Ezekiel 27:9
New International Version
Veteran craftsmen of Byblos were on board as shipwrights to caulk your seams. All the ships of the sea and their sailors came alongside to trade for your wares.

New Living Translation
Wise old craftsmen from Gebal did the caulking. Ships from every land came with goods to barter for your trade.

English Standard Version
The elders of Gebal and her skilled men were in you, caulking your seams; all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in you to barter for your wares.

Berean Study Bible
The elders of Gebal were aboard as shipwrights, repairing your leaks. All the ships of the sea and their sailors came alongside to barter for your goods.

New American Standard Bible
"The elders of Gebal and her wise men were with you repairing your seams; All the ships of the sea and their sailors were with you in order to deal in your merchandise.

King James Bible
The ancients of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee thy calkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to occupy thy merchandise.

Christian Standard Bible
The elders of Gebal and its wise men were within you, repairing your leaks. "'All the ships of the sea and their sailors came to you to barter for your goods.

Contemporary English Version
Experienced men from Byblos repaired any damages. Sailors from all over shopped at the stores in your port.

Good News Translation
The ship's carpenters Were well-trained men from Byblos. Sailors from every seagoing ship Did business in your shops.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The elders of Gebal and its wise men were within you, repairing your leaks. All the ships of the sea and their sailors came to you to barter for your goods.

International Standard Version
The wise men and elders from Gebal accompanied you, serving as ship's carpenters. All the maritime navies and their seaman also accompanied you to assist you in doing business internationally."

NET Bible
The elders of Gebal and her skilled men were within you, mending cracks; all the ships of the sea and their mariners were within you to trade for your merchandise.

New Heart English Bible
The old men of Gebal and the wise men of it were in you your repairers of ship seams: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in you to deal in your merchandise.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Master shipbuilders from Gebal went inside you to caulk your seams. All the ships on the sea and their sailors docked alongside you to trade with you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The elders of Gebal and the wise men thereof Were in thee thy calkers; All the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee To exchange thy merchandise.

New American Standard 1977
“The elders of Gebal and her wise men were with you repairing your seams; All the ships of the sea and their sailors were with you in order to deal in your merchandise.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The elders of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee to repair thy breaches: all the galleys of the sea with their rowers were in thee to negotiate thy business dealings.

King James 2000 Bible
The elders of Gebal and its wise men were in you as your caulkers: all the ships of the sea with their oarsmen were in you to market your merchandise.

American King James Version
The ancients of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in you your caulkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in you to occupy your merchandise.

American Standard Version
The old men of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee thy calkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to deal in thy merchandise.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The elders of the Biblians, and their wise men, who were in thee, these helped thy counsel: and all the ships of the sea and their rowers traded for thee to the utmost west.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The ancients of Gebal, and the wise men thereof furnished mariners for the service of thy various furniture: all the ships of the sea, and their mariners were thy factors.

Darby Bible Translation
The elders of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee repairing thy leaks; all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee, to barter with thee.

English Revised Version
The ancients of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee thy calkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to occupy thy merchandise.

Webster's Bible Translation
The ancients of Gebal and its wise men were in thee thy calkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to occupy thy merchandise.

World English Bible
The old men of Gebal and the wise men of it were in you your repairers of ship seams: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in you to deal in your merchandise.

Young's Literal Translation
Elders of Gebal and its wise men have been in thee, Strengthening thy breach; All ships of the sea and their mariners, Have been in thee, to trade with thy merchandise.
Study Bible
A Lament for Tyre
8The men of Sidon and Arvad were your oarsmen. Your men of skill, O Tyre, were there as your captains. 9The elders of Gebal were aboard as shipwrights, repairing your leaks. All the ships of the sea and their sailors came alongside to barter for your goods. 10Men of Persia, Lydia, and Put served as warriors in your army. They hung shields and helmets on your walls; they gave you splendor.…
Cross References
Revelation 18:3
All the nations have drunk the wine of the passion of her immorality. The kings of the earth were immoral with her, and the merchants of the earth have grown wealthy through the extravagance of her luxury."

Revelation 18:11
And the merchants of the earth will weep and mourn over her, because there is no one left to buy their cargo--

Joshua 13:5
the land of the Gebalites; and all Lebanon east from Baal-gad below Mount Hermon to Lebo-hamath.

1 Kings 5:18
So Solomon's and Hiram's builders, along with the Gebalites, quarried the stone and prepared the timber and stone for the construction of the temple.

Psalm 83:7
Gebal, Ammon, and Amalek, Philistia with the people of Tyre.

Psalm 104:26
There the ships pass, and Leviathan, which You formed to frolic there.

Treasury of Scripture

The ancients of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in you your caulkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in you to occupy your merchandise.

Gebal

Joshua 13:5
And the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrising, from Baalgad under mount Hermon unto the entering into Hamath.

1 Kings 5:18
And Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders did hew them, and the stonesquarers: so they prepared timber and stones to build the house.

Psalm 83:7
Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre;

calkers.

