Genesis 7:11
New International Version
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, on the seventeenth day of the second month--on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened.

New Living Translation
When Noah was 600 years old, on the seventeenth day of the second month, all the underground waters erupted from the earth, and the rain fell in mighty torrents from the sky.

English Standard Version
In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened.

Berean Study Bible
In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, on the seventeenth day of the second month, all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened.

New American Standard Bible
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened.

King James Bible
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

Christian Standard Bible
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the sources of the vast watery depths burst open, the floodgates of the sky were opened,

Good News Translation
When Noah was six hundred years old, on the seventeenth day of the second month all the outlets of the vast body of water beneath the earth burst open, all the floodgates of the sky were opened,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the sources of the watery depths burst open, the floodgates of the sky were opened,

International Standard Version
On the seventeenth day of the second month, when Noah was 600 years old, all the springs of the great deep burst open, the floodgates of the heavens were opened,

NET Bible
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month--on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst open and the floodgates of the heavens were opened.

New Heart English Bible
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep were burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
On the seventeenth day of the second month of the six hundredth year of Noah's life, all the deep springs burst open. The sky opened,

JPS Tanakh 1917
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

New American Standard 1977
In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened.

Jubilee Bible 2000
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of the heavens were opened.

King James 2000 Bible
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

American King James Version
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

American Standard Version
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In the six hundreth year of the life of Noe in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the flood gates of heaven were open:

Darby Bible Translation
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that same day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

English Revised Version
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

Webster's Bible Translation
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

World English Bible
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep were burst open, and the sky's windows were opened.

Young's Literal Translation
In the six hundredth year of the life of Noah, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, in this day have been broken up all fountains of the great deep, and the net-work of the heavens hath been opened,
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Floodwaters Arrive
10And after seven days the floodwaters came upon the earth. 11In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, on the seventeenth day of the second month, all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened. 12And the rain fell upon the earth forty days and forty nights.…
Cross References
2 Peter 3:6
through which the world of that time perished in the flood.

Genesis 7:6
Now Noah was 600 years old when the floodwaters came upon the earth.

Genesis 8:2
The springs of the deep and the floodgates of the heavens were closed, and the rain from the sky was restrained.

2 Kings 7:2
But the officer on whose arm the king leaned answered the man of God, "Look, even if the LORD were to make windows in heaven, could this really happen?" "You will see it with your own eyes," replied Elisha, "but you will not eat any of it."

Job 12:15
If He holds back the waters, they dry up, and if He releases them, they overwhelm the land.

Job 38:16
Have you journeyed to the vents of the sea or walked in the trenches of the deep?

Psalm 78:23
Yet He commanded the clouds above and opened the doors of the heavens.

Proverbs 3:20
By His knowledge the watery depths were broken open, and the clouds dripped with dew.

Isaiah 24:18
Whoever flees the sound of terror will fall into a pit, and whoever escapes from the pit will be caught in a trap. For the windows of heaven are open, and the foundations of the earth are shaken.

Treasury of Scripture

In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

second month. The first month was Tisri, which answers to the latter end of September and first half of October; the second was Marchesvan, which answers to part of October and part of November.

all.

Genesis 1:7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under …

Genesis 6:17 And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters on the earth, …

Genesis 8:2 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, …

Job 28:4 The flood breaks out from the inhabitant; even the waters forgotten …

Job 38:8-11 Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth, as if it …

Psalm 33:7 He gathers the waters of the sea together as an heap: he lays up …

Psalm 74:15 You did split the fountain and the flood: you dried up mighty rivers.

Proverbs 8:28,29 When he established the clouds above: when he strengthened the fountains …

Isaiah 24:19 The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the …

Jeremiah 5:22 Fear you not me? said the LORD: will you not tremble at my presence…

Jeremiah 51:16 When he utters his voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens; …

Ezekiel 26:19 For thus said the Lord GOD; When I shall make you a desolate city, …

Amos 9:5,6 And the Lord GOD of hosts is he that touches the land, and it shall …

Matthew 24:38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and …

1 Thessalonians 5:3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction …

windows. or, flood-gates.

