Matthew 11:23
New International Version
And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted to the heavens? No, you will go down to Hades. For if the miracles that were performed in you had been performed in Sodom, it would have remained to this day.

New Living Translation
"And you people of Capernaum, will you be honored in heaven? No, you will go down to the place of the dead. For if the miracles I did for you had been done in wicked Sodom, it would still be here today.

English Standard Version
And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? You will be brought down to Hades. For if the mighty works done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

Berean Study Bible
And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted up to heaven? No, you will descend to Hades! For if the miracles that were performed in you had happened in Sodom, it would have remained to this day.

Berean Literal Bible
And you, Capernaum, will not be exalted to heaven, but will be brought down to Hades! For if the miracles having taken place in you had taken place in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

New American Standard Bible
"And you, Capernaum, will not be exalted to heaven, will you? You will descend to Hades; for if the miracles had occurred in Sodom which occurred in you, it would have remained to this day.

King James Bible
And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

Christian Standard Bible
And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? No, you will go down to Hades. For if the miracles that were done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until today.

Contemporary English Version
People of Capernaum, do you think you will be honored in heaven? You will go down to hell! If the miracles that took place in your town had happened in Sodom, it would still be standing.

Good News Translation
And as for you, Capernaum! Did you want to lift yourself up to heaven? You will be thrown down to hell! If the miracles which were performed in you had been performed in Sodom, it would still be in existence today!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? You will go down to Hades. For if the miracles that were done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until today.

International Standard Version
"And you, Capernaum! You won't be lifted up to heaven, will you? You'll go down to Hell! Because if the miracles that happened in you had taken place in Sodom, it would have remained to this day.

NET Bible
And you, Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? No, you will be thrown down to Hades! For if the miracles done among you had been done in Sodom, it would have continued to this day.

New Heart English Bible
And you, Capernaum, who are exalted to heaven, you will be brought down to hell. For if the mighty works had been done in Sodom which were done in you, it would have remained until this day.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And you Kapernahum, which have been exalted unto Heaven, you will descend unto Sheol, for if the mighty works had been done in Sadom, which have been done in you, it would have remained until today.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted to heaven? No, you will go down to hell! If the miracles that had been worked in you had been worked in Sodom, it would still be there today.

New American Standard 1977
“And you, Capernaum, will not be exalted to heaven, will you? You shall descend to Hades; for if the miracles had occurred in Sodom which occurred in you, it would have remained to this day.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to Hades, for if the mighty works which have been done in thee had been done in those of Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

King James 2000 Bible
And you, Capernaum, which is exalted unto heaven, shall be brought down to hades: for if the mighty works, which have been done in you, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

American King James Version
And you, Capernaum, which are exalted to heaven, shall be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in you, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

American Standard Version
And thou, Capernaum, shalt thou be exalted unto heaven? thou shalt go down unto Hades: for if the mighty works had been done in Sodom which were done in thee, it would have remained until this day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou Capharnaum, shalt thou be exalted up to heaven? thou shalt go down even unto hell. For if in Sodom had been wrought the miracles that have been wrought in thee, perhaps it had remained unto this day.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou, Capernaum, who hast been raised up to heaven, shalt be brought down even to hades. For if the works of power which have taken place in thee, had taken place in Sodom, it had remained until this day.

English Revised Version
And thou, Capernaum, shalt thou be exalted unto heaven? thou shalt go down unto Hades: for if the mighty works had been done in Sodom which were done in thee, it would have remained until this day.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

Weymouth New Testament
And thou, Capernaum, shalt thou be exalted even to Heaven? Even to Hades shalt thou descend. For had the mighty works been done in Sodom which have been done in thee, it would have remained until now.

World English Bible
You, Capernaum, who are exalted to heaven, you will go down to Hades. For if the mighty works had been done in Sodom which were done in you, it would have remained until this day.

Young's Literal Translation
'And thou, Capernaum, which unto the heaven wast exalted, unto hades shalt be brought down, because if in Sodom had been done the mighty works that were done in thee, it had remained unto this day;
Study Bible GRK ▾ 
Woe to the Unrepentant
22But I tell you, it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon on the day of judgment than for you. 23And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted up to heaven? No, you will descend to Hades! For if the miracles that were performed in you had happened in Sodom, it would have remained to this day. 24But I tell you that it will be more bearable for Sodom on the day of judgment than for you.”…
Cross References
Isaiah 14:13
You said in your heart: "I will ascend to the heavens; I will raise my throne above the stars of God. I will sit on the mount of assembly, in the far reaches of the north.

