Revelation 16:4
New International Version
The third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood.

New Living Translation
Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs, and they became blood.

English Standard Version
The third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of water, and they became blood.

Berean Study Bible
Then the third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and springs of water, and they turned to blood.

Berean Literal Bible
And the third poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of the waters, and they became blood.

New American Standard Bible
Then the third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of waters; and they became blood.

King James Bible
And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

Christian Standard Bible
The third poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of water, and they became blood.

Contemporary English Version
The third angel emptied his bowl into the rivers and streams. At once they turned to blood.

Good News Translation
Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and the springs of water, and they turned into blood.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The third poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of water, and they became blood.

International Standard Version
The third angel poured his bowl into the rivers and the springs of water, and they turned into blood.

NET Bible
Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and the springs of water, and they turned into blood.

New Heart English Bible
The third poured out his bowl into the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the third Angel poured his vessel into the rivers and into the springs of water, and they became blood.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The third angel poured his bowl over the rivers and the springs. They turned into blood.

New American Standard 1977
And the third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of waters; and they became blood.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the third angel poured out his vial into the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

King James 2000 Bible
And the third angel poured out his bowl upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

American King James Version
And the third angel poured out his vial on the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

American Standard Version
And the third poured out his bowl into the rivers and the fountains of the waters; and it became blood.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the third poured out his vial upon the rivers and the fountains of waters; and there was made blood.

Darby Bible Translation
And the third poured out his bowl on the rivers, and [on] the fountains of waters; and they became blood.

English Revised Version
And the third poured out his bowl into the rivers and the fountains of the waters; and it became blood.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

Weymouth New Testament
The third angel poured his bowl into the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood.

World English Bible
The third poured out his bowl into the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood.

Young's Literal Translation
And the third messenger did pour out his vial to the rivers, and to the fountains of the waters, and there came blood,
Study Bible
The First Six Bowls of Wrath
3And the second angel poured out his bowl into the sea, and it turned to blood like that of the dead, and every living thing in the sea died. 4Then the third angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and springs of water, and they turned to blood. 5And I heard the angel of the waters say: “Righteous are You, O Holy One, who is and who was, because You have brought these judgments.…
Cross References
Exodus 7:17
This is what the LORD says: By this you will know that I am the LORD. Behold, with the staff in my hand I will strike the water of the Nile, and it will turn to blood.

Psalm 78:44
He turned their rivers to blood, and from their streams they could not drink.

Revelation 8:10
Then the third angel sounded his trumpet, and a great star burning like a torch fell from heaven and landed on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water.

Revelation 11:6
These witnesses have power to shut the sky so that no rain will fall during the days of their prophecy, and power to turn the waters into blood, and to strike the earth with every kind of plague as often as they wish.

Treasury of Scripture

And the third angel poured out his vial on the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

upon.

Revelation 8:10,11
And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; …

and they.

Revelation 16:5
And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus.

Revelation 14:7
Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

Exodus 7:20
And Moses and Aaron did so, as the LORD commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.







Lexicon
Then
Καὶ (Kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

third [angel]
τρίτος (tritos)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5154: Third. Ordinal from treis; third; neuter a third part, or a third time, thirdly.

poured out
ἐξέχεεν (execheen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1632: Or ekchuno ek-khoo'-no from ek and cheo; to pour forth; figuratively, to bestow.

his
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

bowl
φιάλην (phialēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5357: A shallow and flat bowl. Of uncertain affinity; a broad shallow cup.

into
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

the
τοὺς (tous)
Article - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

rivers
ποταμοὺς (potamous)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4215: A river, torrent, stream. Probably from a derivative of the alternate of pino; a current, brook or freshet, i.e. Running water.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

springs
πηγὰς (pēgas)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 4077: A fountain, spring, well, issue, flow. Probably from pegnumi; a fount, i.e. Source or supply.

of
τῶν (tōn)
Article - Genitive Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

water,
ὑδάτων (hydatōn)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 5204: Water. And genitive case, hudatos, etc. From the base of huetos; water literally or figuratively.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

they turned to
ἐγένετο (egeneto)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1096: A prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be, i.e. to become, used with great latitude.

blood.
αἷμα (haima)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 129: Blood, literally, figuratively or specially; by implication, bloodshed, also kindred.
(4) And the third angel . . .--The third vial resembles the second in its effects. As it is poured out on the rivers and springs of waters, they become blood. It is not only the great sea which becomes blood, but all the merry streams and babbling brooks which carry their tribute of water seawards also turn corrupt. And this plague is acknowledged by heavenly voices as a just retribution (Revelation 16:5-7). The streams and rivers feed the sea; they are the powers and influences which go to the making up of the great popular sentiment; these are smitten by the same corruption. Men cannot worship worldliness or earthliness without degrading even those who contribute to their instruction, their recreations, and their joys, to the same level. When the public taste grows corrupt, the literature will, for example, become so in a more or less degree; the up-flowing tide will colour the down-coming stream. "The morality of a nation's art," writes a modern critic. "always rises to the level of morality in a nation's manners. Morality takes care of itself, and always revenges any outrage which art may put upon its laws by either lowering the art that so offends, or extinguishing it" (Dallas, Gay Science, Vol. II., 16). It is true in even a wider sense. The loftier powers of imagination, the range of poetical elevation, are cramped and killed in a base, world-worshipping age. The streams of life grow putrid, the fresh and bright gifts of God are polluted, when the ocean of public thought is unwholesome.

Verse 4. - And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood. Omit "angel" (see on ver. 3). "Into the rivers," etc., as in the previous cases. The singular ἐγένετο, probably on account of the neuter ψ῞δατα being understood. The idea of the second vial is carried on here (cf. on ver. 3). Note the corresponding judgment of the third trumpet. In addition to the interpretation of the second vial given above, it is probable that the blood signifies the slaughter and death which is part of God's vengeance on the wicked (cf. ver. 6). The divisions adopted in the first four vials correspond to those in Revelation 14, which designate the whole of God's created world, "heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters." 16:1-7 We are to pray that the will of God may be done on earth as it is done in heaven. Here is a succession of terrible judgments of Providence; and there seems to be an allusion to several of the plagues of Egypt. The sins were alike, and so were the punishments. The vials refer to the seven trumpets, which represented the rise of antichrist; and the fall of the enemies of the church shall bear some resemblance to their rise. All things throughout their earth, their air, their sea, their rivers, their cities, all are condemned to ruin, all accursed for the wickedness of that people. No wonder that angels, who witness or execute the Divine vengeance on the obstinate haters of God, of Christ, and of holiness, praise his justice and truth; and adore his awful judgments, when he brings upon cruel persecutors the tortures they made his saints and prophets suffer.
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