Genesis 19:24
New International Version
Then the LORD rained down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah--from the LORD out of the heavens.

New Living Translation
Then the LORD rained down fire and burning sulfur from the sky on Sodom and Gomorrah.

English Standard Version
Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah sulfur and fire from the LORD out of heaven.

Berean Study Bible
Then the LORD rained down brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah—from the LORD out of the heavens.

New American Standard Bible
Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven,

King James Bible
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

Christian Standard Bible
Then out of the sky the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah burning sulfur from the LORD.

Contemporary English Version
and the LORD sent burning sulfur down like rain on Sodom and Gomorrah.

Good News Translation
Suddenly the LORD rained burning sulfur on the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then out of the sky the LORD rained burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah from the LORD.

International Standard Version
Then the LORD rained sulfur and fire out of the sky from the LORD on Sodom and Gomorrah,

NET Bible
Then the LORD rained down sulfur and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah. It was sent down from the sky by the LORD.

New Heart English Bible
Then the LORD rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah sulfur and fire from the LORD out of the sky.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the LORD made burning sulfur and fire rain out of heaven on Sodom and Gomorrah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then the LORD caused to rain upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

New American Standard 1977
Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of the heavens;

King James 2000 Bible
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

American King James Version
Then the LORD rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

American Standard Version
Then Jehovah rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from Jehovah out of heaven;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Lord rained on Sodom and Gomorrha brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord rained upon Sodom and Gomorrha brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from Jehovah out of heaven,

English Revised Version
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

Webster's Bible Translation
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

World English Bible
Then Yahweh rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah sulfur and fire from Yahweh out of the sky.

Young's Literal Translation
and Jehovah hath rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from Jehovah, from the heavens;
Study Bible
The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
24Then the LORD rained down brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah— from the LORD out of the heavens. 25Thus He destroyed these cities and the entire plain, including all the inhabitants of the cities and everything that grew on the ground.…
Cross References
Luke 10:12
I tell you, it will be more bearable on that day for Sodom than for that town.

Luke 17:29
But on the day Lot left Sodom, fire and brimstone rained down from heaven and destroyed them all.

2 Peter 2:6
if He condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to destruction, reducing them to ashes as an example of what is coming on the ungodly;

Jude 1:7
In like manner, Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, who indulged in sexual immorality and pursued strange flesh, are on display as an example of those who sustain the punishment of eternal fire.

Revelation 14:10
he too will drink the wine of God's anger, poured undiluted into the cup of His wrath. And he will be tormented in fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and of the Lamb.

Genesis 13:10
And Lot looked out and saw that the whole plain of the Jordan, all the way to Zoar, was well watered like the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt. (This was before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah.)

Genesis 13:12
Abram lived in the land of Canaan, but Lot settled in the cities of the plain and pitched his tent toward Sodom.

Genesis 18:17
And the LORD said, "Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do?

Genesis 19:23
When the sun had risen over the land, Lot had reached Zoar.

Exodus 9:23
So Moses stretched out his staff toward heaven, and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and lightning struck the earth. So the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 29:23
All its soil will be a burning waste of brimstone and salt, unsown and unproductive, with no plant growing on it, just like the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew in His fierce anger.

Job 1:16
While he was still speaking, another messenger came and reported: "The fire of God fell from heaven. It burned and consumed the sheep and the servants, and I alone have escaped to tell you!"

Isaiah 1:9
Unless the LORD of Hosts had left us a few survivors, we would have become like Sodom, we would have resembled Gomorrah.

Isaiah 13:19
And Babylon, the jewel of the kingdoms, the glory of the pride of the Chaldeans, will be overthrown by God like Sodom and Gomorrah.

Isaiah 30:33
For Topheth has long been prepared; it has been made ready for the king. Its funeral pyre is deep and wide, with plenty of fire and wood. The breath of the LORD, like a torrent of brimstone, sets it ablaze.

Jeremiah 49:18
As Sodom and Gomorrah were overthrown along with their neighbors," says the LORD, "no one will reside there; no man will dwell there.

Jeremiah 50:40
As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah along with their neighboring towns, declares the LORD, No one will reside there; no man will dwell there.

Ezekiel 16:49
Now this was the iniquity of your sister Sodom: She and her daughters were arrogant, overfed, and complacent; they did not help the poor and needy.

Ezekiel 16:50
Thus they were haughty and committed abominations before Me, and when I saw this, I removed them.

Amos 4:11
"Some of you I overthrew as I overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and you were like a firebrand snatched from a blaze, yet you did not return to Me," declares the LORD.

Treasury of Scripture

Then the LORD rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

the Lord.

Deuteronomy 29:23
And that the whole land thereof is brimstone, and salt, and burning, that it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom, and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in his anger, and in his wrath:

Job 18:15
It shall dwell in his tabernacle, because it is none of his: brimstone shall be scattered upon his habitation.

