Ezekiel 32:26
New International Version
"Meshek and Tubal are there, with all their hordes around their graves. All of them are uncircumcised, killed by the sword because they spread their terror in the land of the living.

New Living Translation
“Meshech and Tubal are there, surrounded by the graves of all their hordes. They once struck terror in the hearts of people everywhere. But now they are outcasts, all slaughtered by the sword.

English Standard Version
“Meshech-Tubal is there, and all her multitude, her graves all around it, all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; for they spread their terror in the land of the living.

Berean Study Bible
Meshech and Tubal are there with all their multitudes, with their graves all around them. All of them are uncircumcised, slain by the sword, because they spread their terror in the land of the living.

King James Bible
There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.

New King James Version
“There are Meshech and Tubal and all their multitudes, With all their graves around it, All of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, Though they caused their terror in the land of the living.

New American Standard Bible
“Meshech, Tubal, and all their hordes are there; their graves surround them. All of them were killed by the sword uncircumcised, though they inflicted their terror on the land of the living.

NASB 1995
"Meshech, Tubal and all their hordes are there; their graves surround them. All of them were slain by the sword uncircumcised, though they instilled their terror in the land of the living.

NASB 1977
“Meshech, Tubal and all their multitude are there; their graves surround them. All of them were slain by the sword uncircumcised, though they instilled their terror in the land of the living.

Amplified Bible
“Meshech, Tubal, and all their hordes are there; their graves surround them. All of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, for they spread their terror in the land of the living.

Christian Standard Bible
“Meshech and Tubal are there, with all their hordes. Their graves are all around them. All of them are uncircumcised, slain by the sword, although their terror was once spread in the land of the living.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Meshech and Tubal are there, with all their hordes. Their graves are all around them. All of them are uncircumcised, slain by the sword, although their terror was once spread in the land of the living.

American Standard Version
There is Meshech, Tubal, and all their multitude; their graves are round about them; all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; for they caused their terror in the land of the living.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
There are Meshek and Tubil and all her army around her grave, all of the uncircumcised who were murdered by the sword, because they had caused ruin in the land of life

Brenton Septuagint Translation
There were laid Mosoch, and Thobel, and all his strength round about his tomb: all his slain men, all the uncircumcised, slain with the sword, who caused their fear to be in the land of the living.

Contemporary English Version
The graves of soldiers from Meshech and Tubal are there. These godless soldiers who terrified people were all killed in battle.

Douay-Rheims Bible
There is Mosoch, and Thubal, and all their multitude: their graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised and slain, and fallen by the sword: though they spread their terror in the land of the living.

English Revised Version
There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude; her graves are round about her: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; for they caused their terror in the land of the living.

Good News Translation
"Meshech and Tubal are there, with the graves of their soldiers all around. They are all uncircumcised, all killed in battle. Yet once they terrified the living.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Meshech and Tubal are there with all their soldiers, and the graves of their soldiers are all around them. Their soldiers were all godless people. They were killed in battle because they terrified others in the land of the living.

International Standard Version
"Meshech and Tubal will be there, along with all of the hordes that surround her grave. Every one of them is uncircumcised, killed violently, because they spread terror throughout the land of the living.

JPS Tanakh 1917
There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude; her graves are round about them; all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; because they caused their terror in the land of the living.

Literal Standard Version
There [is] Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude, "" Her graves [are] around them, "" All of them uncircumcised, pierced by the sword, "" For they gave their terror in the land of the living,

NET Bible
"Meshech-Tubal is there, along with all her hordes around her grave. All of them are uncircumcised, killed by the sword, for they spread their terror in the land of the living.

New Heart English Bible
"There is Meshech, Tubal, and all their multitude around her grave ; all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; for they caused their terror in the land of the living.

World English Bible
There is Meshech, Tubal, and all their multitude; their graves are around them; all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; for they caused their terror in the land of the living.

Young's Literal Translation
There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude, Round about him are her graves, All of them uncircumcised, pierced of the sword, For they gave their terror in the land of the living,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Egypt Cast into the Pit
25Among the slain they prepare a resting place for Elam with all her hordes, with her graves all around her. All of them are uncircumcised, slain by the sword, although their terror was once spread in the land of the living. They bear their disgrace with those who descend to the Pit. They are placed among the slain. 26Meshech and Tubal are there with all their multitudes, with their graves all around them. All of them are uncircumcised, slain by the sword, because they spread their terror in the land of the living. 27They do not lie down with the fallen warriors of old, who went down to Sheol with their weapons of war, whose swords were placed under their heads, whose shields rested on their bones, although the terror of the mighty was once in the land of the living.…

Cross References
Genesis 10:2
The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.

