Ezekiel 27:13
New International Version
"'Greece, Tubal and Meshek did business with you; they traded human beings and articles of bronze for your wares.

New Living Translation
Merchants from Greece, Tubal, and Meshech brought slaves and articles of bronze to trade with you.

English Standard Version
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech traded with you; they exchanged human beings and vessels of bronze for your merchandise.

Berean Study Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your merchants. They exchanged slaves and bronze utensils for your merchandise.

King James Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.

New King James Version
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your traders. They bartered human lives and vessels of bronze for your merchandise.

New American Standard Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your traders; with human lives and vessels of bronze they paid for your merchandise.

NASB 1995
"Javan, Tubal and Meshech, they were your traders; with the lives of men and vessels of bronze they paid for your merchandise.

NASB 1977
“Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your traders; with the lives of men and vessels of bronze they paid for your merchandise.

Amplified Bible
Javan (Greece), Tubal and Meshech (Asia Minor) traded with you; with the lives of men [taken as slaves] and vessels of bronze they paid for your merchandise.

Christian Standard Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your merchants. They exchanged slaves and bronze utensils for your goods.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your merchants. They exchanged slaves and bronze utensils for your goods.

American Standard Version
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy traffickers; they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass for thy merchandise.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Yavan and Tubil and Meshek, your Merchants in the lives of the children of men, and vessels of brass

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Greece, both the whole world, and the adjacent coasts, these traded with thee in the persons of men, and they gave as thy merchandise vessels of brass.

Contemporary English Version
The people of Greece, Tubal, and Meshech traded slaves and things made of bronze,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Greece, Thubal, and Mosoch, they were thy merchants: they brought to thy people slaves and vessels of brass.

English Revised Version
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy traffickers: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass for thy merchandise.

Good News Translation
You did business in Greece, Tubal, and Meshech and traded your goods for slaves and for articles of bronze.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
People from Greece, Tubal, and Meshech traded with you. They exchanged slaves and bronze items for your goods.

International Standard Version
Greece, Tubal, and Meshech bartered with you, exchanging slaves and bronze vessels for your wares.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy traffickers; they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass for thy merchandise.

Literal Standard Version
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech—they [are] your merchants, "" They have given [the] soul of man, and vessels of bronze, [for] your merchandise.

NET Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your clients; they exchanged slaves and bronze items for your merchandise.

New Heart English Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your traffickers; they traded the persons of men and vessels of bronze for your merchandise.

World English Bible
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your traffickers; they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass for your merchandise.

Young's Literal Translation
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech -- they are thy merchants, For persons of men, and vessels of brass, They have given out thy merchandise.

Additional Translations ...
Context
A Lament for Tyre
12Tarshish was your merchant because of your great wealth of goods; they exchanged silver, iron, tin, and lead for your wares. 13Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your merchants. They exchanged slaves and bronze utensils for your merchandise. 14The men of Beth-togarmah exchanged horses, war horses, and mules for your wares.…

Cross References
Revelation 18:13
of cinnamon, spice, incense, myrrh, and frankincense; of wine, olive oil, fine flour, and wheat; of cattle, sheep, horses, and chariots; of slaves and souls of men.

Genesis 10:2
The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.

Psalm 120:5
Woe to me that I dwell in Meshech, that I live among the tents of Kedar!

Isaiah 66:19
I will establish a sign among them, and I will send survivors from among them to the nations--to Tarshish, Put, and the archers of Lud; to Tubal, Javan, and the islands far away who have not heard of My fame or seen My glory. So they will proclaim My glory among the nations.

Ezekiel 27:12
Tarshish was your merchant because of your great wealth of goods; they exchanged silver, iron, tin, and lead for your wares.

Ezekiel 27:19
and casks of wine from Izal for your wares. Wrought iron, cassia, and sweet cane were exchanged for your merchandise.

