129. haima
Strong's Concordance
haima: blood
Original Word: αἷμα, ατος, τό
Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter
Transliteration: haima
Phonetic Spelling: (hah'-ee-mah)
Definition: blood
Usage: blood (especially as shed).
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
of uncertain origin
NASB Translation
blood (94), hemorrhage* (3).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 129: αἷμα

αἷμα, (τος, τό, blood, whether of men or of animals:


a. simply and generally: John 19:34; Revelation 8:7; Revelation 11:6; Revelation 16:3f, 6{b} (on which passages cf. Exodus 7:20ff); ; ῤύσις αἵματος, Mark 5:25 ((πηγή αἵματος Mark 5:29)); Luke 8:43f; θρόμβοι αἵματος, Luke 22:44 (L brackets WH reject the passage). So also in passages where the eating of blood (and of bloody flesh) is forbidden, Acts 15:20, 29; Acts 21:25; cf. Leviticus 3:17; Leviticus 7:16 (26); ; see Knobel on Leviticus 7:26f; (Kalisch on Leviticus, Preliminary Essay § 1); Ruckert, Abendmahl, p. 94.

b. As it was anciently believed that the blood is the seat of the life (Leviticus 17:11; (cf. Delitzsch, Biblical Psychol, pp. 238-247 (English translation, p. 281ff))), the phrase σάρξ καί αἷμα (וְדָם בָּשָׂר, a common phrase in rabbinical writers), or in inverse order αἷμα καί σάρξ, denotes man's living body compounded of flesh and blood, 1 Corinthians 15:50; Hebrews 2:14, and so hints at the contrast between man and God (or even the more exalted creatures, Ephesians 6:12) as to suggest his feebleness, Ephesians 6:12 (Sir. 14:18), which is conspicuous as respects the knowledge of divine things, Galatians 1:16; Matthew 16:17.

c. Since the first germs of animal life are thought to be in the blood (Wis. 7:2; Eustathius ad Iliad 6, 211 (ii. 104, 2) τό δέ αἵματος ἀντί τοῦ σπέρματος φασίν οἱ σαφοὶ, ὡς τοῦ σπέρματος ὕλην τό αἷμα ἔχοντος), the word serves to denote generation and origin (in the classics also): John 1:13 (on the plural cf. Winer's Grammar, 177 (166)); Acts 17:26 (R G).

d. It is used of those things which by their redness resemble blood: αἷμα σταφυλῆς the juice of the grape ('the blood of grapes,' Genesis 49:11; Deuteronomy 32:14), Sir. 39:26 Sir. 50:15; 1 Macc. 6:34, etc.; Achilles Tatius 2:2; reference to this is made in Revelation 14:18-20. εἰς αἷμα, of the moon, Acts 2:20 (Joel 2:31 ()), equivalent to ὡς αἷμα Revelation 6:12.

2. bloodshed or to be shed by violence (very often also in the classics);

a.: Luke 13:1 (the meaning is, whom Pilate had ordered to be massacred while they were sacrificing, so that their blood mingled with the blood (yet cf. Winer's Grammar, 623 (579)) of the victims); αἷμα ἀθοῷν (or δίκαιον Tr marginal reading WH text) the blood of an innocent (or righteous) man viz. to be shed, Matthew 27:4; έ᾿κχειν and ἐκχύνειν αἷμα (דָּם שָׁפַך, Genesis 9:6; Isaiah 59:7, etc.) to shed blood, slay, Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:50; Acts 22:20; Romans 3:15; Revelation 16:6 (here Tdf. αἵματα); hence, αἷμα is used for the bloody death itself: Matthew 23:30, 35; Matthew 27:24; Luke 11:51; Acts (, yet, cf. i d. above;) Acts 20:26; Revelation 17:6; μέχρις αἵματος unto blood, i. e., so as to undergo a bloody death, Hebrews 12:4 (τόν αἴτιον τῆς ... μέχρις αἵματος στάσεως, Heliodorus 7, 8); τιμή αἵματος 'price of blood' i. e. price received for murder, Matthew 27:6; ἀγρός αἵματος field bought with the price of blood, Matthew 27:8, equivalent to χωρίον αἵματος, Acts 1:19 — unless in this latter passage we prefer the explanation, which agrees better with the context, 'the field dyed with the blood of Judas'; the guilt and punishment of bloodshed, in the following Hebraistic expressions: ἐν αὐτῇ αἵματα (Rec. αἷμα (so L Tr WH)) ὑρέθη, i. e., it was discovered that she was guilty of murders, Revelation 18:24 (cf. πόλις αἱμάτων, Ezekiel 24:6); τό αἷμα αὐτοῦ ἐφ' ἡμᾶς (namely, ἐλθέτω) let the penalty of the bloodshed fall on us, Matthew 27:25; τό αἷμα ὑμῶν ἐπί τήν κεφαλήν ὑμῶν (namely, ἐλθέτω) let the guilt of your destruction be reckoned to your own account, Acts 18:6 (cf. 2 Samuel 1:16; Joshua 2:19, etc.); ἐπάγειν τό αἷμα τίνος ἐπί τινα, to cause the punishment of a murder to be visited upon anyone, Acts 5:28; ἐκζήτειν τό αἷμα τίνος ἀπό τίνος (פ מִיַד פ דַּם בִּקֵשׁ, 2 Samuel 4:11; Ezekiel 3:18, 20; Ezekiel 33:8), to exact of anyone the penalty for another's death, Luke 11:50; the same idea is expressed by ἐκδίκειν τό αἷμα τίνος, Revelation 6:10; Revelation 19:2.

