Ezekiel 28:16
New International Version
Through your widespread trade you were filled with violence, and you sinned. So I drove you in disgrace from the mount of God, and I expelled you, guardian cherub, from among the fiery stones.

New Living Translation
Your rich commerce led you to violence, and you sinned. So I banished you in disgrace from the mountain of God. I expelled you, O mighty guardian, from your place among the stones of fire.

English Standard Version
In the abundance of your trade you were filled with violence in your midst, and you sinned; so I cast you as a profane thing from the mountain of God, and I destroyed you, O guardian cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

Berean Study Bible
By the vastness of your trade, you were filled with violence, and you sinned. So I drove you in disgrace from the mountain of God, and I banished you, O guardian cherub, from among the fiery stones.

King James Bible
By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

New King James Version
“By the abundance of your trading You became filled with violence within, And you sinned; Therefore I cast you as a profane thing Out of the mountain of God; And I destroyed you, O covering cherub, From the midst of the fiery stones.

New American Standard Bible
“By the abundance of your trade You were internally filled with violence, And you sinned; Therefore I have cast you as profane From the mountain of God. And I have destroyed you, you covering cherub, From the midst of the stones of fire.

NASB 1995
“By the abundance of your trade You were internally filled with violence, And you sinned; Therefore I have cast you as profane From the mountain of God. And I have destroyed you, O covering cherub, From the midst of the stones of fire.

NASB 1977
“By the abundance of your trade You were internally filled with violence, And you sinned; Therefore I have cast you as profane From the mountain of God. And I have destroyed you, O covering cherub, From the midst of the stones of fire.

Amplified Bible
“Through the abundance of your commerce You were internally filled with lawlessness and violence, And you sinned; Therefore I have cast you out as a profane and unholy thing From the mountain of God. And I have destroyed you, O covering cherub, From the midst of the stones of fire.

Christian Standard Bible
Through the abundance of your trade, you were filled with violence, and you sinned. So I expelled you in disgrace from the mountain of God, and banished you, guardian cherub, from among the fiery stones.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Through the abundance of your trade, you were filled with violence, and you sinned. So I expelled you in disgrace from the mountain of God, and banished you, guardian cherub, from among the fiery stones.

American Standard Version
By the abundance of thy traffic they filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore have I cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God; and I have destroyed thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
In the multitude of your commerce you have been filled with evil within you, and you have sinned and you have killed yourself from the mountain of God, and I shall destroy you, Cherub, who sheltered from within the stones of fire

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Of the abundance of thy merchandise thou hast filled thy storehouses with iniquity, and hast sinned: therefore thou hast been cast down wounded from the mount of God, and the cherub has brought thee out of the midst of the stones of fire.

Contemporary English Version
You traded with other nations and became more and more cruel and evil. So I forced you to leave my mountain, and the creature that had been your protector now chased you away from the jewels.

Douay-Rheims Bible
By the multitude of thy merchandise, thy inner parts were filled with iniquity, and thou hast sinned: and I cast thee out from the mountain of God, and destroyed thee, O covering cherub, out of the midst of the stones of fire.

English Revised Version
By the multitude of they traffic they filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore, have I cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God; and I have destroyed thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

Good News Translation
You were busy buying and selling, and this led you to violence and sin. So I forced you to leave my holy mountain, and the angel who guarded you drove you away from the sparkling gems.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You traded far and wide. You learned to be violent, and you sinned. So I threw you down from God's mountain in disgrace. The guardian angel forced you out from the fiery stones.

International Standard Version
Since your vast business dealings filled you with violent intent from top to bottom, you sinned, so I cast you away as defiled from the mountain of God. I destroyed you, you guardian cherub, from the midst of the fiery stones.

JPS Tanakh 1917
By the multitude of thy traffic they filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned; therefore have I cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God; and I have destroyed thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

Literal Standard Version
By [the] abundance of your merchandise They have filled your midst with violence, And you sin, And I thrust you from [the] mountain of God, And I destroy you, O covering cherub, From [the] midst of [the] stones of fire.

NET Bible
In the abundance of your trade you were filled with violence, and you sinned; so I defiled you and banished you from the mountain of God--the guardian cherub expelled you from the midst of the stones of fire.

New Heart English Bible
By the abundance of your traffic they filled the midst of you with violence, and you have sinned: therefore I have cast you as profane out of the mountain of God; and I have destroyed you, covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

World English Bible
By the abundance of your traffic they filled the midst of you with violence, and you have sinned: therefore I have cast you as profane out of the mountain of God; and I have destroyed you, covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

Young's Literal Translation
By the abundance of thy merchandise They have filled thy midst with violence, And thou dost sin, And I thrust thee from the mount of God, And I destroy thee, O covering cherub, From the midst of the stones of fire.