Isaiah 14:15
But you will be brought down to Sheol to the far reaches of the Pit.

Ezekiel 16:48
As surely as I live, declares the Lord GOD, your sister Sodom and her daughters never did as you and your daughters have done.

Ezekiel 26:20
then I will bring you down with those who descend to the Pit, to the people of antiquity. I will make you dwell in the earth below like the ancient ruins, with those who descend to the Pit, so that you will no longer be inhabited or set in splendor in the land of the living.

Ezekiel 31:14
This happened so that no other trees by the waters would become great in height and set their tops among the clouds, and no other well-watered trees would reach them in height. For they have all been consigned to death, to the depths of the earth, among the mortals who descend to the Pit.'

Ezekiel 32:18
"Son of man, wail for the multitudes of Egypt, and consign to the depths of the earth both her and the daughters of the mighty nations, with those who descend to the Pit:

Ezekiel 32:24
Elam is there with all her multitudes around her grave. All of them are slain, fallen by the sword--those who went down uncircumcised to the earth below, who once spread their terror in the land of the living. They bear their disgrace with those who descend to the Pit.

Matthew 4:13
Leaving Nazareth, He went and lived in Capernaum, which is by the sea in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali,

Matthew 10:15
Truly I tell you, it will be more bearable for Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town.

Matthew 16:18
And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.

Luke 10:15
And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted up to heaven? No, you will go down to Hades!

Luke 16:23
In Hades, where he was in torment, he looked up and saw Abraham from afar, with Lazarus by his side.

Acts 2:27
because You will not abandon my soul to Hades, nor will You let Your Holy One see decay.

Acts 2:31
Foreseeing this, David spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, that He was not abandoned to Hades, nor did His body see decay.

2 Peter 2:6
if He condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to destruction, reducing them to ashes as an example of what is coming on the ungodly;

Revelation 1:18
the Living One. I was dead, and behold, now I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of Death and of Hades.

Revelation 6:8
Then I looked and saw a pale horse. Its rider's name was Death, and Hades followed close behind. And they were given authority over a fourth of the earth, to kill by sword, by famine, by plague, and by the beasts of the earth.

Revelation 20:13
The sea gave up its dead, and Death and Hades gave up their dead, and each one was judged according to his deeds.

Treasury of Scripture

And you, Capernaum, which are exalted to heaven, shall be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in you, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

Capernaum.

Matthew 4:13 And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelled in Capernaum, which is …

Matthew 8:5 And when Jesus was entered into Capernaum, there came to him a centurion, …

Matthew 17:24 And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute …

Luke 4:23 And he said to them, You will surely say to me this proverb, Physician, …

John 4:46 So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water …

which art.

Isaiah 14:13-15 For you have said in your heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will …

Lamentations 2:1 How has the LORD covered the daughter of Zion with a cloud in his …

Ezekiel 28:12-19 Son of man, take up a lamentation on the king of Tyrus, and say to …

Ezekiel 31:16,17 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast …

Obadiah 1:4 Though you exalt yourself as the eagle, and though you set your nest …

Luke 14:11 For whoever exalts himself shall be abased; and he that humbles himself …

2 Peter 2:4-9 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down …

in Sodom.

Genesis 13:13 But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.

Genesis 19:24,25 Then the LORD rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah brimstone and fire …

Ezekiel 16:48-50 As I live, said the Lord GOD, Sodom your sister has not done, she …

Jude 1:7 Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, …

Revelation 11:8 And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, …







Lexicon
And
Καὶ (Kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

you,
σύ (sy)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Nominative 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

Capernaum,
Καφαρναούμ (Kapharnaoum)
Noun - Vocative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2584: Capernaum, a town of Galilee. Of Hebrew origin; Capernaum, a place in Palestine.

will you be lifted up
ὑψωθήσῃ (hypsōthēsē)
Verb - Future Indicative Passive - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 5312: (a) I raise on high, lift up, (b) I exalt, set on high. From hupsos; to elevate.

to
ἕως (heōs)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2193: A conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until.

heaven?
οὐρανοῦ (ouranou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3772: Perhaps from the same as oros; the sky; by extension, heaven; by implication, happiness, power, eternity; specially, the Gospel.

