Ezekiel 31:14
New International Version
Therefore no other trees by the waters are ever to tower proudly on high, lifting their tops above the thick foliage. No other trees so well-watered are ever to reach such a height; they are all destined for death, for the earth below, among mortals who go down to the realm of the dead.

New Living Translation
Let the tree of no other nation proudly exult in its own prosperity, though it be higher than the clouds and it be watered from the depths. For all are doomed to die, to go down to the depths of the earth. They will land in the pit along with everyone else on earth.

English Standard Version
All this is in order that no trees by the waters may grow to towering height or set their tops among the clouds, and that no trees that drink water may reach up to them in height. For they are all given over to death, to the world below, among the children of man, with those who go down to the pit.

Berean Study Bible
This happened so that no other trees by the waters would become great in height and set their tops among the clouds, and no other well-watered trees would reach them in height. For they have all been consigned to death, to the depths of the earth, among the mortals who descend to the Pit.’

King James Bible
To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.

New King James Version
So that no trees by the waters may ever again exalt themselves for their height, nor set their tops among the thick boughs, that no tree which drinks water may ever be high enough to reach up to them. ‘For they have all been delivered to death, To the depths of the earth, Among the children of men who go down to the Pit.’

New American Standard Bible
so that all the trees by the waters will not be exalted in their stature, nor put their tops among the clouds, nor will any of their well-watered mighty ones stand straight in their height. For they have all been turned over to death, to the earth beneath, among mankind, with those who go down to the pit.”

NASB 1995
so that all the trees by the waters may not be exalted in their stature, nor set their top among the clouds, nor their well-watered mighty ones stand erect in their height. For they have all been given over to death, to the earth beneath, among the sons of men, with those who go down to the pit."

NASB 1977
in order that all the trees by the waters may not be exalted in their stature, nor set their top among the clouds, nor their well-watered mighty ones stand erect in their height. For they have all been given over to death, to the earth beneath, among the sons of men, with those who go down to the pit.”

Amplified Bible
so that none of the trees by the waters may exalt themselves because of their height, nor set their top among the clouds, nor their well-watered mighty ones stand [arrogantly] in their height. For they have all been handed over to death, to the earth beneath, among the sons of men, with those who go down to the pit (the grave).”

Christian Standard Bible
This happened so that no trees planted beside water would become great in height and set their tops among the clouds, and so that no other well-watered trees would reach them in height. For they have all been consigned to death, to the underworld, among the people who descend to the Pit.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This happened so that no trees planted beside water would become great in height and set their tops among the clouds, and so that no other well-watered trees would reach them in height. For they have all been consigned to death, to the underworld, among the people who descend to the Pit."

American Standard Version
to the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves in their stature, neither set their top among the thick boughs, nor that their mighty ones stand up on their height, even all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For none of the trees of waters shall exalt themselves by their height, and they shall not shoot their growth among thick growth, and they shall not stand, and none that drinks the waters shall be like them, because all of them were handed over to death, into the lower earth, among the children of men that descend into the pit

Brenton Septuagint Translation
in order that none of the trees by the water should exalt themselves by reason of their size: whereas they set their top in the midst of the clouds, yet they continued not in their high state in their place, all that drank water, all were consigned to death, to the depth of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.

Contemporary English Version
Never again will any tree dare to grow as tall as this tree, no matter how much water it has. Every tree must die, just as humans die and go down to the world of the dead.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For which cause none of the trees by the waters shall exalt themselves for their height: nor shoot up their tops among the thick branches and leaves, neither shall any of them that are watered stand up in their height: for they are all delivered unto death to the lowest parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down into the pit.

English Revised Version
to the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves in their stature, neither set their top among the thick boughs, nor that their mighty ones stand up in their height, even all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.

Good News Translation
And so from now on, no tree, no matter how well-watered it is, will grow that tall again or push its top through the clouds and reach such a height. All of them are doomed to die like mortals, doomed to join those who go down to the world of the dead."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then all the other trees growing by the water were kept from becoming arrogant because of their height, and their tops were no longer allowed to reach the clouds. So no tree, even if it is well-watered, will ever stand that tall. Every tree is going to die and go below the earth to join those who have died and gone down to the pit.

