Jonah 1:2
New International Version
"Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come up before me."

New Living Translation
"Get up and go to the great city of Nineveh. Announce my judgment against it because I have seen how wicked its people are."

English Standard Version
“Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it, for their evil has come up before me.”

Berean Study Bible
“Arise! Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come up before Me.”

New American Standard Bible
"Arise, go to Nineveh the great city and cry against it, for their wickedness has come up before Me."

King James Bible
Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.

Christian Standard Bible
"Get up! Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it because their evil has come up before me."

Contemporary English Version
to go to the great city of Nineveh and say to the people, "The LORD has seen your terrible sins. You are doomed!"

Good News Translation
He said, "Go to Nineveh, that great city, and speak out against it; I am aware of how wicked its people are."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Get up! Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because their wickedness has confronted Me."

International Standard Version
"Get up and go to Nineveh, that great city! Then cry out in protest against it, because their evil has come to my attention."

NET Bible
"Go immediately to Nineveh, that large capital city, and announce judgment against its people because their wickedness has come to my attention."

New Heart English Bible
"Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and proclaim against it, for their wickedness has come up before me."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Leave at once for the important city, Nineveh. Announce to the people that I can no longer overlook the wicked things they have done."

JPS Tanakh 1917
Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and proclaim against it; for their wickedness is come up before Me.'

New American Standard 1977
“Arise, go to Nineveh the great city, and cry against it, for their wickedness has come up before Me.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.

King James 2000 Bible
Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness has come up before me.

American King James Version
Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.

American Standard Version
Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Rise, and go to Nineve, the great city, and preach in it; for the cry of its wickedness is come up to me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Arise, and go to Ninive the great city, and preach in it: for the wickedness thereof is come up before me.

Darby Bible Translation
Arise, go to Nineveh, the great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.

English Revised Version
Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.

World English Bible
"Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach against it, for their wickedness has come up before me."

Young's Literal Translation
'Rise, go unto Nineveh, the great city, and proclaim against it that their wickedness hath come up before Me.'
Study Bible
Jonah Flees From the LORD
1Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah son of Amittai, saying, 2“Arise! Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come up before Me.” 3Jonah, however, got up and fled to Tarshish, away from the presence of the LORD. He went down to Joppa and found a ship bound for Tarshish. So he paid the fare and went aboard to sail for Tarshish, away from the presence of the LORD.…
Cross References
Matthew 12:41
The men of Nineveh will stand at the judgment with this generation and condemn it; for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and now One greater than Jonah is here.

Genesis 10:11
From that land he went forth into Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah,

Genesis 18:20
Then the LORD said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is great. Because their sin is so grievous,

2 Kings 19:36
So Sennacherib king of Assyria broke camp and withdrew. He returned to Nineveh and stayed there.

Isaiah 37:37
So Sennacherib king of Assyria broke camp and withdrew. He returned home to Nineveh and stayed there.

Isaiah 58:1
"Cry aloud, do not hold back! Raise your voice like a trumpet. Declare to My people their transgression and to the house of Jacob their sins.

Jeremiah 20:9
If I say, "I will not mention Him or speak any more in His name," His message becomes a fire burning in my heart, shut up in my bones, and I become weary of holding it in, and I cannot prevail.

Ezekiel 3:5
For you are not being sent to a people of unfamiliar speech or difficult language, but to the house of Israel--

Hosea 7:2
But they fail to consider in their hearts that I remember all their evil. Now their deeds are all around them; they are before My face.

Jonah 3:3
This time Jonah got up and went to Nineveh in accordance with the word of the LORD. Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, a three-day journey to cross.

Nahum 1:1
This is the oracle of Nineveh, the book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite:

Zephaniah 2:13
And He will stretch out His hand against the north and destroy Assyria; He will make Nineveh a desolation, as dry as a desert.

Treasury of Scripture

Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.

Nineveh.

Jonah 3:2
Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee.

Jonah 4:11
And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle?

Genesis 10:11
Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,

cry.

Jonah 3:2
Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee.

Isaiah 58:1
Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.

Jeremiah 1:7-10
But the LORD said unto me, Say not, I am a child: for thou shalt go to all that I shall send thee, and whatsoever I command thee thou shalt speak…

for.

Genesis 18:20,21
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous; …

Ezra 9:6
And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens.

James 5:4
Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.







Lexicon
“Arise!
ק֠וּם (qūm)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

Go
לֵ֧ךְ (lêḵ)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the great
הַגְּדוֹלָ֖ה (hag·gə·ḏō·w·lāh)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

city
הָעִ֥יר (hā·‘îr)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement

of Nineveh
נִֽינְוֵ֛ה (nî·nə·wêh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5210: Nineveh -- capital of Assyr

and preach
וּקְרָ֣א (ū·qə·rā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7121: To call, proclaim, read

against it,
עָלֶ֑יהָ (‘ā·le·hā)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

because
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

its wickedness
רָעָתָ֖ם (rā·‘ā·ṯām)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

has come up
עָלְתָ֥ה (‘ā·lə·ṯāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

before Me.”
לְפָנָֽי׃ (lə·p̄ā·nāy)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face
(2) Nineveh, that great city.--The size of Nineveh is throughout the book brought into prominent notice. (See Jonah 3:2-3; Jonah 4:11.) The traditions preserved in Greek and Roman writers dwell on the same feature; and modern researches among the huge mounds scattered along the left bank of the Tigris more than confirm the impression produced on the ancient world by the city, or rather group of cities, buried beneath them. (Comp. Genesis 10:11.)

