Psalm 97:2
New International Version
Clouds and thick darkness surround him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

New Living Translation
Dark clouds surround him. Righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

English Standard Version
Clouds and thick darkness are all around him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

Berean Study Bible
Clouds and darkness surround Him; righteousness and justice are His throne’s foundation.

New American Standard Bible
Clouds and thick darkness surround Him; Righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.

King James Bible
Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

Christian Standard Bible
Clouds and total darkness surround him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

Contemporary English Version
Dark clouds surround him, and his throne is supported by justice and fairness.

Good News Translation
Clouds and darkness surround him; he rules with righteousness and justice.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Clouds and thick darkness surround Him; righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.

International Standard Version
Thick clouds are all around him; righteousness and justice are his throne's foundation.

NET Bible
Dark clouds surround him; equity and justice are the foundation of his throne.

New Heart English Bible
Clouds and darkness are around him. Righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Clouds and thick darkness surround him; his throne is established in righteousness and in judgment.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Clouds and darkness surround him. Righteousness and justice are the foundations of his throne.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Clouds and darkness are round about Him; Righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.

New American Standard 1977
Clouds and thick darkness surround Him; Righteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Clouds and darkness are round about him; righteousness and judgment are the seat of his throne.

King James 2000 Bible
Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and justice are the habitation of his throne.

American King James Version
Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

American Standard Version
Clouds and darkness are round about him: Righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Cloud, and darkness are round about him; righteousness and judgment are the establishment of his throne.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Clouds and darkness are round about him: justice and judgment are the establishment of his throne.

Darby Bible Translation
Clouds and darkness are round about him; righteousness and judgment are the foundation of his throne.

English Revised Version
Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the foundation of his throne.

Webster's Bible Translation
Clouds and darkness surround him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

World English Bible
Clouds and darkness are around him. Righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

Young's Literal Translation
Cloud and darkness are round about Him, Righteousness and judgment the basis of His throne.
Study Bible
Let the Earth Rejoice
1The LORD reigns, let the earth rejoice; let the distant shores be glad. 2Clouds and darkness surround Him; righteousness and justice are His throne’s foundation. 3Fire goes before Him and consumes His foes on every side.…
Cross References
Exodus 19:9
The LORD said to Moses, "Behold, I will come to you in a dense cloud, so that the people will hear when I speak with you, and they will always put their trust in you." And Moses relayed the words of the people to the LORD.

Deuteronomy 4:8
And what nation is so great as to have righteous statutes and ordinances like this entire law I set before you today?

Deuteronomy 4:11
You came near and stood at the foot of the mountain, a mountain blazing with fire to the heavens, with black clouds and deep darkness.

2 Samuel 22:10
He parted the heavens and came down with dark clouds beneath His feet.

1 Kings 8:12
Then Solomon said: "The LORD has said that He would dwell in the thick cloud.

Job 26:9
He covers the face of the full moon, spreading His cloud over it.

Psalm 18:9
He parted the heavens and came down with dark clouds was under His feet.

Psalm 18:11
He made darkness His hiding place, and storm clouds a canopy around Him.

Psalm 47:8
God reigns over the nations; God is seated on His holy throne.

Psalm 89:14
Righteousness and justice are the foundation of Your throne; loving devotion and truth go before You.

Psalm 94:15
Surely judgment will again be righteous, and all the upright in heart will follow it.

Lamentations 3:44
You have covered Yourself with a cloud that no prayer can pass through.

Treasury of Scripture

Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne.

clouds

Psalm 18:11,12
He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies…

Psalm 77:19
Thy way is in the sea, and thy path in the great waters, and thy footsteps are not known.

Exodus 20:21
And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

righteousness

Psalm 45:6,7
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre…

Psalm 89:14
Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face.

Psalm 99:4
The king's strength also loveth judgment; thou dost establish equity, thou executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob.

habitation.

Proverbs 16:12
It is an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness.







Lexicon
Clouds
עָנָ֣ן (‘ā·nān)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6051: A cloud, the nimbus, thunder-cloud

and darkness
וַעֲרָפֶ֣ל (wa·‘ă·rā·p̄el)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6205: Cloud, heavy cloud

surround Him;
סְבִיבָ֑יו (sə·ḇî·ḇāw)
Adverb | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5439: A circle, neighbour, environs, around

righteousness
צֶ֥דֶק (ṣe·ḏeq)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6664: The right, equity, prosperity

and justice
וּ֝מִשְׁפָּ֗ט (ū·miš·pāṭ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

are His throne’s
כִּסְאֽוֹ׃ (kis·’ōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3678: Seat of honor, throne

foundation.
מְכ֣וֹן (mə·ḵō·wn)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4349: A fixture, a basis, a place, as an abode
(2) Clouds and darkness.--Comp. Psalm 18:10-12. The imagery in the first instance is borrowed from the Theophany at Sinai. (Exodus 19:9; Exodus 19:16; Exodus 20:21; Deuteronomy 4:11; Deuteronomy 5:22-23.)

Are the habitation.--Better, are the foundation, or pillars. (See margin.) This reappears from Psalm 89:14, but the connection with "clouds and darkness" is peculiar to this poet, and is striking. The immediate effect on the Hebrew mind, of the awful manifestation of the Divine power in nature, is not fear, but a sublime sense of safety in the established right and truth of God. They knew that it is one and the same power

"Which makes the darkness and the light,

And dwells not in the light alone,

But in the darkness and the cloud,

As over Sinai's peaks of old,

While Israel made them gods of gold,

Although the trumpet blew so loud."

TENNYSON: In Memoriam.

Verse 2. - Clouds and darkness are round about him (comp. Exodus 19:16, 18; Deuteronomy 4:11; Deuteronomy 5:22:1 Kings 8:12). The "darkness" does not belong to the nature of God, who "is Light, and in him is no darkness at all" (1 John 1:5), but to the interrelationship between God and man, in which are involved problems that man cannot solve. Righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne; rather, the foundation of his throne - the firm basis on which it is immovably fixed. 97:1-7 Though many have been made happy in Christ, still there is room. And all have reason to rejoice in Christ's government. There is a depth in his counsels, which we must not pretend to fathom; but still righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne. Christ's government, though it might be matter of joy to all, will yet be matter of terror to some; but it is their own fault that it is so. The most resolute and daring opposition will be baffled at the presence of the Lord. And the Lord Jesus will ere long come, and put an end to idol worship of every kind.
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