[No], you will descend
καταβήσῃ (katabēsē)
Verb - Future Indicative Middle - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2597: To go down, come down, either from the sky or from higher land, descend. From kata and the base of basis; to descend.

to
ἕως (heōs)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2193: A conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until.

Hades!
ᾅδου (hadou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 86: Hades, the unseen world. Properly, unseen, i.e. 'Hades' or the place of departed souls.

For
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

if
εἰ (ei)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1487: If. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.

the
αἱ (hai)
Article - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

miracles
δυνάμεις (dynameis)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1411: From dunamai; force; specially, miraculous power.

[that]
αἱ (hai)
Article - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

were performed
γενόμεναι (genomenai)
Verb - Aorist Participle Middle - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1096: A prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be, i.e. to become, used with great latitude.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

you
σοί (soi)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

had happened
ἐγενήθησαν (egenēthēsan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1096: A prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be, i.e. to become, used with great latitude.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

Sodom,
Σοδόμοις (Sodomois)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4670: Sodom. Plural of Hebrew origin; Sodoma, a place in Palestine.

it would have remained
ἔμεινεν (emeinen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3306: To remain, abide, stay, wait; with acc: I wait for, await. A primary verb; to stay.

to
μέχρι (mechri)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 3360: As far as, until, even to.

this
τῆς (tēs)
Article - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

day.
σήμερον (sēmeron)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 4594: Today, now. Neuter of a presumed compound of the article ho and hemera; on the day; generally, now.
(23) And thou, Capernaum.--This city had already witnessed more of our Lord's recorded wonders than any other. That of the nobleman's son (John 4:46-54), of the demoniac (Mark 1:21-28), the man sick of the palsy (Matthew 9:1-8), of Peter's wife's mother and the many works that followed (Matthew 8:1-14), of the woman with the issue of blood, and of Jairus's daughter (Matthew 9:18-26), of the centurion's servant (Matthew 8:5-13), had all been wrought there, besides the unrecorded "signs" implied in Luke 4:23. In this sense, and not in any outward prosperity, had Capernaum been "exalted unto heaven." All this, however, had been in vain, and therefore the sentence was passed on it that it should be "brought down to hell," i.e., to Hades, the grave, not Gehenna. The words point, as the next verse shows, to the ultimate abasement of the guilty city in the day of judgment, but the words have had an almost literal fulfilment. A few ruins conjecturally identified mark the site of Capernaum. Not one stone is left upon the other in Chorazin and Bethsaida.

Verse 23. - And thou, Capernaum (Matthew 4:13, note), which art exalted unto heaven; Shalt thou be exalted unto heaven? (Revised Version); Μὴ ἕως οὐρανοῦ ὑψωθήσῃ; i.e. Shalt thou be raised high in public estimation, as thou thinkest, who art so proud of thy share in the busy and gay life on the lakeside? Shalt be brought down to hell; thou shalt go down unto Hades (Revised Version). The change of voice in the two clauses (ὑψωθήση... καταβήσῃ) may imply that if thou 'art indeed raised, it will be by Another; but if thou fallest, it will be by thyself. Observe that our Lord's words are an adaptation of Isaiah's address to the King of Babylon (Isaiah 14:13-15). For if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom (transposed in the Revised Version, as in ver. 21), it would have remained until this day. In this verso the stress lies on the effect of the moral attitude; in ver. 21, on the moral attitude itself. 11:16-24 Christ reflects on the scribes and Pharisees, who had a proud conceit of themselves. He likens their behaviour to children's play, who being out of temper without reason, quarrel with all the attempts of their fellows to please them, or to get them to join in the plays for which they used to assemble. The cavils of worldly men are often very trifling and show great malice. Something they have to urge against every one, however excellent and holy. Christ, who was undefiled, and separate from sinners, is here represented as in league with them, and polluted by them. The most unspotted innocence will not always be a defence against reproach. Christ knew that the hearts of the Jews were more bitter and hardened against his miracles and doctrines, than those of Tyre and Sidon would have been; therefore their condemnation would be the greater. The Lord exercises his almighty power, yet he punishes none more than they deserve, and never withholds the knowledge of the truth from those who long after it.
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