2 Chronicles 35:20
New International Version
After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Necho king of Egypt went up to fight at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah marched out to meet him in battle.

New Living Translation
After Josiah had finished restoring the Temple, King Neco of Egypt led his army up from Egypt to do battle at Carchemish on the Euphrates River, and Josiah and his army marched out to fight him.

English Standard Version
After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Neco king of Egypt went up to fight at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to meet him.

Berean Study Bible
After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Neco king of Egypt marched up to fight at Carchemish by the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to confront him.

New American Standard Bible
After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Neco king of Egypt came up to make war at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to engage him.

King James Bible
After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Carchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

Christian Standard Bible
After all this that Josiah had prepared for the temple, King Neco of Egypt marched up to fight at Carchemish by the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to confront him.

Contemporary English Version
Some time later, King Neco of Egypt led his army to the city of Carchemish on the Euphrates River. And Josiah led his troops north to meet the Egyptians in battle.

Good News Translation
After King Josiah had done all this for the Temple, King Neco of Egypt led an army to fight at Carchemish on the Euphrates River. Josiah tried to stop him,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After all this that Josiah had prepared for the temple, Neco king of Egypt marched up to fight at Carchemish by the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to confront him.

International Standard Version
Some time after all of this, after Josiah had finished preparing the Temple, King Neco of Egypt invaded Carchemish on the Euphrates River, and Josiah went out to fight him.

NET Bible
After Josiah had done all this for the temple, King Necho of Egypt marched up to do battle at Carchemish on the Euphrates River. Josiah marched out to oppose him.

New Heart English Bible
After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Neco king of Egypt went up to fight against Carchemish by the Perath: and Josiah went out against him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After all this, when Josiah had repaired the temple, King Neco of Egypt came to fight a battle at Carchemish at the Euphrates River. Josiah went to attack him.

JPS Tanakh 1917
After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Neco king of Egypt went up to fight against Carchemish by the Euphrates; and Josiah went out against him.

New American Standard 1977
After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Neco king of Egypt came up to make war at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to engage him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
After all this, when Josiah had prepared the house, Necho, king of Egypt, came up to fight against Carchemish by Euphrates; and Josiah went out against him.

King James 2000 Bible
After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight at Carchemish on the Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

American King James Version
After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Charchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

American Standard Version
After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Neco king of Egypt went up to fight against Carchemish by the Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Pharao Nechao king of Egypt went up against the king of the Assyrians to the river Euphrates, and king Josias went to meet him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
After that Josias had repaired the temple, Nechao king of Egypt came up to fight in Charcamis by the Euphrates: and Josias went out to meet him.

Darby Bible Translation
After all this, when Josiah had arranged the house, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Karkemish at the Euphrates; and Josiah went out against him.

English Revised Version
After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Neco king of Egypt went up to fight against Carchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

Webster's Bible Translation
After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Charchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

World English Bible
After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Neco king of Egypt went up to fight against Carchemish by the Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

Young's Literal Translation
After all this, when Josiah hath prepared the house, come up hath Necho king of Egypt, to fight against Carchemish by Phrat, and Josiah goeth forth to meet him;
Study Bible
The Death of Josiah
20After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Neco king of Egypt marched up to fight at Carchemish by the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to confront him. 21But Neco sent messengers to him, saying, “What is the issue between you and me, O king of Judah? I have not come against you today, but I am fighting another dynasty. God told me to hurry; so stop opposing God, who is with me, or He will destroy you!”…
Cross References
2 Kings 23:29
At the end of Josiah's reign, Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt marched up to help the king of Assyria at the Euphrates River. King Josiah went out to confront him, but Neco faced him and killed him at Megiddo.

2 Kings 23:30
From Megiddo his servants carried his body in a chariot, brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own tomb. Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz son of Josiah, anointed him, and made him king in place of his father.

2 Chronicles 35:19
In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah, this Passover was observed.

Isaiah 10:9
"Is not Calno like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad? Is not Samaria like Damascus?

