Psalm 139:2
New International Version
You know when I sit and when I rise; you perceive my thoughts from afar.

New Living Translation
You know when I sit down or stand up. You know my thoughts even when I'm far away.

English Standard Version
You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thoughts from afar.

Berean Study Bible
You know when I sit and when I rise; You understand my thoughts from afar.

New American Standard Bible
You know when I sit down and when I rise up; You understand my thought from afar.

King James Bible
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off.

Christian Standard Bible
You know when I sit down and when I stand up; you understand my thoughts from far away.

Contemporary English Version
You know when I am resting or when I am working, and from heaven you discover my thoughts.

Good News Translation
You know everything I do; from far away you understand all my thoughts.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You know when I sit down and when I stand up; You understand my thoughts from far away.

International Standard Version
You know when I rest and when I am active. You understand what I am thinking when I am distant from you.

NET Bible
You know when I sit down and when I get up; even from far away you understand my motives.

New Heart English Bible
You know my sitting down and my rising up. You perceive my thoughts from afar.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You know my sitting and my rising; you have understood my reasonings from the high place.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You alone know when I sit down and when I get up. You read my thoughts from far away.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, Thou understandest my thought afar off.

New American Standard 1977
Thou dost know when I sit down and when I rise up; Thou dost understand my thought from afar.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou knowest my sitting down and my rising up, thou dost understand my thoughts from afar.

King James 2000 Bible
You know my downsitting and my uprising, you understand my thought afar off.

American King James Version
You know my sitting down and my rising up, you understand my thought afar off.

American Standard Version
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising; Thou understandest my thought afar off.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou knowest my down-sitting and mine up-rising: thou understandest my thoughts long before.

Douay-Rheims Bible
thou hast know my sitting down, and my rising up.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou knowest my down-sitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off;

English Revised Version
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou knowest my down-sitting and my up rising, thou understandest my thought afar off.

World English Bible
You know my sitting down and my rising up. You perceive my thoughts from afar.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou -- Thou hast known my sitting down, And my rising up, Thou hast attended to my thoughts from afar.
Study Bible
You Have Searched Me and Known Me
1For the choirmaster. A Psalm of David. O LORD, You have searched me and known me. 2You know when I sit and when I rise; You understand my thoughts from afar. 3You search out my path and my lying down; You are aware of all my ways.…
Cross References
Matthew 9:4
But Jesus knew what they were thinking and said, "Why do you harbor evil in your hearts?

2 Kings 19:27
But I know your sitting down, your going out and coming in, and your raging against Me.

Psalm 44:21
would not God have discovered, since He knows the secrets of the heart?

Psalm 94:11
The LORD knows the thoughts of man, that they are futile.

Isaiah 66:18
"For I know their works and thoughts; the time is coming to gather all nations and tongues, and they will come and see My glory.

Lamentations 3:63
When they sit and when they rise, see how they mock me in song.

Daniel 2:30
And to me this mystery has been revealed, not because I have more wisdom than any man alive, but in order that the interpretation might be made known to the king, and that you may understand the thoughts of your mind.

Treasury of Scripture

You know my sitting down and my rising up, you understand my thought afar off.

knowest

Psalm 56:8
Thou tellest my wanderings: put thou my tears into thy bottle: are they not in thy book?

Genesis 16:13
And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?

2 Kings 6:12
And one of his servants said, None, my lord, O king: but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel, telleth the king of Israel the words that thou speakest in thy bedchamber.

understandest

Psalm 94:11
The LORD knoweth the thoughts of man, that they are vanity.

Matthew 9:4
And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?

Luke 9:47
And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their heart, took a child, and set him by him,

afar off

Ezekiel 38:10,11,17
Thus saith the Lord GOD; It shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought: …







Lexicon
You
אַתָּ֣ה (’at·tāh)
Pronoun - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 859: Thou and thee, ye and you

know
יָ֭דַעְתָּ (yā·ḏa‘·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

when I sit
שִׁבְתִּ֣י (šiḇ·tî)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

and when I rise;
וְקוּמִ֑י (wə·qū·mî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

You understand
בַּ֥נְתָּה (ban·tāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 995: To separate mentally, understand

my thoughts
לְ֝רֵעִ֗י (lə·rê·‘î)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7454: Purpose, aim

from afar.
מֵרָחֽוֹק׃ (mê·rā·ḥō·wq)
Preposition-m | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7350: Remote, of place, time, precious
(2) Down-sitting and uprising--as in Deuteronomy 6:7, to denote the whole daily life--business and rest.

Thought.--An Aramaic form found nowhere else, but, from one possible derivation ("companion"), meaning the thoughts which are inseparable companions, most intimate thoughts.

Comp. Macbeth 3:2:

"How now, my lord? Why do you keep alone,

Of sorriest fancies your companions making?"

Afar off.--Exactly as in Psalm 138:6. Jehovah notes and recognises the proud from afar off, so here though He has His home in heaven He knows what are the thoughts and feelings amid which a man habitually lives. (Comp. Job 22:12-13.) The Hebrew expression literally means, thou hast intelligence as to my thought from afar, an Aramaic expression.

Verse 2. - Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising. All that I do from one end of the day to the other. Thou understandest my thought afar off; i.e. while it is just forming - long before it is a fully developed thought. 139:1-6 God has perfect knowledge of us, and all our thoughts and actions are open before him. It is more profitable to meditate on Divine truths, applying them to our own cases, and with hearts lifted to God in prayer, than with a curious or disputing frame of mind. That God knows all things, is omniscient; that he is every where, is omnipresent; are truths acknowledged by all, yet they are seldom rightly believed in by mankind. God takes strict notice of every step we take, every right step and every by step. He knows what rule we walk by, what end we walk toward, what company we walk with. When I am withdrawn from all company, thou knowest what I have in my heart. There is not a vain word, not a good word, but thou knowest from what thought it came, and with what design it was uttered. Wherever we are, we are under the eye and hand of God. We cannot by searching find how God searches us out; nor do we know how we are known. Such thoughts should restrain us from sin.
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