Daniel 8:23
New International Version
"In the latter part of their reign, when rebels have become completely wicked, a fierce-looking king, a master of intrigue, will arise.

New Living Translation
“At the end of their rule, when their sin is at its height, a fierce king, a master of intrigue, will rise to power.

English Standard Version
And at the latter end of their kingdom, when the transgressors have reached their limit, a king of bold face, one who understands riddles, shall arise.

Berean Study Bible
In the latter part of their reign, when the rebellion has reached its full measure, an insolent king, skilled in intrigue, will come to the throne.

New American Standard Bible
"In the latter period of their rule, When the transgressors have run their course, A king will arise, Insolent and skilled in intrigue.

New King James Version
“And in the latter time of their kingdom, When the transgressors have reached their fullness, A king shall arise, Having fierce features, Who understands sinister schemes.

King James Bible
And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

Christian Standard Bible
Near the end of their kingdoms, when the rebels have reached the full measure of their sin, a ruthless king, skilled in intrigue, will come to the throne.

Contemporary English Version
When these rulers have become as evil as possible, their power will end, and then a king who is dangerous and cannot be trusted will appear.

Good News Translation
"When the end of those kingdoms is near and they have become so wicked that they must be punished, there will be a stubborn, vicious, and deceitful king.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Near the end of their kingdoms, when the rebels have reached the full measure of their sin, an insolent king, skilled in intrigue, will come to the throne.

International Standard Version
"Toward the end of their rule, as the desecrations proceed, an insolent king will arise, proficient at deception.

NET Bible
Toward the end of their rule, when rebellious acts are complete, a rash and deceitful king will arise.

New Heart English Bible
In the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressions have reached their full measure, a rash and deceitful king shall arise.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"In the last days of those kingdoms, when rebellions are finished, a stern-looking king who understands mysterious things will rise to power.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors have completed their transgression, there shall stand up a king of fierce countenance, and understanding stratagems.

New American Standard 1977
“And in the latter period of their rule, When the transgressors have run their course, A king will arise Insolent and skilled in intrigue.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And at the end of their empire, when the prevaricators are come to the full, a king of arrogant countenance and expert in enigmas shall raise himself up.

King James 2000 Bible
And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors have come to their fullness, a king of bold countenance, and understanding riddles, shall stand up.

American King James Version
And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

American Standard Version
And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And at the latter time of their kingdom, when their sins are coming to the full, there shall arise a king bold in countenance, and understanding riddles.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And after their reign, when iniquities shall be grown up, there shall arise a king of a shameless face, and understanding dark sentences.

Darby Bible Translation
And at the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors shall have come to the full, a king of bold countenance, and understanding riddles, shall stand up.

English Revised Version
And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

Webster's Bible Translation
And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

World English Bible
In the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce face, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

Young's Literal Translation
'And in the latter end of their kingdom, about the perfecting of the transgressors, stand up doth a king, fierce of face, and understanding hidden things;
Study Bible
Gabriel Interprets Daniel's Vision
22The four horns that replaced the broken one represent four kingdoms that will rise from that nation, but will not have the same power. 23In the latter part of their reign, when the rebellion has reached its full measure, an insolent king, skilled in intrigue, will come to the throne. 24His power will be great, but it will not be his own. He will cause terrible destruction and succeed in whatever he does. He will destroy the mighty men along with the holy people.…
Cross References
1 Thessalonians 2:16
hindering us from telling the Gentiles how they may be saved. As a result, they continue to heap up their sins to full capacity; the utmost wrath has come upon them.

Proverbs 1:6
to understand the proverbs and parables, the sayings and riddles of the wise.

Daniel 8:9
From one of these horns a little horn emerged and grew extensively toward the south and the east and toward the Beautiful Land.

Daniel 8:22
The four horns that replaced the broken one represent four kingdoms that will rise from that nation, but will not have the same power.

Daniel 8:24
His power will be great, but it will not be his own. He will cause terrible destruction and succeed in whatever he does. He will destroy the mighty men along with the holy people.

Treasury of Scripture

And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

in the.

Daniel 10:14
Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the vision is for many days.

Numbers 24:24
And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber, and he also shall perish for ever.

Ezekiel 38:8,16
After many days thou shalt be visited: in the latter years thou shalt come into the land that is brought back from the sword, and is gathered out of many people, against the mountains of Israel, which have been always waste: but it is brought forth out of the nations, and they shall dwell safely all of them…

when.

Genesis 15:16
But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

Matthew 23:32
Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

1 Thessalonians 2:16
Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.

come.

Daniel 8:9-12
And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land

Daniel 7:8,11,20,25
I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things…

Deuteronomy 28:50
A nation of fierce countenance, which shall not regard the person of the old, nor shew favour to the young:

and understanding.