Genesis 1:7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under …

Genesis 8:2 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, …

2 Kings 7:2,19 Then a lord on whose hand the king leaned answered the man of God, …

Psalm 78:23,24 Though he had commanded the clouds from above, and opened the doors of heaven…

Malachi 3:10 Bring you all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat …







Lexicon
In
בִּשְׁנַ֨ת (biš·naṯ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year

the six
שֵׁשׁ־ (šêš-)
Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8337: Six (a cardinal number)

hundredth
מֵא֤וֹת (mê·’ō·wṯ)
Number - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3967: A hundred

year
שָׁנָה֙ (šā·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year

of Noah’s
נֹ֔חַ (nō·aḥ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5146: Noah -- 'rest', patriarch who survived the flood

life,
לְחַיֵּי־ (lə·ḥay·yê-)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 2416: Alive, raw, fresh, strong, life

on the seventeenth
בְּשִׁבְעָֽה־ (bə·šiḇ·‘āh-)
Preposition-b | Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7651: Seven, seven times, a week, an indefinite number

day
י֖וֹם (yō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

of the second
הַשֵּׁנִ֔י (haš·šê·nî)
Article | Number - ordinal masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8145: Second (an ordinal number)

month,
בַּחֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ (ba·ḥō·ḏeš)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2320: The new moon, a month

all
כָּֽל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the fountains
מַעְיְנֹת֙ (ma‘·yə·nōṯ)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 4599: A fountain, a source

of the great
רַבָּ֔ה (rab·bāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7227: Much, many, great

deep
תְּה֣וֹם (tə·hō·wm)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8415: An abyss, the deep

burst forth,
נִבְקְעוּ֙ (niḇ·qə·‘ū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1234: To cleave, to rend, break, rip, open

and
עָשָׂ֥ר (‘ā·śār)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6240: Ten

the floodgates
וַאֲרֻבֹּ֥ת (wa·’ă·rub·bōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 699: A lattice, a window, dovecot, chimney, sluice

of the heavens
הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם (haš·šā·ma·yim)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8064: Heaven, sky

were opened.
נִפְתָּֽחוּ׃ (nip̄·tā·ḥū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 6605: To open wide, to loosen, begin, plough, carve
(11) In the second month.--That is, of the civil year, which commenced in Tisri, at the autumnal equinox. The flood thus began towards the end of October, and lasted till the spring. The ecclesiastical year began in Abib, or April; but it was instituted in remembrance of the deliverance from Egypt (Exodus 12:2; Exodus 23:15), and can have no place here. The year was evidently the lunar year of 360 days, for the waters prevail for 150 days (Genesis 7:24), and then abate for 150 days (Genesis 8:3). Now, as the end of the first period of 150 days is described in Genesis 8:4 as the seventeenth day of the seventh month, whereas the flood began on the seventeenth of the second month, it is plain that the 150 days form five months of thirty days each. But see farther proof on Genesis 8:14.

The fountains of the great deep broken up (Heb., cloven), and the windows (lattices) of heaven were opened.--This is. usually taken by commentators as a description of extraordinary torrents of rain, related in language in accordance with the popular ideas of the time and of the narrator himself. The rains poured down as though the flood-gates which usually shut in the upper waters were thrown open, while from the abysses of the earth the subterranean ocean burst its way upwards. But the words at least suggest the idea of a great cosmic catastrophe, by which some vast body of water was set loose. Without some such natural convulsion it is very difficult to understand how the ark, a vessel incapable of sailing, could have gone against the current up to the water-shed of Ararat. As the annual evaporation of the earth is also a comparatively fixed quantity, the concentrated downpour of it for forty days and nights would scarcely have produced a flood so vast as the deluge of Noah evidently was. It is thus probable that there was, besides the rains, some vast displacement of water which helped in producing these terrific effects.

We shall have occasion subsequently to notice the exactness of the dates (Genesis 8:14). Tradition might for a short time hand them down correctly, but they must soon have been committed to writing, or confusion would inevitably have crept in.

Verses 11, 12. - In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month. Not

(1) of Noah's 600th year. (Knobel); but either

(2) of the theocratic year, which began With Nisan or Abib (Exodus 12:2; Exodus 13:4; Exodus 23:15; Exodus 34:18; Deuteronomy 16:1; Nehemiah 2:1), either in March or April (Rabbi Joshua, Ambrose, Luther, Calvin, Mercerus, Havernick, Kalisch, Alford, Wordsworth); or