International Standard Version
As a result, none of its watered trees will grow tall, their tops will never reach to the clouds, and they'll never grow so high again, because all of them have been appointed to death in the world beneath where human beings go, that is, down to the Pit.'"

JPS Tanakh 1917
to the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves in their stature, neither set their top among the thick boughs, nor that their mighty ones stand up in their height, even all that drink water; for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.

Literal Standard Version
In order that none of the trees of the waters "" May become haughty because of their stature, "" Nor give their foliage between thickets, "" Nor any drinking waters stand up to them in their haughtiness, "" For all of them are given up to death, "" To the lower earth, "" In the midst of the sons of men, "" To those going down to the pit.

NET Bible
For this reason no watered trees will grow so tall; their tops will not reach into the clouds, nor will the well-watered ones grow that high. For all of them have been appointed to die in the lower parts of the earth; they will be among mere mortals, with those who descend to the pit.

New Heart English Bible
to the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves in their stature, neither set their top among the thick boughs, nor that their mighty ones stand up on their height, even all who drink water: for they are all delivered to death, to the lower parts of the earth, among human beings who go down to the pit.'

World English Bible
to the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves in their stature, neither set their top among the thick boughs, nor that their mighty ones stand up on their height, [even] all who drink water: for they are all delivered to death, to the lower parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with those who go down to the pit.

Young's Literal Translation
In order that none of the trees of the waters May become haughty because of their stature, Nor give their foliage between thickets, Nor any drinking waters stand up unto them in their haughtiness, For all of them are given up to death, Unto the earth -- the lower part, In the midst of the sons of men, Unto those going down to the pit.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Egypt will Fall Like Assyria
13All the birds of the air nested on its fallen trunk, and all the beasts of the field lived among its boughs. 14This happened so that no other trees by the waters would become great in height and set their tops among the clouds, and no other well-watered trees would reach them in height. For they have all been consigned to death, to the depths of the earth, among the mortals who descend to the Pit.’ 15This is what the Lord GOD says: ‘On the day it was brought down to Sheol, I caused mourning. I covered the deep because of it; I held back its rivers; its abundant waters were restrained. I made Lebanon mourn for it, and all the trees of the field fainted because of it.…

Cross References
Matthew 11:23
And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted up to heaven? No, you will be brought down to Hades! For if the miracles that were performed in you had been performed in Sodom, it would have remained to this day.

Ephesians 4:9
What does "He ascended" mean, except that He also descended to the lower parts of the earth?

Numbers 16:30
But if the LORD brings about something unprecedented, and the earth opens its mouth and swallows them and all that belongs to them so that they go down alive into Sheol, then you will know that these men have treated the LORD with contempt."

Numbers 16:33
They went down alive into Sheol with all they owned. The earth closed over them, and they vanished from the assembly.

Psalm 63:9
But those who seek my life to destroy it will go into the depths of the earth.

Psalm 82:7
But like mortals you will die, and like rulers you will fall."

Ezekiel 26:20
then I will bring you down with those who descend to the Pit, to the people of antiquity. I will make you dwell in the earth below like the ancient ruins, with those who descend to the Pit, so that you will no longer be inhabited or set in splendor in the land of the living.

Ezekiel 31:18
Who then is like you in glory and greatness among the trees of Eden? You also will be brought down to the depths of the earth to be with the trees of Eden. You will lie among the uncircumcised, with those slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, declares the Lord GOD.'"

Ezekiel 32:18
"Son of man, wail for the multitudes of Egypt, and consign her and the daughters of the mighty nations to the depths of the earth with those who descend to the Pit:

Ezekiel 32:24
Elam is there with all her multitudes around her grave. All of them are slain, fallen by the sword--those who went down uncircumcised to the earth below, who once spread their terror in the land of the living. They bear their disgrace with those who descend to the Pit.

Amos 9:2
Though they dig down to Sheol, from there My hand will take them; and though they climb up to heaven, from there I will pull them down.

Jonah 2:2
saying: "In my distress I called to the LORD, and He answered me. From the belly of Sheol I called for help, and You heard my voice.

