Genesis 10:21
New International Version
Sons were also born to Shem, whose older brother was Japheth; Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber.

New Living Translation
Sons were also born to Shem, the older brother of Japheth. Shem was the ancestor of all the descendants of Eber.

English Standard Version
To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, children were born.

Berean Study Bible
And sons were also born to Shem, the older brother of Japheth; Shem was the forefather of all the sons of Eber.

New American Standard Bible
Also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born.

King James Bible
Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

Christian Standard Bible
And Shem, Japheth's older brother, also had sons. Shem was the father of all the sons of Eber.

Good News Translation
Shem, the older brother of Japheth, was the ancestor of all the Hebrews.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And Shem, Japheth's older brother, also had sons. Shem was the father of all the sons of Eber.

International Standard Version
Shem, Japheth's older brother, also had descendants. Shem was the father of the descendants of Eber.

NET Bible
And sons were also born to Shem (the older brother of Japheth), the father of all the sons of Eber.

New Heart English Bible
To Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Shem, Japheth's older brother, also had children. [Shem was] the ancestor of all the sons of Eber.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And unto Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born.

New American Standard 1977
And also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Unto Shem also, the father of all the sons of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, even to him were sons born.

King James 2000 Bible
Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

American King James Version
To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

American Standard Version
And unto Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And to Sem himself also were children born, the father of all the sons of Heber, the brother of Japheth the elder.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Of Sem also, the father of all children of Heber, the elder brother of Japheth, sons were born.

Darby Bible Translation
And to Shem -- to him also were [sons] born; he is the father of all the sons of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder.

English Revised Version
And unto Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born.

Webster's Bible Translation
To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

World English Bible
To Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born.

Young's Literal Translation
As to Shem, father of all sons of Eber, brother of Japheth the elder, he hath also begotten:
Study Bible
The Semites
21And sons were also born to Shem, the older brother of Japheth; Shem was the forefather of all the sons of Eber. 22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.…
Cross References
Genesis 10:20
These are the sons of Ham according to their clans, languages, lands, and nations.

Genesis 10:22
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.

Numbers 24:22
Yet Kain will be destroyed when Asshur takes you captive."

Numbers 24:24
Ships will come from the coast of Kittim; they will subdue Asshur and Eber, but they too will perish forever."

Treasury of Scripture

To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

Shem.

Genesis 9:26
And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

the father.

Genesis 11:10-26
These are the generations of Shem: Shem was an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood: …

Eber.

Numbers 24:24
And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber, and he also shall perish for ever.

the brother.

Genesis 10:2
The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.







Lexicon
And sons were also born
יֻלַּ֖ד (yul·laḏ)
Verb - QalPass - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

to Shem,
וּלְשֵׁ֥ם (ū·lə·šêm)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8035: Shem -- 'name', oldest son of Noah

the older
הַגָּדֽוֹל׃ (hag·gā·ḏō·wl)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

brother
אֲחִ֖י (’ă·ḥî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

[of] Japheth;
יֶ֥פֶת (ye·p̄eṯ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3315: Japheth -- a son of Noah

[Shem]
ה֑וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

was the forefather
אֲבִי֙ (’ă·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

of all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the sons
בְּנֵי־ (bə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Eber.
עֵ֔בֶר (‘ê·ḇer)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5677: Eber -- 'region beyond', a descendant of Shem, also the name of several Israelites
(21-23) shem . . . the brother of Japheth the elder.--Really, the elder brother of Japheth. Though the rules of Hebrew grammar will admit of no other rendering, it is remarkable that both the Syriac and the Vulg. make the same mistake as our own version. In designating Shem as "the father of all the children of Eber," attention is called to the fact that the descendants of Peleg, his elder son, are omitted from this table, and reserved for the Toldoth Shem. (See Genesis 11:10.)

The nations descended from Shem were:--

1. Elam.--According to Mr. Sayce (Chald. Gen., p. 196), "the primitive inhabitants of Elam were a race closely allied to the Accadians, and spread over the whole range of country which stretched from the southern shores of the Caspian to the Persian Gulf." But just as the Semitic Asshur expelled a Hamite race from Assyria, so another branch of this conquering family occupied Elymais. It is now called Chuzistan, and was the most easternly of the countries occupied by the Semites. But see Excursus to Genesis 14 on the conquests of the Elamite Chedorlaomer.

2. Asshur.--This Semitic stock seems to have been the first to settle on the Tigris, as the Hamites were the first to settle on the Euphrates. Finally, as we have seen (Genesis 10:11), they conquered the whole country.

3. Arphaxad.--Heb., Arpachshad. We may dismiss the idea that he was connected with the region called Arrapachitis, for this correctly is Aryapakshata, "the land next the Aryans." Really he appears as the ancestor of Eber and the Joktanite Arabs.

4. Lud.--Probably the Lydians, who, after various wanderings, settled in Asia Minor.

5. Aram.--As Asshur means plain, so Aram means highland. It was originally the name of the Lebanon ranges, and thus Damascus is called Aram in 2Samuel 8:5. Subsequently the race so extended itself as to possess Mesopotamia, a lowland country, but called, as early as Genesis 24:10, "Aram of the two rivers." The greatness of Aram will be best seen by examining those places in our version where Syria and Syrian are spoken of, and which, in the Hebrew, are really Aram.

To the Aramaean stock belonged also four outlying dependencies--(1) Uz, the land of Job, a district in the northern part of Arabia Deserta; (2) Hul and (3) Gether, regions of which nothing is known; and (4) Mash, a desert region on the western side of the Euphrates (Chald. Gen., p. 276).

Verse 21. - Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, - as Ham of Canaan (Genesis 9:22; vide ver. 24) - the brother of Japheth the elder. Either the eldest brother of Japheth (Syriac, Arabic, Vulgate, Gesenius, Rosenmüller, Kalisch); or the brother of Japheth who was older (LXX., Symmachus, Onkelos, Raschi, Aben Ezra, Luther, Clerieus, Michaelis, Dathe); or the elder of Japheth's brothers, as distinguished from Ham the younger, i.e. the son who was older than Ham, But younger than Japheth (Murphy, Quarry; vide Genesis 5:32). Even to him were children born. 10:15-32 The posterity of Canaan were numerous, rich, and pleasantly seated; yet Canaan was under a Divine curse, and not a curse causeless. Those that are under the curse of God, may, perhaps, thrive and prosper in this world; for we cannot know love or hatred, the blessing or the curse, by what is before us, but by what is within us. The curse of God always works really, and always terribly. Perhaps it is a secret curse, a curse to the soul, and does not work so that others can see it; or a slow curse, and does not work soon; but sinners are reserved by it for a day of wrath Canaan here has a better land than either Shem or Japheth, and yet they have a better lot, for they inherit the blessing. Abram and his seed, God's covenant people, descended from Eber, and from him were called Hebrews. How much better it is to be like Eber, the father of a family of saints and honest men, than the father of a family of hunters after power, worldly wealth, or vanities. Goodness is true greatness.
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