Ezekiel 27:27
Thy riches, and thy fairs, thy merchandise, thy mariners, and thy pilots, thy calkers, and the occupiers of thy merchandise, and all thy men of war, that are in thee, and in all thy company which is in the midst of thee, shall fall into the midst of the seas in the day of thy ruin.







Lexicon
The elders
זִקְנֵ֨י (ziq·nê)
Adjective - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 2205: Old

of Gebal
גְבַ֤ל (ḡə·ḇal)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1380: Gebal -- a city in Phoenicia

were aboard
הָ֣יוּ (hā·yū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

as shipwrights,
וַחֲכָמֶ֙יהָ֙ (wa·ḥă·ḵā·me·hā)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2450: Wise

repairing
מַחֲזִיקֵ֖י (ma·ḥă·zî·qê)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 2388: To fasten upon, to seize, be strong, obstinate, to bind, restrain, conquer

your
בָ֔ךְ (ḇāḵ)
Preposition | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew

leaks.
בִּדְקֵ֑ךְ (biḏ·qêḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 919: A fissure, rent, breach

All
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the ships
אֳנִיּ֨וֹת (’o·nî·yō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 591: A ship

of the sea
הַיָּ֤ם (hay·yām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3220: A sea, the Mediterranean Sea, large river, an artifical basin

and their sailors
וּמַלָּֽחֵיהֶם֙ (ū·mal·lā·ḥê·hem)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4419: A mariner

came
הָ֣יוּ (hā·yū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

alongside
בָ֔ךְ (ḇāḵ)
Preposition | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew

to barter for
לַעֲרֹ֖ב (la·‘ă·rōḇ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 6148: To braid, intermix, technically, to traffic, give to be security

your goods.
מַעֲרָבֵֽךְ׃ (ma·‘ă·rā·ḇêḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4627: Articles of exchange, merchandise
(9) The ancients of Gebal.--"The ancients" is a thoroughly Semitic expression for the prominent men of a city. Gebal, the ancient Byblos, the modern Gebeil, and the Gu-ba-lu of the Assyrian inscriptions, was a famous Ph?nician town just north of Beir�t. Its site is still rich in ruins. Its people were famous builders, and according to the margin of 1Kings 5:18 (so also the Septuagint and Vulgate) were employed by Solomon on the work of the Temple. The representation is that the whole widely-dispersed Ph?nician race were tributary to the works of Tyre. At this point the figure of the ship gives place for a time to plain language, the better to set forth the military resources and power of this great city.

Verse 9. - The ancients of Gebal. The word is used in the sense of "elders" or "senators," the governing body. Gebal, for which the LXX. gives Biblii, is identified with the Greek Byblus. The name appears in Psalm 83:7 in connection, among other nations, with Tyre and Asshur, as allied with them against Israel; in Joshua 13:5 as near Lebanon and Hermon; in 1 Kings 5:18 (margin Revised Version) as among the stonemasons who worked with Hiram's builders. Byblus was situated on an eminence overlooking the river Adonis between Beirut and Tripoli. Its modern name, Gebail, retains the old Semitic form, and its ruins abound in marble and granite columns of Phoenician and Egyptian workmanship. The work of the caulkers was to stop the chinks of the ship, and the men of Gebal appear to have been especially skilful in this. We note that the metaphor of the ship falls into the background in the latter clause of the verse, and does not appear again. 27:1-25 Those who live at ease are to be lamented, if they are not prepared for trouble. Let none reckon themselves beautified, any further than they are sanctified. The account of the trade of Tyre intimates, that God's eye is upon men when employed in worldly business. Not only when at church, praying and hearing, but when in markets and fairs, buying and selling. In all our dealings we should keep a conscience void of offence. God, as the common Father of mankind, makes one country abound in one commodity, and another in another, serviceable to the necessity or to the comfort and ornament of human life. See what a blessing trade and merchandise are to mankind, when followed in the fear of God. Besides necessaries, an abundance of things are made valuable only by custom; yet God allows us to use them. But when riches increase, men are apt to set their hearts upon them, and forget the Lord, who gives power to get wealth.
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Alongside Ancients Barter Board Boards Calkers Craftsmen Deal Elders Exchange Gebal Leaks Making Mariners Merchandise Occupy Order Repairers Repairing Responsible Sailors Sea Seamen Seams Ship Ships Shipwrights Skilled Strengthening Thereof Trade Trading Veteran Wares Wise
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Alongside Ancients Barter Board Boards Calkers Craftsmen Deal Elders Exchange Gebal Leaks Making Mariners Merchandise Occupy Order Repairers Repairing Responsible Sailors Sea Seamen Seams Ship Ships Shipwrights Skilled Strengthening Thereof Trade Trading Veteran Wares Wise
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Alphabetical: All alongside and as board came caulk craftsmen deal elders for Gebal her in men merchandise of on order repairing sailors sea seams ships shipwrights the their to trade Veteran wares were wise with you your

OT Prophets: Ezekiel 27:9 The old men of Gebal and (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Ezekiel 27:8
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