Genesis 10:11
New International Version
From that land he went to Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah

New Living Translation
From there he expanded his territory to Assyria, building the cities of Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, Calah,

English Standard Version
From that land he went into Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, and

Berean Study Bible
From that land he went forth into Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah,

New American Standard Bible
From that land he went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh and Rehoboth-Ir and Calah,

King James Bible
Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,

Christian Standard Bible
From that land he went to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, Calah,

Good News Translation
From that land he went to Assyria and built the cities of Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
From that land he went to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, Calah,

International Standard Version
From there he went north to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, and Calah,

NET Bible
From that land he went to Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah,

New Heart English Bible
Out of that land he went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He went from that land to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah,

JPS Tanakh 1917
Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and Rehoboth-ir, and Calah,

New American Standard 1977
From that land he went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh and Rehoboth-Ir and Calah,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Out of that land went forth Asshur, who built Nineveh and the city Rehoboth and Calah

King James 2000 Bible
Out of that land went forth Assyria, and built Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth-Ir, and Calah,

American King James Version
Out of that land went forth Asshur, and built Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,

American Standard Version
Out of that land he went forth into Assyria, and builded Nineveh, and Rehoboth-ir, and Calah,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Out of that land came Assur, and built Ninevi, and the city Rhooboth, and Chalach,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Out of that land came forth Assur, and built Ninive, and the streets of the city, and Chale.

Darby Bible Translation
From that land went out Asshur, and built Nineveh, and Rehoboth-Ir, and Calah,

English Revised Version
Out of that land he went forth into Assyria, and builded Nineveh, and Rehoboth-Ir, and Calah,

Webster's Bible Translation
Out of that land went forth Ashur, and built Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,

World English Bible
Out of that land he went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah,

Young's Literal Translation
from that land he hath gone out to Asshur, and buildeth Nineveh, even the broad places of the city, and Calah,
Study Bible
The Hamites
10His kingdom began in Babylon, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. 11From that land he went forth into Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, 12and Resen, which is between Nineveh and the great city of Calah.…
Cross References
Genesis 10:12
and Resen, which is between Nineveh and the great city of Calah.

Isaiah 37:37
So Sennacherib king of Assyria broke camp and withdrew. He returned home to Nineveh and stayed there.

Jonah 1:2
"Arise! Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come up before Me."

Micah 5:6
And they will rule the land of Assyria with the sword, and the land of Nimrod with the blade drawn. So He will deliver us when Assyria invades our land, and tramples our citadels.

Treasury of Scripture

Out of that land went forth Asshur, and built Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,

A.

Micah 5:6
And they shall waste the land of Assyria with the sword, and the land of Nimrod in the entrances thereof: thus shall he deliver us from the Assyrian, when he cometh into our land, and when he treadeth within our borders.

Asshur.

Numbers 24:22,24
Nevertheless the Kenite shall be wasted, until Asshur shall carry thee away captive…

Ezra 4:2
Then they came to Zerubbabel, and to the chief of the fathers, and said unto them, Let us build with you: for we seek your God, as ye do; and we do sacrifice unto him since the days of Esarhaddon king of Assur, which brought us up hither.

Psalm 83:8
Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.

Nineveh.

2 Kings 19:36
So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh.

Isaiah 37:37
So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh.

Jonah 1:2
Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.

the city of.







Lexicon
From
מִן־ (min-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

that
הַהִ֖וא (ha·hi·w)
Article | Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

land
הָאָ֥רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

he went forth
יָצָ֣א (yā·ṣā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

into Assyria,
אַשּׁ֑וּר (’aš·šūr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 804: Ashshur

where he built
וַיִּ֙בֶן֙ (way·yi·ḇen)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1129: To build

Nineveh,
נִ֣ינְוֵ֔ה (nî·nə·wêh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5210: Nineveh -- capital of Assyr

Rehoboth-Ir,
רְחֹבֹ֥ת (rə·ḥō·ḇōṯ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7344: Rehoboth -- 'broad places', a well dug by Isaac, also two cities of uncertain location

Calah,
כָּֽלַח׃ (kā·laḥ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3625: Calah -- a city in Assyr
(11, 12) Out of that land went forth Asshur.--So the LXX., Syriac, and Vulg.; but the Targum and most modern authorities rightly translate, "Out of that land he went forth into Assyria." We have here nothing to do with Asshur the son of Shem (see Genesis 10:22), but are occupied with Nimrod and the Hamites, who, after firmly establishing themselves in Babylonia, subsequently extended their influence northward. This is confirmed by the cuneiform inscriptions, which prove that the southern portion of Mesopotamia was the chief seat of the Accadians, while in Assyria they came at an early date into collision with the Shemites, who drove them back, and ultimately subjugated them everywhere. It is not necessary to suppose that this spread of Hamite civilisation northward was the work of Nimrod personally; if done by his successors, it would, in Biblical language, be ascribed to its prime mover.

