Isaiah 1:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Why should you be beaten anymore? Why do you persist in rebellion? Your whole head is injured, your whole heart afflicted.

King James Bible
Why should ye be stricken any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Darby Bible Translation
Why should ye be smitten any more? ye will revolt more and more: the whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

World English Bible
Why should you be beaten more, that you revolt more and more? The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.

Young's Literal Translation
Wherefore are ye stricken any more? Ye do add apostasy! Every head is become diseased, and every heart is sick.

Isaiah 1:5 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Why should ye be stricken any more "On what part," etc.? - The Vulgate renders על מה al meh, super quo, (see Job 38:6; 2 Chronicles 32:10), upon what part. And so Abendana on Sal. Den Melech: "There are some who explain it thus: Upon what limb shall you be smitten, if you add defection? for already for your sins have you been smitten upon all of them; so that there is not to be found in you a whole limb on which you can be smitten." Which agrees with what follows: "From the sole of the foot even unto the head, there is no soundness in it:" and the sentiment and image is exactly the same with that of Ovid, Pont. 2:7, 42: -

Vix habet in nobis jam nova plaga locum.

There is no place on you for a new stripe. Or that still more expressive line of Euripides; the great force and effect of which Longinus ascribes to its close and compressed structure, analogous to the sense which it expresses: -

́γεμω κακων δη· κ' ουκετ' εσθ' ὁπη τιθῃ.

I am full of miseries: there's no room for more.

Herc. Fur. 1245, Long. sec. 40.

"On what part will ye strike again? will ye add correction?" This is addressed to the instruments of God's vengeance; those that inflicted the punishment, who or whatsoever they were. Ad verbum certae personae intelligendae sunt, quibus ista actio quae per verbum exprimitur competit; "The words are addressed to the persons who were the agents employed in the work expressed by the original word," as Glassius says in a similar case, Philippians Sacr. 1:3, 22. See Isaiah 7:4.

As from ידע yada, דעה deah, knowledge; from יעץ yaats, עצה etsah, counsel; from ישן yeshan, שנה shenah, sleep, etc.; so from יסר yasar is regularly derived סרה sarah, correction.

The whole head is sick - The king and the priests are equally gone away from truth and righteousness. Or, The state is oppressed by its enemies, and the Church corrupted in its rulers and in its members.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Isaiah 9:13,21 For the people turns not to him that smites them, neither do they seek the LORD of hosts...

Jeremiah 2:30 In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: your own sword has devoured your prophets, like a destroying lion.

Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, are not your eyes on the truth? you have stricken them, but they have not grieved; you have consumed them...

Jeremiah 6:28-30 They are all grievous rebels, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters...

Ezekiel 24:13 In your filthiness is lewdness: because I have purged you, and you were not purged...

Hebrews 12:5-8 And you have forgotten the exhortation which speaks to you as to children, My son, despise not you the chastening of the Lord...

ye will

2 Chronicles 28:22 And in the time of his distress did he trespass yet more against the LORD: this is that king Ahaz.

Jeremiah 9:3 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth on the earth...

Revelation 16:8-11 And the fourth angel poured out his vial on the sun; and power was given to him to scorch men with fire...

revolt more and more. Heb. increase revolt
the whole Is

Isaiah 1:23 Your princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loves gifts, and follows after rewards: they judge not the fatherless...

Nehemiah 9:34 Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, kept your law...

Jeremiah 5:5,31 I will get me to the great men, and will speak to them; for they have known the way of the LORD, and the judgment of their God...

Daniel 9:8-11 O Lord, to us belongs confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against you...

Zephaniah 3:1-4 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!...

Useless Sacrifice
Preached at Southsea for the Mission of the Good Shepherd. October 1871. Isaiah i. 11-17. "To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the Lord: . . . When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts? Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination to me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

What Sin Does to Men
'Ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water. 31. And the strong shall be as tow, and His work as a spark; and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.'--ISAIAH i. 30-31. The original reference of these words is to the threatened retribution for national idolatry, of which 'oaks' and 'gardens' were both seats. The nation was, as it were, dried up and made inflammable; the idol was as the 'spark' or the occasion for destruction. But a wider application,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Greater Prophets.
1. We have already seen (Chap. 15, Nos. 11 and 12) that from Moses to Samuel the appearances of prophets were infrequent; that with Samuel and the prophetical school established by him there began a new era, in which the prophets were recognized as a distinct order of men in the Theocracy; and that the age of written prophecy did not begin till about the reign of Uzziah, some three centuries after Samuel. The Jewish division of the latter prophets--prophets in the more restricted sense of the
E. P. Barrows—Companion to the Bible

Synagogues in the City; and Schools.
"R. Phinehas, in the name of R. Hoshaia, saith, There were four hundred and sixty synagogues in Jerusalem: every one of which had a house of the book, and a house of doctrine," "A house of the book for the Scripture," that is, where the Scripture might be read: "and a house of doctrine for traditions," that is, the Beth Midrash, where traditions might be taught. These things are recited elsewhere, and there the number ariseth to four hundred and eighty. "R. Phinehas, in the name of R. Hoshaia, saith,
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
2 Kings 1:13
So the king sent a third captain with his fifty men. This third captain went up and fell on his knees before Elijah. "Man of God," he begged, "please have respect for my life and the lives of these fifty men, your servants!

2 Chronicles 28:22
In his time of trouble King Ahaz became even more unfaithful to the LORD.

Isaiah 31:6
Return, you Israelites, to the One you have so greatly revolted against.

Isaiah 33:24
No one living in Zion will say, "I am ill"; and the sins of those who dwell there will be forgiven.

Jeremiah 2:30
"In vain I punished your people; they did not respond to correction. Your sword has devoured your prophets like a ravenous lion.

Jeremiah 5:3
LORD, do not your eyes look for truth? You struck them, but they felt no pain; you crushed them, but they refused correction. They made their faces harder than stone and refused to repent.

Jeremiah 13:23
Can an Ethiopian change his skin or a leopard its spots? Neither can you do good who are accustomed to doing evil.

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