Ezekiel 32:26
Meshech and Tubal are there with all their multitudes, with their graves all around them. All of them are uncircumcised, slain by the sword, because they spread their terror in the land of the living.

Ezekiel 38:2
"Son of man, set your face against Gog of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. Prophesy against him

Ezekiel 39:1
"As for you, O son of man, prophesy against Gog and declare that this is what the Lord GOD says: Behold, I am against you, O Gog, chief prince of Meshech and Tubal.

Joel 3:3
They cast lots for My people; they bartered a boy for a prostitute and sold a girl for wine to drink.

Joel 3:6
You sold the people of Judah and Jerusalem to the Greeks, to send them far from their homeland.


Treasury of Scripture

Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in your market.

Javan

Genesis 10:2,4
The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras…

1 Chronicles 1:5,7
The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras…

Isaiah 66:19
And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal, and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.

Tubal

Ezekiel 32:26
There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.

Ezekiel 38:2,3
Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him, …

Ezekiel 39:1
Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:

the persons

Joel 3:3
And they have cast lots for my people; and have given a boy for an harlot, and sold a girl for wine, that they might drink.

Revelation 18:13
And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.

market.









(13) Javan, Tubal, and Meshech.--Javan is strictly Ionia, more generally Greece. Tubal and Meshech are the classic Tibareni and Moschi, between the Black and Caspian Seas. They were famous for dealing in slaves and in brass, or rather copper, of which their mountains still contain abundant supplies.

Verse 13. - Javan (father of Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim, and son of Japheth, Genesis 10:2, 4) stands generically for Greece, and probably represents Ionia. Tubal and Meshech are sons of Japheth in Genesis 10:2, and are always grouped together, except in Psalm 120:5, where Meshech appears alone, and in Isaiah 66:19, where Tubal is named, but not Meshech. In Ezekiel 32:26 they are associated with Elam and Asshur (Assyria); in Ezekiel 38:2, 3 and Ezekiel 39:1 with Gog. The two names probably represented the tribes on the southeast coast of the Black Sea. Here the chief traffic was in slaves, the Tyrian traders probably buying them in exchange for their manufactured goods, and selling them to the cities of Greece as well as Phoenicia. In Greek history the names appear as Tibaroni and Moschi (Herod., 3:94; Xenophon, 'Anab.,' 5:5. 2, etal.). In Joel 4:6 Tyriaus are represented as selling Israelites as slaves in Greek cities (Hebrew "sons of Javan"). Thrace and Scythia were at all times the chief countries from which Greece imported her slaves. Vessels of brass. Here, as throughout the Old Testament, we should read "copper," the mixed metal which we know as "brass" not Being known to ancient metallurgy. Copper-mines were found near the Caucasus, and Euboea was also famous for them. The region was also noted for its iron.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Javan,
יָוָ֤ן (yā·wān)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 3120: Javan -- a son of Japheth, also his descendants and their land

Tubal,
תֻּבַל֙ (tu·ḇal)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 8422: Tubal -- a son of Japheth, also his descendants and their land

and Meshech
וָמֶ֔שֶׁךְ (wā·me·šeḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4902: Meshech -- a son of Japheth, also his descendants and their land

were your merchants.
רֹֽכְלָ֑יִךְ (rō·ḵə·lā·yiḵ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 7402: To travel for, trading

They exchanged
נָתְנ֖וּ (nā·ṯə·nū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

slaves
בְּנֶ֤פֶשׁ (bə·ne·p̄eš)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

and bronze
נְחֹ֔שֶׁת (nə·ḥō·šeṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 5178: Copper, something made of that metal, coin, a fetter, base

utensils
וּכְלֵ֣י (ū·ḵə·lê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 3627: Something prepared, any apparatus

for your merchandise.
מַעֲרָבֵֽךְ׃ (ma·‘ă·rā·ḇêḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's 4627: Articles of exchange, merchandise


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 27:13 Javan Tubal and Meshech they were your (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
Ezekiel 27:12
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