation of the fourfold division of the universe - the earth, the sea, the rivers, the heavens - as foretold in Revelation 14:7. And power was given unto him to scorch men with fire. "And it was given to it" is more probable than "to him;" the angels do not directly punish, but indirectly by pouring out the vials. This form of words expresses the permissory nature of the evil which is wrought; nothing can be done but by the will of God (cf. Revelation 13:5, 7, 14). Bengel, Hengstenberg, and others consider that the permission to scorch men is given to the angel. The men (with the article); perhaps referring to those mentioned in ver. 2. who had the mark of the beast, and those who worshipped his image, and who are the object of all the vial plagues. Though differing in form from the fourth trumpet, where the sun was darkened, yet the judgment is similar, though here of a more intense nature. In both cases, those objects which are given to men for their good are converted into instruments of punishment. We may, perhaps, see here an allusion to the heat of men's passions and vices, by which physically as well as morally they are destroyed; and which are also an emblem of the pains of hell as pictured in Luke 16. It has been noticed as a coincidence that the objects of creation which are the subjects of the judgments of the fourth trumpet and fourth vial, were created on the fourth day. 16:8-11 The heart of man is so desperately wicked, that the most severe miseries never will bring any to repent, without the special grace of God. Hell itself is filled with blasphemies; and those are ignorant of the history of human nature, of the Bible, and of their own hearts, who do not know that the more men suffer, and the more plainly they see the hand of God in their sufferings, the more furiously they often rage against him. Let sinners now seek repentance from Christ, and the grace of the Holy Spirit, or they will have the anguish and horror of an unhumbled, impenitent, and desperate heart; thus adding to their guilt and misery through all eternity. Darkness is opposed to wisdom and knowledge, and forebodes the confusion and folly of the idolaters and followers of the beast. It is opposed to pleasure and joy, and signifies anguish and vexation of spirit.
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NT Prophecy: Revelation 16:8 The fourth poured out his bowl (Rev. Re Apocalypse) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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