Jeremiah 46:2
To Egypt, concerning the army of Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt, which was defeated at Carchemish on the Euphrates River by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah:

Treasury of Scripture

After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Charchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

A.

2 Kings 23:29
In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him.

Pharaoh-necho

Jeremiah 46:2
Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah.

Carchemish

Isaiah 10:9
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?







Lexicon
After
אַחֲרֵ֣י (’a·ḥă·rê)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 310: The hind or following part

all
כָל־ (ḵāl)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

this,
זֹ֗את (zōṯ)
Pronoun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2063: Hereby in it, likewise, the one other, same, she, so much, such deed, that,

when
אֲשֶׁ֨ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

Josiah
יֹֽאשִׁיָּ֙הוּ֙ (yō·šî·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2977: Josiah -- 'Yah supports', two Israelites

had set
הֵכִ֤ין (hê·ḵîn)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3559: To be erect

the temple {in order},
הַבַּ֔יִת (hab·ba·yiṯ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

Neco
נְכ֧וֹ (nə·ḵōw)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5224: Neco -- a king of Egypt

king
מֶֽלֶךְ־ (me·leḵ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

of Egypt
מִצְרַ֛יִם (miṣ·ra·yim)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa

marched up
עָלָ֞ה (‘ā·lāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

to fight
לְהִלָּחֵ֥ם (lə·hil·lā·ḥêm)
Preposition-l | Verb - Nifal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 3898: To feed on, to consume, to battle

at Carchemish
בְּכַרְכְּמִ֖ישׁ (bə·ḵar·kə·mîš)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3751: Carchemish -- a city on the Euphrates

by
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the Euphrates,
פְּרָ֑ת (pə·rāṯ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6578: Euphrates -- a river of west Asia

and Josiah
יֹאשִׁיָּֽהוּ׃ (yō·šî·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2977: Josiah -- 'Yah supports', two Israelites

went out
וַיֵּצֵ֥א (way·yê·ṣê)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

to confront him.
לִקְרָאת֖וֹ (liq·rā·ṯōw)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7125: Against he come, help, meet, seek, to, in the way
JOSIAH SLAIN IN BATTLE AGAINST NECHO KING OF EGYPT (2Chronicles 35:20-27. Comp. 2Kings 23:29-30; 3 Ezra 1:23-30).

(20) After all this.--Comp. the similar, "after these matters, and this faithfulness" (2Chronicles 32:1). The phrase calls attention to the difference between the event and what might naturally have been expected. In spite of Josiah's fidelity to Jehovah, this was his end.

Necho king of Egypt came up.--Kings, "In his days came up Pharaoh Necho, king of Egypt." So LXX. here. Syriac, "Pharaoh the Lame, king of Egypt." Pharaoh is simply "the king;" Coptic Pouro, or Perro (pi "the," ouro or r?ro, "king"). The Hebrew spelling Pa'r?h appears to be due to an assimilation of the Egyptian word to the Hebrew p?r?'oth, "leaders" (Judges 5:1). An inscription of Assurbanipal gives a list of twenty subject kings appointed by Esarhaddon his father to bear rule in Egypt, the first name in the list being that of "Nik� sar ali Mimpi u ali Saa," i.e., "Necho, king of the city of Memphis, and the city of Sais." Assurbanipal twice reinstated this Necho (Necho I., circ. 664 B.C. ) after vanquishing Tirhakah.

The Necho of our text is Necho II., who reigned circ. 610 B.C. (See the Note on 2Kings 23:29.)

