Ezekiel 27:23
New International Version
"'Harran, Kanneh and Eden and merchants of Sheba, Ashur and Kilmad traded with you.

New Living Translation
“Haran, Canneh, Eden, Sheba, Asshur, and Kilmad came with their merchandise, too.

English Standard Version
Haran, Canneh, Eden, traders of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.

Berean Study Bible
Haran, Canneh, and Eden traded with you, and so did the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad.

King James Bible
Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad, were thy merchants.

New King James Version
Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Assyria, and Chilmad were your merchants.

New American Standard Bible
Haran, Canneh, Eden, the traders of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.

NASB 1995
"Haran, Canneh, Eden, the traders of Sheba, Asshur and Chilmad traded with you.

NASB 1977
“Haran, Canneh, Eden, the traders of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.

Amplified Bible
Haran and Canneh and Eden [in Mesopotamia], the merchants of Sheba [on the Euphrates], Asshur and Chilmad traded with you.

Christian Standard Bible
Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.

American Standard Version
Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur and Chilmad, were thy traffickers.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Kharan and Caneh and Eden, the Merchants of Sheba and Assyria were in the place of your trade

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Charra, and Chanaa, these were thy merchants: Assur, and Charman, were thy merchants:

Contemporary English Version
You also did business with merchants from the cities of Haran, Canneh, Eden, Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Haran, and Chene, and Eden were thy merchants; Saba, Assur, and Chelmad sold to thee.

English Revised Version
Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur and Chilmad were they traffickers.

Good News Translation
The cities of Haran, Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, the cities of Asshur and Chilmad--they all traded with you.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants from Sheba, Assyria, and Kilmad traded with you.

International Standard Version
Haran, Canneh, Eden, merchants from Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad did business with you,

JPS Tanakh 1917
Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur was as thine apprentice in traffic.

Literal Standard Version
Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, merchants of Sheba, Asshur—Chilmad—[are] your merchants,

NET Bible
Haran, Kanneh, Eden, merchants from Sheba, Asshur, and Kilmad were your clients.

New Heart English Bible
Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur and Chilmad, were your traffickers.

World English Bible
Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur [and] Chilmad, were your traffickers.

Young's Literal Translation
Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, merchants of Sheba, Asshur -- Chilmad -- are thy merchants,

Additional Translations ...
Context
A Lament for Tyre
22The merchants of Sheba and Raamah traded with you; for your wares they exchanged gold, the finest of all spices, and precious stones. 23Haran, Canneh, and Eden traded with you, and so did the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad. 24In your marketplace they traded with you fine garments of blue, embroidered work, and multicolored rugs with cords tightly twisted and knotted.…

Cross References
2 Kings 19:12
Did the gods of the nations destroyed by my fathers rescue those nations--the gods of Gozan, Haran, and Rezeph, and of the people of Eden in Telassar?

Isaiah 37:12
Did the gods of the nations destroyed by my fathers rescue those nations--the gods of Gozan, Haran, and Rezeph, and of the people of Eden in Telassar?

Ezekiel 27:24
In your marketplace they traded with you fine garments of blue, embroidered work, and multicolored rugs with cords tightly twisted and knotted.

Ezekiel 32:22
Assyria is there with her whole company; her graves are all around her. All of them are slain, fallen by the sword.

Ezekiel 38:13
Sheba and Dedan and the merchants of Tarshish with all its villages will ask, 'Have you come to capture the plunder? Have you assembled your hordes to carry away loot, to make off with silver and gold, to take cattle and goods, to seize great spoil?'

Amos 1:5
I will break down the gates of Damascus; I will cut off the ruler of the Valley of Aven and the one who wields the scepter in Beth-eden. The people of Aram will be exiled to Kir," says the LORD.


Treasury of Scripture

Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad, were your merchants.

Haran

Genesis 11:31,32
And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there…

Genesis 12:4
So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran.

2 Kings 19:12
Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed; as Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which were in Thelasar?

Charran.

Genesis 10:10,22
And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar…

Calneh

Isaiah 10:9
Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Calno

Amos 6:2
Pass ye unto Calneh, and see; and from thence go ye to Hamath the great: then go down to Gath of the Philistines: be they better than these kingdoms? or their border greater than your border?

Eden

Genesis 2:8
And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.

Amos 1:5
I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth the sceptre from the house of Eden: and the people of Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir, saith the LORD.

Sheba

Genesis 25:3
And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and Leummim.

Job 1:15
And the Sabeans fell upon them, and took them away; yea, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.

Asshur

Genesis 32:22
And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two womenservants, and his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Jabbok.

Numbers 24:22
Nevertheless the Kenite shall be wasted, until Asshur shall carry thee away captive.

Psalm 83:8
Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.









