Hosea 11:5
New International Version
"Will they not return to Egypt and will not Assyria rule over them because they refuse to repent?

New Living Translation
"But since my people refuse to return to me, they will return to Egypt and will be forced to serve Assyria.

English Standard Version
They shall not return to the land of Egypt, but Assyria shall be their king, because they have refused to return to me.

Berean Study Bible
Will they not return to the land of Egypt and be ruled by Assyria because they refused to repent?

New American Standard Bible
They will not return to the land of Egypt; But Assyria-- he will be their king Because they refused to return to Me.

King James Bible
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

Christian Standard Bible
Israel will not return to the land of Egypt and Assyria will be his king, because they refused to repent.

Contemporary English Version
But they rejected me, and so must return to Egypt; now Assyria will rule them.

Good News Translation
"They refuse to return to me, and so they must return to Egypt, and Assyria will rule them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Israel will not return to the land of Egypt and Assyria will be his king, because they refused to repent.

International Standard Version
"They will not return to the land of Egypt; instead, the Assyrian will be their king, because they kept refusing to repent.

NET Bible
They will return to Egypt! Assyria will rule over them because they refuse to repent!

New Heart English Bible
"They won't return into the land of Egypt; but the Assyrian will be their king, because they refused to repent.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"They will not return to Egypt. Instead, Assyria will rule them because they have refused to return to me.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, But the Assyrian shall be his king, Because they refused to return.

New American Standard 1977
They will not return to the land of Egypt; But Assyria—he will be their king, Because they refused to return to Me.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king because they refused to be converted.

King James 2000 Bible
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

American King James Version
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, and the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

American Standard Version
They shall not return into the land of Egypt; but the Assyrian shall be their king, because they refused to return to me .

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Ephraim dwelt in Egypt; and as for the Assyrian, he was his king, because he would not return.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king: because they would not be converted.

Darby Bible Translation
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king; for they refused to return [to me];

English Revised Version
He shall not return into the land of Egypt; but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

Webster's Bible Translation
He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

World English Bible
"They won't return into the land of Egypt; but the Assyrian will be their king, because they refused to repent.

Young's Literal Translation
He turneth not back unto the land of Egypt, And Asshur -- he is his king, For they have refused to return.
Study Bible
Out of Egypt I Called my Son
4I led with cords of kindness, with ropes of love; I lifted the yoke from their neck and bent down to feed them. 5Will they not return to the land of Egypt and be ruled by Assyria because they refused to repent? 6A sword will whirl through their cities; it will destroy the bars of their gates and consume them in their own plans.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 17:16
But the king must not acquire many horses for himself or send the people back to Egypt to acquire more horses, for the LORD has told you, 'You are never to go back that way again.'

Hosea 7:16
They turn, but not to the Most High; they are like a faulty bow. Their leaders will fall by the sword for the cursing of their tongue; for this they will be ridiculed in the land of Egypt.

Hosea 10:6
Yes, it will be carried to Assyria as tribute to the great king. Ephraim will be seized with shame and Israel ashamed of its wooden idols.

Treasury of Scripture

He shall not return into the land of Egypt, and the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

shall not.

Hosea 7:16
They return, but not to the most High: they are like a deceitful bow: their princes shall fall by the sword for the rage of their tongue: this shall be their derision in the land of Egypt.

Hosea 8:13
They sacrifice flesh for the sacrifices of mine offerings, and eat it; but the LORD accepteth them not; now will he remember their iniquity, and visit their sins: they shall return to Egypt.

Hosea 9:3,6
They shall not dwell in the LORD'S land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria…

but.

Hosea 5:13
When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.

Hosea 10:6
It shall be also carried unto Assyria for a present to king Jareb: Ephraim shall receive shame, and Israel shall be ashamed of his own counsel.

2 Kings 15:19,29
And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand…

because.

Hosea 6:1
Come, and let us return unto the LORD: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up.

2 Kings 17:13,14
Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets…

2 Kings 18:12
Because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed his covenant, and all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded, and would not hear them, nor do them.







Lexicon
Will they not
לֹ֤א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

return
יָשׁוּב֙ (yā·šūḇ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the land
אֶ֣רֶץ (’e·reṣ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

of Egypt
מִצְרַ֔יִם (miṣ·ra·yim)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa

and be ruled
מַלְכּ֑וֹ (mal·kōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

by Assyria
וְאַשּׁ֖וּר (wə·’aš·šūr)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 804: Ashshur

because
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

they refused
מֵאֲנ֖וּ (mê·’ă·nū)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3985: To refuse

to repent?
לָשֽׁוּב׃ (lā·šūḇ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again
(5) It is best, with Ewald, to take the two clauses as interrogative, Shall he not return into the land of Egypt? And shall not the Assyrian, &c.? (See Notes on Hosea 8:13; Hosea 10:3-6. Comp. also Hosea 11:11.)

