Ezekiel 22:18
New International Version
“Son of man, the people of Israel have become dross to me; all of them are the copper, tin, iron and lead left inside a furnace. They are but the dross of silver.

New Living Translation
“Son of man, the people of Israel are the worthless slag that remains after silver is smelted. They are the dross that is left over—a useless mixture of copper, tin, iron, and lead.

English Standard Version
“Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to me; all of them are bronze and tin and iron and lead in the furnace; they are dross of silver.

Berean Study Bible
“Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to Me. All of them are copper, tin, iron, and lead inside the furnace; they are but the dross of silver.

King James Bible
Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross: all they are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are even the dross of silver.

New King James Version
“Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to Me; they are all bronze, tin, iron, and lead, in the midst of a furnace; they have become dross from silver.

New American Standard Bible
“Son of man, the house of Israel has become waste metal to Me; all of them are bronze, tin, iron, and lead in the smelting furnace; they are the waste metal of silver.

NASB 1995
“Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to Me; all of them are bronze and tin and iron and lead in the furnace; they are the dross of silver.

NASB 1977
“Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to Me; all of them are bronze and tin and iron and lead in the furnace; they are the dross of silver.

Amplified Bible
“Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross (metallic waste) to Me. All of them are (useless) bronze, tin, iron, and lead in the furnace; they are the dross of silver.

Christian Standard Bible
“Son of man, the house of Israel has become merely dross to me. All of them are copper, tin, iron, and lead inside the furnace; they are just dross from silver.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to Me. All of them are copper, tin, iron, and lead inside the furnace; they are the dross of silver.

American Standard Version
Son of man, the house of Israel is become dross unto me: all of them are brass and tin and iron and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are the dross of silver.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“Son of man, they of the house of Israel have been rejected by me, all of them, like brass and like tin and like iron and like lead within a furnace, which are mixed with silver

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Son of man, behold, the house of Israel are all become to me as it were mixed with brass, and iron, and tin, and lead; they are mixed up in the midst of the silver.

Contemporary English Version
Ezekiel, son of man, I consider the people of Israel as worthless as the leftover metal in a furnace after silver has been purified.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Son of man, the house of Israel is become dress to me: all these are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace: they are become the dress of silver.

English Revised Version
Son of man, the house of Israel is become dross unto me: all of them are brass and tin and iron and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are the dross of silver.

Good News Translation
"Mortal man, the Israelites are of no use to me. They are like waste metal--copper, tin, iron, and lead--left over after silver has been refined in a furnace.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Son of man, the people of Israel have become worthless to me. All of them are like copper, tin, iron, and lead in a smelting furnace. They are like the impurities left from silver.

International Standard Version
"Son of Man, Israel has become like dross to me. All of them are like remnants of bronze, tin, iron, and lead in a furnace—the dross left over from smelting silver.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Son of man, the house of Israel is become dross unto Me; all of them are brass and tin and iron and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are the dross of silver.

Literal Standard Version
“Son of man, the house of Israel has been for dross to Me, All of them [are] bronze, and tin, and iron, and lead, In the midst of a furnace—silver has been dross,

NET Bible
"Son of man, the house of Israel has become slag to me. All of them are like bronze, tin, iron, and lead in the furnace; they are the worthless slag of silver.

New Heart English Bible
"Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to me: all of them are bronze and tin and iron and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are the dross of silver.

World English Bible
Son of man, the house of Israel is become dross to me: all of them are brass and tin and iron and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are the dross of silver.

Young's Literal Translation
The house of Israel hath been to Me for dross, All of them are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, In the midst of a furnace -- dross hath silver been,

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Refining Furnace
17Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 18“Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to Me. All of them are copper, tin, iron, and lead inside the furnace; they are but the dross of silver. 19Therefore this is what the Lord GOD says: ‘Because all of you have become dross, behold, I will gather you into Jerusalem.…

Cross References
Psalm 119:119
All the wicked on earth You discard like dross; therefore I love Your testimonies.

Proverbs 17:3
A crucible for silver and a furnace for gold, but the LORD is the tester of hearts.