(23) Haran, and Canneh, and Eden.--The description now turns from Arabia to the Tyrian trade with Mesopotamia. Haran, important in the story of Abraham (Genesis 11:31-32; Genesis 12:4), the Charrae of the Romans, was in north-western Mesopotamia, at the junction of two great caravan routes, the one along the Tigris, the other along the Euphrates. Canneh, a contraction for the Calneh of Genesis 10:10, was the most important commercial city on the former, and was later known as Ctesiphon. Eden was an unknown town on the Euphrates (2Kings 19:12; Isaiah 37:12), and is to be distinguished from the Syrian Eden.

Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad.--Sheba is still the same Sheba before mentioned; for Pliny (Hist. Nat., xii. 40) says that the Sab?ans brought their goods from the spice country to Carrhae, where they held markets, and went thence to Syria and Ph?nicia. They were, therefore, traders between Mesopotamia and Ph?nicia. Asshur is here not the country of Assyria, but the commercial city Sura (modern Essurieh), on the banks of the Euphrates, above Thapsacus. Chilmad is supposed to be the Charmande of Xenophon (Anab., i. 5, 10), "a great city beyond the Euphrates, in the neighbourhood of the desert." Others identify it with Kalwada, near Bagdad. It is mentioned only here.

Verse 23. - Haran and Canaeh, etc. From Arabia we pass to Mesopotamia. Haran (Genesis 11:31) stands for the Carrhae of the Romans, situated at the point where the old military and commercial roads bifurcated Cowards Babylon and the Delta of the Persian Gulf in the one direction, and Canaan in the other. It appears in Genesis 24:10 and Genesis 29:4 as the city of Nahor, in Mesopotamia (Aram-Naharaim, equivalent to "Syria of the two rivers"), or, more definitely, in Parian-Atom, which lies below Mount Masius, between the Khabour and the Euphrates. It is famous in Roman history for the defeat of Crassus by the Parthians. Caaneh. The eastern of the two roads just mentioned ran on to Calneh (of which Cauneh is a variant), named in Genesis 10:10 as one of the cities built by Nimrod. It is probably represented by the modern Niffer, about sixty miles southeast of Babylon. It is named in Isaiah 10:9 in connection with Carehemish, in Amos 6:2 with Hamath the great, as conquered by the Assyrians. It has been conjecturally identified by the Targum and other ancient writers with Ctesiphon, but (?). Eden; spelt differently in the Hebrew from the Eden of Genesis 2:8. It is probably identical with the Eden near Thelassar (Td. Assar) of Isaiah 37:12 and 2 Kings 19:12, where, as here, it is connected with Haran as among the Assyrian conquests. Its site has not been determined, and it has been placed by some geographers in the hill-country above the Upper Mesopetamian plains; by others near the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates. The position of the Eden of Amos 1:5, near Damascus, points to a Syrian town of the same name. The merchants of Sheba. The recurrence of the name after the full mention of the people in Ver. 22 arises probably from the fact that they were the carriers in the commerce between the Mesopotamian cities just named and Tyre. Asshur. The name may stand (Smend), as it commonly does, for Assyria as a country; but its juxtaposition with the names of cities has led some geographers (Movers, p. 252, in Keil) to identify with a city Sum (Essurieh) on the west bank of the Euphrates, above Thapsacus (the Tiphsah of 1 Kings 4:24), and on the caravan-route which runs from Palmyra (the Tadmor of 2 Chronicles 8:4) to Haran. Chilmad. The name is not found elsewhere. The LXX. gives Charman, a town near the Euphrates, mentioned in Xenophon, 'Anab.,' 1:5. 10, as Charmaude. It can scarcely have been a place of much general note, but may have had some special reputation which made it prominent in Tyrian commerce.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Haran,
חָרָ֤ן (ḥā·rān)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 2771: Haran -- 'crossroads', a city in northern Mesopotamia

Canneh,
וְכַנֵּה֙ (wə·ḵan·nêh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 3656: Canneh -- probably a place in Babylon

and Eden,
וָעֶ֔דֶן (wā·‘e·ḏen)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 5729: Eden -- a territory conquered by Assyr

and the merchants
רֹכְלֵ֖י (rō·ḵə·lê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's 7402: To travel for, trading

of Sheba,
שְׁבָ֑א (šə·ḇā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7614: Sheba -- a territory in soutwest Arabia, also the name of one or more descendant of Noah

Asshur,
אַשּׁ֖וּר (’aš·šūr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 804: Ashshur

and Chilmad
כִּלְמַ֥ד (kil·maḏ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 3638: Chilmad -- a place of uncertain location

traded with you.
רֹכַלְתֵּֽךְ׃ (rō·ḵal·têḵ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 7402: To travel for, trading


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 27:23 Haran and Canneh and Eden the traffickers (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
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