Isaiah 10:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Has not Kalno fared like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad, and Samaria like Damascus?

New Living Translation
We destroyed Calno just as we did Carchemish. Hamath fell before us as Arpad did. And we destroyed Samaria just as we did Damascus.

English Standard Version
Is not Calno like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad? Is not Samaria like Damascus?

Berean Study Bible
“Is not Calno like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad? Is not Samaria like Damascus?

New American Standard Bible
"Is not Calno like Carchemish, Or Hamath like Arpad, Or Samaria like Damascus?

King James Bible
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Christian Standard Bible
Isn't Calno like Carchemish? Isn't Hamath like Arpad? Isn't Samaria like Damascus?

Contemporary English Version
They have already captured the cities of Calno, Carchemish, Hamath, Arpad, Samaria, and Damascus.

Good News Translation
I conquered the cities of Calno and Carchemish, the cities of Hamath and Arpad. I conquered Samaria and Damascus.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Isn't Calno like Carchemish? Isn't Hamath like Arpad? Isn't Samaria like Damascus?

International Standard Version
Isn't Calno like Carchemish? Isn't Hamath like Arpad? Isn't Samaria like Damascus?

NET Bible
Is not Calneh like Carchemish? Hamath like Arpad? Samaria like Damascus?

New Heart English Bible
Isn't Calno like Carchemish? Isn't Hamath like Arpad? Isn't Samaria like Damascus?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Isn't Calno like Carchemish? Isn't Hamath like Arpad? Isn't Samaria like Damascus?'

JPS Tanakh 1917
Is not Calno as Carchemish? Is not Hamath as Arpad? Is not Samaria as Damascus?

New American Standard 1977
“Is not Calno like Carchemish, Or Hamath like Arpad, Or Samaria like Damascus?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Is not Calno as Carchemish? Is not Hamath as Arpad? Is not Samaria as Damascus?

King James 2000 Bible
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

American King James Version
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

American Standard Version
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Are not my princes as so many kings ? is not Calano as Charcamis: and Emath as Arphad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Darby Bible Translation
Is not Calno as Karkemish? Is not Hamath as Arpad? Is not Samaria as Damascus?

English Revised Version
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Webster's Bible Translation
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

World English Bible
Isn't Calno like Carchemish? Isn't Hamath like Arpad? Isn't Samaria like Damascus?"

Young's Literal Translation
Is not Calno as Carchemish? Is not Hamath as Arpad? Is not Samaria as Damascus?
Study Bible
Judgment on Assyria
8“Are not all my commanders kings?” he says. 9“Is not Calno like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad? Is not Samaria like Damascus? 10As my hand seized the idolatrous kingdoms, whose images surpassed those of Jerusalem and Samaria,…
Cross References
Genesis 10:10
His kingdom began in Babylon, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

Numbers 34:8
and from Mount Hor to Lebo-hamath, then extending to Zedad,

2 Kings 16:9
So the king of Assyria listened to him, marched up to Damascus, and captured it. He took its people to Kir as captives and put Rezin to death.

2 Kings 17:6
In the ninth year of the reign of Hoshea, the king of Assyria captured Samaria and carried away the Israelites to Assyria, where he settled them in Halah, in Gozan by the Habor River, and in the cities of the Medes.

2 Kings 18:34
Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivvah? Have they delivered Samaria from my hand?

2 Chronicles 32:14
Who among all the gods of these nations that my fathers destroyed has been able to deliver his people from my hand. How then can your God deliver you from my hand?

2 Chronicles 35:20
After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Neco king of Egypt marched up to fight at Carchemish by the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to confront him.

Isaiah 10:8
"Are not all my commanders kings?" he says.

Isaiah 17:1
This is an oracle concerning Damascus: "Behold, Damascus is no longer a city; it has become a heap of ruins.

Isaiah 36:19
Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim? Have they delivered Samaria from my hand?

Isaiah 37:11
Surely you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the other countries, destroying them completely. Will you then be spared?

