1 Kings 11:14
New International Version
Then the LORD raised up against Solomon an adversary, Hadad the Edomite, from the royal line of Edom.

New Living Translation
Then the LORD raised up Hadad the Edomite, a member of Edom’s royal family, to be Solomon’s adversary.

English Standard Version
And the LORD raised up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite. He was of the royal house in Edom.

Berean Study Bible
Then the LORD raised up against Solomon an adversary, Hadad the Edomite, from the royal line of Edom.

King James Bible
And the LORD stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

New King James Version
Now the LORD raised up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was a descendant of the king in Edom.

New American Standard Bible
Then the LORD raised up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the royal line in Edom.

NASB 1995
Then the LORD raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the royal line in Edom.

NASB 1977
Then the LORD raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the royal line in Edom.

Amplified Bible
Then the LORD stirred up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of royal descent in Edom.

Christian Standard Bible
So the LORD raised up Hadad the Edomite as an enemy against Solomon. He was of the royal family in Edom.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So the LORD raised up Hadad the Edomite as an enemy against Solomon. He was of the royal family in Edom.

American Standard Version
And Jehovah raised up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And LORD JEHOVAH raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite, for he was of the seed of the Kings in Edom

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Lord raised up and enemy to Solomon, Ader the Idumaean, and Esrom son of Eliadae who dwelt in Raama, and Adadezer king of Suba his master; (and men gathered to him, and he was head of the conspiracy, and he seized on Damasec,) and they were adversaries to Israel all the days of Solomon: and Ader the Idumaean was of the seed royal in Idumaea.

Contemporary English Version
Hadad was from the royal family of Edom, and here is how the LORD made him Solomon's enemy:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord raised up an adversary to Solomon, Adad the Edomite of the king's seed, in Edom.

English Revised Version
And the LORD raised up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

Good News Translation
So the LORD caused Hadad, of the royal family of Edom, to turn against Solomon.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD raised up Hadad the Edomite as a rival to Solomon. Hadad was from the Edomite royal family.

International Standard Version
After this, the LORD allowed Hadad the Edomite to oppose Solomon. He was part of the royal line of Edom.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD raised up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the king's seed in Edom.

Literal Standard Version
And YHWH raises up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he [is] of the seed of the king in Edom;

NET Bible
The LORD brought against Solomon an enemy, Hadad the Edomite, a descendant of the Edomite king.

New Heart English Bible
The LORD raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite. He was of the royal line in Edom.

World English Bible
Yahweh raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah raiseth up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; of the seed of the king is he in Edom;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Hadad's Return
14Then the LORD raised up against Solomon an adversary, Hadad the Edomite, from the royal line of Edom. 15Earlier, when David was in Edom, Joab the commander of the army had gone to bury the dead and had struck down every male in Edom.…

Cross References
1 Kings 11:13
Yet I will not tear the whole kingdom away from him. I will give one tribe to your son for the sake of My servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem, which I have chosen."

1 Kings 11:15
Earlier, when David was in Edom, Joab the commander of the army had gone to bury the dead and had struck down every male in Edom.

1 Kings 11:23
And God raised up against Solomon another adversary, Rezon the son of Eliada, who had fled from his master, Hadadezer king of Zobah,


Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD stirred up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

the Lord

1 Kings 12:15
Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

1 Samuel 26:19
Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If the LORD have stirred thee up against me, let him accept an offering: but if they be the children of men, cursed be they before the LORD; for they have driven me out this day from abiding in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods.

2 Samuel 24:1
And again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.

an adversary

2 Samuel 7:14
I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

Psalm 89:30-34
If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments; …









(14-25) The events recorded in this section belong, at least in part, to the early years of the reign of Solomon. when the deaths of the warlike David and Joab, and the accession of a mere youth of avowedly peaceful character, may have naturally encouraged insurrection against the dominion of Israel. They are, no doubt, referred to in this place in connection with the prophecy just recorded, and the notice of Jeroboam's earlier career which it suggests. But it is implied in the case of Hadad, as it is expressly declared in the case of Rezon, that their resistance continued through all Solomon's reign. They were not, therefore, crushed, even in the days of his greatness, although then probably reduced to practical insignificance; they seem to have become formidable again during his declining years.

(14) Hadad the Edomite.--The name (or rather, title) Hadad (with the kindred names Hadar, Hadadezer or Hadarezer, and Benhadad) is most frequently found as a designation of the kings of Syria. Here, however, as also in Genesis 36:35, 1Chronicles 1:46; 1Chronicles 1:50, it is given to members of the royal family of Edom. According to ancient authorities, it is a Syriac title of the sun--in this respect like the more celebrated title Pharaoh--assumed by the king, either as indicating descent from the sun-god, or simply as an appellation of splendour and majesty. The Hadad here mentioned seems to have been the last scion of the royal house, escaping alone, as a child, from the slaughter of his kindred and people.

Verse 14. - And the Lord stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad [in ver. 17 written Adad, אֲדַד. Apparently this, like Pharaoh, was a title rather than a name. And, like Pharaoh, it is said to mean the sun. It was borne by a king of Edom in very early times, Genesis 25:15; Genesis 36:35, 39 (in the latter verse, as in Genesis 25:15, Hadar is probably a clerical error for Hadad, as the name stands in 1 Chronicles 1:30, 50, ד and ר being so very much alike. Gesenius, however, contends that Hadar is the true reading), and was also a favourite name with the kings of Syria, especially in the forms Benhadad, Hadadezer] the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then the LORD
יְהוָ֤ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

raised up
וַיָּ֨קֶם (way·yā·qem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

against Solomon
לִשְׁלֹמֹ֔ה (liš·lō·mōh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8010: Solomon -- David's son and successor to his throne

an adversary,
שָׂטָן֙ (śā·ṭān)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7854: An opponent -- Satan, the arch-enemy of good

Hadad
הֲדַ֣ד (hă·ḏaḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1908: Hadad -- three Edomites

the Edomite,
הָאֲדֹמִ֑י (hā·’ă·ḏō·mî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 130: Edomite -- a descendant of Edom

from the royal
הַמֶּ֛לֶךְ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4428: A king

line
מִזֶּ֧רַע (miz·ze·ra‘)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2233: Seed, fruit, plant, sowing-time, posterity

of Edom.
בֶּאֱדֽוֹם׃ (be·’ĕ·ḏō·wm)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 123: The name of a condiment


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OT History: 1 Kings 11:14 Yahweh raised up an adversary to Solomon (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
1 Kings 11:13
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