Proverbs 25:4
Remove the dross from the silver, and a vessel for a silversmith will come forth.

Isaiah 1:22
Your silver has become dross; your fine wine is diluted with water.

Isaiah 48:10
See, I have refined you, but not as silver; I have tested you in the furnace of affliction.

Jeremiah 6:28
All are hardened rebels, walking around as slanderers. They are bronze and iron; all of them are corrupt.

Lamentations 4:1
How the gold has become tarnished, the pure gold has become dull! The gems of the temple lie scattered on every street corner.


Treasury of Scripture

Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross: all they are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the middle of the furnace; they are even the dross of silver.

the house

Psalm 119:119
Thou puttest away all the wicked of the earth like dross: therefore I love thy testimonies.

Isaiah 1:22
Thy silver is become dross, thy wine mixed with water:

Jeremiah 6:28-30
They are all grievous revolters, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters…

brass

Ezekiel 22:20
As they gather silver, and brass, and iron, and lead, and tin, into the midst of the furnace, to blow the fire upon it, to melt it; so will I gather you in mine anger and in my fury, and I will leave you there, and melt you.

Isaiah 48:4
Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Lamentations 4:1,2
How is the gold become dim! how is the most fine gold changed! the stones of the sanctuary are poured out in the top of every street…

in the midst

Proverbs 17:3
The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts.

Isaiah 31:9
And he shall pass over to his strong hold for fear, and his princes shall be afraid of the ensign, saith the LORD, whose fire is in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem.

Isaiah 48:10
Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

dross [heb] drosses









(18) Become dross.--The second prophecy (Ezekiel 22:17-22) is occupied with a figure taken from the refining of silver, which is a favourite one with the prophets (see Isaiah 1:25; Jeremiah 6:29; Zechariah 13:9; Malachi 3:3). The peculiar appropriateness of this figure has been often noted in the fact that the completion of the process of refining silver in the furnace was determined by the parting of the floating dross and the reflection of the image of the refiner from its molten surface. This figure, while setting forth the punishment of Israel, shows clearly that this punishment was for the purpose of purification.

Verse 18. - The house of Israel is to me become dross, etc. A new parable, based upon Isaiah 1:22, 23 and Jeremiah 6:80, begins, and is carried out with considerable fullness. In Malachi 3:2, 3 we have the same imagery. Baser metals have been mingled with the silver, and must be burnt out, but there is hope, as well as terror, in the parable. Men throw the mixed metals into the smelting-pot in order that the silver may be separated from the dross and come out pure (comp. 1 Peter 1:7). And this was to be the issue of the "fiery trial" through which Jerusalem and its inhabitants were to pass.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
“Son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of man,
אָדָ֕ם (’ā·ḏām)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 120: Ruddy, a human being

the house
בֵֽית־ (ḇêṯ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1004: A house

of Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

has become
הָיוּ־ (hā·yū-)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

dross to Me.
לְסִ֑יג (lə·sîḡ)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5509: A moving back or away, dross

All
כֻּלָּ֡ם (kul·lām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

of them are copper,
נְ֠חֹשֶׁת (nə·ḥō·šeṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 5178: Copper, something made of that metal, coin, a fetter, base

tin,
וּבְדִ֨יל (ū·ḇə·ḏîl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 913: Alloy, tin, dross

iron,
וּבַרְזֶ֤ל (ū·ḇar·zel)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1270: Iron, an iron implement

and lead
וְעוֹפֶ֙רֶת֙ (wə·‘ō·w·p̄e·reṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 5777: Lead (a metal)

inside
בְּת֣וֹךְ (bə·ṯō·wḵ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8432: A bisection, the centre

the furnace;
כּ֔וּר (kūr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3564: Smelting pot or furnace

they are but
הָיֽוּ׃ (hā·yū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

the dross
סִגִ֥ים (si·ḡîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 5509: A moving back or away, dross

of silver.
כֶּ֖סֶף (ke·sep̄)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3701: Silver, money


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 22:18 Son of man the house of Israel (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
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