The Assyrian cities were:--

1. Nineveh.--So happily situated on the Tigris that it outstripped the more ancient Babylon, and for centuries even held it in subjection.

2. The City Rehoboth.--Translated by some Rehoboth-Ir, but with more probability by others, "the suburbs of the city:" that is, of Nineveh, thus denoting already the greatness of that town.

3. Calah.--A city rebuilt by Assur-natzir-pal, the father of Shalmaneser, and interesting as one of the places where the Assyrian kings established libraries (Chald. Gen., p. 26). The ruins are still called Nimroud.

4. Resen.--The "spring-head." Of this town nothing certain is known. Canon Rawlinson places it at Selamiyah (Anc. Mon., 1:204), a large village half-way between Nineveh and Calah. As the vast ruins scattered throughout Mesopotamia are those of Assyrian buildings, Resen, though "a great city" in Hamite times, might easily pass into oblivion, if never rebuilt by the conquerors.

Verse 11. - Out of that land went forth Asshur, the son of Shem (ver. 22; LXX., Vulgate, Syriac, Luther, Calvin, Michaelis, Dathe, Rosenmüller, Bohlen). i.e. the early Assyrians retired from Babylon before their Cushite. invaders, and, proceeding northward, founded the cities after mentioned; but the marginal rendering seems preferable: "Out of that land went (Nimrod) into Asshur," or Assyria, the country northeast of Babylon, through which flows the Tigris, and which had already received its name from the son of Shem (the Targums, Drusius, Bochart, Le Clerc, De Wette, Delitzsch, Keil, Kalisch, Lange, et alii). And builded Nineveh. The capital of Assyria, opposite Mosul on the Tigris, afterwards became the largest and most flourishing city of the ancient world (Jonah 3:3; Jonah 4:11), being fifty-five miles in circumference (Diod., 2:3), and is now identified with the ruins of Nehbi-yunus and Kouyunjik (Layard's 'Nineveh,' vol 2. pp. 136 ft.). And the city Rehoboth. Rehoboth-ir, literally, the streets of the city (cf. Platea, a city in Boeotia), a town of which the site is unknown. And Calah. The mounds of Nimroud (Layard and Smith), though Kalisch and Murphy prefer Kalah Shergat (about fifty miles south of Nineveh), which the former authorities identify with Asshur, the original capital of the country. 10:8-14 Nimrod was a great man in his day; he began to be mighty in the earth, Those before him were content to be upon the same level with their neighbours, and though every man bare rule in his own house, yet no man pretended any further. Nimrod was resolved to lord it over his neighbours. The spirit of the giants before the flood, who became mighty men, and men of renown, Ge 6:4, revived in him. Nimrod was a great hunter. Hunting then was the method of preventing the hurtful increase of wild beasts. This required great courage and address, and thus gave an opportunity for Nimrod to command others, and gradually attached a number of men to one leader. From such a beginning, it is likely, that Nimrod began to rule, and to force others to submit. He invaded his neighbours' rights and properties, and persecuted innocent men; endeavouring to make all his own by force and violence. He carried on his oppressions and violence in defiance of God himself. Nimrod was a great ruler. Some way or other, by arts or arms, he got into power, and so founded a monarchy, which was the terror of the mighty, and bid fair to rule all the world. Nimrod was a great builder. Observe in Nimrod the nature of ambition. It is boundless; much would have more, and still cries, Give, give. It is restless; Nimrod, when he had four cities under his command, could not be content till he had four more. It is expensive; Nimrod will rather be at the charge of rearing cities, than not have the honour of ruling them. It is daring, and will stick at nothing. Nimrod's name signifies rebellion; tyrants to men are rebels to God. The days are coming, when conquerors will no longer be spoken of with praise, as in man's partial histories, but be branded with infamy, as in the impartial records of the Bible.
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