Genesis 10:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, children were born.

King James Bible
Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

American Standard Version
And unto Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Of Sem also, the father of all children of Heber, the elder brother of Japheth, sons were born.

English Revised Version
And unto Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born.

Webster's Bible Translation
To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

Genesis 10:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Descendants of Shem. - Genesis 10:21. For the construction, vid., Genesis 4:26. Shem is called the father of all the sons of Eber, because two tribes sprang from Eber through Peleg and Joktan, viz., the Abrahamides, and also the Arabian tribe of the Joktanides (Genesis 4:26.). - On the expression, "the brother of Japhet הגּדול," see Genesis 9:24. The names of the five sons of Shem occur elsewhere as the names of the tribes and countries; at the same time, as there is no proof that in any single instance the name was transferred from the country to its earliest inhabitants, no well-grounded objection can be offered to the assumption, which the analogy of the other descendants of Shem renders probable, that they were originally the names of individuals. As the name of a people, Elam denotes the Elymaeans, who stretched from the Persian Gulf to the Caspian Sea, but who are first met with as Persians no longer speaking a Semitic language. Asshur: the Assyrians who settled in the country of Assyria, Ἀτουρία, to the east of the Tigris, but who afterwards spread in the direction of Asia Minor. Arphaxad: the inhabitants of Ἀῤῥαπαχῖχτις in northern Assyria. The explanation given of the name, viz., "fortress of the Chaldeans" (Ewald), "highland of the Chaldeans" (Knobel), "territory of the Chaldeans" (Dietrich), are very questionable. Lud: the Lydians of Asia Minor, whose connection with the Assyrians is confirmed by the names of the ancestors of their kings. Aram: the ancestor of the Aramaeans of Syria and Mesopotamia.

Genesis 10:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Shem. Shem signifies name or renown; and his, indeed, was great both in a temporal and spiritual sense, inasmuch as he was destined to be the lineal ancestor of the promised Seed of the woman, to which Noah might allude in his pious ejaculation, ch.

Genesis 9:26 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

.

the father.

Genesis 11:10-26 These are the generations of Shem: Shem was an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood...

Eber.

Numbers 24:24 And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber, and he also shall perish for ever.

the brother.

Genesis 10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

Cross References
Genesis 10:20
These are the sons of Ham, by their clans, their languages, their lands, and their nations.

Genesis 10:22
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

Numbers 24:22
Nevertheless, Kain shall be burned when Asshur takes you away captive."

Numbers 24:24
But ships shall come from Kittim and shall afflict Asshur and Eber; and he too shall come to utter destruction."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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