Jeremiah 46:2
To Egypt, concerning the army of Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt, which was defeated at Carchemish on the Euphrates River by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah:

Jeremiah 49:23
Concerning Damascus: "Hamath and Arpad are put to shame, for they have heard a bad report; they are agitated like the sea; their anxiety cannot be calmed.

Ezekiel 47:16
Berothah, and Sibraim (which is between the border of Damascus and of Hamath), as far as Hazer-hatticon, which is on the border of Hauran.

Amos 6:2
Cross over to Calneh and see; go from there to great Hamath; then go down to Gath of the Philistines. Are you better than these kingdoms? Is their territory larger than yours?

Habakkuk 1:10
They scoff at kings and make rulers an object of scorn. They laugh at every fortress and build up siege ramps to seize it.

Treasury of Scripture

Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Calno

Amos 6:1,2 Woe to them that are at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of …

Calneh. Carchemish

2 Chronicles 35:20 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of …

Jeremiah 46:2 Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which …

Hamath

Isaiah 36:19 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arphad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim? …

Isaiah 37:13 Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arphad, and the king …

2 Samuel 8:9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

2 Kings 17:24 And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, …

Jeremiah 49:23 Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have …

Samaria

Isaiah 7:8 For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin; …

Isaiah 17:3 The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from …

2 Kings 16:9 And the king of Assyria listened to him: for the king of Assyria …

2 Kings 17:5,6 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went …

2 Kings 18:9,10 And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was …







(9) Is not Calno as Carchemish?--The six names obviously pointed to more recent conquests in which Sargon and his predecessors had exulted. One after another they had fallen. Could Judah hope to escape? (1) Calno, the Calneh of Genesis 10:10, Amos 6:2. That prophet had held up its fate in vain as a warning to Samaria. It has been identified by Kay with Ctesiphon on the east bank of the Tigris, by Lenormant (Manual, i. 80) with Ur of the Chaldees and with the ruins known now as the Mugheir, by Rawlinson (Five Great Monarchies, i. 20) with Nipur. The Assyrian form, Kil-Anu, means the "house" or "temple" of Anu, an Assyrian deity). Sennacherib (Lenormant i. 398), speaks of having reconquered it after a Chaldean revolt, and sold its inhabitants as slaves. The LXX. version, which instead of naming Carchemish, gives "Calane, where the tower was built," seems to imply a tradition identifying that city with the Tower of Babel of Genesis 11:4. (2) Carchemish. Few cities of the ancient world occupied a more prominent position than this. Its name has been explained as meaning the Tower of Chemosh, and so bears witness to the widespread cultus of the deity whom we meet with in Biblical history as the "abomination of the Moabites" (1Kings 11:7). It has been commonly identified with the Circesium of Greek historians, but the inscriptions found by Mr. George Smith at Tarabolos (the Hierapolis of the Greeks) on the banks of the Euphrates, at its junction with the Kyabur, prove that this is the true representative of the great commercial city of the old Hittite kings (Times, Aug. 23, 1876). Its importance is shown by the frequent occurrence of the name, in its Egyptian form of Karakumusha, in the record of Egyptian kings. Thothmes I. (circa B.C. 1600) conquered it, and, as a result of his campaign, strengthened the forces of Egypt with the chariots and horses for which it was afterwards conspicuous (Lenormant, Manual, 1 p. 229). Thothmes III. built a fortress there to guard the passage of the Euphrates (ibid. 1 p. 232), the ruins of which, with Egyptian inscriptions and works of Egyptian manufacture, have recently been found there (ibid. 1 p.,263). It revolted against Ramses II. (the Sesostris of the Greeks), with the Hittites and Ph?nicians, and other nations, but was subdued by him in the expedition in which the victorious issue is recorded on the monument on the Nahr-el-Kelb near Beyr�t. Shalmaneser IV. (contemporary with Ahab) records that he demolished and burnt it (ibid. 1 p. 380). Tiglath-pileser II., the king to whom Ahaz paid tribute, received tribute from its king in B.C. 742 (ibid. 1 p. 389). The last two victories are probably referred to in the boast now before us. At a later period it was conspicuous for the great defeat of Pharaoh Necho's army by Nebuchadnezzar (see notes on Jeremiah 46:2). Its commercial importance is indicated by the fact that the "mana (Heb., manah) of Carchemish" appears in numerous cuneiform inscriptions as the standard weight of the time, just as that of Troyes, in the commerce of the Middle Ages, is shown by the survival of the name in the "Troy weight" of our arithmetic books (Records of the Past, vii. 114).

