2 Timothy 4:2
New International Version
Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage--with great patience and careful instruction.

New Living Translation
Preach the word of God. Be prepared, whether the time is favorable or not. Patiently correct, rebuke, and encourage your people with good teaching.

English Standard Version
preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and teaching.

Berean Study Bible
Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and encourage with every form of patient instruction.

Berean Literal Bible
Preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; convict, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and instruction.

New American Standard Bible
preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction.

King James Bible
Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

Christian Standard Bible
Preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; rebuke, correct, and encourage with great patience and teaching.

Contemporary English Version
to preach God's message. Do it willingly, even if it isn't the popular thing to do. You must correct people and point out their sins. But also cheer them up, and when you instruct them, always be patient.

Good News Translation
to preach the message, to insist upon proclaiming it (whether the time is right or not), to convince, reproach, and encourage, as you teach with all patience.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Proclaim the message; persist in it whether convenient or not; rebuke, correct, and encourage with great patience and teaching.

International Standard Version
to proclaim the message. Be ready to do this whether or not the time is convenient. Refute, warn, and encourage with the utmost patience when you teach.

NET Bible
Preach the message, be ready whether it is convenient or not, reprove, rebuke, exhort with complete patience and instruction.

New Heart English Bible
proclaim the word; be urgent in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with all patience and teaching.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Preach the word and stand with diligence, in season and out of season; reprove and rebuke with all long-suffering and teaching.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Be ready to spread the word whether or not the time is right. Point out errors, warn people, and encourage them. Be very patient when you teach.

New American Standard 1977
preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with great patience and instruction.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Preach the word; be instant in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

King James 2000 Bible
Preach the word; be diligent in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

American King James Version
Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine.

American Standard Version
preach the word; be urgent in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Preach the word: be instant in season, out of season: reprove, entreat, rebuke in all patience and doctrine.

Darby Bible Translation
proclaim the word; be urgent in season [and] out of season, convict, rebuke, encourage, with all longsuffering and doctrine.

English Revised Version
preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.

Webster's Bible Translation
Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine.

Weymouth New Testament
proclaim God's message, be zealous in season and out of season; convince, rebuke, encourage, with the utmost patience as a teacher.

World English Bible
preach the word; be urgent in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with all patience and teaching.

Young's Literal Translation
preach the word; be earnest in season, out of season, convict, rebuke, exhort, in all long-suffering and teaching,
Study Bible
Preach the Word
1I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead, and in view of His appearing and His kingdom: 2Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and encourage with every form of patient instruction. 3For the time will come when men will not tolerate sound doctrine, but with itching ears they will gather around themselves teachers to suit their own desires.…
Cross References
Galatians 6:6
However, the one who receives instruction in the word must share in all good things with his instructor.

Colossians 4:3
as you pray also for us, that God may open to us a door for the word, so that we may proclaim the mystery of Christ, for which I am in chains.

1 Thessalonians 1:6
And you became imitators of us and of the Lord when you welcomed the message with the joy of the Holy Spirit, in spite of your great suffering.

1 Timothy 5:20
But those who persist in sin should be rebuked in front of everyone, so that the others will stand in fear of sin.

2 Timothy 3:10
You, however, have observed my teaching, my conduct, my purpose, my faith, my patience, my love, my endurance,

Titus 1:13
This testimony is true. Therefore rebuke them sternly, so that they will be sound in the faith

Titus 2:15
Speak these things as you encourage and rebuke with all authority. Let no one despise you.

Treasury of Scripture

Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine.

Preach.

Psalm 40:9
I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, thou knowest.

Isaiah 61:1-3
The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; …

Jonah 3:2
Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee.

See on

Colossians 1:25,28
Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God which is given to me for you, to fulfil the word of God; …

be.

Luke 7:4,23
And when they came to Jesus, they besought him instantly, saying, That he was worthy for whom he should do this: …

Acts 13:5
And when they were at Salamis, they preached the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews: and they had also John to their minister.

Romans 12:12
Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer;

in.

John 4:6-10,32-34
Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour…

Acts 16:13,31-33
And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither

Acts 20:7,18-21
And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight…

reprove.

Colossians 1:28,29
Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus: …

1 Thessalonians 2:11,12
As ye know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a father doth his children, …

1 Thessalonians 5:14
Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men.

exhort.

1 Timothy 4:13
Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.







Lexicon
Preach
κήρυξον (kēryxon)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2784: To proclaim, herald, preach. Of uncertain affinity; to herald, especially divine truth.

the
τὸν (ton)
Article - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

word;
λόγον (logon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3056: From lego; something said; by implication, a topic, also reasoning or motive; by extension, a computation; specially, the Divine Expression.

be prepared
ἐπίστηθι (epistēthi)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2186: To stand by, be urgent, befall one (as of evil), be at hand, impend. From epi and histemi; to stand upon, i.e. Be present.

in season
εὐκαίρως (eukairōs)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 2122: Opportunely, in season, conveniently. Adverb from eukairos; opportunely.

[and] out of season;
ἀκαίρως (akairōs)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 171: Unseasonably, out of due season, inopportunely. Adverb from the same as akaireomai; inopportunely.

reprove,
ἔλεγξον (elenxon)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1651: (a) I reprove, rebuke, discipline, (b) I expose, show to be guilty. Of uncertain affinity; to confute, admonish.

rebuke,
ἐπιτίμησον (epitimēson)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2008: From epi and timao; to tax upon, i.e. Censure or admonish; by implication, forbid.

