2 Kings 8:20
New International Version
In the time of Jehoram, Edom rebelled against Judah and set up its own king.

New Living Translation
During Jehoram’s reign, the Edomites revolted against Judah and crowned their own king.

English Standard Version
In his days Edom revolted from the rule of Judah and set up a king of their own.

Berean Study Bible
In the days of Jehoram, Edom rebelled against the hand of Judah and appointed their own king.

King James Bible
In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

New King James Version
In his days Edom revolted against Judah’s authority, and made a king over themselves.

New American Standard Bible
In his days Edom broke away from the rule of Judah, and appointed a king over themselves.

NASB 1995
In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

NASB 1977
In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

Amplified Bible
In his days Edom revolted from the rule of Judah, and set up a king over themselves.

Christian Standard Bible
During Jehoram’s reign, Edom rebelled against Judah’s control and appointed their own king.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
During Jehoram's reign, Edom rebelled against Judah's control and appointed their own king.

American Standard Version
In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
In his days Edom rebelled from under the hand of Yehuda and a King reigned over them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Juda, and they made a king over themselves.

Contemporary English Version
While Jehoram was king, the people of Edom rebelled and chose their own king.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In his days Edom revolted, from being under Juda, and made themselves a king.

English Revised Version
In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

Good News Translation
During Jehoram's reign Edom revolted against Judah and became an independent kingdom.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
During Jehoram's time Edom rebelled against Judah and chose its own king.

International Standard Version
During Jehoram's lifetime, Edom rebelled from Judah's hegemony and appointed a king to rule over themselves.

JPS Tanakh 1917
In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

Literal Standard Version
In his days Edom has revolted from under the hand of Judah, and they cause a king to reign over them,

NET Bible
During his reign Edom freed themselves from Judah's control and set up their own king.

New Heart English Bible
In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

World English Bible
In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

Young's Literal Translation
In his days hath Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and they cause a king to reign over them,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Edom and Libnah Revolt
20In the days of Jehoram, Edom rebelled against the hand of Judah and appointed their own king. 21So Jehoram crossed over to Zair with all his chariots. When the Edomites surrounded him and his chariot commanders, he rose up and attacked by night. His troops, however, fled to their homes.…

Cross References
Genesis 27:40
You shall live by the sword and serve your brother. But when you rebel, you will tear his yoke from your neck."

1 Kings 22:47
And there was no king in Edom; a deputy served as king.

2 Kings 3:9
So the king of Israel, the king of Judah, and the king of Edom set out, and after they had traveled a roundabout route for seven days, they had no water for their army or for their animals.

2 Kings 3:26
When the king of Moab saw that the battle was too fierce for him, he took with him seven hundred swordsmen to break through to the king of Edom, but they could not prevail.

2 Kings 8:22
So to this day Edom has been in rebellion against the hand of Judah. Likewise, Libnah rebelled at the same time.


Treasury of Scripture

In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

Edom

2 Kings 8:22
Yet Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. Then Libnah revolted at the same time.

2 Kings 3:9,27
So the king of Israel went, and the king of Judah, and the king of Edom: and they fetched a compass of seven days' journey: and there was no water for the host, and for the cattle that followed them…

Genesis 27:40
And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.

made a king

2 Samuel 8:14
And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.

1 Kings 22:47
There was then no king in Edom: a deputy was king.









(20) In his days Edom revolted.--The connection of ideas is this: Although Jehovah was not willing to extirpate Judah, yet He suffered it to be seriously weakened by the defections recorded in 2Kings 8:20-22.

Made a king over themselves.--Josephus says they slew the vassal king appointed over them by Jehoshaphat (1Kings 22:48). Edom appears to have been subject to the hegemony of Judah from the time of the disruption under Rehoboam.

Verse 20. - In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah. Edom had been conquered by Joab in the time of David, and had been treated with great severity, all the males, or at any rate all those of full age, having been put to death (1 Kings 11:15, 16). On the death of David, Edom seems to have revolted under a prince named Hadad, and to have re-established its independence. It had been again sub-jeered by the time of Jehoshaphat, who appointed a governor over it (1 Kings 22:47), and treated it as a portion of his own territories (2 Kings 3:8). Now the yoke was finally thrown off, as had been prophesied (Genesis 27:40). Edom became once more a separate kingdom, and was especially hostile to Judah. In the reign of Ahaz the Edomites "smote Judah" and carried away many captives (2 Chronicles 28:17). When the Chaldaeans attacked and besieged Jerusalem, they cried, "Down with it, down with it, even to the ground!" (Psalm 137:7). They looked on with joy at the capture of the holy city (Obadiah 1:12), and "stood in the crossway, to cut off such as escaped" (Obadiah 1:14). After the return from the Captivity, they were still Judah's enemies, and am especially denounced as such by the Prophet Malachi (Malachi 1:3-5). In the Maccabee wars, we find them always on the Syrian side (1 Mac. 4:29, 61 1 Mac. 5:3 1 Mac. 6:31; 2 Macc. 10:15, etc.), doing their best to rivet the hateful yoke of the heathen on their suffering brethren. As Idumaeans, the Herodian family must have been specially hateful to the Jews. And made a king over themselves. The king mentioned in 2 Kings 3:9, 26 was probably a mere vassal king under Jehoshaphat.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
In the days of Jehoram,
בְּיָמָיו֙ (bə·yā·māw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3117: A day

Edom
אֱד֔וֹם (’ĕ·ḏō·wm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 123: The name of a condiment

rebelled
פָּשַׁ֣ע (pā·ša‘)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6586: To break away, trespass, apostatize, quarrel

against
מִתַּ֖חַת (mit·ta·ḥaṯ)
Preposition-m
Strong's 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

the hand
יַד־ (yaḏ-)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 3027: A hand

of Judah
יְהוּדָ֑ה (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites

and appointed
וַיַּמְלִ֥כוּ (way·yam·li·ḵū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 4427: To reign, inceptively, to ascend the throne, to induct into royalty, to take counsel

their own
עֲלֵיהֶ֖ם (‘ă·lê·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

king.
מֶֽלֶךְ׃ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4428: A king


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OT History: 2 Kings 8:20 In his days Edom revolted from under (2Ki iiKi ii ki 2 kg 2kg)
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