Is not Hamath as Arpad?--(1) Hamath on the Orontes, the capital of an Aramaean kingdom, was prominent in the history of the East. Under its kings Toi and Joram it paid tribute to David (2Samuel 8:9-10). It fell under the power of Jeroboam II. of Israel (2Kings 14:25). In conjunction with Damascus it revolted against Shalmaneser IV., and was subdued by him (Lenormant's Manual, 1 p. 380). Its king was first among the tributary princes under Tiglath-pileser II. after having joined with Pekah and Rezin in their revolt (ibid. 1 p. 389). Lastly, to come to the date of the present prophecy, it again revolted, in conjunction, as before, with Damascus and Samaria, and was again subdued by Sargon (ibid. 1 p. 393). (2) Of the early history of Arpad we know less, but it appears as having sustained a three years' siege from the forces of Tiglath-pileser II. It joined Hamath in its revolt against Sargon, and was again, as this verse implies, subdued by him. It is always united in the Old Testament with Hamath (Isaiah 36:19; Isaiah 37:13). Under the name of Erfad it is still traceable about nine miles from Aleppo (Lenormant, 1 pp. 389, 393).

Is not Samaria as Damascus?--These cities, which under Rezin and Remaliah had, as we have seen (Isaiah 7) revolted against Tiglath-pileser, and the latter of which had sought to strengthen itself by an alliance with the Egyptian king So, or Sabaco (2Kings 17:4), of the Ethiopian dynasty, against Shalmaneser IV., close for the present the list of Sargon's conquests.

Verse 9. - Is not Calno as Carehemish? A further proof of superiority, and ground of confidence, lay in the further fact, that the strongest cities had, one and all, succumbed to the Assyrian arms, and been laid in ruins to punish them for offering resistance. Six such cities are mentioned - Calneh, probably Niffer, in Lower Mesopotamia; Carchemish, on the right bank of the Euphrates in Lat. 36° 30' nearly; Hamath, the "great Hamath" of Amos (Amos 6:2), in Coelesyria on the routes; Arpad, perhaps Tel-Erfad, near Aleppo; Damascus, and Samaria. Calneh was one of the cities of Nimrod (Genesis 10:10), and, according to the LXX., was "the place where the tower was built." It may have been taken by Tiglath-Pileser in one of his expeditious into Babylonia. Amos (Amos 6:2) speaks of it as desolate in his day. Carchemish (Assyrian Gargamis) was a chief city of the Hittites, and has been called "their northern capital." Long confounded by geographers with Circesium at the junction of the Khabour with the Euphrates, it has recently been proved to have occupied a far more northern position, and is now generally identified with the ruins discovered by Mr. George Smith at Jerabis or Jerabhs. It was conquered by Sargon in B.C. 717, when "its people were led captive, and scattered over the Assyrian empire, while Assyrian colonists were brought to people the city in their place; Carchemish being formally annexed to Assyria, and placed under an Assyrian governor" (G. Smith, 'Assyria,' p. 97). Hamath was originally a Canaanite city (Genesis 10:18). By the time of David it had become the scat of an independent monarchy (2 Samuel 8:9, 10), and so continued until its reduction by the Assyrians. We find it leagued with the Hittites, the Syrians of Damascus, and the Israelites against Assyria about B.C. 850 ('Ancient Monarchies,' vol. 2. pp. 361-363). About B.C. 720 it was taken by Sargon, who beheaded its king, and probably reduced it to ruins (ibid., p. 411; comp. Amos 6:2). The name remains in the modern Hamah, where many curious inscriptions have been recently dug up. Arpad was attacked by Tiglath-Pileser in the early part of his reign, and reduced to subjection. It revolted in conjunction with Hamath from Sargon, and was severely punished ('Ancient Monarchies,' l.s.c.). Is not Samaria as Damascus? This mention of Samaria among the subjugated and ruined cities may undoubtedly be prophetic; but the connection with Carchemish, Hamath, and Arpad all of them towns reduced by Sargon within the years B.C. 720-717 - points rather to the verse being historical, and would seem to indicate that the date of the entire prophecy - vers. 5-19 - is subsequent to the capture of the cities, and so not earlier than B.C. 716. Is not Calno as Carchemish?.... Jarchi's note is,