Isaiah 66:19
I will establish a sign among them, and I will send survivors from among them to the nations--to Tarshish, Put, and the archers of Lud; to Tubal, Javan, and the islands far away who have not heard of My fame or seen My glory. So they will proclaim My glory among the nations.

Ezekiel 27:13
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your merchants. They exchanged slaves and bronze utensils for your merchandise.

Ezekiel 32:19
Whom do you surpass in beauty? Go down and be placed with the uncircumcised!

Ezekiel 38:2
"Son of man, set your face against Gog of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. Prophesy against him

Ezekiel 38:3
and declare that this is what the Lord GOD says: Behold, I am against you, O Gog, chief prince of Meshech and Tubal.

Ezekiel 39:1
"As for you, O son of man, prophesy against Gog and declare that this is what the Lord GOD says: Behold, I am against you, O Gog, chief prince of Meshech and Tubal.


Treasury of Scripture

There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.

Meshech.

Ezekiel 27:13
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.

Ezekiel 38:2,3
Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him, …

Ezekiel 39:1
Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:

all of

Ezekiel 32:19,20,24
Whom dost thou pass in beauty? go down, and be thou laid with the uncircumcised…

caused

Ezekiel 32:23,27,32
Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living…









(26) There is Meshech, Tubal.--See Note on Ezekiel 27:13. It is difficult to obtain historical data for the exact time of the fall of these more obscure kingdoms; but at this period of the world these smaller states were being rapidly swallowed up and absorbed by the greater Powers who were contending for the world's empire. Meshech and Tubal, like Persia, do not appear at this time to have yet attained their greatest development.

Verse 26. - There is Meshech, Tubal. (On the ethnological relations of the two tribes, see note on Ezekiel 27:13, and later on in Ezekiel 38, and 39.) Ezekiel obviously speaks of them as one of the powers that bad been conspicuous in his own time, and had been, in part at least, overthrown by the Chaldean monarchy. We may probably connect his words with the great irruption of the Scythians mentioned by Herodotus (1. 103; 4:11) as having swept over Asia even to Palestine and Egypt, in the time of Josiah, and which, after compelling Cyaxares to raise the siege of Nineveh, left traces of itself in the name of the city of Scythe-polls. Many commentators find a reference to that invasion in the "evil from the north" of Jeremiah 1:14; Jeremiah 4:6; and in Zephaniah 1:13-16. They also, once the terror of the nations, are now represented by the prophet as in the shadow-world of Sheol.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Meshech
מֶ֤שֶׁךְ (me·šeḵ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 4902: Meshech -- a son of Japheth, also his descendants and their land

and Tubal
תֻּבַל֙ (tu·ḇal)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 8422: Tubal -- a son of Japheth, also his descendants and their land

are there
שָׁ֣ם (šām)
Adverb
Strong's 8033: There, then, thither

with all
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

their multitudes,
הֲמוֹנָ֔הּ (hă·mō·w·nāh)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 1995: A noise, tumult, crowd, disquietude, wealth

with their graves
קִבְרוֹתֶ֑יהָ (qiḇ·rō·w·ṯe·hā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 6913: A grave, sepulcher

all around them.
סְבִֽיבוֹתָ֖יו (sə·ḇî·ḇō·w·ṯāw)
Adverb | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5439: A circle, neighbour, environs, around

All
כֻּלָּ֤ם (kul·lām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

of them are uncircumcised,
עֲרֵלִים֙ (‘ă·rê·lîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's 6189: Having foreskin (uncircumcised)

slain
מְחֻ֣לְלֵי (mə·ḥul·lê)
Verb - Pual - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's 2490: To bore, to wound, to dissolve, to profane, to break, to begin, to play

by the sword,
חֶ֔רֶב (ḥe·reḇ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2719: Drought, a cutting instrument, as a, knife, sword

because
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

they spread
נָתְנ֥וּ (nā·ṯə·nū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

their terror
חִתִּיתָ֖ם (ḥit·tî·ṯām)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 2851: Terror

in the land
בְּאֶ֥רֶץ (bə·’e·reṣ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 776: Earth, land

of the living.
חַיִּֽים׃ (ḥay·yîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's 2416: Alive, raw, fresh, strong, life


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Cause Caused Circumcision Death Fear Graves Hordes Instilled Killed Last Meshech Multitude Pierced Resting-Place Round Slain Spread Surround Sword Terror Tubal Uncircumcised
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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 32:26 There is Meshech Tubal and all their (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
Ezekiel 32:25
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