[and] encourage
παρακάλεσον (parakaleson)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3870: From para and kaleo; to call near, i.e. Invite, invoke.

with
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

every [ form of]
πάσῃ (pasē)
Adjective - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

patient
μακροθυμίᾳ (makrothymia)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3115: Patience, forbearance, longsuffering. From the same as makrothumos; longanimity, i.e. forbearance or fortitude.

instruction.
διδαχῇ (didachē)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1322: Teaching, doctrine, what is taught. From didasko; instruction.
(2) Preach the word.--The language of the original here is abrupt and emphatic, written evidently under strong emotion and with intense earnestness. St. Paul charged his friend and successor with awful solemnity, as we have seen, "preach," or proclaim. loudly and publicly, as a herald would announce the accession of his king. The exact opposite to what St. Paul would urge on Timothy is described by Isa. (Isaiah 56:10), when he speaks of God's watchmen as "dumb dogs, who cannot bark, sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber."

Be instant in season, out of season.--Some difference exists between commentators respecting the exact meaning to be given to the Greek word translated "be instant." Some would give it the sense of drawing nigh to, and as it is not specified in the text to whom Timothy should draw nigh, they supply from the context "the brethren," those to whom the word is preached: "draw near to Christian assemblies." It seems, however, best to understand this rather difficult word as an injunction to Timothy to be earnest and urgent generally in the whole work of his ministry: "Press on, in season, out of season."

In season, out of season.--In other words, "For thy work, set apart no definite and fixed hours, no appointed times. Thy work must be done at all hours, at all times. Thy work has to be done not only when thou art in church, not merely in times of security and peace, but it must be carried on, in the midst of dangers, even if thou art a prisoner and in chains, even if death threaten thee."

So Chrysostom--who also uses St. Paul's words here as an urgent call to ministers to labour on in spite of discouragement and apparent failure--telling them in his own bright, eloquent way, how fountains still flow on, though no one goes to them to draw water, and rivers still run on, though no one drinks at them.

Augustine asks and answers the question to whom "in season" and to whom "out of season" refers: "in season" to those willing, "out of season" to the unwilling. This, however, only touches a portion of the thought of St. Paul, who urges on God's true servants a restless, sleepless earnestness, which struggles on with the Master's work in spite of bodily weakness and discouragement, in face of dangers and the bitterest opposition.

Reprove.--Not merely those erring in doctrine, but generally those who are blameworthy: "Was tadelnswerthist."

Rebuke.--A sharper and more severe word than the preceding. It is used by St. Jude 1:9, in his report of the words addressed by St. Michael to the devil: "The Lord rebuke thee." It frequently occurs in the Gospels. (See, for instance, Matthew 17:18, "And Jesus rebuked the devil.")

Exhort.--Not only is he to remember ceaselessly to watch over the flock, and to reprove and rebuke the erring and sinners, but also with no less diligence to speak comfortable words of encouragement and hope to all, especially the dispirited and sad-hearted.

With all longsuffering and doctrine.--The word translated "doctrine" signifies, rather, teaching. He must reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all gentleness and patience; and in all this he must take care that "teaching"--the teaching which is right, and true, and full of hope--accompanies his rebuke and his words of comfort.

Verse 2. - Teaching for doctrine, A.V. Preach the Word (κήρυξον τὸν λόγον). It is impossible to exaggerate the dignity and importance here given to preaching by its being made the subject of so solemn and awful an adjuration as that in ver. 1 (compare the designation of κήρυξ which St. Paul gives to himself in 1 Timothy 2:7; 2 Timothy 1:11). Be instant (ἐπίστηθι). The force of the exhortation must be found, not in the verb itself taken alone, but by coupling εὐκαίρως ἀκαίρως closely with it. Be at your work, attend to it always, in and out of season; let nothing stop you; be always ready, always at hand. Reprove (ἔλεγξον); see 2 Timothy 3:16, note (comp. Matthew 18:15; Ephesians 5:11; 1 Timothy 5:20). Generally with the idea of bringing the fault home to the offender. Rebuke (ἐπιτίμησον); a stronger word than ἔλεγξον, implying more of authority and less of argument (Matthew 8:26: 17:18; Luke 19:39; Jude 1:9, etc.). Exhort (παρακάλεσον). Sometimes the sense of "exhort," and sometimes that of "comfort," predominates (see 1 Timothy 2:1; 1 Timothy 6:2, etc.). Every way of strengthening and establishing souls in the fear and love of God is to be tried, and that with all long suffering and teaching. (For μακροθυμία, see ch. 3:10, note.) For "teaching" or "doctrine" (διδαχή), St. Paul more frequently uses διδασκαλία in the pastoral Epistles (1 Timothy 1:10; 1 Timothy 4:6, 13, 16; 1 Timothy 5:17; ch. 3:10, 16, etc.); but there does not seem to be any great difference of meaning. Possibly διδαχή points more to the act of teaching. The use of it here, coupled with "long suffering," directs that the man of God, whether he preaches, reproves, rebukes, or exhorts, is always to be a patient teacher of God's Word and truth. 4:1-5 People will turn away from the truth, they will grow weary of the plain gospel of Christ, they will be greedy of fables, and take pleasure in them. People do so when they will not endure that preaching which is searching, plain, and to the purpose. Those who love souls must be ever watchful, must venture and bear all the painful effects of their faithfulness, and take all opportunities of making known the pure gospel.
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