"as the children of Carchemish are princes and rulers, so are the children of Calno;''

as if this was giving an instance of the grandeur of his subjects; but much better is the Targum,

"as Carchemish is subdued before me, shall not Calno be so?''

as I or my ancestors have conquered the one, it is as easy for me to conquer the other; or as sure as the one is subject to me, so sure shall the other be; for Carchemish was a city belonging to the Assyrians, situated upon the river Euphrates, 2 Chronicles 35:20 called by Ammianus (k) Circusium; the Syriac version calls it Barchemosh; and Calno is the same with Calneh in the land of Shinar, a city built by Nimrod, Genesis 10:10 in the Septuagint version it is called Chalane, and it is added,

"where the tower was built;''

from whence the country, called by Pliny (l) Chalonitis, had its name, the chief city of which was Ctesiphon, thought to be the same with Calneh.

Is not Hamath as Arphad? Hamath and Arphad were both cities conquered by the Assyrians; see 2 Kings 18:34 and are both mentioned along with Damascus, Jeremiah 49:23.

Is not Samaria as Damascus? Damascus was the metropolis of Syria, and was taken by the Assyrians; and Samaria was the metropolis of Ephraim, or the ten tribes; see Isaiah 7:8 and was as easy to be taken as Damascus was. The Targum is,

"as Arphad is delivered into my hands, shall not Hamath be so? As I have done to Damascus, so will I do to Samaria.''

(k) L. 23. c. 5. p. 360. (l) Nat. Hist. l. 6. c. 26. and 27. 9. Is not … as—Was there any one of these cities able to withstand me? Not one. So Rab-shakeh vaunts (Isa 36:19).

Calno—Calneh, built by Nimrod (Ge 10:10), once his capital, on the Tigris.

Carchemish—Circesium, on the Euphrates. Taken afterwards by Necho, king of Egypt; and retaken by Nebuchadnezzar: by the Euphrates (Jer 46:2).

Hamath—in Syria, north of Canaan (Ge 10:18). Taken by Assyria about 753 B.C. From it colonists were planted by Assyria in Samaria.

Arpad—near Hamath.

Samaria—now overthrown.

Damascus—(Isa 17:1, 3).10:5-19 See what a change sin made. The king of Assyria, in his pride, thought to act by his own will. The tyrants of the world are tools of Providence. God designs to correct his people for their hypocrisy, and bring them nearer to him; but is that Sennacherib's design? No; he designs to gratify his own covetousness and ambition. The Assyrian boasts what great things he has done to other nations, by his own policy and power. He knows not that it is God who makes him what he is, and puts the staff into his hand. He had done all this with ease; none moved the wing, or cried as birds do when their nests are rifled. Because he conquered Samaria, he thinks Jerusalem would fall of course. It was lamentable that Jerusalem should have set up graven images, and we cannot wonder that she was excelled in them by the heathen. But is it not equally foolish for Christians to emulate the people of the world in vanities, instead of keeping to things which are their special honour? For a tool to boast, or to strive against him that formed it, would not be more out of the way, than for Sennacherib to vaunt himself against Jehovah. When God brings his people into trouble, it is to bring sin to their remembrance, and humble them, and to awaken them to a sense of their duty; this must be the fruit, even the taking away of sin. When these points are gained by the affliction, it shall be removed in mercy. This attempt upon Zion and Jerusalem should come to nothing. God will be as a fire to consume the workers of iniquity, both soul and body. The desolation should be as when a standard-bearer fainteth, and those who follow are put to confusion. Who is able to stand before this great and holy Lord God?
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