Against Charchemish.--At Charchemish. Syriac and Arabic, "to assault Mab�g," i.e., Hierapolis. Necho's enemy was "the king of Assyria" (2Kings 23:29; so LXX. here), i.e., Esarhaddon II. (Saracus), the last of the rulers of Nineveh; not Nabopalassar, king of Babylon, for the Assyrian empire had not yet fallen before the united assault of the Medes and the Babylonians. Charchemish has been identified with the modern Jirbas, on the western bank of the middle Euphrates. Its situation, as Schrader observes, suits an intended expedition against Nineveh and Assyria, rather than against Babylon. It was one of the great Hittite capitals, and inscriptions in hieroglyphics, similar to those of Hamath, have recently been disinterred on the site, and brought thence to the British Museum. The name means, "Fortress of Mish." Comp. "Mesha" (Genesis 10:30), the Assyrian Masu, i.e., the part of the Syrian desert which ran along the right bank of the Euphrates. The place was also called Tel-Mish, "mound of Mish;" Greek, ?????????. (Thenius thinks the phrase, "against Charchemish," was originally a marginal gloss, noting the place of the final and decisive encounter between Necho and the Babylonians).

Josiah went out against him.--To this statement Kings only adds that Necho "slew him at Me-giddo, when he saw him," i.e., at the outset of the encounter. The chronicler, therefore, has derived the details of the following verses from another source (2Chronicles 35:21-25).

Verse 20. - After all this. A period of about thirteen years of happy retrospect is now the portion of the good king. This period brings itself to an unhappy and even fatal termination in the year B.C. 608; when, as it would appear by the result, King Josiah did wrong, and went out of his way, in opposing the march of Pharaoh-Necho (who reigned B.C. 611-595), successor of Psammetichus King of Egypt, against Cyaxares (the monarch who, with Nabo-polassar, had taken Nineveh, B.C. 625) King of Assyria (2 Kings 23:29), or King of Babylon at Circesium on the River Phrat, the head-quarters now of the united Assyrian and Babylonian power. Where the fault or sin of Josiah lay - whether he ran before he was sent, or whether, according to our following two verses, he set out against the Divine word by Necho - is certainly a question left in obscurity. Nothing is said in our history or its parallel to accredit the tale of Necho, or to discredit the heart and motive of Josiah - nothing except what silence and the result seem to say. One other clement of interest and of difficulty may be added to the question; for of the thirteen years' interval, which we have described above as one presumably of happy retrospect in certain aspects for Josiah, we know nothing from Scripture, but have every reason to suppose that during it Josiah and his kingdom had become subject, if only nominally, to Nabopolassar; so that, in offering to resist Necho of Egypt, he was offering to strengthen so far forth the royal line which did dishonour to his own country and his country's God. Upon this supposition, however, we can lay no stress. 35:20-27 The Scripture does not condemn Josiah's conduct in opposing Pharaoh. Yet Josiah seems to deserve blame for not inquiring of the Lord after he was warned; his death might be a rebuke for his rashness, but it was a judgment on a hypocritical and wicked people. He that lives a life of repentance, faith, and obedience, cannot be affected by the sudden manner in which he is removed. The people lamented him. Many mourn over sufferings, who will not forsake the sins that caused God to send them. Yet this alone can turn away judgments. If we blame Josiah's conduct, we should be watchful, lest we be cut down in a way dishonourable to our profession.
Jump to Previous
Arranged Battle Carchemish Car'chemish Egypt Engage Euphrates Euphra'tes Fight Forth House Josiah Josi'ah Karkemish Marched Meet Necho Neco Order Phrat Prepared Temple War
Jump to Next
Arranged Battle Carchemish Car'chemish Egypt Engage Euphrates Euphra'tes Fight Forth House Josiah Josi'ah Karkemish Marched Meet Necho Neco Order Phrat Prepared Temple War
Links
2 Chronicles 35:20 NIV
2 Chronicles 35:20 NLT
2 Chronicles 35:20 ESV
2 Chronicles 35:20 NASB
2 Chronicles 35:20 KJV

2 Chronicles 35:20 Bible Apps
2 Chronicles 35:20 Biblia Paralela
2 Chronicles 35:20 Chinese Bible
2 Chronicles 35:20 French Bible
2 Chronicles 35:20 German Bible

Alphabetical: After all and at battle came Carchemish Egypt engage Euphrates fight had him in Josiah king make marched meet Neco of on order out set temple the this to up war went when

OT History: 2 Chronicles 35:20 After all this when Josiah had prepared (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
2 Chronicles 35:19
Top of Page
Top of Page