Additional Translations ...
Context
A Lament over the King of Tyre
15From the day you were created you were blameless in your ways—until wickedness was found in you. 16By the vastness of your trade, you were filled with violence, and you sinned. So I drove you in disgrace from the mountain of God, and I banished you, O guardian cherub, from among the fiery stones. 17Your heart grew proud of your beauty; you corrupted your wisdom because of your splendor; so I cast you to the earth; I made you a spectacle before kings.…

Cross References
Ezekiel 8:17
"Son of man," He said to me, "do you see this? Is it not enough for the house of Judah to commit the abominations they are practicing here, that they must also fill the land with violence and continually provoke Me to anger? Look, they are even putting the branch to their nose!

Ezekiel 27:12
Tarshish was your merchant because of your great wealth of goods; they exchanged silver, iron, tin, and lead for your wares.

Ezekiel 28:14
You were anointed as a guardian cherub, for I had ordained you. You were on the holy mountain of God; you walked among the fiery stones.

Habakkuk 2:8
Because you have plundered many nations, the remnant of the people will plunder you--because of your bloodshed against man and your violence against the land, the city, and all their dwellers.

Habakkuk 2:17
For your violence against Lebanon will overwhelm you, and the destruction of animals will terrify you, because of your bloodshed against men and your violence against the land, the city, and all their dwellers.


Treasury of Scripture

By the multitude of your merchandise they have filled the middle of you with violence, and you have sinned: therefore I will cast you as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy you, O covering cherub, from the middle of the stones of fire.

the multitude

Ezekiel 27:12
Tarshish was thy merchant by reason of the multitude of all kind of riches; with silver, iron, tin, and lead, they traded in thy fairs.

Isaiah 23:17,18
And it shall come to pass after the end of seventy years, that the LORD will visit Tyre, and she shall turn to her hire, and shall commit fornication with all the kingdoms of the world upon the face of the earth…

Hosea 12:7
He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress.

filled

Ezekiel 8:17
Then he said unto me, Hast thou seen this, O son of man? Is it a light thing to the house of Judah that they commit the abominations which they commit here? for they have filled the land with violence, and have returned to provoke me to anger: and, lo, they put the branch to their nose.

Genesis 6:11
The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.

Amos 3:9
Publish in the palaces at Ashdod, and in the palaces in the land of Egypt, and say, Assemble yourselves upon the mountains of Samaria, and behold the great tumults in the midst thereof, and the oppressed in the midst thereof.

therefore

Genesis 3:24
So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

Leviticus 18:24-28
Defile not ye yourselves in any of these things: for in all these the nations are defiled which I cast out before you: …

Isaiah 22:19
And I will drive thee from thy station, and from thy state shall he pull thee down.

O covering

Ezekiel 28:14
Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.









(16) Filled the midst of thee.--The language passes very naturally here from the king himself to the state over which be presided, and with which he was identified, immediately recurring, however, to the king personally. He, as polluted, should be cast out of his imagined mountain of God: he, the cherub covering the mercy-seat, forsooth, shall be destroyed: his fancied God-like walking amid the stones of fire shall for ever cease.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
By the vastness
בְּרֹ֣ב (bə·rōḇ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 7230: Multitude, abundance, greatness

of your trade,
רְכֻלָּתְךָ֗ (rə·ḵul·lā·ṯə·ḵā)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 7404: Traffic, merchandise

you
תוֹכְךָ֛ (ṯō·wḵ·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 8432: A bisection, the centre

were filled
מָל֧וּ (mā·lū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 4390: To fill, be full of

with violence,
חָמָ֖ס (ḥā·mās)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2555: Violence, wrong, by meton, unjust gain

and you sinned.
וַֽתֶּחֱטָ֑א (wat·te·ḥĕ·ṭā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 2398: To miss, to sin, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, lead astray, condemn

So I drove you in disgrace
וָאֶחַלֶּלְךָ֩ (wā·’e·ḥal·lel·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - first person common singular | second person masculine singular
Strong's 2490: To bore, to wound, to dissolve, to profane, to break, to begin, to play

from the mountain
מֵהַ֨ר (mê·har)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2022: Mountain, hill, hill country

of God,
אֱלֹהִ֤ים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

and I banished you,
וָֽאַבֶּדְךָ֙ (wā·’ab·beḏ·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - first person common singular | second person masculine singular
Strong's 6: To wander away, lose oneself, to perish

O guardian
הַסֹּכֵ֔ךְ (has·sō·ḵêḵ)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 5526: To entwine as a, screen, to fence in, cover over, protect

cherub,
כְּר֣וּב (kə·rūḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3742: Probably an order of angelic beings

from among
מִתּ֖וֹךְ (mit·tō·wḵ)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8432: A bisection, the centre

the fiery
אֵֽשׁ׃ (’êš)
Noun - common singular
Strong's 784: A fire

stones.
אַבְנֵי־ (’aḇ·nê-)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's 68: A stone


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 28:16 By the abundance of your traffic they (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
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