Proverbs 28:2
New International Version
When a country is rebellious, it has many rulers, but a ruler with discernment and knowledge maintains order.

New Living Translation
When there is moral rot within a nation, its government topples easily. But wise and knowledgeable leaders bring stability.

English Standard Version
When a land transgresses, it has many rulers, but with a man of understanding and knowledge, its stability will long continue.

Berean Study Bible
A land in rebellion has many rulers, but a man of understanding and knowledge maintains order.

New American Standard Bible
By the transgression of a land many are its princes, But by a man of understanding and knowledge, so it endures.

King James Bible
For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding and knowledge the state thereof shall be prolonged.

Christian Standard Bible
When a land is in rebellion, it has many rulers, but with a discerning and knowledgeable person, it endures.

Contemporary English Version
In time of civil war there are many leaders, but a sensible leader restores law and order.

Good News Translation
When a nation sins, it will have one ruler after another. But a nation will be strong and endure when it has intelligent, sensible leaders.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When a land is in rebellion, it has many rulers, but with a discerning and knowledgeable person, it endures.

International Standard Version
When a land transgresses, it gains a succession of leaders, but with an understanding and knowledgeable man, its stability endures.

NET Bible
When a country is rebellious it has many princes, but by someone who is discerning and knowledgeable order is maintained.

New Heart English Bible
In rebellion, a land has many rulers, but order is maintained by a man of understanding and knowledge.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Among the evil of the Earth are its many Rulers, and the righteous children of men who know righteousness endure.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When a country is in revolt, it has many rulers, but only with a person who has understanding and knowledge will it last a long time.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof; But by a man of understanding and knowledge established order shall long continue.

New American Standard 1977
By the transgression of a land many are its princes, But by a man of understanding and knowledge, so it endures.

Jubilee Bible 2000
By the rebellion of the land, many are its princes, but by the man of understanding and wisdom the land shall remain stable.

King James 2000 Bible
For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding and knowledge its state shall be prolonged.

American King James Version
For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding and knowledge the state thereof shall be prolonged.

American Standard Version
For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof; But by men of understanding and knowledge the state thereof'shall be prolonged.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
By reason of the sins of ungodly men quarrels arise; but a wise man will quell them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the sine of the land many are the princes thereof: and for the wisdom of a man, and the knowledge of those things that are said, the life of the prince shall be prolonged.

Darby Bible Translation
By the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof; but by a man of understanding [and] of knowledge, [its] stability is prolonged.

English Revised Version
For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof: but by men of understanding and knowledge the state thereof shall be prolonged.

Webster's Bible Translation
For the transgression of a land many are its princes: but by a man of understanding and knowledge the state thereof shall be prolonged.

World English Bible
In rebellion, a land has many rulers, but order is maintained by a man of understanding and knowledge.

Young's Literal Translation
By the transgression of a land many are its heads. And by an intelligent man, Who knoweth right -- it is prolonged.
Study Bible
The Boldness of the Righteous
1The wicked flee when no one pursues, but the righteous are as bold as a lion. 2A land in rebellion has many rulers, but a man of understanding and knowledge maintains order. 3A destitute leader who oppresses the poor is like a driving rain that leaves no food.…
Cross References
1 Kings 16:8
In the twenty-sixth year of Asa's reign over Judah, Elah son of Baasha became king of Israel, and he reigned in Tirzah two years.

2 Kings 15:8
In the thirty-eighth year of Azariah's reign over Judah, Zechariah son of Jeroboam became king of Israel, and he reigned in Samaria six months.

Proverbs 11:11
By the blessing of the upright a city is built up, but by the mouth of the wicked it is torn down.

Treasury of Scripture

For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding and knowledge the state thereof shall be prolonged.

the transgression

1 Kings 15:25,28
And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years…

1 Kings 16:8-29
In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years…

2 Kings 15:8-31
In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months…

but

Genesis 45:5-8
Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life…

2 Chronicles 32:20-26
And for this cause Hezekiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz, prayed and cried to heaven…

Job 22:28-30
Thou shalt also decree a thing, and it shall be established unto thee: and the light shall shine upon thy ways…

by a man, etc.







