Luke 20:47
New International Version
They devour widows' houses and for a show make lengthy prayers. These men will be punished most severely."

New Living Translation
Yet they shamelessly cheat widows out of their property and then pretend to be pious by making long prayers in public. Because of this, they will be severely punished.”

English Standard Version
who devour widows’ houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation.”

Berean Study Bible
They defraud widows of their houses, and for a show make lengthy prayers. These men will receive greater condemnation.”

Berean Literal Bible
who devour the houses of widows, and pray at great length as a pretext. These will receive more abundant condemnation."

New American Standard Bible
who devour widows' houses, and for appearance's sake offer long prayers. These will receive greater condemnation."

New King James Version
who devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. These will receive greater condemnation.”

King James Bible
Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.

Christian Standard Bible
They devour widows' houses and say long prayers just for show. These will receive harsher judgment."

Contemporary English Version
But they cheat widows out of their homes and then pray long prayers just to show off. These teachers will be punished most of all.

Good News Translation
who take advantage of widows and rob them of their homes, and then make a show of saying long prayers! Their punishment will be all the worse!"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They devour widows' houses and say long prayers just for show. These will receive greater punishment."

International Standard Version
They devour widows' houses and say long prayers to cover it up. They will receive greater condemnation!"

NET Bible
They devour widows' property, and as a show make long prayers. They will receive a more severe punishment."

New Heart English Bible
who devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these will receive greater condemnation."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They who consume widows houses for an offering of prolonging their prayers; those shall receive an extreme judgment.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They rob widows by taking their houses and then say long prayers to make themselves look good. The scribes will receive the most severe punishment."

New American Standard 1977
who devour widows’ houses, and for appearance’s sake offer long prayers; these will receive greater condemnation.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
who devour the houses of the widows and for a pretext make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.

King James 2000 Bible
Who devour widows' houses, and for a show make long prayers: the same shall receive greater condemnation.

American King James Version
Which devour widows' houses, and for a show make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.

American Standard Version
who devour widows houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater condemnation.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who devour the houses of widows, feigning long prayer. These shall receive greater damnation.

Darby Bible Translation
who devour the houses of widows, and as a pretext make long prayers. These shall receive a severer judgment.

English Revised Version
which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater condemnation.

Webster's Bible Translation
Who devour widows' houses, and for a show make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.

Weymouth New Testament
who swallow up the property of widows and mask their wickedness by making long prayers. They will be punished far more severely than others."

World English Bible
who devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these will receive greater condemnation."

Young's Literal Translation
who devour the houses of the widows, and for a pretence make long prayers, these shall receive more abundant judgment.'
Study Bible
Beware of the Scribes
46“Beware of the scribes. They like to walk around in long robes, and they love the greetings in the marketplaces, the chief seats in the synagogues, and the places of honor at banquets. 47They defraud widows of their houses, and for a show make lengthy prayers. These men will receive greater condemnation.”
Cross References
Matthew 23:13
Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You shut the kingdom of heaven in men's faces. You yourselves do not enter, nor will you let in those who wish to enter.

Matthew 23:14
Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.

Mark 12:40
They defraud widows of their houses, and for a show make lengthy prayers. These men will receive greater condemnation."

Luke 20:46
"Beware of the scribes. They like to walk around in long robes, and they love the greetings in the marketplaces, the chief seats in the synagogues, and the places of honor at banquets.

Luke 21:1
Then Jesus looked up and saw the rich putting their gifts into the treasury,

Treasury of Scripture

Which devour widows' houses, and for a show make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.

devour.

Isaiah 10:2
To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right from the poor of my people, that widows may be their prey, and that they may rob the fatherless!

Jeremiah 7:6-10
If ye oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place, neither walk after other gods to your hurt: …

Ezekiel 22:7
In thee have they set light by father and mother: in the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression with the stranger: in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.

for.

Luke 12:1
In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.

Ezekiel 33:31
And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them: for with their mouth they shew much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness.

Matthew 23:26-28
Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first that which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also…

the same.

Luke 10:12-14
But I say unto you, that it shall be more tolerable in that day for Sodom, than for that city…

Luke 12:47,48
And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes

Matthew 11:22-24
But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you…







Lexicon
[They]
οἳ (hoi)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

defraud
κατεσθίουσιν (katesthiousin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2719: To eat up, eat till it is finished, devour, squander, annoy, injure. From kata and esthio; to eat down, i.e. Devour.

widows
χηρῶν (chērōn)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 5503: Feminine of a presumed derivative apparently from the base of chasma through the idea of deficiency; a widow, literally or figuratively.

[of their]
τὰς (tas)
Article - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

houses,
οἰκίας (oikias)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3614: From oikos; properly, residence, but usually an abode; by implication, a family.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

for a show
προφάσει (prophasei)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4392: A pretext, an excuse. From a compound of pro and phaino; an outward showing, i.e. Pretext.

make lengthy prayers.
μακρὰ (makra)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3117: Long, distant, far; of long duration. From mekos; long (distant) or time (neuter plural).

These [men]
οὗτοι (houtoi)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3778: This; he, she, it.

will receive
λήμψονται (lēmpsontai)
Verb - Future Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2983: (a) I receive, get, (b) I take, lay hold of.

greater
περισσότερον (perissoteron)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Singular - Comparative
Strong's Greek 4053: From peri; superabundant or superior; by implication, excessive; adverbially violently; neuter preeminence.

condemnation.”
κρίμα (krima)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2917: From krino; a decision ('crime').
Verse 47. - Which devour widows' houses. Josephus specially alludes to the influence which certain of the Pharisees had acquired over women as directors of the conscience. For a show; rather, in pretence. "Their hypocrisy was so notorious that even the Talmud records the warning given by Alexander Jannaeus to his wife on his deathbed against painted Pharisees. And in their seven classes of Pharisees, the Talmudic writers place 'Shechemites,' Pharisees from self-interest; 'Stumblers,' so mock-humble that they will not raise their feet from the ground; 'Bleeders,' so mock-modest that, because they will not raise their eyes, they run against walls, etc. Thus the Jewish writers themselves depict the Pharisees as the Tartuffes of antiquity" (Farrar). Shall receive greater damnation; rather, judgment. The translators of our beautiful English version are most unhappy in their usual rendering of κρίμα.



20:39-47 The scribes commended the reply Christ made to the Sadducees about the resurrection, but they were silenced by a question concerning the Messiah. Christ, as God, was David's Lord; but Christ, as man, was David's son. The scribes would receive the severest judgement for defrauding the poor widows, and for their abuse of religion, particularly of prayer, which they used as a pretence for carrying on worldly and wicked plans. Dissembled piety is double sin. Then let us beg of God to keep us from pride, ambition, covetousness, and every evil thing; and to teach us to seek that honour which comes from him alone.
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