b. It is used specially of the blood of sacrificial victims having a purifying or expiating power (Leviticus 17:11): Hebrews 9:7, 12f, 18-22, 25; Hebrews 10:4; Hebrews 11:28; Hebrews 13:11.

c. Frequent mention is made in the N. T. of the blood of Christ (αἷμα τοῦ Χριστοῦ, 1 Corinthians 10:16; τοῦ κυρίου, ; τοῦ ἀρνίου, Revelation 7:14; Revelation 12:11, cf. ) shed on the cross (αἷμα τοῦ σταυροῦ, Colossians 1:20) for the salvation of many, Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24, cf. Luke 22:20; the pledge of redemption, Ephesians 1:7 (ἀπολύτρωσις διά τοῦ αἵματος αὐτοῦ; so too in Colossians 1:14 Rec.); 1 Peter 1:19 (see ἀγοράζω, 2 b.); having expiatory efficacy, Romans 3:25; Hebrews 9:12; by which believers are purified and are cleansed from the guilt of sin, Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 12:24; (); 1 John 1:7 (cf. 1 John 5:6, 8); Revelation 1:5; Revelation 7:14; 1 Peter 1:2; are rendered acceptable to God, Romans 5:9, and find access into the heavenly sanctuary, Hebrews 10:19; by which the Gentiles are brought to God and the blessings of his kingdom, Ephesians 2:13, and in general all rational beings on earth and in heaven are reconciled to God, Colossians 1:20; with which Christ purchased for himself the church, Acts 20:28, and gathered it for God, Revelation 5:9. Moreover, since Christ's dying blood served to establish new religious institutions and a new relationship between men and God, it is likened also to a federative or covenant sacrifice: τό αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης, the blood by the shedding of which the covenant should be ratified, Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24, or has been ratified, Hebrews 10:29; Hebrews 13:20 (cf. Hebrews 9:20); add, 1 Corinthians 11:25; Luke 22:20 (WH reject this passage) (in both which the meaning is, 'this cup containing wine, an emblem of blood, is rendered by the shedding of my blood an emblem of the new covenant'), 1 Corinthians 11:27; (cf. Cicero, pro Sestio 10, 24foedus sanguine meo ictum sanciri, Livy 23, 8sanguine Hannibalis sanciam Romanum foedus. πίνειν τό αἷμα αὐτοῦ (i. e. of Christ), to appropriate the saving results of Christ's death, John 6:53f, 56. (Westcott, Epistles of John, p. 34f.)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance

Of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specially (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication, bloodshed, also kindred -- blood.

Forms and Transliterations
αιμα αιμά αίμα αίμά αἷμα αἷμά αίμασι αίμασί αίμασιν αίμασίν αίματα αιματι αίματι αίματί αἵματι αἵματί αιματος αίματος αίματός αἵματος αἵματός αιματων αιμάτων αἱμάτων aima aimati aimaton aimatōn aimatos haima haîma haîmá haimati haímati haímatí haimaton haimatōn haimáton haimátōn haimatos haímatos haímatós
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 16:17 N-NNS
GRK: σὰρξ καὶ αἷμα οὐκ ἀπεκάλυψέν
NAS: flesh and blood did not reveal
KJV: flesh and blood hath not
INT: flesh and blood not revealed [it]

Matthew 23:30 N-DNS
GRK: ἐν τῷ αἵματι τῶν προφητῶν
NAS: partners with them in [shedding] the blood of the prophets.'
KJV: in the blood of the prophets.
INT: in the blood of the prophets

Matthew 23:35 N-NNS
GRK: ὑμᾶς πᾶν αἷμα δίκαιον ἐκχυννόμενον
NAS: the righteous blood shed
KJV: all the righteous blood shed upon
INT: you all [the] blood righteous poured out

Matthew 23:35 N-GNS
GRK: ἀπὸ τοῦ αἵματος Ἅβελ τοῦ
NAS: on earth, from the blood of righteous
KJV: from the blood of righteous
INT: from the blood of Abel the

