Genesis 10:6
New International Version
The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan.

New Living Translation
The descendants of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

English Standard Version
The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.

Berean Study Bible
The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

New American Standard Bible
The sons of Ham were Cush and Mizraim and Put and Canaan.

King James Bible
And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.

Christian Standard Bible
Ham's sons: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

Good News Translation
The sons of Ham--Cush, Egypt, Libya, and Canaan--were the ancestors of the peoples who bear their names.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Ham's sons: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.

International Standard Version
Ham's descendants included Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.

NET Bible
The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

New Heart English Bible
The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Ham's descendants were Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan.

New American Standard 1977
And the sons of Ham were Cush and Mizraim and Put and Canaan.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the sons of Ham: Cush and Mizraim and Phut and Canaan.

King James 2000 Bible
And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan.

American King James Version
And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.

American Standard Version
And the sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the sons of Cham, Chus, and Mesrain, Phud, and Chanaan.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the sons of Cham: Chus, and Mesram, and Phuth, and Chanaan.

Darby Bible Translation
And the sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.

English Revised Version
And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.

World English Bible
The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

Young's Literal Translation
And sons of Ham are Cush, and Mitzraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
Study Bible
The Hamites
6The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. 7The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. And the sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.…
Cross References
Genesis 9:18
The sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And Ham was the father of Canaan.

Genesis 10:5
From these, the maritime peoples separated into their territories, according to their languages, by clans within their nations.

1 Chronicles 1:8
The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

Ezekiel 38:5
Persia, Cush, and Put will accompany them, all with shields and helmets;

Treasury of Scripture

And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.

A.

Genesis 9:22
And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.

1 Chronicles 1:8-16
The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan…

1 Chronicles 4:40
And they found fat pasture and good, and the land was wide, and quiet, and peaceable; for they of Ham had dwelt there of old.

Ham.

Cush.

Isaiah 11:11
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

Phut.

Jeremiah 46:9
Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.

Ezekiel 27:10
They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.







Lexicon
The sons
וּבְנֵ֖י (ū·ḇə·nê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Ham:
חָ֑ם (ḥām)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2526: Ham -- a son of Noah, also his descendants, also a name for Egyptians

Cush,
כּ֥וּשׁ (kūš)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3568: A son of Ham, also his descendants, also a land in the southern Nile Valley

Mizraim,
וּמִצְרַ֖יִם (ū·miṣ·ra·yim)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa

Put,
וּפ֥וּט (ū·p̄ūṭ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6316: Put -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their land

and Canaan.
וּכְנָֽעַן׃ (ū·ḵə·nā·‘an)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3667: Canaan -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their land West of the Jordan
(6) Ham.--Many derive this word from a Hebrew root, and explain it as signifying hot, sunburnt, and so swarthy. Japheth they connect with a word signifying to be fair; and so Ham is the progenitor of dark races, Japheth of those of a fair complexion, while the olive- coloured spring from Shem. More probably it is Chemi, the old name of Egypt, "the land of Ham" (Psalm 78:51), called by Plutarch Chemia, and was taken from the black colour of the soil.

The Hamites are grouped in four principal divisions:--

1. Cush. Aethiopia, but not that of Africa, but of Asia. The home of the Cushites was on the Tigris and Euphrates, where Nimrod raised them to great power. Thence they spread into the southern peninsula of Arabia, and crossing the Red Sea at a later date, colonised Nubia and Abyssinia. In the Bible Cush is watered by the Gihon (Genesis 2:13); and Zipporah, the wife of Moses, and daughter of a priest of Midian, is in Numbers 12:1 called a Cushite. Their high rank in old time is marked by the place held by them in the Iliad of Homer.

2. Mizraim. Egypt. In form the word is a dual, and may point to the division of the country into Upper and Lower Egypt. If we choose to interpret a Hamite word by a Hebrew root, it may signify the narrowed land, but it is safer to leave these words till increased knowledge shall enable us to decide with some security upon their meaning. For the ancient name of Mizraim see Genesis 10:6, and for its extent see Genesis 10:14. From the study of the skulls and bodies of a large number of mummies Brugsch-Bey in his recent history has come to the conclusion that the ancient Egyptians did not belong to any African race, but to the great Caucasian family, "but not of the Pelasgic or Semitic branches, but of a third, Cushite." He adds that the cradle of the Egyptian nation must be sought in Central Asia.

3. Phut. The Lybians of North Africa.

4. Canaan. See Note on Genesis 10:15-19.

Verse 6. - And the sons of Ham. These, who occupy the second place, that the list might conclude with the Shemites as the line of promise, number thirty, of whom only four were immediate descendants. Their territory generally embraced the southern portions of the globe. Hence the name Ham has been connected with חָמַס, to be warm, though Kalisch declares it to be not of Hebrew, but Egyptian origin, appearing in the Chme of the Rosetta Stone. The most usual ancient name of the country was Kern, the black land. Scripture speaks of Egypt as the land of Ham (Psalm 78:51; Psalm 105:23; Psalm 106:22) Cush. Ethiopia, including Arabia "quae mater est," and Abyssinia "quae colonia" (Michaelis, Rosenmüller). The original settlement of Cush, however, is believed to have been on the Upper Nile, whence he afterwards spread to Arabia, Babylonia, India (Knobel, Kalisch, Lange, Rawlinson). Murphy thinks he may have started from the Caucasus, the Caspian, and. the Cossaei of Khusistan, and. migrated south (to Egypt) and east (to India). Josephus mentions that in his day Ethiopia was called Cush; the Syriac translates ἀνὴρ Ἀιθίοψ (Acts 8:27) by Cuschaeos; the ancient Egyptian name of Ethiopia was Keesh, Kish, or Kush ('Records of the Past, 4:7). The Cushites are described as of a black color (Jeremiah 13:23) and of great stature (Isaiah 45:14). And Mizraim. A dual form probably designed to represent the two Egypts, upper and lower (Gesenius, Keil, Kalisch), though it has been discovered in ancient Egyptian as the name of a Hittite chief (circa B.C. 1300, contemporary with Rameses II.), written in hieroglyphics M'azrima, Ma being the sign for the dual. The old Egyptian name is Kemi, Chemi, with obvious reference to Ham; the name Egypt being probably derived from Kaphtah, the land of Ptah. The singular form Mazor is found in later books (2 Kings 19:24; Isaiah 19:6; 35:25), and usually denotes Lower Egypt. And Phut. Phet (Old Egyptian), Phaiat (Coptic); the Libyans in the north of Africa (Josephus, LXX., Gesenins, Bochart). Kalisch suggests Buto or Butos, the capital of the delta of the Nile. And Canaan. Hebrew, Kenaan (vide on Genesis 9:25). The extent of the territory occupied by the fourth son of Ham is defined in vers. 15-19. 10:1-7 This chapter shows concerning the three sons of Noah, that of them was the whole earth overspread. No nation but that of the Jews can be sure from which of these seventy it has come. The lists of names of fathers and sons were preserved of the Jews alone, for the sake of the Messiah. Many learned men, however, have, with some probability, shown which of the nations of the earth descended from each of the sons of Noah To the posterity of Japheth were allotted the isles of the gentiles; probably, the island of Britain among the rest. All places beyond the sea from Judea are called isles, Jer 25:22. That promise, Isa 42:4, The isles shall wait for his law, speaks of the conversion of the gentiles to the faith of Christ.
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