Nahum 1:1
New International Version
A prophecy concerning Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

New Living Translation
This message concerning Nineveh came as a vision to Nahum, who lived in Elkosh.

English Standard Version
An oracle concerning Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum of Elkosh.

Berean Study Bible
This is the oracle of Nineveh, the book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite:

New American Standard Bible
The oracle of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

King James Bible
The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

Christian Standard Bible
The pronouncement concerning Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

Contemporary English Version
I am Nahum from Elkosh. And this is the message that I wrote down about Nineveh.

Good News Translation
This is a message about Nineveh, the account of a vision seen by Nahum, who was from Elkosh.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The oracle concerning Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

International Standard Version
A pronouncement about Nineveh: The record of the vision of Nahum from Elkosh.

NET Bible
The oracle against Nineveh; the book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite:

New Heart English Bible
An oracle about Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is a revelation from the LORD about Nineveh. This book contains the vision of Nahum from Elkosh.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

New American Standard 1977
The oracle of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

King James 2000 Bible
The burden concerning Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkohshite.

American King James Version
The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

American Standard Version
The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The burden of Nineve: the book of the vision of Naum the Elkesite.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The burden of Ninive. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elcesite.

Darby Bible Translation
The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

English Revised Version
The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

Webster's Bible Translation
The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite,

World English Bible
An oracle about Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

Young's Literal Translation
Burden of Nineveh. The Book of the Vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.
Study Bible
The Oracle of Nineveh
1This is the oracle of Nineveh, the book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite: 2The LORD is a jealous and avenging God; the LORD is avenging and full of wrath. The LORD takes vengeance on His foes and reserves wrath for His enemies.…
Cross References
2 Kings 19:36
So Sennacherib king of Assyria broke camp and withdrew. He returned to Nineveh and stayed there.

Isaiah 13:1
This is an oracle concerning Babylon that Isaiah son of Amoz received:

Isaiah 19:1
This is an oracle concerning Egypt: Behold, the LORD rides on a swift cloud; He is coming to Egypt. The idols of Egypt will tremble before Him, and the hearts of the Egyptians will melt within them.

Jeremiah 23:33
"Now when this people, or a prophet or a priest, asks you, 'What is the oracle of the LORD?' you are to say to them: 'What oracle? I will forsake you, declares the LORD.'

Jeremiah 23:34
As for the prophet or priest or anyone who claims, 'This is the oracle of the LORD,' I will punish that man and his household.

Jonah 1:2
"Arise! Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come up before Me."

Nahum 2:8
Nineveh has been like a pool of water throughout her days, but now it is draining away. "Stop! Stop!" they cry, but no one turns back.

Habakkuk 1:1
This is the oracle that Habakkuk the prophet received in a vision:

Zephaniah 2:13
And He will stretch out His hand against the north and destroy Assyria; He will make Nineveh a desolation, as dry as a desert.

Zechariah 9:1
An Oracle: The word of the LORD is against the land of Hadrach and will rest upon Damascus--for the eyes of men and of all the tribes of Israel are upon the LORD--

Malachi 1:1
This is an oracle, the word of the LORD to Israel through Malachi:

Treasury of Scripture

The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

burden.

Isaiah 13:1
The burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz did see.

Isaiah 14:28
In the year that king Ahaz died was this burden.

Isaiah 15:1
The burden of Moab. Because in the night Ar of Moab is laid waste, and brought to silence; because in the night Kir of Moab is laid waste, and brought to silence;

Nineveh.

Genesis 10:11
Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,

Jonah 3:3,4
So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey…

Zephaniah 2:13
And he will stretch out his hand against the north, and destroy Assyria; and will make Nineveh a desolation, and dry like a wilderness.







Lexicon
This is the oracle
מַשָּׂ֖א (maś·śā)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4853: A burden, tribute, porterage, an utterance, chiefly a, doom, singing, mental, desire

of Nineveh,
נִֽינְוֵ֑ה (nî·nə·wêh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5210: Nineveh -- capital of Assyr

the book
סֵ֧פֶר (sê·p̄er)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5612: A missive, document, writing, book

of the vision
חֲז֛וֹן (ḥă·zō·wn)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2377: A sight, a dream, revelation, oracle

of Nahum
נַח֖וּם (na·ḥūm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5151: Nahum -- an Israelite prophet

the Elkoshite:
הָאֶלְקֹשִֽׁי׃ (hā·’el·qō·šî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 512: Elkoshite -- a native of Elkosh
(1) The burden of Nineveh--i.e., the sentence against Nineveh (see Isaiah 13:1, Note). On the names Nahum and Elkoshite see Introduction.

Verse 1. - § 1. The heading of the book. The book has a double title, the first giving the object of the prophecy, which otherwise would not be evident; the second, its author, added to give confidence in its contents. The burden; massa (Habakkuk 1:1) - a term generally used of a weighty, threatening prophecy (Isaiah 13:1), though translated by the LXX. λῆμμα here, and elsewhere ὄρασις, and ῤῆμα. Some prefer to render it "utterance," or "oracle." The word is capable of either meaning. It almost always (except, perhaps, in Zechariah 12:1) introduces a threat of judgment. Of Nineveh. The denunciation of this city is the object of the prophecy. The effect of Jonah's preaching had been only temporary; the reformation was partial and superficial; and now God's long suffering was wearied out, and the time of punishment was to come. (For an account of Nineveh, see note on Jonah 1:2.) Some critics have deemed one part of the title an interpolation; but the connection of the two portions is obvious, and without the former we should not know the object of the prophet's denunciation till Nahum 2:8. The book of the vision. This is the second title, in apposition with the former, and defining it more closely as the Book in which was written the prophecy of Nahum. It is called a "vision," because what the prophet foretold was presented to his mental sight, and stood plainly before him (comp. Isaiah 1:1). The Elkoshite; i.e. native of Elkosh, for which, see Introduction, § II. 1:1-8 About a hundred years before, at Jonah's preaching, the Ninevites repented, and were spared, yet, soon after, they became worse than ever. Nineveh knows not that God who contends with her, but is told what a God he is. It is good for all to mix faith with what is here said concerning Him, which speaks great terror to the wicked, and comfort to believers. Let each take his portion from it: let sinners read it and tremble; and let saints read it and triumph. The anger of the Lord is contrasted with his goodness to his people. Perhaps they are obscure and little regarded in the world, but the Lord knows them. The Scripture character of Jehovah agrees not with the views of proud reasoners. The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ is slow to wrath and ready to forgive, but he will by no means acquit the wicked; and there is tribulation and anguish for every soul that doeth evil: but who duly regards the power of his wrath?
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