Joel 3:13
New International Version
Swing the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, trample the grapes, for the winepress is full and the vats overflow-- so great is their wickedness!"

New Living Translation
Swing the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, tread the grapes, for the winepress is full. The storage vats are overflowing with the wickedness of these people."

English Standard Version
Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Go in, tread, for the winepress is full. The vats overflow, for their evil is great.

Berean Study Bible
Swing the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, trample the grapes, for the winepress is full; the wine vats overflow because their wickedness is great.

New American Standard Bible
Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, tread, for the wine press is full; The vats overflow, for their wickedness is great.

King James Bible
Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their wickedness is great.

Christian Standard Bible
Swing the sickle because the harvest is ripe. Come and trample the grapes because the winepress is full; the wine vats overflow because the wickedness of the nations is extreme.

Contemporary English Version
They are a field of ripe crops. Bring in the harvest! They are grapes piled high. Start trampling them now! If our enemy's sins were wine, every jar would overflow.

Good News Translation
They are very wicked; cut them down like grain at harvest time; crush them as grapes are crushed in a full wine press until the wine runs over."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Swing the sickle because the harvest is ripe. Come and trample the grapes because the winepress is full; the wine vats overflow because the wickedness of the nations is great.

International Standard Version
Put in the sickle, because the harvest is ripe. Come and go down, because the winepress is full. The wine vats are overflowing, because their evil is great!

NET Bible
Rush forth with the sickle, for the harvest is ripe! Come, stomp the grapes, for the winepress is full! The vats overflow. Indeed, their evil is great!

New Heart English Bible
Put in the sickle; for the harvest is ripe. Come, tread, for the winepress is full, the vats overflow, for their wickedness is great."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Cut them down like grain. The harvest is ripe. Stomp on them as you would stomp on grapes. The winepress is full. The vats overflow. The nations are very wicked.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Put ye in the sickle, For the harvest is ripe; Come, tread ye, For the winepress is full, the vats overflow; For their wickedness is great.

New American Standard 1977
Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, tread, for the wine press is full; The vats overflow, for their wickedness is great.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Put in the sickle for the harvest is ripe; come, go down for the press is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great.

King James 2000 Bible
Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great.

American King James Version
Put you in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their wickedness is great.

American Standard Version
Put ye in the sickle; for the harvest is ripe: come, tread ye; for the winepress is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Bring forth the sickles, for the vintage is come: go in, tread the grapes, for the press is full: cause the vats to overflow; for their wickedness is multiplied.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Put ye in the sickles, for the harvest is ripe: come and go down, for the press is full, the fats run over: for their wickedness is multiplied.

Darby Bible Translation
Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down, for the press is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great.

English Revised Version
Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, tread ye; for the winepress is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great.

Webster's Bible Translation
Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, go down; for the press is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great.

World English Bible
Put in the sickle; for the harvest is ripe. Come, tread, for the winepress is full, the vats overflow, for their wickedness is great."

Young's Literal Translation
Send ye forth a sickle, For ripened hath harvest, Come in, come down, for filled hath been the press, Overflowed hath wine-presses, For great is their wickedness.
Study Bible
The LORD Judges the Nations
12Let the nations be roused and advance into the Valley of Jehoshaphat, for there I will sit down to judge all the nations on every side. 13Swing the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, trample the grapes, for the winepress is full; the wine vats overflow because their wickedness is great. 14Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision! For the Day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision.…
Cross References
Mark 4:29
And as soon as the grain is ripe, he swings the sickle, because the harvest has come."

Revelation 14:14
And I looked and saw a white cloud, and seated on the cloud was One like the Son of Man, with a golden crown on His head and a sharp sickle in His hand.

Revelation 14:15
Then another angel came out of the temple, crying out in a loud voice to the One seated on the cloud, "Swing Your sickle and reap, because the time has come to harvest; for the crop of the earth is ripe."

Revelation 14:18
Still another angel, with authority over the fire, came from the altar and called out in a loud voice to the angel with the sharp sickle, "Swing your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of grapes from the vine of the earth, because its grapes are ripe."

Revelation 14:19
So the angel swung his sickle over the earth and gathered the grapes of the earth, and he threw them into the great winepress of God's wrath.

Revelation 14:20
And the winepress was trodden outside the city, and the blood that flowed from it rose as high as the bridles of the horses, for a distance of 1,600 stadia.

Revelation 19:15
And from His mouth proceeds a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and He will rule them with an iron scepter. He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God, the Almighty.

Genesis 18:20
Then the LORD said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is great. Because their sin is so grievous,

Isaiah 17:5
as the reaper gathers the standing grain and harvests the ears with his arm, as one gleans heads of grain in the Valley of Rephaim.

Isaiah 63:3
"I have trodden the winepress alone, and no one from the nations was with Me. I trampled them in My anger and trod them underfoot in My fury; their blood spattered My garments, and all My clothes were stained.

Jeremiah 51:33
For this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: "The Daughter Babylon is like a threshing floor at the time it is trampled. In just a little while her harvest time will come."