Return--i.e., to God.

Verse 5. - He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return. These words sound like an announcement that the season of Divine grace, so long extended to that sin-laden people, had at length expired; and that on account of their stubborn and on-grateful rebellion against Jehovah they would be forced, to go into exile and become subject to the monarch of Assyria.

(1) They had been threatened with a return to Egypt and its bondage in Hosea 8:13, "They shall return to Egypt;" and Hosea 9:3, "Ephraim shall return to Egypt;" vet now God, without any change of purpose, changes his mode of procedure, not allowing them to return to Egypt, but dooming them to a worse bondage under the Assyrians.

(2) Having been tributary to Assyria from the time of Menahem, they had revolted and applied to Egypt for help; now, however, no help would be permitted to come from Egypt nor even an opportunity of applying for it allowed. The power of Assyria would be paramount; instead, therefore, of native kings and Egyptian auxiliaries, Israel would have to submit to that iron yoke. However desirous of returning to Egypt, they would have neither the power nor the privilege of doing so. And this poor privilege of a choice of masters they were refused as a just retribution, because they had not repented of their sin and returned to God. Various methods have been resorted to, to harmonize the apparent contradiction alluded to, that is, between the affirmative and negative statements about Israel's return into Egypt.

(1) Dathe, Eichhorn, and De Wette agree with the LXX. in reading לו instead of לא, and connecting it with the preceding verse; but the other versions, as well as the manuscripts, support the received text.

(2) Jerome and Rosenmüller explain it of the people's desire to conclude an alliance with Egypt in order to throw off the yoke of Assyria, being frustrated by the superior power of the latter; thus the sense is that they shall not return any more to Egypt, as they had lately done by their ambassadors, to seek help from that land or its people. Then he assigns the reason why they would not again send ambassadors to Egypt for the purpose indicated, because the Assyrian alone would be their king. The objection to this is that lo yashubu must refer to the whole people rather than to their ambassador going to and fro between the countries.

(3) Ewald, Maurer, and others cut the knot by taking lo interrogatively, as if it were halo, and thus equivalent to an affirmative, i.e. "Shall they not return to Egypt and the Assyrian be their king?" The expected answer would be in the affirmative. Neither grammar nor context sanctions this interrogative sense.

(4) According to Hitzig, Keil, Simson, and others, we are to understand Egypt in the previous places, viz. Hosea 8:13 and Hosea 9:3, as received of the land of bondage, where in the present passage the typical sense is inadmissible, owing to the contrast with Assyria. Into Egypt Israel should not return, lest the object of the Exodus might seem frustrated, but a worse lot lay before them - another and harder bondage awaited them; the King of Assyria would be their king and reign over them, and all because of their impenitence and refusal to return to Jehovah. The following is the explanation of Kimchi: "They should not have returned to the land of Egypt to seek help; I had already said to them, 'Ye shall henceforth return no more that way;' for if they had returned to me, they would not have needed help from Egypt. And against their will Assyria rules over them, and they serve him and send him a present year by year. And why is all this? Because they refused, etc.; as if he said (they refused) to return to me; for if they had returned to me, foreign kings (literally, 'kings of the nations') would not have ruled ever them, but they would have ruled over the nations as they had done in the days of David and Solomon, when they did my will; and so have I assured them, 'Thou shall reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over thee.'" The root of מאן is cognate with מנע, to hold back, refuse; the le strengthens the connection of the objectival infinitive with the governing verb; the ellipsis of אֵלֶי is obvious. 11:1-7 When Israel were weak and helpless as children, foolish and froward as children, then God loved them; he bore them as the nurse does the sucking child, nourished them, and suffered their manners. All who are grown up, ought often to reflect upon the goodness of God to them in their childhood. He took care of them, took pains with them, not only as a father, or a tutor, but as a mother, or nurse. When they were in the wilderness, God showed them the way in which they should go, and bore them up, taking them by the arms. He taught them the way of his commandments by the ceremonial law given by Moses. He took them by the arms, to guide them, that they might not stray, and to hold them up, that they might not stumble and fall. God's spiritual Israel are all thus supported. It is God's work to draw poor souls to himself; and none can come to him except he draw them. With bands of love; this word signifies stronger cords than the former. He eased them of the burdens they had long groaned under. Israel is very ungrateful to God. God's counsels would have saved them, but their own counsels ruined them. They backslide; there is no hold of them, no stedfastness in them. They backslide from me, from God, the chief good. They are bent to backslide; they are ready to sin; they are forward to close with every temptation. Their hearts are fully set in them to do evil. Those only are truly happy, whom the Lord teaches by his Spirit, upholds by his power, and causes to walk in his ways. By his grace he takes away the love and dominion of sin, and creates a desire for the blessed feast of the gospel, that they may feed thereon, and live for ever.
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