Psalm 11:6
Upon the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an horrible tempest: this shall be the portion of their cup.

brimstone.







Lexicon
Then the LORD
וַֽיהוָ֗ה (Yah·weh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

rained down
הִמְטִ֧יר (him·ṭîr)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4305: To rain

brimstone
גָּפְרִ֣ית (gā·p̄ə·rîṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1614: Cypress-resin, sulphur

and fire
וָאֵ֑שׁ (wā·’êš)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 784: A fire

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

Sodom
סְדֹ֛ם (sə·ḏōm)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5467: Sodom -- a Canaanite city near the Dead Sea

and Gomorrah—
עֲמֹרָ֖ה (‘ă·mō·rāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6017: Gomorrah -- a city in the Jordan Valley

from the LORD
יְהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

out of
מִן־ (min-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

the heavens.
הַשָּׁמָֽיִם׃ (haš·šā·mā·yim)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8064: Heaven, sky
(24) The Lord (Jehovah) rained . . . from the Lord (from Jehovah).--Many commentators, following the Council of Sirmium, see in this repetition of the name of Jehovah an indication of the Holy Trinity, as though God the Son rained down fire from God the Father. More correctly Calvin takes it as an emphatic reiteration of its being Jehovah's act. Jehovah had mysteriously manifested Himself upon earth by the visit of the three angels to Abraham, but His activity on earth is one with His willing in heaven.

Brimstone and fire.--Though God used natural agencies in the destruction of the Ciccar cities, yet what was in itself a catastrophe of nature became miraculous by the circumstances which surrounded it. It was thus made the means not merely of executing the Divine justice, of strengthening Abraham's faith, and of warning Lot, but also of giving moral and religious instruction throughout all time. Seen by its light, events of history, for which sufficient secondary causes may be discovered, are nevertheless shown to be direct manifestations of the Divine justice, and to have moral causes as their real basis. We lose the benefit of the teaching of the Bible if we suppose that the events recorded there were different in kind from those which take place now. A certain limited number of events were so; but of most it is simply the curtain that is drawn back, and we see God's presence no longer veiled, as with us, but openly revealed. As for the catastrophe itself, it was not a mere thunderstorm which set the earth, saturated with naphtha, on fire; but, in a region where earthquakes are still common, there was apparently an outburst of volcanic violence, casting forth blazing bitumen and brimstone. This falling down upon the houses, and upon the soil charged with combustible matter, caused a conflagration so sudden and widespread that few or none could escape. Sulphur and nitre are still found as natural products on the shores of the Dead Sea.

Verse 24. - Then the Lord rained - literally, and Jehovah caused it to rain; καὶ κύριος ἔβρεξε (LXX.), which latter term is adopted by Luke in describing this event (Genesis 17:29) - upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah - and also upon Admah and Zeboim (Deuteronomy 29:23; Hosea 11:8), Bela, or Zoar, of the five cities of the Jordan circle (Genesis 14:2, 8) being exempted - brimstone and fire - גָּפְרִית; properly pitch, though the name was afterwards transferred to other inflammable materials (Gesenius); וָאֵשׁ, and fire, which, though sometimes used of lightning, as in 1 Kings 18:38; 2 Kings 1:10, 12, 14; Job 1:16, may here describe a different sort of igneous agency. Whether this Divinely-sent rain was "burning pitch" (Keil), of lightning which ignited the bituminous soil (Clericus), or a volcanic eruption which overwhelmed all the region (Lynch, Kitto), it was clearly miraculous in its nature, and designed as a solemn punitive infliction on the cities of the plain - from the Lord - i.e. Jehovah (the Son) rained down from Jehovah (the Father), as if suggesting a distinction of persons in the Godhead (Justin Martyr, Tertullian, Athanasius, et alii, Delitzsch, Lunge, Wordsworth); otherwise the phrase is regarded as "an elegancy of speech" (Aben Ezra), "an emphatic repetition" (Calvin), a more exact characterization of the storm (Clericus, Rosenmüller) as being out of heaven. 19:1-29 Lot was good, but there was not one more of the same character in the city. All the people of Sodom were very wicked and vile. Care was therefore taken for saving Lot and his family. Lot lingered; he trifled. Thus many who are under convictions about their spiritual state, and the necessity of a change, defer that needful work. The salvation of the most righteous men is of God's mercy, not by their own merit. We are saved by grace. God's power also must be acknowledged in bringing souls out of a sinful state If God had not been merciful to us, our lingering had been our ruin. Lot must flee for his life. He must not hanker after Sodom. Such commands as these are given to those who, through grace, are delivered out of a sinful state and condition. Return not to sin and Satan. Rest not in self and the world. Reach toward Christ and heaven, for that is escaping to the mountain, short of which we must not stop. Concerning this destruction, observe that it is a revelation of the wrath of God against sin and sinners of all ages. Let us learn from hence the evil of sin, and its hurtful nature; it leads to ruin.
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