Lamentations 1:15
The Lord has rejected all the warriors in my midst; He has summoned an army against me to crush my young warriors. Like grapes in a winepress the Lord has trampled the Virgin Daughter of Judah.

Hosea 6:11
Also for you, O Judah, a harvest is appointed, when I will restore My people from captivity.

Treasury of Scripture

Put you in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their wickedness is great.

the sickle.

Deuteronomy 16:9
Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn.

Mark 4:29
But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come.

Revelation 14:15,16
And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe…

the harvest.

Jeremiah 51:33
For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter of Babylon is like a threshingfloor, it is time to thresh her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come.

Hosea 6:11
Also, O Judah, he hath set an harvest for thee, when I returned the captivity of my people.

Matthew 13:39
The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

for the press.

Isaiah 63:3
I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.

Lamentations 1:15
The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty men in the midst of me: he hath called an assembly against me to crush my young men: the Lord hath trodden the virgin, the daughter of Judah, as in a winepress.

Revelation 14:17-20
And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle…

for their.

Genesis 13:13
But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.

Genesis 15:16
But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

Genesis 18:20
And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;







Lexicon
Swing
שִׁלְח֣וּ (šil·ḥū)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

the sickle,
מַגָּ֔ל (mag·gāl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4038: A sickle

for
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

the harvest
קָצִ֑יר (qā·ṣîr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7105: Severed, harvest, the crop, the time, the reaper, a limb

is ripe.
בָשַׁ֖ל (ḇā·šal)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1310: To boil up, cooking, to ripen

Come,
בֹּ֤אֽוּ (bō·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

trample the grapes,
רְדוּ֙ (rə·ḏū)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3381: To come or go down, descend

for
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

the winepress
גַּ֔ת (gaṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1660: A wine-press

is full;
מָ֣לְאָה (mā·lə·’āh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4390: To fill, be full of

the wine vats
הַיְקָבִ֔ים (hay·qā·ḇîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3342: A trough, a wine-vat

overflow
הֵשִׁ֙יקוּ֙ (hê·šî·qū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 7783: To run after, over, overflow

because
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

their wickedness
רָעָתָֽם׃ (rā·‘ā·ṯām)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

is great.
רַבָּ֖ה (rab·bāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7227: Much, many, great
(13) Put ye in the sickle.--In the enthusiasm of his vision the prophet crowds together metaphors to intensify the description of the coming encounter between Jehovah and the enemies of His people. It is represented by the judgment seat, the harvest, and the vintage. The hour of judgment has arrived--Jehovah Himself is judge. The harvest-time, which is the end of the world, has come--let the angel-reapers put in their sickle. In the wine-press the grapes are gathered in--let the labourers hasten to press the juice out with their feet.

Verse 13. - The just decision being come to, and the righteous sentence passed, the execution follows. Jehovah's mighty ones are summoned to execute it. By the mighty ones or heroes of Jehovah are meant his heavenly hosts or angels; thus Kimchi says, "Thy mighty ones are the angels;" so also Aben Ezra.

(1) The execution of Jehovah's command is represented under a double figure, that of reaping grain in harvest or treading grapes in the vintage. Similarly in Revelation 14:15, 18, we find the two figures - that of reaping the ripe grain, and of gathering the grapes and treading them. The ripeness of the grain and of the grapes is here, perhaps, the prominent idea. "He compares," says Kimchi, "those nations to the produce which is ripe, and its time for harvesting has approached, that man should thrust in the sickle to reap it. So with respect to these nations, their season to die by the sword in this valley has arrived."

(2) Hitzig conceives that the twofold command of Jehovah is to cut off the grapes and then tread them in the wine-press. He proceeds on the wrong assumption that qatsir, harvest, is employed in the sense of batsir, vintage; that maggal (from nagal, unused to cut, pierce, wound) is for mazmerah, the hook of the vinedresser; while bashal, ripe, which he restricts to grapes, applies to grapes and corn alike. The passage in Revelation already cited decides us in favour of (1), the judgment being represented first by the reaping of ripened grain, and then by treading grapes in the wine-press. The verb רְדו, from radah, to trample underfoot, and not from yarad, to descend, is more poetic and emphatic than the usual דרד; though Kimchi maintains the contrary, saying, "Descend ye into this valley, for it is as it were the press which is full of grapes, when it is fit to tread them; so ye house of Israel, tread these nations in this valley, and thrust in among them the sword." The fulness of the vats, again, represents the masses of the sinful nations ripe and ready for destruction; what the wine-press is to the grapes, the wine-press of God's wrath is to the wicked. 3:9-17 Here is a challenge to all the enemies of God's people. There is no escaping God's judgments; hardened sinners, in that day of wrath, shall be cut off from all comfort and joy. Most of the prophets foretell the same final victory of the church of God over all that oppose it. To the wicked it will be a terrible day, but to the righteous it will be a joyful day. What cause have those who possess an interest in Christ, to glory in their Strength and their Redeemer! The acceptable year of the Lord, a day of such great favour to some, will be a day of remarkable vengeance to others: let every one that is out of Christ awake, and flee from the wrath to come.
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