Genesis 9:22
New International Version
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father naked and told his two brothers outside.

New Living Translation
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw that his father was naked and went outside and told his brothers.

English Standard Version
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside.

Berean Study Bible
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father’s nakedness and told his two brothers outside.

King James Bible
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.

New King James Version
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside.

New American Standard Bible
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside.

NASB 1995
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside.

NASB 1977
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside.

Amplified Bible
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw [by accident] the nakedness of his father, and [to his father’s shame] told his two brothers outside.

Christian Standard Bible
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father naked and told his two brothers outside.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father naked and told his two brothers outside.

American Standard Version
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Kham the father of Canaan saw the nakedness of his father and he showed his two brothers.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Cham the father of Chanaan saw the nakedness of his father, and he went out and told his two brothers without.

Contemporary English Version
Ham entered the tent and saw him naked, then went back outside and told his brothers.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Which when Cham the father of Chaanan had seen, to wit, that his father's nakedness was uncovered, he told it to his two brethren without.

English Revised Version
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.

Good News Translation
When Ham, the father of Canaan, saw that his father was naked, he went out and told his two brothers.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Ham, father of Canaan, saw his father naked. So he went outside and told his two brothers.

International Standard Version
Ham, who fathered Canaan, saw his father's genitals and told his two brothers outside.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.

Literal Standard Version
And Ham, father of Canaan, sees the nakedness of his father, and declares to his two brothers outside.

NET Bible
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father's nakedness and told his two brothers who were outside.

New Heart English Bible
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father naked and told his two brothers outside.

World English Bible
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside.

Young's Literal Translation
And Ham, father of Canaan, seeth the nakedness of his father, and declareth to his two brethren without.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Noah's Shame and Canaan's Curse
21But when he drank some of its wine, he became drunk and uncovered himself inside his tent. 22And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father’s nakedness and told his two brothers outside. 23Then Shem and Japheth took a garment and placed it across their shoulders, and walking backward, they covered their father’s nakedness. Their faces were turned away so that they did not see their father’s nakedness.…

Cross References
Genesis 9:23
Then Shem and Japheth took a garment and placed it across their shoulders, and walking backward, they covered their father's nakedness. Their faces were turned away so that they did not see their father's nakedness.

Proverbs 30:17
As for the eye that mocks a father and scorns obedience to a mother, may the ravens of the valley pluck it out and young vultures devour it.

Habakkuk 2:15
Woe to him who gives drink to his neighbors, pouring it from the wineskin until they are drunk, in order to gaze at their nakedness!


Treasury of Scripture

And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers without.

Ham.

Genesis 9:25
And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.

Genesis 10:6,15-19
And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan…

1 Chronicles 1:8,13-16
The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan…

told.

2 Samuel 1:19,20
The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen! …

Psalm 35:20,21
For they speak not peace: but they devise deceitful matters against them that are quiet in the land…

Psalm 40:15
Let them be desolate for a reward of their shame that say unto me, Aha, aha.









(22, 23) Ham . . . saw . . . and told.--The sin lay not in seeing, which might be unintentional, but in telling, especially if his purpose was to ridicule his father. His brothers, with filial piety, "take a garment," the loose outer robe or cloak enveloping the whole body, and with reverent delicacy walk backwards, and lay it upon their father's person.

Verse 22. - And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness. Pudenda, from a root (עָרָה) signifying to make naked, from a kindred root to which (עָרם) comes the term expressive of the nakedness of Adam and Eve after eating the forbidden fruit (Genesis 3:7). The sin of Ham - not a trifling and unintentional transgression" (Von Bohlen) - obviously lay not in seeing what perhaps he may have come upon unexpectedly, but

(1) in wickedly rejoicing in what he saw, which, considering who he was that was overcome with wine, - "the minister of salvation to men, and the chief restorer of the world," - the relation in which he stood to Ham, - that of father, - the advanced age to which he had now come, and the comparatively mature years of Ham himself, who was "already more than a hundred years old," should have filled him with sincere sorrow; "sed nunquam vino victum pattern filius risisset, nisi prius ejecisset animo illam reverentiam et opinionem, quae in liberis de parentibus ex mandato Dei existere debet" (Luther); and

(2) in reporting it, doubtless with a malicious purpose, to his brethren. And told his two brethren without. Possibly inviting them to come and look upon their father's shame.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Ham,
חָ֚ם (ḥām)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2526: Ham -- a son of Noah, also his descendants, also a name for Egyptians

the father
אֲבִ֣י (’ă·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1: Father

of Canaan,
כְנַ֔עַן (ḵə·na·‘an)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3667: Canaan -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their land West of the Jordan

saw
וַיַּ֗רְא (way·yar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7200: To see

his father’s
אָבִ֑יו (’ā·ḇîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1: Father

nakedness
עֶרְוַ֣ת (‘er·waṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 6172: Nakedness

and told
וַיַּגֵּ֥ד (way·yag·gêḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5046: To be conspicuous

his two
לִשְׁנֵֽי־ (liš·nê-)
Preposition-l | Number - mdc
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

brothers
אֶחָ֖יו (’e·ḥāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 251: A brother, )

outside.
בַּחֽוּץ׃ (ba·ḥūṣ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2351: Separate by a, wall, outside, outdoors


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OT Law: Genesis 9:22 Ham the father of Canaan saw (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 9:21
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