Genesis 10:14
New International Version
Pathrusites, Kasluhites (from whom the Philistines came) and Caphtorites.

New Living Translation
Pathrusites, Casluhites, and the Caphtorites, from whom the Philistines came.

English Standard Version
Pathrusim, Casluhim (from whom the Philistines came), and Caphtorim.

Berean Study Bible
the Pathrusites, the Casluhites, and the Caphtorites (from whom the Philistines came).

New American Standard Bible
and Pathrusim and Casluhim (from which came the Philistines) and Caphtorim.

King James Bible
And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.

Christian Standard Bible
Pathrus, Casluh (the Philistines came from them), and Caphtor.

Good News Translation
Pathrus, Casluh, and of Crete, from whom the Philistines are descended.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Pathrusim, Casluhim (the Philistines came from them), and Caphtorim.

International Standard Version
the Pathrusites, the Casluhites (from which came the Philistines), and the Caphtorites.

NET Bible
Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whom the Philistines came), and Caphtorites.

New Heart English Bible
Pathrusim, Casluhim (which the Philistines descended from), and Caphtorim.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whom the Philistines came), and the Caphtorites.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and Pathrusim, and Casluhim--whence went forth the Philistines--and Caphtorim.

New American Standard 1977
and Pathrusim and Casluhim (from which came the Philistines) and Caphtorim.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and Pathrusim and Casluhim (out of whom came the Philistines) and Caphtorim.

King James 2000 Bible
And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came the Philistines,) and Caphtorim.

American King James Version
And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.

American Standard Version
and Pathrusim, and Casluhim (whence went forth the Philistines), and Caphtorim.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and the Patrosoniim, and the Chasmoniim (whence came forth Phylistiim) and the Gaphthoriim.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Phetrusim, and Chasluim; of whom came forth the Philistines, and the Capthorim.

Darby Bible Translation
and the Pathrusim, and the Casluhim, out of whom came the Philistines, and the Caphtorim.

English Revised Version
and Pathrusim, and Casluhim (whence went forth the Philistines), and Caphtorim.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.

World English Bible
Pathrusim, Casluhim (which the Philistines descended from), and Caphtorim.

Young's Literal Translation
and the Pathrusim, and the Casluhim, (whence have come out Philistim,) and the Caphtorim.
Study Bible
The Hamites
13And Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, the Anamites, the Lehabites, the Naphtuhites, 14the Pathrusites, the Casluhites, and the Caphtorites (from whom the Philistines came). 15Canaan was the father of Sidon his firstborn, and of the Hittites,…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 2:23
And the Avvim, who lived in villages as far as Gaza, were destroyed by the Caphtorites, who came out of Caphtor and settled in their place.)

1 Chronicles 1:12
the Pathrusites, the Casluhites (from whom the Philistines descended), and the Caphtorites.

Jeremiah 47:4
For the day has come to destroy all the Philistines, to cut off from Tyre and Sidon every remaining ally. Indeed, the LORD is about to destroy the Philistines, the remnant from the coasts of Caphtor.

Treasury of Scripture

And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.

Pathrusim.

Isaiah 11:11
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

Jeremiah 44:1
The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews which dwell in the land of Egypt, which dwell at Migdol, and at Tahpanhes, and at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying,

Philistim.

1 Chronicles 1:12
And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (of whom came the Philistines,) and Caphthorim.

Jeremiah 47:4
Because of the day that cometh to spoil all the Philistines, and to cut off from Tyrus and Zidon every helper that remaineth: for the LORD will spoil the Philistines, the remnant of the country of Caphtor.

Caphtorim.

Deuteronomy 2:23
And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, even unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)

Jeremiah 47:4
Because of the day that cometh to spoil all the Philistines, and to cut off from Tyrus and Zidon every helper that remaineth: for the LORD will spoil the Philistines, the remnant of the country of Caphtor.

Amos 9:7
Are ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir?







Lexicon
the Pathrusites,
פַּתְרֻסִ֞ים (paṯ·ru·sîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6625: Pathrus -- a tribe, descended from Mizraim

the Casluhites,
כַּסְלֻחִ֗ים (kas·lu·ḥîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3695: Casluh -- a people descended from Mizraim, probably ancestors of the Philistines

and
וְאֶת־ (wə·’eṯ-)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

the Caphtorites
כַּפְתֹּרִֽים׃ (kap̄·tō·rîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3732: Caphtorim -- a Caphtorite

(from
מִשָּׁ֛ם (miš·šām)
Preposition-m | Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 8033: There, then, thither

whom
אֲשֶׁ֨ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

the Philistines
פְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים (pə·liš·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

came).
יָצְא֥וּ (yā·ṣə·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim
Verse 14. - And Pathrusim. Pathros in Upper Egypt. And Casluhim. The Colchians, of Egyptian origin (Bochart, Gesenius); the inhabitants of the primitive Egyptian town Chemuis, later Panoplis (Kalisch). Out of whom came Philistim. The Philistines on the Mediterranean from Egypt to Joppa, who had five principal cities - Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Gath, and Ekron. They are here described as an offshoot from Casluhim. The name has been derived from an Ethiopic root falasa, to emigrate; hence "immigrants" or "emigrants." Jeremiah 47:4 and Amos 9:7 trace the Philistines to the Caphtorim. Michaelis solves the difficulty by transposing the clause to the end of the verse; Bochart by holding the Casluhim and Caphtorim to have intermingled; Keil and Lange by the conjecture that the original tribe the Casluhim was subsequently strengthened by an immigration from Caphtor. Against the Egyptian origin of the Philistines the possession of a Shemitic tongue and the non-observance of circumcision have been urged; but the first may have been acquired from the conquered Avim whose land they occupied (Deuteronomy 2:28), and the exodus from Egypt may have taken place prior to the institution of the rite in question. And Caphtorim. Cappadocia (Bochart), Syrtis Major (Clericus), Crete (Calmer, Ewald), Cyprus (Michaelis, Rosenmüller), Coptos, Kouft or Keft, a few miles north of Thebes (Kalisch). 10:8-14 Nimrod was a great man in his day; he began to be mighty in the earth, Those before him were content to be upon the same level with their neighbours, and though every man bare rule in his own house, yet no man pretended any further. Nimrod was resolved to lord it over his neighbours. The spirit of the giants before the flood, who became mighty men, and men of renown, Ge 6:4, revived in him. Nimrod was a great hunter. Hunting then was the method of preventing the hurtful increase of wild beasts. This required great courage and address, and thus gave an opportunity for Nimrod to command others, and gradually attached a number of men to one leader. From such a beginning, it is likely, that Nimrod began to rule, and to force others to submit. He invaded his neighbours' rights and properties, and persecuted innocent men; endeavouring to make all his own by force and violence. He carried on his oppressions and violence in defiance of God himself. Nimrod was a great ruler. Some way or other, by arts or arms, he got into power, and so founded a monarchy, which was the terror of the mighty, and bid fair to rule all the world. Nimrod was a great builder. Observe in Nimrod the nature of ambition. It is boundless; much would have more, and still cries, Give, give. It is restless; Nimrod, when he had four cities under his command, could not be content till he had four more. It is expensive; Nimrod will rather be at the charge of rearing cities, than not have the honour of ruling them. It is daring, and will stick at nothing. Nimrod's name signifies rebellion; tyrants to men are rebels to God. The days are coming, when conquerors will no longer be spoken of with praise, as in man's partial histories, but be branded with infamy, as in the impartial records of the Bible.
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