Ezekiel 31:17
New International Version
They too, like the great cedar, had gone down to the realm of the dead, to those killed by the sword, along with the armed men who lived in its shade among the nations.

New Living Translation
Its allies, too, were all destroyed and had passed away. They had gone down to the grave—all those nations that had lived in its shade.

English Standard Version
They also went down to Sheol with it, to those who are slain by the sword; yes, those who were its arm, who lived under its shadow among the nations.

Berean Study Bible
They too descended with it to Sheol, to those slain by the sword. As its allies they had lived in its shade among the nations.

King James Bible
They also went down into hell with him unto them that be slain with the sword; and they that were his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the heathen.

New King James Version
They also went down to hell with it, with those slain by the sword; and those who were its strong arm dwelt in its shadows among the nations.

New American Standard Bible
They also went down with it to Sheol to those who were slain by the sword; and those who were its strength lived in its shade among the nations.

NASB 1995
"They also went down with it to Sheol to those who were slain by the sword; and those who were its strength lived under its shade among the nations.

NASB 1977
“They also went down with it to Sheol to those who were slain by the sword; and those who were its strength lived under its shade among the nations.

Amplified Bible
They also went down to Sheol with it to those who were slain by the sword; those who were its strength lived under its shade among the nations.

Christian Standard Bible
They too descended with it to Sheol, to those slain by the sword. As its allies they had lived in its shade among the nations.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They too descended with it to Sheol, to those slain by the sword. As its allies they had lived in its shade among the nations."

American Standard Version
They also went down into Sheol with him unto them that are slain by the sword; yea, they that were his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the nations.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Also those went down with him to Sheol, to the ones slain by the sword, and his seed dwelt in his shadow among the nations

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For they went down to hell with him among the slain with the sword; and his seed, even they that dwelt under his shadow, perished in the midst of their life.

Contemporary English Version
Those people who found protection in its shade will also be sent to the world below, where they will join the dead.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For they also shall go down with him to hell to them that are slain by the sword: and the arm of every one shall sit down under his shadow in the midst of the nations.

English Revised Version
They also went down into hell with him unto them that be slain by the sword; yea, they that were his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the nations.

Good News Translation
They will go with it to the world of the dead to join those that have already fallen. And all who live under its shadow will be scattered among the nations.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They had gone down with the tree in the grave to join others killed in battle. All who lived in its shadow were scattered among the nations.

International Standard Version
They also went down with it into Sheol, to those who had been killed violently and to those who had trusted in its strength by living in its shadow among the nations.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They also went down into the nether-world with him unto them that are slain by the sword; yea, they that were in his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the nations.

Literal Standard Version
Those with him have also gone down to Sheol, "" To the pierced of the sword, "" And—his arm—they dwelt in his shade in the midst of nations.

NET Bible
Those who lived in its shade, its allies among the nations, also went down with it to Sheol, to those killed by the sword.

New Heart English Bible
They also went down into Sheol with him to those who are slain by the sword; yes, those who were his arm, that lived under his shadow in the midst of the nations.

World English Bible
They also went down into Sheol with him to those who are slain by the sword; yes, those who were his arm, [that] lived under his shadow in the midst of the nations.

Young's Literal Translation
Also they with him have gone down to sheol, Unto the pierced of the sword, And -- his arm -- they dwelt in his shade in the midst of nations.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Egypt will Fall Like Assyria
16I made the nations quake at the sound of its downfall, when I cast it down to Sheol with those who descend to the Pit. Then all the trees of Eden, the choicest and best of Lebanon, all the well-watered trees, were consoled in the earth below. 17They too descended with it to Sheol, to those slain by the sword. As its allies they had lived in its shade among the nations. 18Who then is like you in glory and greatness among the trees of Eden? You also will be brought down to the depths of the earth to be with the trees of Eden. You will lie among the uncircumcised, with those slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, declares the Lord GOD.’ ”…

Cross References
Psalm 9:17
The wicked will return to Sheol--all the nations who forget God.

Ezekiel 31:3
Look at Assyria, a cedar in Lebanon, with beautiful branches that shaded the forest. It towered on high; its top was among the clouds.

Ezekiel 31:6
All the birds of the air nested in its branches, and all the beasts of the field gave birth beneath its boughs; all the great nations lived in its shade.

Ezekiel 31:12
Foreigners, the most ruthless of the nations, cut it down and left it. Its branches have fallen on the mountains and in every valley; its boughs lay broken in all the earth's ravines. And all the peoples of the earth left its shade and abandoned it.

Ezekiel 32:20
They will fall among those slain by the sword. The sword is appointed! Let them drag her away along with all her multitudes.

Daniel 4:12
Its leaves were beautiful, its fruit was abundant, and upon it was food for all. Under it the beasts of the field found shelter, in its branches the birds of the air nested, and from it every creature was fed.


Treasury of Scripture

They also went down into hell with him to them that be slain with the sword; and they that were his arm, that dwelled under his shadow in the middle of the heathen.

went

Ezekiel 32:20-30
They shall fall in the midst of them that are slain by the sword: she is delivered to the sword: draw her and all her multitudes…

Psalm 9:17
The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.

Isaiah 14:9
Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.

that were

Ezekiel 30:6-8,21-25
Thus saith the LORD; They also that uphold Egypt shall fall; and the pride of her power shall come down: from the tower of Syene shall they fall in it by the sword, saith the Lord GOD…

Nehemiah 3:17,18
After him repaired the Levites, Rehum the son of Bani. Next unto him repaired Hashabiah, the ruler of the half part of Keilah, in his part…

dwelt

Ezekiel 31:3,6
Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs…

Ezekiel 32:31
Pharaoh shall see them, and shall be comforted over all his multitude, even Pharaoh and all his army slain by the sword, saith the Lord GOD.

Lamentations 4:20
The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the LORD, was taken in their pits, of whom we said, Under his shadow we shall live among the heathen.









Verse 17. - They that were his arm. The words point to the allies, in the first instance of Assyria, and secondly of Egypt. The last words of the verse present a striking parallel to Lamentations 4:20.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
They
הֵ֗ם (hêm)
Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1992: They

too
גַּם־ (gam-)
Conjunction
Strong's 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

descended
יָרְד֥וּ (yā·rə·ḏū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 3381: To come or go down, descend

with it
אִתּ֛וֹ (’it·tōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's 854: Nearness, near, with, by, at, among

to Sheol,
שְׁא֖וֹלָה (šə·’ō·w·lāh)
Noun - common singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 7585: Underworld (place to which people descend at death)

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

those slain
חַלְלֵי־ (ḥal·lê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 2491: Pierced, polluted

by the sword.
חָ֑רֶב (ḥā·reḇ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2719: Drought, a cutting instrument, as a, knife, sword

As its allies
וּזְרֹע֛וֹ (ū·zə·rō·‘ōw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 2220: The arm, the foreleg, force

they had lived
יָשְׁב֥וּ (yā·šə·ḇū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

in its shade
בְצִלּ֖וֹ (ḇə·ṣil·lōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 6738: A shadow

among
בְּת֥וֹךְ (bə·ṯō·wḵ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8432: A bisection, the centre

the nations.
גּוֹיִֽם׃ (gō·w·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 1471: A foreign nation, a Gentile, a troop of animals, a flight of locusts


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 31:17 They also went down into Sheol (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
Ezekiel 31:16
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