Cry.--A common word for a proclamation by a herald or a prophet. (Comp. Isaiah 40:6, &c.) The English word, in the sense of "proclaim," lingers in the term "public crier."

For their wickedness is come up before me.--"Every iniquity has its own voice at the hidden judgment seat of God" (S. Gregory, Mor. v. 20; quoted by Pusey). But, as Pusey remarks, the Hebrew implies especially evil-doing against others, that violence which in Jonah 3:8 is recognised by the Ninevites themselves as their characteristic sin.

Verse 2. - Nineveh, the capital of the kingdom of Assyria, is first mentioned in Genesis 10:11, as founded by Nimrod. It stood on the left bank of the river Tigris, where it is joined by the Khosr, opposite to the present town of Mosul. The Assyrians had already become known in Syria. In B.C. 854 Shal-maneser II. had defeated at Karkar twelve kings confederate against him, among whom is reckoned Ahab King of Israel. Long before his time, Tiglath-Pileser I. had made a great expedition to the west, captured a town at the foot of Lebanon, and reached the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Jehu was compelled to pay tribute to the Assyrians; and Rimmon-nirari, who reigned from B.C. 810 to 781, held the suzerainty of Phoenicia, Samaria, Edom, and Philistia. Jonah, therefore, knew well what his country might expect at the hands of this people. That great city. It is thus called in Jonah 3:2, 3; Jonah 4:11; and the epithet is added here in order to show to Jonah the importance of his mission. The size of Nineveh is variously estimated according to the sense attached to the name "Nineveh." This appellation may be restricted to Nineveh proper, or it may comprise the four cities which lay close together in the immediate neighbourhood of each other, and whose remains are now known as the mounds of Kouyunjik, on the southwest, directly opposite to Mosul; Nimrud, about eighteen miles to the southeast; Karamless, twelve miles to the north; and Khorsabad, the most northerly, about the same distance both from Karamless and Kouyunjik. Khorsabad, however, was not built till some hundred years after Jonah's time (Schrader, 'Keilinschr.,' p. 448). These cities are contained in an irregular parallelogram of some sixty miles in circumference. The following account of Nineveh proper is derived from Professor Rawlinson, 'Ancient Monarchies,' 1:252, etc.: "The ruins consist of two principal mounds, Nebbiyunus and Kouyunjik. The Kouyunjik mound, which lies nearly half a mile northwest of the others, is very much the more considerable of the two. Its shape is an irregular oval, elongated to a point towards the northeast. The surface is nearly flat; the sides slope at a steep angle, and are furrowed with numerous ravines worn in the soft material by the rains of some thirty centuries. The greatest height above the plain is ninety feet, and the area is estimated at a hundred acres. It is an artificial eminence, computed to contain 14,500,000 tons of earth, and on it were erected the palaces and temples of the Assyrian monarchs. The mound of Nebbi-yunus is at its base nearly triangular, and covers an area of nearly forty acres. It is loftier, and its sides are more precipitous than Kouyunjik, especially on the west, where it abutted on the wall of the city. The mass of earth is calculated at six and a half millions of tons. These two vast mounds are both in the same line, and abutted on the western wall of the city, which was some two and a half miles in length. Anciently it seems to have immediately overhung the Tigris, but the river has now receded to the west, leaving a plain of nearly a mile in width between its bank and the old rampart which evidently once followed the course of the river bank. The western wall is joined at fight angles by the northern rampart which runs in a straight line for seven thousand feet. At its other extremity the western wall forms a very obtuse angle with the southern, which impends over a deep ravine, and runs in a straight line for about a thousand yards, when it meets the eastern wall, which is the longest and the least regular of the four. The entire length of this side is sixteen thousand feet, or above three miles. It is divided into two portions by. the Stream of the Khosr-su; which, coming from the northwest, finds its way through the city and then across the low plain to the Tigris. The town is thus of an oblong shape, and the circuit of its walls is somewhat less than eight miles, and the area which they include is eighteen hundred acres. This, at the computation of something less than one hundred inhabitants per acre, would ascribe to Nineveh a population of one hundred and seventy-five thousand souls" (Rawlinson, 'Anc. Men.,' 1. ch. 1). Cry against it. The message is given in Jonah 3:4. Thus the knowledge of the true God is made known among the Gentiles. Their wickedness; i.e., as Pusey notes, their evil doing towards others, as in Nahum 3:19 (see Introduction, § I.). Is come up before me, and appeals for punishment, as Genesis 4:10; Genesis 18:20, 21; Septuagint, Ἀνέβη ἡ κραυγή τῆς κακίας αὐτής πρὸς μέ, "The cry of its wickedness is come up unto me." 1:1-3. It is sad to think how much sin is committed in great cities. Their wickedness, as that of Nineveh, is a bold and open affront to God. Jonah must go at once to Nineveh, and there, on the spot, cry against the wickedness of it. Jonah would not go. Probably there are few among us who would not have tried to decline such a mission. Providence seemed to give him an opportunity to escape; we may be out of the way of duty, and yet may meet with a favourable gale. The ready way is not always the right way. See what the best of men are, when God leaves them to themselves; and what need we have, when the word of the Lord comes to us, to have the Spirit of the Lord to bring every thought within us into obedience.
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