Genesis 10:22
New International Version
The sons of Shem: Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.

New Living Translation
The descendants of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.

English Standard Version
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

Berean Study Bible
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.

King James Bible
The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

New King James Version
The sons of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.

New American Standard Bible
The sons of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

NASB 1995
The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur and Arpachshad and Lud and Aram.

NASB 1977
The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur and Arpachshad and Lud and Aram.

Amplified Bible
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud and Aram;

Christian Standard Bible
Shem’s sons were Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Shem’s sons were Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

American Standard Version
The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The children of Sheem: Ilam and Ashur, and Arphakshar, and Lud and Aram.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Sons of Sem, Elam, and Assur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Cainan.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The sons of Sem: Elam and Assur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

English Revised Version
The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.

Good News Translation
Shem's sons--Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram--were the ancestors of the peoples who bear their names.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Shem's descendants were Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

International Standard Version
Shem's sons included Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.

Literal Standard Version
Sons of Shem [are] Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

NET Bible
The sons of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.

New Heart English Bible
The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.

World English Bible
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

Young's Literal Translation
Sons of Shem are Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Semites
21And sons were also born to Shem, the older brother of Japheth; Shem was the forefather of all the sons of Eber. 22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram. 23The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.…

Cross References
Luke 3:36
the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech,

Genesis 10:21
And sons were also born to Shem, the older brother of Japheth; Shem was the forefather of all the sons of Eber.

Genesis 11:10
This is the account of Shem. Two years after the flood, when Shem was 100 years old, he became the father of Arphaxad.

Genesis 14:1
In those days Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of Goiim

Genesis 14:9
against Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar--four kings against five.

Numbers 24:22
Yet Kain will be destroyed when Asshur takes you captive."

1 Chronicles 1:17
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram. The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech.


Treasury of Scripture

The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

children.

Genesis 9:26
And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

1 Chronicles 1:17-27
The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech…

Elam.

Genesis 14:1-9
And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations; …

2 Kings 15:19
And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand.

Job 1:17
While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The Chaldeans made out three bands, and fell upon the camels, and have carried them away, yea, and slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.

Arphaxad.

Isaiah 66:19
And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal, and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.

Aram.

Numbers 23:7
And he took up his parable, and said, Balak the king of Moab hath brought me from Aram, out of the mountains of the east, saying, Come, curse me Jacob, and come, defy Israel.









Verse 22. - The children of Shem were twenty-six in number, of whom five were sons. Elam. Elymais, a region adjoining Snaiana and Media, stretching from the Persian Gulf to the Rod Sea; the people first met with as Persians. And Asshur. The ancestor of the Assyrians (vide ver. 11). And Arphaxad. A region in the north of Assyria; the Arrhapacitis of Ptolemy (Rosenmüller, Keil, Kalisch). The explanation of the name is "fortress of the Chaldaeans ' (Ewald); "highland of the Chaldaeans" (Knobel). And Lud. The Lydians of Asia Minor, to which they appear to have migrated from the land of Shem (Josephus, Bochart, Keil, Kalisch). And Aram. "The high land;" Mesopotamia being the Aram of the two rivers, and Syria the Aram of Damascua

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The sons
בְּנֵ֥י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Shem:
שֵׁ֖ם (šêm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8035: Shem -- 'name', oldest son of Noah

Elam,
עֵילָ֣ם (‘ê·lām)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 5867: Elam -- a son of Shem, also his descendants and their country

Asshur,
וְאַשּׁ֑וּר (wə·’aš·šūr)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 804: Ashshur

Arphaxad,
וְאַרְפַּכְשַׁ֖ד (wə·’ar·paḵ·šaḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 775: Arpachshad -- third son of Shem, also the region settled by him

Lud,
וְל֥וּד (wə·lūḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3865: Lud -- a son of Shem, also his descendants and their land

and Aram.
וַֽאֲרָֽם׃ (wa·’ă·rām)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 758: Aram -- Syria


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OT Law: Genesis 10:22 The sons of Shem: Elam Asshur Arpachshad (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 10:21
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