Daniel 8:25
And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

Daniel 11:21,24
And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries…

2 Thessalonians 2:9-11
Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, …

shall stand.

Daniel 8:6
And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.







Lexicon
In the latter part
וּֽבְאַחֲרִית֙ (ū·ḇə·’a·ḥă·rîṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 319: The last, end, the future, posterity

of their reign,
מַלְכוּתָ֔ם (mal·ḵū·ṯām)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4438: Royalty, royal power, reign, kingdom

when the rebellion
הַפֹּשְׁעִ֑ים (hap·pō·šə·‘îm)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6586: To break away, trespass, apostatize, quarrel

has reached its full measure,
כְּהָתֵ֖ם (kə·hā·ṯêm)
Preposition-k | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 8552: To be complete or finished

an insolent
עַז־ (‘az-)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5794: Strong, vehement, harsh

king,
מֶ֥לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

skilled
וּמֵבִ֥ין (ū·mê·ḇîn)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 995: To separate mentally, understand

in intrigue,
חִידֽוֹת׃ (ḥî·ḏō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2420: A riddle, an enigmatic, perplexing saying or question

will come to the throne.
יַעֲמֹ֛ד (ya·‘ă·mōḏ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5975: To stand, in various relations
(23) Transgressors . . .--When transgressors have filled up the measure of their guilt so as to exceed the limits of God's mercy, then this event shall take place. The transgressors are the apostate Jews. Here, as in the other visions, the particulars respecting the most prominent objects of the vision are given more fully in the interpretation than in the early part of the chapter. The king is represented as being "of a fierce countenance," he is shameless, he has no reluctance in pursuing the cruelties which he has designed. He "understands dark sayings," or uses falsehood and dissimulation to carry out his purposes.

Verse 23. - And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up. The versions here are, on the whole, in agreement with the Massoretic. The Greek versions read, "their sins," as if it were the iniquities of the successors of Alexander that had become full, and thus afforded the occasion of the appearance of Epiphanes. The Peshitta and Jerome have "iniquities" generally, without reference to the kings, but with probable reference to the Jewish people. The probability is decidedly in favour of the Massoretic reading; it was an easy suggestion that the iniquities to be punished were those of the heathen kings. The whole analogy of Scripture leads us to look at the iniquity of the people of God being the cause of evil befalling them. Certainly immediately before the persecution inflicted on the Jews by Antiochus, the progress of the unbelieving Hellenizing party had been very great, as we see by 1 Macc. 1:13-16. It was "like people, like priest;" the people devoted themselves to Grecian games with all their heathen associations, and strove to hide their Hebrew origin and the covenant of their faith, and high priests were ready to abet their practices. A king of fierce countenance; "strong of countenance." This refers to courage and success in war. Thus Amaziah (2 Kings 14:8), when he wishes to challenge Joash King of Israel, desires to "look in his face." Epiphanes' countenance was one that could successfully stand a hostile meeting. The Greek versions render עַצ ('az) by ἀναιδής, "reckless." Understanding dark sentences. There may be some reference to incantations and superstitious observances; it may mean that he was well acquainted with omens, and how to benefit by them. Regardlessness in the matter of religion was a prominent characteristic of Antiochus; but it is quite a possible thing that, like most irreligious men, he was superstitious. He certainly was very keen-sighted in observing the political signs of the times, and very adroit at availing himself of what made for his own advantage. This last is the interpretation of Ewald. Zockler and Hitzig think it means that the king here pictured "will be cunning to hide his own designs from friend and foe." Yet more common is the view of Keil, Behrmann, Stuart, and Bevan, that it refers generally to his mastery in the use of artifice. The main difficulty in regard to this view is that usage, does not support assigning such a meaning to heedoth. On the other hand, when we bear in mind that here we have the language of symbol and prophecy, so tricks of strategy and chicane of policy may all be symbolized by "dark sayings," without necessary reference to sentences such as those with which the Queen of Sheba tested the wisdom of Solomon. 8:15-27 The eternal Son of God stood before the prophet in the appearance of a man, and directed the angel Gabriel to explain the vision. Daniel's fainting and astonishment at the prospect of evils he saw coming on his people and the church, confirm the opinion that long-continued calamities were foretold. The vision being ended, a charge was given to Daniel to keep it private for the present. He kept it to himself, and went on to do the duty of his place. As long as we live in this world we must have something to do in it; and even those whom God has most honoured, must not think themselves above their business. Nor must the pleasure of communion with God take us from the duties of our callings, but we must in them abide with God. All who are intrusted with public business must discharge their trust uprightly; and, amidst all doubts and discouragements, they may, if true believers, look forward to a happy issue. Thus should we endeavour to compose our minds for attending to the duties to which each is appointed, in the church and in the world.
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OT Prophets: Daniel 8:23 In the latter time of their kingdom (Dan. Da Dn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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