Jonah 2:6
To the roots of the mountains I descended; the earth beneath me barred me in forever! But You raised my life from the pit, O LORD my God!


Treasury of Scripture

To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered to death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the middle of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.

the end

Deuteronomy 13:11
And all Israel shall hear, and fear, and shall do no more any such wickedness as this is among you.

Deuteronomy 21:21
And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shalt thou put evil away from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.

Nehemiah 13:18
Did not your fathers thus, and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath.

stand up in their height.

delivered

Psalm 82:7
But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes.

Hebrews 9:27
And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:

the nether

Ezekiel 32:18-32
Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit…

Psalm 63:9,10
But those that seek my soul, to destroy it, shall go into the lower parts of the earth…









(14) Stand up in their height.--The original is more closely followed by the margin, stand upon themselves for their height, and the thought is that the trees (princes) shall no longer rely on their own strength and be infatuated by the prosperity which has been given them.

All that drink water is only a poetical expression for the trees. (Comp. Ezekiel 31:16.) In the constant mention of water and rivers throughout this parable there may be a covert allusion to Egypt, made fertile by the irrigation of the Nile.

To the nether parts of the earth.--See Note on Ezekiel 26:20. In the latter part of this verse the figurative is again exchanged for literal language.

Verse 14. - To the end that none, etc. With a characteristic amplitude of style, Ezekiel preaches the great lesson of the mutability of earthly greatness. This was the lesson that the history of Assyria ought to have taught the nations of the earth, and it was just that lesson that they refused to learn. They are all delivered to death. The scenery of the parable passes from Eden to Sheol, the Hades of the nations, and the prophet gives the first stroke of the imagery afterwards more fully developed in Ezekiel 32:17-32.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
This happened so that
לְמַ֡עַן (lə·ma·‘an)
Conjunction
Strong's 4616: Purpose -- intent

no other
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

trees
עֲצֵי־ (‘ă·ṣê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 6086: Tree, trees, wood

by the waters
מַ֗יִם (ma·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

would become great
יִגְבְּה֨וּ (yiḡ·bə·hū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1361: To soar, be lofty, to be haughty

in height
בְקוֹמָתָ֜ם (ḇə·qō·w·mā·ṯām)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 6967: Height

and set
יִתְּנ֤וּ (yit·tə·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

their tops
צַמַּרְתָּם֙ (ṣam·mar·tām)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 6788: Fleeciness, foliage

among
בֵּ֣ין (bên)
Preposition
Strong's 996: An interval, space between

the clouds,
עֲבֹתִ֔ים (‘ă·ḇō·ṯîm)
Noun - common plural
Strong's 5688: Something intwined, a string, wreath, foliage

and
וְלֹֽא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

no other
וְלֹֽא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

well-watered
שֹׁ֣תֵי (šō·ṯê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's 8354: To imbibe

trees
אֵלֵיהֶ֛ם (’ê·lê·hem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 352: Strength, strong, a chief, a ram, a pilaster, an oak, strong tree

would reach
יַעַמְד֧וּ (ya·‘am·ḏū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 5975: To stand, in various relations

them in height.
בְּגָבְהָ֖ם (bə·ḡā·ḇə·hām)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 1363: Elation, grandeur, arrogance

For
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

they have all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

been consigned
נִתְּנ֨וּ (nit·tə·nū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

to death,
לַמָּ֜וֶת (lam·mā·weṯ)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4194: Death, the dead, their place, state, pestilence, ruin

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

the depths
תַּחְתִּ֗ית (taḥ·tîṯ)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's 8482: Lowermost, the depths

of the earth,
אֶ֣רֶץ (’e·reṣ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 776: Earth, land

among
בְּת֛וֹךְ (bə·ṯō·wḵ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8432: A bisection, the centre

the mortals
בְּנֵ֥י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

who descend
י֥וֹרְדֵי (yō·wr·ḏê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's 3381: To come or go down, descend

to the Pit.?
בֽוֹר׃ (ḇō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 953: A pit, cistern, well


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 31:14 To the end that none of all (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
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