Psalm 78:51
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He struck down all the firstborn of Egypt, the firstfruits of manhood in the tents of Ham.

New Living Translation
He killed the oldest son in each Egyptian family, the flower of youth throughout the land of Egypt.

English Standard Version
He struck down every firstborn in Egypt, the firstfruits of their strength in the tents of Ham.

Berean Study Bible
He struck all the firstborn of Egypt, the virility in the tents of Ham.

New American Standard Bible
And smote all the firstborn in Egypt, The first issue of their virility in the tents of Ham.

King James Bible
And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of their strength in the tabernacles of Ham:

Christian Standard Bible
He struck all the firstborn in Egypt, the first progeny of the tents of Ham.

Contemporary English Version
He killed the first-born son of each Egyptian family.

Good News Translation
He killed the first-born sons of all the families of Egypt.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He struck all the firstborn in Egypt, the first progeny of the tents of Ham.

International Standard Version
He struck every firstborn in Egypt, the first fruits of their manhood in the tents of Ham.

NET Bible
He struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, the firstfruits of their reproductive power in the tents of Ham.

New Heart English Bible
and struck all the firstborn in Egypt, the chief of their strength in the tents of Ham.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He killed all the firstborn of Egypt, the first of all their children in the tents of Ham.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He slaughtered every firstborn in Egypt, the ones born in the tents of Ham when their fathers were young.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And smote all the first-born in Egypt, The first-fruits of their strength in the tents of Ham;

New American Standard 1977
And smote all the first-born in Egypt, The first issue of their virility in the tents of Ham.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and smote all the firstborn in Egypt, the firstfruits of their strength in the tents of Ham:

King James 2000 Bible
And struck down all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of their strength in the tabernacles of Ham:

American King James Version
And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of their strength in the tabernacles of Ham:

American Standard Version
And smote all the first-born in Egypt, The chief of their strength in the tents of Ham.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt: the firstfruits of all their labour in the tabernacles of Cham.

Darby Bible Translation
And he smote all the firstborn in Egypt, the first-fruits of their vigour in the tents of Ham.

English Revised Version
And smote all the firstborn in Egypt, the chief of their strength in the tents of Ham:

Webster's Bible Translation
And smote all the first-born in Egypt; the chief of their strength in the tabernacles of Ham:

World English Bible
and struck all the firstborn in Egypt, the chief of their strength in the tents of Ham.

Young's Literal Translation
And He smiteth every first-born in Egypt, The first-fruit of the strong in tents of Ham.
Study Bible
I Will Open My Mouth in Parables
50He cleared a path for His anger; He did not spare them from death but delivered their lives to the plague. 51He struck all the firstborn of Egypt, the virility in the tents of Ham. 52He led out His people like sheep and guided them like a flock in the wilderness.…
Cross References
Romans 8:23
Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.

Genesis 49:3
Reuben, you are my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, excelling in honor, excelling in power.

Exodus 11:5
and every firstborn son in the land of Egypt will die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, to the firstborn of the servant girl behind the hand mill, as well as the firstborn of all the cattle.

Exodus 12:29
Now at midnight the LORD struck down every firstborn male in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on his throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner in the dungeon, as well as all the firstborn among the livestock.

Psalm 105:23
Then Israel went to Egypt; Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.

Psalm 105:27
They performed His miraculous signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham.

Psalm 105:36
Then He struck all the firstborn in their land, the firstfruits of all their vigor.

Psalm 106:22
wondrous works in the land of Ham, and awesome deeds by the Red Sea.

Psalm 135:8
He struck down the firstborn of Egypt, of both man and beast.

Psalm 136:10
He struck down the firstborn of Egypt His loving devotion endures forever.

Treasury of Scripture

And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of their strength in the tabernacles of Ham:

smote

Psalm 105:36 He smote also all the firstborn in their land, the chief of all their strength.

Psalm 135:8 Who smote the firstborn of Egypt, both of man and beast.

Psalm 136:10 To him that smote Egypt in their firstborn: for his mercy endures for ever:

Exodus 12:12,29,30 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite …

Exodus 13:15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the …

Hebrews 11:28 Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, …

the chief

Genesis 49:3 Reuben, you are my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, …

tabernacles

Psalm 105:23 Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.

Psalm 106:22 Wondrous works in the land of Ham, and terrible things by the Red sea.

Genesis 9:22-25 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and …

Genesis 10:6 And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.







Verse 51. - And smote all the firstborn in Egypt (see Exodus 12:29). The chief of their strength in the tabernacles of Ham; or, "the beginning (literally, firstfruits) of their strength" (comp. Genesis 49:3). "The tabernacles of Ham" is a periphrasis for "Egypt" - the Egyptians, according to the author of Genesis (Genesis 10:6), being descendants of Ham (comp. Psalm 105:23, 27; 6:22). There are no sufficient grounds for connecting the name of Ham either with the Egyptian Kem, Kemi - the native name for the country - or with Khem, one of the principal Egyptian goes. The literation is, no doubt, close in the latter case; but etymologists lay it down that close approximations are especially deceptive. And smote all the firstborn in Egypt,.... From the prince to the peasant; and not only the firstborn of men, but of beasts also, Exodus 12:29,

the chief of their strength; or first of it, as the firstborn is called, Genesis 49:3,

in the tabernacles of Ham; in the several cities, towns, villages, and houses of the Egyptians, the descendants of cursed Ham; for Mizraim, from whom the Egyptians have their name, and from whence they sprung, was a son of Ham's, Genesis 10:6. Perhaps No Ammon may be particularly meant, Nahum 3:8, the same with Memphis, and which signifies the mansion or palace of Ammon, that is, Ham; and so Chemmis, another city in Egypt, signifies the same (n); of which see Psalm 105:23 this was the tenth and last plague: according to Suidas (o), the plagues of Egypt continued forty days.

(n) Dickinson Delph. Phoeniciz. cap. 4. (o) In voce 51. chief of their strength—literally, "first-fruits," or, "first-born" (Ge 49:3; De 21:17).

Ham—one of whose sons gave name (Mizraim, Hebrew) to Egypt.78:40-55. Let not those that receive mercy from God, be thereby made bold to sin, for the mercies they receive will hasten its punishment; yet let not those who are under Divine rebukes for sin, be discouraged from repentance. The Holy One of Israel will do what is most for his own glory, and what is most for their good. Their forgetting former favours, led them to limit God for the future. God made his own people to go forth like sheep; and guided them in the wilderness, as a shepherd his flock, with all care and tenderness. Thus the true Joshua, even Jesus, brings his church out of the wilderness; but no earthly Canaan, no worldly advantages, should make us forget that the church is in the wilderness while in this world, and that there remaineth a far more glorious rest for the people of God.
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