Lexicon
A land
אֶ֭רֶץ (’e·reṣ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

in rebellion
בְּפֶ֣שַֽׁע (bə·p̄e·ša‘)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6588: Transgression

has many
רַבִּ֣ים (rab·bîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7227: Much, many, great

rulers,
שָׂרֶ֑יהָ (śā·re·hā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

but a man
וּבְאָדָ֥ם (ū·ḇə·’ā·ḏām)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 120: Ruddy, a human being

of understanding
מֵבִ֥ין (mê·ḇîn)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 995: To separate mentally, understand

[and] knowledge
יֹ֝דֵ֗עַ (yō·ḏê·a‘)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

maintains order.
יַאֲרִֽיךְ׃ (ya·’ă·rîḵ)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 748: To be, long
(2) For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof.--Comp. 1Kings 15:27, sqq., and indeed the whole history of the kingdom of Israel as compared with the regular succession of the family of David in accordance with the promise of Psalm 89:33.

The state thereof shall be prolonged--i.e., its settled condition. Or it may signify "right" (i.e., authority)" continues."

Verse 2. - For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof. This implies that the wickedness of a nation is punished by frequent changes of rulers, who impose new laws, taxes, and other burdens, which greatly oppress the people; but regarding the antithesis in the second hemistich, we take the meaning to be that when iniquity, injustice, apostasy, and other evils abound, a country becomes the prey of pretenders and partisans striving for the supremacy. The history of the northern kingdom of Israel, especially in the disastrous period succeeding the death of Jeroboam II, affords proof of the truth of the statement (comp. Hosea 8:4). Septuagint, "Owing to the sins of ungodly men, quarrels (κρίσεις, lawsuits) arise." But by a man of understanding and knowledge the state thereof shall be prolonged. "The state" is the stability, the settled condition of the country. The word is כֵן (ken), here a substantive, equivalent to "station," "base." Umbreit, Nowack, and others translate it, "justice," "authority," "order." When a wise and religious man is at the helm of state, justice continues, lives, and works; such a man introduces an clement of enduring good into a land (comp. Proverbs 21:22; Ecclesiastes 9:15). The good kings Ass, Jehoshaphat, Uzziah, and Hezekiah had long and prosperous reigns. Septuagint, "But a clever man (πανοῦργος) will quench them (quarrels)." 28:1 Sin makes men cowards. Whatever difficulties the righteous meet in the way of duty, they are not daunted. 2. National sins disturb the public repose. 3. If needy persons get opportunities of oppressing, their extortion will be more severe than that of the more wealthy. 4. Wicked people strengthen one another in wicked ways. 5. If a man seeks the Lord, it is a good sign that he understands much, and it is a good means of understanding more. 6. An honest, godly, poor man, is better than a wicked, ungodly, rich man; has more comfort in himself, and is a greater blessing to the world. 7. Companions of riotous men not only grieve their parents, but shame them. 8. That which is ill got, though it may increase much, will not last long. Thus the poor are repaid, and God is glorified. 9. The sinner at whose prayers God is angry, is one who obstinately refuses to obey God's commands. 10. The success of ungodly men is their own misery. 11. Rich men are so flattered, that they think themselves superior to others. 12. There is glory in the land when the righteous have liberty. 13. It is folly to indulge sin, and excuse it. He who covers his sins, shall not have any true peace. He who humbly confesses his sins, with true repentance and faith, shall find mercy from God. The Son of God is our great atonement. Under a deep sense of our guilt and danger, we may claim salvation from that mercy which reigns through righteousness unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ our Lord. 14. There is a fear which causes happiness. Faith and love will deliver from the fear of eternal misery; but we should always fear offending God, and fear sinning against him. 15. A wicked ruler, whatever we may call him, this scripture calls a roaring lion, and a ranging bear. 16. Oppressors want understanding; they do not consult their own honour, ease, and safety. 17. The murderer shall be haunted with terrors. None shall desire to save him from deserved punishment, nor pity him.
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