Ezekiel 27:16
New International Version
"'Aram did business with you because of your many products; they exchanged turquoise, purple fabric, embroidered work, fine linen, coral and rubies for your merchandise.

New Living Translation
“Syria sent merchants to buy your rich variety of goods. They traded turquoise, purple dyes, embroidery, fine linen, and jewelry of coral and rubies.

English Standard Version
Syria did business with you because of your abundant goods; they exchanged for your wares emeralds, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and ruby.

Berean Study Bible
Aram was your customer because of your many products; they exchanged turquoise, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and rubies for your wares.

King James Bible
Syria was thy merchant by reason of the multitude of the wares of thy making: they occupied in thy fairs with emeralds, purple, and broidered work, and fine linen, and coral, and agate.

New King James Version
Syria was your merchant because of the abundance of goods you made. They gave you for your wares emeralds, purple, embroidery, fine linen, corals, and rubies.

New American Standard Bible
Aram was your customer because of the abundance of your goods; they paid for your merchandise with emeralds, purple, colorfully woven cloth, fine linen, coral, and rubies.

NASB 1995
"Aram was your customer because of the abundance of your goods; they paid for your wares with emeralds, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral and rubies.

NASB 1977
“Aram was your customer because of the abundance of your goods; they paid for your wares with emeralds, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and rubies.

Amplified Bible
Aram traded with you because of the abundance of the goods you made. They paid for your merchandise with emeralds, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and rubies.

Christian Standard Bible
Aram was your trading partner because of your numerous products. They exchanged turquoise, purple and embroidered cloth, fine linen, coral, and rubies for your merchandise.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Aram was your trading partner because of your numerous products. They exchanged turquoise, purple and embroidered cloth, fine linen, coral, and rubies for your merchandise.

American Standard Version
Syria was thy merchant by reason of the multitude of thy handiworks: they traded for thy wares with emeralds, purple, and broidered work, and fine linen, and coral, and rubies.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Edum in the place of your merchandise and the multitude of your works, purple and fine white linen and embroidery, and dark blue and silk and ornaments they brought to you for sale

Brenton Septuagint Translation
even men as thy merchandise, from the multitude of thy trading population, myrrh and embroidered works from Tharsis: Ramoth also and Chorchor furnished thy market.

Contemporary English Version
Edom traded emeralds, purple cloth, embroidery, fine linen, coral, and rubies.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Syrian was thy merchant: by reason of the multitude of thy works, they set forth precious stones, and purple, and broidered works, and fine linen, and silk, and chodchod in thy market.

English Revised Version
Syria was thy merchant by reason of the multitude of thy handyworks: they traded for thy wares with emeralds, purple, and broidered work, and fine linen, and coral, and rubies.

Good News Translation
The people of Syria bought your merchandise and your many products. They gave emeralds, purple cloth, embroidery, fine linen, coral, and rubies in payment for your wares.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
" 'People from Syria traded with you because you had so many products. They exchanged emeralds, purple cloth, richly woven cloth, linen, coral, and rubies for your merchandise.

International Standard Version
"Aram was one of your customers because you had so much merchandise. They paid by trading turquoise, purple yarn, embroidered goods, Egyptian linen, coral, and rubies.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Aram was thy merchant by reason of the multitude of thy wealth; they traded for thy wares with carbuncles, purple, and richly woven work, and fine linen, and coral, and rubies.

Literal Standard Version
Aram [is] your merchant, "" Because of the abundance of your works, "" They have given emerald, purple, and embroidery, "" And fine linen, and coral, and agate for your wares.

NET Bible
Edom was your trade partner because of the abundance of your goods; they exchanged turquoise, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and rubies for your products.

New Heart English Bible
Aram was your merchant by reason of the multitude of your handiworks: they traded for your wares with emeralds, purple, and embroidered work, and fine linen, and coral, and rubies.

World English Bible
Syria was your merchant by reason of the multitude of your handiworks: they traded for your wares with emeralds, purple, and embroidered work, and fine linen, and coral, and rubies.

Young's Literal Translation
Aram is thy merchant, Because of the abundance of thy works, For emerald, purple, and embroidery, And fine linen, and coral, and agate, They have given out thy remnants.

Additional Translations ...
Context
A Lament for Tyre
15The men of Dedan were your clients; many coastlands were your market; they paid you with ivory tusks and ebony. 16Aram was your customer because of your many products; they exchanged turquoise, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and rubies for your wares. 17Judah and the land of Israel traded with you; they exchanged wheat from Minnith, cakes and honey, oil and balm for your merchandise.…

Cross References
Judges 10:6
And again the Israelites did evil in the sight of the LORD. They served the Baals, the Ashtoreths, the gods of Aram, Sidon, and Moab, and the gods of the Ammonites and Philistines. Thus they forsook the LORD and did not serve Him.

Isaiah 7:1
Now in the days that Ahaz son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, was king of Judah, Rezin king of Aram marched up to wage war against Jerusalem. He was accompanied by Pekah son of Remaliah the king of Israel, but he could not overpower the city.

Ezekiel 16:10
I clothed you in embroidered cloth and gave you sandals of fine leather. I wrapped you in fine linen and covered you with silk.

Ezekiel 16:13
So you were adorned with gold and silver, and your clothing was made of fine linen, silk, and embroidered cloth. You ate fine flour, honey, and oil. You became very beautiful and rose to be queen.