Matthew 23:35 N-GNS
GRK: ἕως τοῦ αἵματος Ζαχαρίου υἱοῦ
NAS: Abel to the blood of Zechariah,
KJV: Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son
INT: to the blood of Zechariah son

Matthew 26:28 N-NNS
GRK: ἐστιν τὸ αἷμά μου τῆς
NAS: for this is My blood of the covenant,
KJV: is my blood of the new testament,
INT: is the blood of me of the

Matthew 27:4 N-ANS
GRK: Ἥμαρτον παραδοὺς αἷμα ἀθῷον οἱ
NAS: innocent blood. But they said,
KJV: the innocent blood. And
INT: I sinned having betrayed blood innocent

Matthew 27:6 N-GNS
GRK: ἐπεὶ τιμὴ αἵματός ἐστιν
NAS: since it is the price of blood.
KJV: it is the price of blood.
INT: since [the] price of blood it is

Matthew 27:8 N-GNS
GRK: ἐκεῖνος Ἀγρὸς Αἵματος ἕως τῆς
NAS: the Field of Blood to this day.
KJV: The field of blood, unto
INT: that Field of blood to

Matthew 27:24 N-GNS
GRK: ἀπὸ τοῦ αἵματος τούτου ὑμεῖς
NAS: of this Man's blood; see
KJV: of the blood of this
INT: of the blood of this you

Matthew 27:25 N-NNS
GRK: εἶπεν Τὸ αἷμα αὐτοῦ ἐφ'
NAS: said, His blood shall be on us and on our children!
KJV: and said, His blood [be] on us,
INT: said the blood of him [be] on

Matthew 27:49 N-NNS
GRK: ὕδωρ καὶ αἷμα
INT: water and blood]]

Mark 5:25 N-GNS
GRK: ἐν ῥύσει αἵματος δώδεκα ἔτη
KJV: issue of blood twelve
INT: with a flux of blood twelve years

Mark 5:29 N-GNS
GRK: πηγὴ τοῦ αἵματος αὐτῆς καὶ
NAS: the flow of her blood was dried
KJV: of her blood was dried up;
INT: flow of the blood of her and

Mark 14:24 N-NNS
GRK: ἐστιν τὸ αἷμά μου τῆς
NAS: to them, This is My blood of the covenant,
KJV: is my blood of the new testament,
INT: is the blood of me of the

Luke 8:43 N-GNS
GRK: ἐν ῥύσει αἵματος ἀπὸ ἐτῶν
KJV: having an issue of blood twelve years,
INT: with a flux of blood for years

Luke 8:44 N-GNS
GRK: ῥύσις τοῦ αἵματος αὐτῆς
KJV: her issue of blood stanched.
INT: flux of the blood of her

Luke 11:50 N-NNS
GRK: ἐκζητηθῇ τὸ αἷμα πάντων τῶν
NAS: so that the blood of all the prophets,
KJV: That the blood of all the prophets,
INT: might be required the blood of all the

Luke 11:51 N-GNS
GRK: ἀπὸ αἵματος Ἅβελ ἕως
NAS: from the blood of Abel to the blood
KJV: From the blood of Abel unto
INT: from the blood of Abel to

Luke 11:51 N-GNS
GRK: Ἅβελ ἕως αἵματος Ζαχαρίου τοῦ
NAS: of Abel to the blood of Zechariah,
KJV: unto the blood of Zacharias,
INT: of Abel to the blood of Zechariah the [one]

Luke 13:1 N-ANS
GRK: ὧν τὸ αἷμα Πιλᾶτος ἔμιξεν
NAS: whose blood Pilate
KJV: whose blood Pilate
INT: of whom the blood Pilate mingled

Luke 22:20 N-DNS
GRK: ἐν τῷ αἵματί μου τὸ
NAS: covenant in My blood.
KJV: in my blood, which is shed
INT: in the blood of me which

Luke 22:44 N-GNS
GRK: ὡσεὶ θρόμβοι αἵματος καταβαίνοντες ἐπὶ
NAS: drops of blood, falling down
KJV: great drops of blood falling down
INT: as great drops of blood falling down to

John 1:13 N-GNP
GRK: οὐκ ἐξ αἱμάτων οὐδὲ ἐκ
NAS: were born, not of blood nor
KJV: not of blood, nor of
INT: not of bloods nor of

John 6:53 N-ANS
GRK: αὐτοῦ τὸ αἷμα οὐκ ἔχετε
NAS: and drink His blood, you have
KJV: drink his blood, ye have no
INT: of him the blood not you have

Strong's Greek 129
98 Occurrences

αἷμα — 44 Occ.
αἵματι — 20 Occ.
αἱμάτων — 1 Occ.
αἵματος — 33 Occ.

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