Isaiah 1:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Woe to the sinful nation, a people whose guilt is great, a brood of evildoers, children given to corruption! They have forsaken the LORD; they have spurned the Holy One of Israel and turned their backs on him.

King James Bible
Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.

Darby Bible Translation
Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that corrupt themselves! They have forsaken Jehovah; they have despised the Holy One of Israel; they are turned away backward.

World English Bible
Ah sinful nation, a people loaded with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children who deal corruptly! They have forsaken Yahweh. They have despised the Holy One of Israel. They are estranged and backward.

Young's Literal Translation
Ah, sinning nation, a people heavy with iniquity, A seed of evil doers, sons -- corrupters! They have forsaken Jehovah, They have despised the Holy One of Israel, They have gone away backward.

Isaiah 1:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Ah sinful nation "Degenerate" - Five MSS., one of them ancient, read משחתים moschathim, without the first י yod, in hophal corrupted, not corrupters. See the same word in the same form, and in the same sense, Proverbs 25:26.

Are corrupters "Are estranged" - Thirty-two MSS., five ancient, and two editions, read נזורו nazoru; which reading determines the word to be from the root זור zur, to alienate, not from נזר nazar, to separate; so Kimchi understands it. See also Annotat. in Noldium, 68.

They are gone away backward "They have turned their backs upon him" - So Kimchi explains it:" they have turned unto him the back and not the face." See Jeremiah 2:27; Jeremiah 7:24. I have been forced to render this line paraphrastically; as the verbal translation, "they are estranged backward," would have been unintelligible.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ah sinful

Isaiah 1:23 Your princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loves gifts, and follows after rewards: they judge not the fatherless...

Isaiah 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil...

Isaiah 30:9 That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the law of the LORD:

Genesis 13:13 But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.

Matthew 11:28 Come to me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

Acts 7:51,52 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do you...

Revelation 18:5 For her sins have reached to heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities.

laden with iniquity. Heb. of heaviness
a seed

Isaiah 57:3,4 But draw near here, you sons of the sorceress, the seed of the adulterer and the whore...

Numbers 32:14 And, behold, you are risen up in your fathers' stead, an increase of sinful men...

Psalm 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright...

Jeremiah 7:26 Yet they listened not to me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck: they did worse than their fathers.

Jeremiah 16:11,12 Then shall you say to them, Because your fathers have forsaken me, said the LORD, and have walked after other gods...

Matthew 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said to them, O generation of vipers...

Matthew 23:33 You serpents, you generation of vipers, how can you escape the damnation of hell?

children

Jeremiah 2:33 Why trim you your way to seek love? therefore have you also taught the wicked ones your ways.

Ezekiel 16:33 They give gifts to all whores: but you give your gifts to all your lovers, and hire them...

forsaken

Deuteronomy 29:25 Then men shall say, Because they have forsaken the covenant of the LORD God of their fathers...

Deuteronomy 31:16 And the LORD said to Moses, Behold, you shall sleep with your fathers; and this people will rise up...

Judges 10:10 And the children of Israel cried to the LORD, saying, We have sinned against you, both because we have forsaken our God...

Jeremiah 2:13,17,19 For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, and hewed them out cisterns...

provoked

Isaiah 3:8 For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD...

Isaiah 65:3 A people that provokes me to anger continually to my face; that sacrifices in gardens, and burns incense on altars of brick;

Deuteronomy 32:19 And when the LORD saw it, he abhorred them, because of the provoking of his sons, and of his daughters.

Psalm 78:40 How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert!

Jeremiah 7:19 Do they provoke me to anger? said the LORD: do they not provoke themselves to the confusion of their own faces?

1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

the Holy

Isaiah 5:19,24 That say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work, that we may see it: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw near and come...

Isaiah 12:6 Cry out and shout, you inhabitant of Zion: for great is the Holy One of Israel in the middle of you.

Isaiah 29:19 The meek also shall increase their joy in the LORD, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 30:11,12,15 Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us...

Isaiah 37:23 Whom have you reproached and blasphemed? and against whom have you exalted your voice, and lifted up your eyes on high?...

Isaiah 41:14,16,20 Fear not, you worm Jacob, and you men of Israel; I will help you, said the LORD, and your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel...

Psalm 89:18 For the LORD is our defense; and the Holy One of Israel is our king.

Jeremiah 50:29 Call together the archers against Babylon: all you that bend the bow, camp against it round about; let none thereof escape...

Jeremiah 51:5 For Israel has not been forsaken, nor Judah of his God, of the LORD of hosts...

gone away backward. Heb. alienated, or separated

Psalm 58:3 The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies.

Jeremiah 2:5,31 Thus said the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in me, that they are gone far from me, and have walked after vanity...

Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

Colossians 1:24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake...

Library
Useless Sacrifice
Preached at Southsea for the Mission of the Good Shepherd. October 1871. Isaiah i. 11-17. "To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the Lord: . . . When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts? Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination to me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

What Sin Does to Men
'Ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water. 31. And the strong shall be as tow, and His work as a spark; and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.'--ISAIAH i. 30-31. The original reference of these words is to the threatened retribution for national idolatry, of which 'oaks' and 'gardens' were both seats. The nation was, as it were, dried up and made inflammable; the idol was as the 'spark' or the occasion for destruction. But a wider application,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Greater Prophets.
1. We have already seen (Chap. 15, Nos. 11 and 12) that from Moses to Samuel the appearances of prophets were infrequent; that with Samuel and the prophetical school established by him there began a new era, in which the prophets were recognized as a distinct order of men in the Theocracy; and that the age of written prophecy did not begin till about the reign of Uzziah, some three centuries after Samuel. The Jewish division of the latter prophets--prophets in the more restricted sense of the
E. P. Barrows—Companion to the Bible

Synagogues in the City; and Schools.
"R. Phinehas, in the name of R. Hoshaia, saith, There were four hundred and sixty synagogues in Jerusalem: every one of which had a house of the book, and a house of doctrine," "A house of the book for the Scripture," that is, where the Scripture might be read: "and a house of doctrine for traditions," that is, the Beth Midrash, where traditions might be taught. These things are recited elsewhere, and there the number ariseth to four hundred and eighty. "R. Phinehas, in the name of R. Hoshaia, saith,
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
Nehemiah 1:7
We have acted very wickedly toward you. We have not obeyed the commands, decrees and laws you gave your servant Moses.

Psalm 71:22
I will praise you with the harp for your faithfulness, my God; I will sing praise to you with the lyre, Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 1:28
But rebels and sinners will both be broken, and those who forsake the LORD will perish.

Isaiah 5:24
Therefore, as tongues of fire lick up straw and as dry grass sinks down in the flames, so their roots will decay and their flowers blow away like dust; for they have rejected the law of the LORD Almighty and spurned the word of the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 9:17
Therefore the Lord will take no pleasure in the young men, nor will he pity the fatherless and widows, for everyone is ungodly and wicked, every mouth speaks folly. Yet for all this, his anger is not turned away, his hand is still upraised.

Isaiah 14:20
you will not join them in burial, for you have destroyed your land and killed your people. Let the offspring of the wicked never be mentioned again.

Isaiah 31:2
Yet he too is wise and can bring disaster; he does not take back his words. He will rise up against that wicked nation, against those who help evildoers.

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