(3) of the civil year, which commenced with the autumnal equinox in the month Tisri, "called of old the first month, but now the seventh" (Chaldee Paraphrase; Exodus 32:16; Exodus 34:22), corresponding to September or October (Josephus, Rabbi Jonathan; Kimchi, Rosenmüller, Keil, Murphy, Bush, Ainsworth, 'Speaker s Commentary ). In support of the former maybe alleged the usual Biblical mode of reckoning the sacred year by numbers, and in defense of the latter that the ecclesiastical year did not begin till the time of the Exodus. In the seventeenth day of the month. "The careful statement of the chronology, which marks with such exactness day and month in the course of this occurence, puts all suspicion of the history to shame" (Havernick). The same day were all the fountains of the great deep - i.e. the waters of the ocean (Job 38:16, 30; Job 41:31; Psalm 106:9) and of subterranean reservoirs (Job 28:4, 10; Psalm 33:7; Deuteronomy 8:7) - broken up. "Byamctynomy because the earth and other obstructions were broken up, and so a passage opened for the fountains" (Peele). "The niphal or passive form of בָּקַע denotes violent changes in the depths of the sea, or in the action of the earth - at all events in the atmosphere" (Lange). And the windows of heaven were opened. Arubboth, from arabh, to twine - network or lattices; hence a window, as being closed with lattice-work instead of glass (Ecclesiastes 12:3); here the flood-gates of heaven, which are opened when it rains (cf. Genesis 8:2; 2 Kings 7:19; Isaiah 24:18; Malachi 3:10). And the rain was - literally, and there was (happened, came) violent rain; גֶּשֶׁס, different from מָטָר, which denotes any rain, and is applied to other things which God pours down from heaven (Exodus 9:18; Exodus 16:4) - upon the earth forty days and forty nights (cf. Genesis 7:4). Though the language is metaphorical and optical, it clearly points to a change in the land level by which the ocean waters overflowed the depressed continent, accompanied with heavy and continuous rain, as the cause of the Deluge (contrast with this the works of the third and fourth creative days); yet "the exact statement of the natural causes that concurred in the Deluge is a circumstance which certainly in no wise removes the miraculous nature of the whole fact - who has unveiled the mysteries of nature? - but which certainly shows how exact was the attention paid to the external phenomena of the Deluge" (Havernick). 7:1-12 The call to Noah is very kind, like that of a tender father to his children to come in-doors when he sees night or a storm coming. Noah did not go into the ark till God bade him, though he knew it was to be his place of refuge. It is very comfortable to see God going before us in every step we take. Noah had taken a great deal of pains to build the ark, and now he was himself kept alive in it. What we do in obedience to the command of God, and in faith, we ourselves shall certainly have the comfort of, first or last. This call to Noah reminds us of the call the gospel gives to poor sinners. Christ is an ark, in whom alone we can be safe, when death and judgment approach. The word says, Come; ministers say, Come; the Spirit says, Come, come into the Ark. Noah was accounted righteous, not for his own righteousness, but as an heir of the righteousness which is by faith, Heb 11:7. He believed the revelation of a saviour, and sought and expected salvation through Him alone. Thus was he justified by faith, and received that Spirit whose fruit is in all goodness; but if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. After the hundred and twenty years, God granted seven days' longer space for repentance. But these seven days were trifled away, like all the rest. It shall be but seven days. They had only one week more, one sabbath more to improve, and to consider the things that belonged to their peace. But it is common for those who have been careless of their souls during the years of their health, when they have looked upon death at a distance, to be as careless during the days, the few days of their sickness, when they see death approaching; their hearts being hardened by the deceitfulness of sin. As Noah prepared the ark by faith in the warning given that the flood would come, so he went into it, by faith in this warning that it would come quickly. And on the day Noah was securely fixed in the ark, the fountains of the great deep were broken up. The earth had within it those waters, which, at God's command, sprang up and flooded it; and thus our bodies have in themselves those humours, which, when God pleases, become the seeds and springs of mortal diseases. The windows of heaven were opened, and the waters which were above the firmament, that is, in the air, were poured out upon the earth. The rain comes down in drops; but such rains fell then, as were never known before or since. It rained without stop or abatement, forty days and forty nights, upon the whole earth at once. As there was a peculiar exercise of the almighty power of God in causing the flood, it is vain and presumptuous to attempt explaining the method of it, by human wisdom.
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Alphabetical: all and burst day deep floodgates forth fountains great heavens hundredth In life month Noah's of on open opened same second seventeenth six sky springs that the were year

OT Law: Genesis 7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's (Gen. Ge Gn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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