Ezekiel 16:18
You took your embroidered garments to cover them, and you set My oil and incense before them.

Ezekiel 16:57
before your wickedness was uncovered? Even so, you are now scorned by the daughters of Edom and all those around her, and by the daughters of the Philistines--all those around you who despise you.

Ezekiel 28:13
You were in Eden, the garden of God. Every kind of precious stone adorned you: ruby, topaz, and diamond, beryl, onyx, and jasper, sapphire, turquoise, and emerald. Your mountings and settings were crafted in gold, prepared on the day of your creation.


Treasury of Scripture

Syria was your merchant by reason of the multitude of the wares of your making: they occupied in your fairs with emeralds, purple, and broidered work, and fine linen, and coral, and agate.

Syria

Genesis 10:22
The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

Aram

Genesis 28:5
And Isaac sent away Jacob: and he went to Padanaram unto Laban, son of Bethuel the Syrian, the brother of Rebekah, Jacob's and Esau's mother.

Judges 10:6
And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him.

2 Samuel 8:5
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.









(16) Emeralds.--The precious stone intended here, and in Exodus 28:18, is now generally understood to be the carbuncle. The word for "fine linen" is not that of Ezekiel 27:7, but a Ph?nician word, occurring only in the books written in the time of the captivity. It is thought to mean cotton, for the woven fabrics of which Babylon was famous. Agate (marg., chrysoprase) is probably the ruby, or certainly some stone of brilliancy (Isaiah 54:12)

Verse 16. - Syria; Hebrew, Aram. The LXX. which gives ἀνθρώπους, seems to have read Adam (equivalent to "man"), another instance of the fact just referred to. And this has led many commentators (Michaelis, Ewald, Hitzig, Furst) to conjecture, following the Peshito Version, that Edom must have been the true reading. As regards the products named, we know too little of the commerce of Edom to say whether it included them in its exports, and the fact that the broidered work of Babylon had been famous from of old (Joshua 7:21), and that it was also the oldest emporium for precious stones, may be urged in favor of the present reading, and of taking Aram in its widest sense as including Mesopotamia. On the other hand, the mention of onyx, sapphire, coral, pearls, topaz, in Job 28:16-19, the local coloring of which is essentially Idumaean, supports the conjectural emendation. Emeralds (comp. Exodus 28:18). Some writers identify it with the carbuncle. It meets us again in Ezekiel 28:13. The fine linen (butz) is different from that of Ver. 7 (shesh) and appears only in the later books of the Old Testament (1 Chronicles 4:21; 2 Chronicles 3:14; Esther 1:6, et al.). It was probably the byssus of the Greeks, made of cotton, while the Egyptian fabric was of flax. Coral. The Hebrew (ramoth) occurs only here and in Job 28:18. "Coral" is the traditional Jewish interpretation, but the LXX. transliterates, and the Vulgate gives secure. Agate is found here and in Isaiah 54:12, and has been identified with the ruby or carbuncle. In Exodus 28:19 and Exodus 39:12 the English represents a different Hebrew word.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Aram
אֲרָ֥ם (’ă·rām)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 758: Aram -- Syria

was your customer
סֹחַרְתֵּ֖ךְ (sō·ḥar·têḵ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 5503: To go around or about, travel about

because of the abundance
מֵרֹ֣ב (mê·rōḇ)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 7230: Multitude, abundance, greatness

of your goods;
מַעֲשָׂ֑יִךְ (ma·‘ă·śā·yiḵ)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 4639: An action, a transaction, activity, a product, property

they exchanged
נָתְנ֖וּ (nā·ṯə·nū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

turquoise,
בְּ֠נֹפֶךְ (bə·nō·p̄eḵ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5306: (a precious stone) perhaps emerald

purple,
אַרְגָּמָ֨ן (’ar·gā·mān)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 713: Purple, red-purple

embroidery,
וְרִקְמָ֤ה (wə·riq·māh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 7553: Variegation of color, embroidery

fine linen,
וּבוּץ֙ (ū·ḇūṣ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 948: Cotton

coral,
וְרָאמֹ֣ת (wə·rā·mōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 7215: Something high in value, coral

and rubies
וְכַדְכֹּ֔ד (wə·ḵaḏ·kōḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3539: (a precious stone) perhaps ruby

for your wares.
בְּעִזְבוֹנָֽיִךְ׃ (bə·‘iz·ḇō·w·nā·yiḵ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 5801: Trade, the place, the payment


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Abundance Abundant Agate Aram Best Broidered Business Carbuncles Coral Corals Customer Dealt Edom Embroidered Emerald Exchanged Fairs Fine Goods Great Handiworks Linen Making Markets Merchandise Merchant Multitude Needlework Occupied Paid Products Purple Reason Richly Rubies Syria Traded Trafficked Turquoise Wares Wealth Work Works Woven
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Abundance Abundant Agate Aram Best Broidered Business Carbuncles Coral Corals Customer Dealt Edom Embroidered Emerald Exchanged Fairs Fine Goods Great Handiworks Linen Making Markets Merchandise Merchant Multitude Needlework Occupied Paid Products Purple Reason Richly Rubies Syria Traded Trafficked Turquoise Wares Wealth Work Works Woven
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 27:16 Syria was your merchant by reason (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
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